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Tax Shield and Its Impact on Corporate Dividend Policy: Evidence from Pakistani Stock Market  [PDF]
Akhlaq ul Hassan, Mubashar Tanveer, Muhammad Siddique, Muhammad Mudasar
iBusiness (IB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2013.54023

The problem: what is the taxation impact on dividend policy? While much optimal taxation research focuses on the economic effects of taxation, the purpose of this study is to add a new dimension by investigating the relationship between taxation and payout ratio and some other variables of dividend policy. These relations are tested using the data from financial statements of KSE listed companies. The results show that tax shield has no significant relation to the dividend payout ratio but mostly dividend policy is due to the size of the firm and its profitability.

Measuring Porosity of Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) through Water Archimedeans Porosimetry  [PDF]
Syed Mubashar Hassan, Syed Ali Hasnain
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.36005
Abstract: The present research is aimed to measure the porosity of anodes in solid oxide fuel cell through water Archimedeans method. There are various alternatives available to replace fossil fuel cells like nuclear power, wind energy, solar energy, bio fuel, and geothermal and fuel cells. Among all the alternatives of fossil fuel, one form of energy production that stands out from the rest and promises a sustainable future energy is fuel cell. Moreover, it offers many advantages in contrast to other forms of energy generation. An Archimedean approach for water immersion porosimetry is carried out. Some of the results are beyond rational limits, and given negative and sometime above 100 percent porosity. The reasons for these unacceptable results are either due to water ingress into the sample or the sample turns into buoyant due to air in the cling film. The results from Archimedean porosimetry should only be used qualitatively due to errors associated with the results. It is also noted that Archimedean porosimetry is not the ideal technique for measuring the porosity of coated samples. It is suggested that larger samples should be analyzed that will help to minimize the weighing errors.
Corrosion Protection of Carbon Steel by Poly (aniline-co-o-toluidine) and Poly (pyrrole-co-o-toluidine) Copolymer Coatings  [PDF]
Nelofar Tanveer, M. Mobin
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.108058
Abstract: The soluble copolymers, poly (aniline-co-o-toluidine) and poly (pyrrole-co-o-toluidine) were synthesized by chemical oxidative copolymerization using ammonium persulphate as an oxidant in hydrochloride aqueous medium and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. The polymers were dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and casted by solution evaporation on to the metallic substrate. The corrosion performance of the poly (aniline-co-o-toluidine) and poly (pyrrole-co-o-toluidine) coatings on carbon steel was studied by conducting immersion tests and electrochemical tests which include free corrosion potential measurements and potentiodynamic polarization measurements. The tests were conducted in 0.1 M HCl and 5% NaCl solution. The performance of coating in open atmosphere was also evaluated by conducting atmospheric exposure test. The surface morphology of the copolymer coatings were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The anticorrosive properties of copolymer coatings were also compared with polyaniline and poly (o-toluidine) coatings. In general the performance of poly (aniline-co-o toluidine) copolymer was found better than poly (pyrrole-co-o-toluidine) and homopolymer.
Organizational Justice in Performance Appraisal System: Impact on Employees Satisfaction and Work Performance
Mubashar Munir Kaleem
International Journal of Management and Organizational Studies , 2013,
Abstract: Performance appraisal plays a vital role in human resource management system. It is used by organizations for the provision of development programs, reward allocation and also to provide fairness perception to employees about their tasks, jobs, organization, managers, and departments. It is a continuous process through which communication is affectively made between supervisors and employees of an organization. Job satisfaction of employee is necessary for increasing performance of work (Suliman, 2007), the employee need a good performance appraisal system for enhancing work performance. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of organizational justice (Procedural justice, distributive justice and interactional justice) with work performance with the mediation of performance appraisal satisfaction. The correlation and regression was used to analyze the variables and the results show that there is positive and significant relationship between organizational justice and work performance in manufacturing firms of Pakistan. There is also mediation of performance appraisal satisfaction and it enhances the work performance if present. The fairness perception of employee in performance appraisal process is most important factor which increase work performance of an employee in a particular organization.
