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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297715 matches for " Muhamad Hanafiah J "
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Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program
Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A
Journal of Pain Research , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281
Abstract: or sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program Original Research (6036) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A Published Date September 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 287 - 296 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281 AI Syazwan1, MN Mohamad Azhar1, AR Anita1, HS Azizan1, MS Shaharuddin2, J Muhamad Hanafiah3, AA Muhaimin4, AM Nizar5, B Mohd Rafee1,6, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Adam Kasani7 1Environmental and Occupational Medicine Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Environmental and Occupational Health Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Health Services Management Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Ergonomic Division, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multidisciplinary, interventional, ergonomic education program designed to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems by reducing schoolbag weight and correcting poor sitting posture. Methods: Data were collected twice before and twice following intervention using the Standardized Nordic Body Map Questionnaire, a rapid upper limb assessment for posture evaluation, and schoolbag weight measurement in children aged 8 and 11 years attending two schools within the central region of Malaysia. Results: Students who received the ergonomic intervention reported significant improvements in their sitting posture in a classroom environment and reduction of schoolbag weight as compared with the controls. Conclusion: A single-session, early intervention, group ergonomics education program for children aged 8 and 11 years is appropriate and effective, and should be considered as a strategy to reduce musculoskeletal pain among schoolchildren in this age group.
Development of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces
Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567
Abstract: pment of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces Original Research (3180) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J Published Date April 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 17 - 23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567 Received: 19 December 2011 Accepted: 17 January 2012 Published: 13 April 2012 AI Syazwan1, B Mohd Rafee1, Juahir Hafizan2, AZF Azman1, AM Nizar3, Z Izwyn4, AA Muhaimin5, MA Syafiq Yunos6, AR Anita1, J Muhamad Hanafiah1, MS Shaharuddin1, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Mohd Hasmadi Ismail8, MN Mohamad Azhar1, HS Azizan1, I Zulfadhli9, J Othman10 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia; 5Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Plant Assessment Technology (PAT), Industrial Technology Division (BTI), Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuklear Malaysia), Bangi, Kajang, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 8Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 9Faculty of Built Environment and Architect, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 10Department of Counsellor Education and Counselling Psychology (DCECP), Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia Background: To meet the current diversified health needs in workplaces, especially in nonindustrial workplaces in developing countries, an indoor air quality (IAQ) component of a participatory occupational safety and health survey should be included. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and suggest a multidisciplinary, integrated IAQ checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants. This IAQ checklist proposed to support employers, workers, and assessors in understanding a wide range of important elements in the indoor air environment to promote awareness in nonindustrial workplaces. Methods: The general structure of and specific items in the IAQ checklist were discussed in a focus group meeting with IAQ assessors based upon the result of a literature review, previous industrial code of practice, and previous interviews with company employer
Barriers to Modern Contraceptive Practices among Selected Married Women in a Public University in Malaysia
Fatemeh Najafi,Hejar Abdul Rahman,Muhamad Hanafiah Juni
Global Journal of Health Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v3n2p50
Abstract: In Malaysia, only 30% of the married women use modern contraceptive methods. Low usage of contraceptive methods, results in high rates of unwanted pregnancies and its consequence which includes; psychological problems physical health and unsafe abortion. The main purpose of this study is to understand the barriers of modern contraceptive practices among women in University Putra Malaysia. This study was carried out through two main research questions: 1.What is the women’s perceptions of modern contraceptive methods? 2. Why women do not use modern contraceptive methods? A qualitative research method was used for exploring misconceptions and barriers to contraceptive use among married female staff in University Putra Malaysia (UPM). The data was collected using the non probability, purposive sampling method, from 6 women by face to face interviews, which was also audio-recorded. The records were then transcribed verbatim and analyzed consecutively. This study finding showed there were personal, cultural, and health system barriers to modern contraceptive use. The women have been surrounded by fears, and misconceptions which serve as obstacles to initiation and continuation of contraceptive use. Strong socio-cultural norms and health services barriers including negative response of service providers, and low male family planning activities influence contraceptive use negatively. This study suggests that the promotion of modern contraceptive methods should be considered in women and men educational programs. Further studies should examine health providers’ views and quality of family planning services.
