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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 382 matches for " Muh Aris Marfai "
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Shoreline Change Analysis in Demak, Indonesia  [PDF]
Komariah Ervita, Muh Aris Marfai
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2017.88059
Abstract: Demak Regency is located in Central Java Province Indonesia bordering the Java Sea. Intense activities in the coastal area of Demak have caused changes in the shoreline. This paper aimed to determine the shoreline change for 25 years and to identify the major factors that influenced those changes in the coastal area of Demak. A shoreline change analysis was conducted based on Multitemporal Landsat satellite imagery with sensors of Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+), and Operational Land Imager (OLI). This study used the data from multitemporal Landsat imagery of year 1990, 1994, 1999, 2002, 2008, 2011, and 2015. Identification of the shoreline was performed through band ratio, histogram threshold, and composite band 457 methods. An erosion and accretion analysis has been done using the wind data via the processing of Wind Rose Plot (WRPLOT), wave prediction using Sverdrup Munk Bretschneider (SMB) method, tide data processing to know the value of Mean High Water Level (MHWL), Mean Sea Level (MSL), Mean Low Water Level (MLWL), and Lowest Low Water Level (LLWL), as well as currents data processing that has been implemented to achieve the goal. The research results showed that the shoreline change in Demak Regency was quite distinct compared to several previous years due to erosion and accretion processes. The greatest shoreline change happened in Sayung District and Wedung District. Sayung District was likely to experience erosion process while Wedung District tended to show accretion process. Several physical factors that became the major influence on these changes were the wind, waves, currents, and tides.
Impact of coastal inundation on ecology and agricultural land use case study in central Java, Indonesia
Muh Aris Marfai
Quaestiones Geographicae , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10117-011-0024-y
Abstract: Focusing on the regional scale, this study provides information concerning the existing ecological problems associated with coastal inundation in the northern part of coastal area in Central Java Province, Indonesia. The objectives of this paper are to map the coastal inundation, to investigate the impact of coastal inundation on coastal environment and ecology, and to assess the impact of inundation on agricultural land use. An integration of techniques, namely neighborhood analysis, iteration operation, and superimposed analysis method has been applied to generate the digital map and to analyze the impact of inundation. Fieldwork measurement has been done using cross-profiling in order to observe the impact of inundation on the coastal ecosystem. Based on the scenario of 100 cm and 150 cm of inundation, the affected area is about 15 207.6 Ha and 16 687.31 Ha, respectively. Fishpond, dry farming and paddy field are the most affected agricultural areas due to coastal inundation.
Saline water pollution in groundwater: issues and its control
Setyawan Purnama,Muh Aris Marfai
Journal of Natural Resources and Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5027/jnrd.v2i0.06
Abstract: Nowadays, saline water pollution has been gaining its importance as the major issue around the world, especially in the urban coastal area. Saline water pollution has major impact on human life and livelihood. It′s mainly a result from static fossil water and the dynamics of sea water intrusion.. The problem of saline water pollution caused by seawater intrusion has been increasing since the beginning of urban population. The problem of sea water intrusion in the urban coastal area must be anticipated as soon as possible especially in the urban areas developed in coastal zones,. This review article aims to; (i) analyze the distribution of saline water pollution on urban coastal area in Indonesia and (ii) analyze some methods in controlling saline water pollution, especially due to seawater intrusion in urban coastal area. The strength and weakness of each method have been compared, including (a) applying different pumping patterns, (b) artificial recharge, (c) extraction barrier, (d) injection barrier and (e) subsurface barrier. The best method has been selected considering its possible development in coastal areas of developing countries. The review is based considering the location of Semarang coastal area, Indonesia. The results have shown that artificial recharge and extraction barrier are the most suitable methods to be applied in the area.