The Role of Risk Assessment at Antenatal Care Clinics in the Prediction of Pre-Eclampsia in a High Altitude Area  [PDF]
Bahaeldin Hassan, Mona Almushait, Hamid Mubashar, Shumalia Zia
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2016.71002
Abstract: Background: Hypertensive disorders are common causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Objective: This study aimed to examine the prognostic value of risk assessment at level of antenatal care clinics in predicting pre-eclampsia at a high altitude (3133 m above sea level). Methods: This cross-sectional study, carried out in Abha Maternity and Pediatric Hospital (AMPH), Saudi Arabia, between January and June 2013, included 176 patients (88 pre-eclamptic women and 88 with normal pregnancies). Patient data including age, parity, blood pressure, body mass index, and complete blood count components were recorded. Results: Physical examination of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and BMI between two groups showed high statistical significance with a P value of <0.001. Also, parity was found to be statistically significant with a P value of <0.05. The mean hemoglobin among pre-eclamptic women was 12.27 ± 2.01 g/dL versus 11.92 ± 2.43 g/dL in the control group (P = 0.291). Mean plasma hematocrit levels in the study and the control groups were 38.49% ± 4.32% and 37.92% ± 7.04%, respectively; this was not found to be statistically significant (P = 0.518). Although there was an increase in laboratory blood tests of maternal hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, both parameters failed to show any statistical significance. Conclusion: Risk assessment at level of antenatal care clinics can be considered as valuable prognostic tool for prediction of preeclampsia. Any pregnant lady with abnormal physical examination findings of: BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and obstetric history following risk assessment in antenatal care clinics should be observed for possibility of pre-eclampsia.
On the Wake Flow Interaction between Model Turbines with Varying Streamwise Distance  [PDF]
Mubashar Khan, Ylva Odemark, Mats Sandberg, Jens H. M. Fransson
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2017.74038
Wind tunnel measurements using particle image velocimetry have been performed around two perforated discs, with varying streamwise distance, in order to simulate the wake interaction between wind turbines. The static pressure footprint (p-f) on ground level associated with the wake behind the disc and wake velocity data for both the streamwise and wall-normal velocity components with the corresponding turbulence intensities are reported. The p-f method shows that the size of the wake regions, behind the wind turbine models, initially drop when a second disc is placed just downstream of the first one. From a mutual distance (Δ χ) of about five disc diameters (5D), both wake footprints increase as the mutual distance is increased, and for very large mutual distances, approximately Δ χ/ D > 15, the footprint of the downstream disc has recovered and is about the same as for a single disc. At last we conclude that despite very different inlet conditions to the discs, with about 50% of reduced velocity on the centre line upstream of the second disc and an increase of the maximum streamwise fluctuations by 90%, the mean velocities in the wake are proven to scale with the hub height velocity.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of hypoglycemia inpatients with advanced cirrhosis and its possible precipitating factors. Design: It was a simple descriptive study.Setting: Ist Medical Unit Nishtar Hospital Multan. Period: July 1997 to July 1998. Material and Methods:Fifty patients with advanced cirrhosis (child B and C) were studied. Diabetic patients, those who had fastingplasma glucose above normal and those on I/V dextrose infusion were excluded from study. Results: 34 (68%)patients had child C disease and 16 (32%) patients had child B disease. On the basis of plasma glucose level,patients were divided into 3 groups. Group I (fasting plasma glucose <50 mg%) included 3 (6%) patients. Allhad symptoms of hypoglycemia and evidence of sepsis (spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 2, Urinary tractinfection 1). 18 (36%) patients in the second group (blood glucose 50-60 mg%) and 79 (58%) patients in thethird group (blood glucose >60 mg%) had no compounding factors. Their ages were between 35 and 63 years.Conclusions: Fasting hypoglycemia was seen only in decompensated cirrhosis. It was more likely to occur inthe presence of complicating factors response to hypoglycemia was intact.
Heparin induced thrombocytopenia-type 2
Majeed Tanveer
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science , 2010,
Tanveer Singh
Journal of Global Research in Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Search Engine Optimization (SEO) has become an important part of Search engine marketing. Trends, contents, importance and working of SEO and comparison of various page ranking algorithms have been reviewed in this paper. Humanized Ranking, Mobile search which are the biggest search medium are also discussed. Due to the increase in number of web sites, web page links, there is need to properly rank the web pages from most relevant to least relevant web site links according to the need of the user. Need of the hour is a web marketing technique known as search engine optimization. Keywords: search engine; page rank; optimization; SEO trends; SEM; web crawler.
Analytical Approximation for 2-D Nonlinear Periodic Deep Water Waves
Saleh Tanveer
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: A recently developed method has been extended to a nonlocal equation arising in steady water wave propagation in two dimensions. We obtain analyic approximation of steady water wave solution in two dimensions with rigorous error bounds for a set of parameter values that correspond to heights slightly smaller than the critical. The wave shapes are shown to be analytic. The method presented in quite general and does not assume smallness of wave height or steepness and can be readily extended to other interfacial problems involving Laplace's equation.
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