CONTROL OF GLYCOSYLATED HAEMOGLOBIN (HBA1C) AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS ATTENDING AN URBAN HEALTH CLINIC IN MALAYSIA
HASIMAH ISMAIL,MUHAMAD HANAFIAH,SITI SAA’DIAH,SALMIAH MS
Medical and Health Science Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem and has become a concern to all levels of society. In Malaysia, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus had increased, from about 0.65% in early 1960s to 2 – 4% in 1980s and 14% in early 21st century. Studies had showed that glucose control is effective in preventing complications from diabetes mellitus. Level of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is an accepted indicator of glycaemic control. A cross, sectional study was carried out to determine the level of control of HbA1c among 307 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending the health clinic in Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur using validated structured questionnaires, while secondary data were obtained from patients’ medical reports. Response rate for this study was 89%. Majority of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending the health clinic in Bandar Tun Razak were Malays (79.5%), women (61.9%) and married (77.2%), and with secondary education (49.5%). The mean age of respondents was 56.9 ± 9.5 years, median Body Mass Index (BMI) was 28.5 (IQR: 6.0) and median HbA1c was 7.4% (IQR: 2.7). About three quarter of the type 2 diabetes mellitus patients studied had poor controlled level of HbA1c (≥6.5%). Age (p=0.047), blood pressure (systolic blood pressure p=0.049, and diastolic blood pressure p=0.011) and low density lipid level (p=0.039) had significant relationship with the level of HbA1c. Other risk factors studied had no significant relationship with the level of HbA1c. The study concluded that, there was poor glycaemic control among type 2 diabetes mellitus studied, this exposed them to complications of diabetes mellitus. It is recommended that health education activities, counselling and prevention activities are intensified and targeted to this group of patients.
Analysis of indoor air pollutants checklist using environmetric technique for health risk assessment of sick building complaint in nonindustrial workplace
Syazwan AI, Mohd Rafee B, Juahir H, Azman AZ, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Syahidatussyakirah K, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Mohd Ibthisham A, Mohd Hasmadi I, Mohamad Azhar MN, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J, Rozalini M, Kamarul FT
Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S33400
Abstract: nalysis of indoor air pollutants checklist using environmetric technique for health risk assessment of sick building complaint in nonindustrial workplace Original Research (1321) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Mohd Rafee B, Juahir H, Azman AZ, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Syahidatussyakirah K, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Mohd Ibthisham A, Mohd Hasmadi I, Mohamad Azhar MN, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J, Rozalini M, Kamarul FT Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 107 - 126 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S33400 Received: 28 April 2012 Accepted: 10 July 2012 Published: 21 September 2012 AI Syazwan,1 B Mohd Rafee,1 Hafizan Juahir,2 AZF Azman,1 AM Nizar,3 Z Izwyn,4 K Syahidatussyakirah,1 AA Muhaimin,5 MA Syafiq Yunos,6 AR Anita,1 J Muhamad Hanafiah,1 MS Shaharuddin,7 A Mohd Ibthisham,8 I Mohd Hasmadi,9 MN Mohamad Azhar,1 HS Azizan,1 I Zulfadhli,10 J Othman,11 M Rozalini,12 FT Kamarul13 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 2Department of Environmental Science/ Environmental Forensics Research Center (ENFORCE), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 3Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, 4Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 5Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 6Plant Assessment Technology (PAT), Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, 7Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 8Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 9Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 10Faculty of Built Environment and Architect, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 11Department of Counselor Education and Psychology Counseling, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 12Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Unit, Multimedia University, Jalan Multimedia 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor, 13ERALAB SDN. BHD. (Environmental Research and Analytical Laboratory Sdn. Bhd.), Selangor, MALAYSIA Purpose: To analyze and characterize a multidisciplinary, integrated indoor air quality checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants in a nonindustrial workplace setting. Design: A cross-sectional study based on a participatory occupational health program conducted by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (Malaysia) and Universiti Putra Malaysia. Method: A modified version of the indoor environmental checklist published by the Department of Occupational Health and Safety, based on the liter
Knowledge on breast cancer and practice of breast self examination among selected female university students in Malaysia
Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare,Muhamad Hanafiah Juni,Rosliza Abdul Manaf,Irmi Zarina Ismail
Medical and Health Science Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in most parts of the world including Malaysia. Even though breast self examination (BSE) is not seen as a relevant cancer screening tool anymore, it still plays an important role in the breast health awareness programme. Aim of the study to determine the knowledge of respondents on breast cancer regarding the risk factors, symptoms, and to determine respondents’ practice of breast self-examination. A cross sectional study was carried out in University Putra Malaysia, data were collected using validated questionnaire developed for this study. Among respondents 197(83.1%) were single, 100 were Malay (42.3%) and 49(20.7%) of the respondents reported having a family history of breast cancer. eighty-seven respondents (36.7%) claimed they had practice BSE. There were statistically significant differences between those who practice and did not practice BSE in term of knowledge regarding risk factors, symptoms of breast cancer, total knowledge of breast cancer and knowledge score of BSE (p-value <0.05). The findings showed that knowledge of breast cancer and the practice of BSE is inadequate among young Malaysian female.