Muh. Aris Marfai,Ahmad Cahyadi
Bumi Lestari , 2013,
Abstract: This research aims to analyze the land suitability in the national border on Olikobel District, Merauke District, Sota District, and Naukenjarai District which are located in the eastern national border of Indonesia. Land suitability analysis conducted in this research is focused for the rice farming and rubber planting. Using the land unit as the basic of the analysis and the required characteristics of the area for growing the plants, comparison study has been done to match the land condition and its requirement to grow. The result of this research has shown various land suitability for growing the plants. For rubber plant, the best location for growing is located in the Sota and Olikobel District, which area extends of 140,942.5 hectares. Due to the drainage and flooding, several parts of the research area are considered has low suitability to grow the rubber plants. As the results, various classes of land suitability for rubber plants consist of S1, S2b, S2se, S3wf, Nwf dan Nwft are found in the research area. For rice farming, Marauke District is considered has the most suitable area to grow the rice, in which the area extends for 9,948.52 hectares. Drainage and flooding also becomes the limitation factor of the land suitability, causing various classes of land suitability for rice farming, namely: S1, S3w, S3wt, S3ws, S3wse, S3wtse, Nt, Nws dan Nwt. Therefore, proposed method in drainage management area is required. With the improvement in the soil drainage is predicted to increase the extents of most suitable area (S1) to be 147,883.28 hectares.
Government and Community Involvement in Environmental Protection and Flood Risk Management: Lessons from Keko Machungwa, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  [PDF]
Tumpale Sakijege, Junun Sartohadi, Muh Aris Marfai, Gabriel Kassenga, Samson Kasala
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.59078

Since the 1960s, most cities in developing countries have faced a high rate of urbanization, which in turn has caused more harm to low-income earners, in urban areas. A majority of low-income earners most often face difficulties in accessing land in planned areas, as a result they are forced to build houses in unplanned settlements that are vulnerable to natural hazards. The situation is worse to the extent that people encroach the most vulnerable areas (hazard lands). As concentration of people increases, these unplanned areas become more unsafe to live in. This is partly due to the risks associated with natural hazards particularly flooding. Further, vulnerability of unplanned settlements in developing countries is aggravated by hosts of problems caused by many factors, including inadequate Government involvement in: environmental protection especially managing hazard lands and helping the community to minimize risks associated with hazards. This paper addresses this issue. It argues that community and Government initiatives are vital to any strategy for flood risk reduction and environmental protection in general. The study employed both the primary and the secondary data sources. Data collection tools and techniques involved in this study included: Checklist to various leaders, interview using questionnaires, focus group discussion, analysis of aerial photographs and non participant observation. A total of 70 households from within Keko Machungwa were interviewed. The study revealed that flooding is largely contributed by construction done by a large scale developer on a water course; and when affected community initiated a strategy to solve the problem they partially succeed due to inadequate support from the Government and other stakeholders. These findings could be useful to strengthen policy and legislation in environmental protection, management and flood control as well as in intervening land use conflicts between local community and developers.

The Morphodynamics of Wulan Delta and Its Impacts on the Coastal Community in Wedung Subdistrict, Demak Regency, Indonesia  [PDF]
Muh Aris Marfai, Desy Wahyuning Tyas, Idham Nugraha, Ayu Fitriatul’Ulya, Widiana Riasasi
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.71006
Abstract: Wulan Delta in Central Java has been experiencd coastal morphodynamics due to interface between Wulan River’s sedimentation and Java sea’s oceanographic process. This paper aims to analyze Wulan Delta’s morphodynamics as well as its impacts on the socio-economic condition of the community. The morphodynamics is interpreted visually and digitally using a maximum livelihood analysis of multiscale and multi-temporal images. The socio-economic impact is defined by field observations and in-depth interviews to the community and stakeholders. Analysis during the period of 1931-2010 showed that Wulan Delta had been changed morphologically from straight with small arc-like (arcuate) to bird-foot (digitate) with a plausible change into rounded (lobate) in the future, which represented dominant sedimentation by oceanographic rather than fluvial processes. Land expansion in Wulan Delta led to landuse change in Wedung, i.e. expansion of settlement area to 167 ha and fish pond area to 1014 ha in 2000-2010. Most settlements in the area, which are built linearly to river levees, own a high vulnerability to both river flood and tidal inundation. Therefore, dissemination about knowledge of the disaster and coastal zone management, as a means of increasing awareness, becomes necessary in integrating the coastal management in Wulan Delta together with improvement in infrastructure and proper regional development. The proper development strategy for the coastal village is aggressive maintenance strategy, including public infrastructure revitalization, quality improvement for human resources, and silvofishery system. Law enforcement on coastal zoning regulations is necessary to achieve an integrated and sustainable coastal zone management.