Evaluation of Two Ergonomics Intervention Programs in Reducing Ergonomic Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorder among School Children
Syazwan Aizat Ismail,Shamsul Bahri Mohd. Tamrin,Mohd. Rafee Baharudin,Mohamad Azhar Mohd. Noor,,Muhamad Hanafiah Juni,Juliana Jalaludin,Zailina Hashim
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2010.1.10
Abstract: An intervention study was done from February 2009 until August 2009 with the objective of investigating the effectiveness of two ergonomics intervention programs in reducing ergonomic risk factors among 229 school children in 2nd Grade (age 8 years) and 5th Grade (age 11 years) in three schools. Group 1 (G1) assigned to one school, which implemented the ergonomically design furniture in their class (among 2nd and 5th grade students), Group 2 (G2) from other school implemented ergonomics program with intensive health promotion toward ergonomic awareness consisted with exercising and education to reduce MSD, while Group 3 from another school selected as Control Group (Cx). Musculoskeletal symptoms were recorded using modified nordiq body map questionnaires. Modified Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) was used to assess the awkward posture of the school children. Ergonomic awareness test performed namely Ergonomic Quiz (EQ) to evaluate the awareness level before and after ergonomic intervention programs. Tanita weight measurement was used to measure school bag weight and students weight. Weight of the bag, RULA score and EQ were used as main indicator to analyze the effectiveness of programs to reduce ergonomic risks. A significant reduction of RULA score among sub-sample students and mean bag weight observed among G1
The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products
Marlia M. Hanafiah,Mark A.J. Huijbregts,A. Jan Hendriks
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2040963
Abstract: The ecological footprint (EF) commonly neglects the influence of other stressors than land use and CO2 emissions on the land area required for human activities. This study analyzes the relevancy of including nutrients and non-CO2 greenhouse gases in the EF assessment of products. The analysis was based on environmental information for 1,925 goods and services. Our findings suggest that within specific product categories, i.e., waste treatment processes, bio-based energy, agricultural products and chemicals, adding non-CO2 greenhouse gases and nutrient emissions can have a dominant influence on the EF results.
An Attitude and Character Instructional Development Based on Curriculum 2013 in Elementary School  [PDF]
Badeni Muhamad, Sri Saparahayuningsih
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.72025
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to identify the weaknesses of the instructional model of attitude and character in the 2013 elementary school curriculum and to develop a conceptual model of attitude and character instruction being able to instill the attitudes and characters contained in the content of social studies subject of elementary schools in the curriculum of 2013. The results of this study showed that 1) scientific learning approach was only able to develop scientific attitudes of students, while sorts of other attitudes were very less embedded into the students’ self. 2) The application of the integrated scientific instructional model was able to instill the values of attitudes and characters contained in the content of social studies to the student.
Observations of Embryonic Changes in Middle and Late Stages of the Greater Wax Moth, Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)  [PDF]
Muhamad Abidalla, Donatella Battaglia
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.63015
Abstract: The embryogenesis of lepidopteran insects has morphogenetic events accompanying the blastokinesis movements (anatrepsis and katatrepsis) in early and late stages, respectively. Katatrepsis is related to embryonic movement with yolk mass and regression of amnioserosa folds in the second half of the development cycle. The whole mount method and differential interference contrast microscopy (DIC) were used for analysing the embryonic developmental changes. Those changes in the middle and late embryonic periods were described and divided into eight stages: 1) Completion of segmentation and differentiation of cephalic and thoracic appendages (32 - 40 hours post-oviposition h. PO); 2) Expanded growth of cephalo-gnathal and abdominal parts (41 - 60 h. PO); 3) Completion of thoracic appendages and appearance of pleuropodia, katatrepsis (60 - 70 h. PO); 4) Pre-revolution morphogenetic movement of the cephalo-gnathal region (71 - 80 h. PO); 5) revolution of the embryo (81 - 100 h. PO); 6) Beginning of dorsal closure (101 - 115 h. PO); 7) completion of dorsal closure (116 - 120 h. PO); and 8) full-grown embryo just before hatching (121 - 144 h. PO).
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