Muh. Mustakim
Mukaddimah : Jurnal Studi Islam , 2013,
Abstract: Since the very beginning, the Indonesian government through various efforts has attempted to get rid of corruption from the office. Instead of arriving at success, corruption expands to the smallest level of the government. Just a few decades ago, the government initiated the establishment of the Corruption Eradication Commission and started to realize the importance of education in the efforts. In March 2012, the the Ministry of Education and Culture in cooperation with the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) launched the Anti-Corruption Education which is about to implement in educational institutions, including the Islamic ones. The article discusses the Islamic roots as grounding principles to eradicate the corruption. Some Islamic concepts in relation to the concept of corruption is of importance topics of the discussion. Pemerintah Indonesia berupaya keras untuk mencegah tindak korupsi dalam pemerintahan. Dengan berbagai instrument, pemerintah Indonesia sejak Orde Lama hingga Reformasi, berupaya keras membersihkan pemerintahan dari praktik korupsi. Namun, bukannya berkurang, tindak korupsi semakin merajalela hingga menjangkau level pemerintahan terendah. Pasca reformasi, pemerintah Indonesia membentuk Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi/KPK dan berpandangan signifikansi pendidikan dalam upaya pencegahan korupsi. Bersama-sama Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, KPK menerapkan Pendidikan Anti Korupsi yang akan diterapkan di berbagai lembaga pendidikan, termasuk lembaga pendidikan Islam. Artikel ini membahas prinsip mendasar Islam dalam upayan pemberatasan korupsi. Beberapa istilah kunci untuk memahami korupsi dalam perspektif Islam didiskusikan melalui artikel ini.
Muh. Syamsuddin
Mukaddimah : Jurnal Studi Islam , 2011,
Abstract: The article discusses the roots of Western modernism which lead to the birth of capitalism and rationalism. It argues that Islam plays significant roles in the process of the emergence of modernism in the West, mainly during the reign of Abbasiyah caliphs. In this period, Islamic thoughts was transmitted to the West and delivered the currently known as modernism. Artikel ini mendiskusikan akar-akar pemikiran modern yang berkembang di Barat, yang pada gilirannya melahirkan kapitalisme dan rasionalisme. Penulis menemukan bahwa pemikiran tersebut tidak bisa dilepaskan dari renaisan yang terjadi di dunia Islam, utamanya pada masa khilafah Abbasiyah. Pada masa inilah, Islam sebenarnya berkontribusi besar dalam proses transmisi gagasan modern yang berkembang di Barat dan melahirkanperadaban modern. Kata Kunci: modernisme, pemikiran Barat
Mitos Kelas Menengah ke Atas dalam Desain Iklan Politik Risma-Bambang
Muh. Bahruddin
Nirmana , 2012,
Abstract: Local elections (pilkada) in the entire territory of Indonesia affect the huge presence of the candidate's political advertising. This study examines myths about the middle to upper class in political advertising design of Risma-Bambang who won the mayoral election of Surabaya in 2010. This advertising design is interesting to study because it has a different concept of political advertising in general (out of the mainstream). The other candidate's political advertising design accentuate the face image in attracting potential voters in contras to political advertising design of Risma- Bambang that shous just a lot of display symbols that are accompanied with the tagline "Not The Others". Using a semiotic analysis from Roland Barthes, the results of this study indicate that in order to create the myth of middle to upper class in Surabaya, political advertising of Risma-Bambang has been labeled with the symbols of sandal slippers, penguin, and reading a book. This myth is known after doing an analysis of the paradigmatic, syntagmatic, denotation, and connotation in political advertising design of Risma-Bambang. The myth of the middle to upper class is imaged with intelligence, relaxing, and fun through these symbols.
A bulk queueing system under N-policy with bilevel service delay discipline and start-up time (Erratum)
David C. R. Muh
International Journal of Stochastic Analysis , 1994, DOI: 10.1155/s1048953394000213
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