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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2051 matches for " Moustapha Ouédraogo "
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Complications of Cervicofacial Cellulitis Supported in University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo  [PDF]
Yvette Marie Chantal Gyébré, Aboubacar Gouéta, Noé Zaghré, Moustapha Sérémé, Bertin Priva Ouédraogo, Kampadilemba Ouoba
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2016.53019
Abstract: Introduction: The complications of cervicofacial cellulitis are one of the most serious emergencies Oto-Rhino-Laryngology (ORL). These complications are still observed in our context despite the advent of antibiotics. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical presentation and management of patients admitted to our institution for complications of cervicofacial cellulitis. Patients and Methods: It came from a retrospective study in the ORL service, a department of Yalgado Ouédraogo Hospital of Ouagadougou, between January 2005 and December 2014, during which all patients with cervicofacial cellulitis complications were identified. Results: We collected over 10 years, 69 cases of complicated cellulitis, a frequency of 54.3% of cervicofacial cellulitis and 2.3% of all hospitalizations. The group included 33% women and 67% men to 29 years of average age. The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory isolated was the main factor contributing 59.4%. The front door was mainly dental 43.5% and pharyngeal 36.2%. The most frequent complications were mediastinitis thoracic dissemination 24.6%, sepsis 21.7% and spontaneous fistula 20.3% with orostome or pharyngostome. Medico-surgical treatment was associated with a reanimation in most cases. The outcome was favorable in 79.7% of cases. Mortality was 17.4%. Conclusion: The complications of cervicofacial cellulitis are frequent and often life-threatening. Their management is done in a multidisciplinary framework. The prevention and early treatment remain the pledge of their control.
Arsenic levels in tube-wells water, food, residents' urine and the prevalence of skin lesions in Yatenga province, Burkina Faso
Issa T. Somé, Abdoul K. Sakira, Moustapha Ouédraogo, Theodore Z. Ouédraogo, Adama Traoré, Blaise Sondo, Pierre I. Guissou
Interdisciplinary Toxicology , 2012, DOI: 10.2478/v10102-012-0007-4
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of arsenic in tube-well water, food and residents' urines samples in Yatenga province, Burkina Faso. The prevalence of skin lesions was evaluated as well. The study was cross-sectional in design. It was conducted during April 2009. Permanent residents of 20 villages were included in the study. Water samples were collected from 31 tube-wells located in the selected villages. Tomatoes, cabbages, and potatoes produced in the selected village were randomly sampled. Arsenic content in water, food, and residents' urine was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry using hydride generation method. Finally, 240 people were examined by a medical doctor for skin lesions. Arsenic concentrations from the tube-well water ranged from 1 to 124 μg/l. Arsenic concentrations of more than one-half (52%) of the water samples exceeded the WHO guideline value (10 μg/l). No trace of arsenic was found in the samples of tomatoes, cabbages, and potatoes. Variation in arsenic concentrations in the urines was correlated to arsenic concentrations in tube-well water. Clinical examinations revealed that melanosis and keratosis were respectively identified in 29.26% and 46.34% of the population. Both conditions were observed in 24.39% of the population. The frequency of skin lesions was positively associated with the arsenic concentration in tube-well water. A great majority (89.53%) of those who had skin lesions were at least 18 years old. In conclusion, chronic arsenic poisoning remains a major public health problem in the province of Yatenga (Burkina Faso).
Governance, Corruption, and the Informal Economy  [PDF]
Idrissa M. Ouédraogo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.82018
Abstract: This paper uses data from 23 Sub-Saharan countries to analyze the relationship between governance, corruption, and the size of the informal economy. The results show that corruption, the quality of governance, the quality of institutional settings, and the unemployment rates are major determinants of the size of the informal economy. More specifically, it is found that a high level of corruption and poor institutional settings favor an increase of the informal economy. The unemployment rate is negatively related to the size of the informal economy, and greater fiscal freedom and business freedom are associated with a larger informal economy, while monetary freedom reduces the size of the informal sector.
Management of Malaria in Pregnant Women at the Maternity Unit of the University Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo (UTH-YO) in Ouagadougou: About Report on the Quality of Care  [PDF]
Ouattara Adama, Ouédraogo Smaila, Lankoandé Bako Coulibaly Natacha, Ouédraogo Marie Charlemagne, Ouédraogo Ali, Thieba Bonané Blandine
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.813135
Abstract: Objective: To do a report on the quality of the treatment of malaria in pregnant women at University Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo (UTH-YO) in Ouagadougou. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from 29 July to 02 October 2016. The targets were pregnant women and gynecology and obstetrics service care providers. The study used an individual questionnaire administered and clinical parasitological research by the Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT). Some information was verified in the patient’s prenatal consultation logbook. A total of 351 women and 44 providers participated in the study. The data was captured on a microcomputer and analyzed using Epi info version 7 software. Results: Regarding preventive measures, patients responses were correct for long-lasting impregnated mosquito net (LLIN) in 98.8% of cases and for intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) in 96.5% of cases. About providers, they had given a good answer in all cases for
The renewal of Tales of the Lagle Naaba on Burkina Faso's
A Ouédraogo
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract:
Le renouveau des contes du Lagle Naaba à la Télévision Nationale du Burkina
A Ouédraogo
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract: Grace à l'action du Lagle naab a Abga, les soirées de contes au village ont pu trouver une nouvelle jeunesse sur les ondes de la radiodiffusion nationale du Burkina depuis les années 60. Son petit-fils, le Lagle naab a Tigre, en collaboration avec Henriette Ilboudo (animatrice en langue moore à la Télévision nationale du Burkina) a initié les soirées de contes sur le petit écran. L'introduction du conte à la télévision s'inscrit dans la volonté politique de valorisation du patrimoine culturel national et d'intégration régionale. La forte diaspora burkinabè et mooréphone qui continue à garder des attaches avec le Burkina est à l'écoute des produits culturels nationaux. Mais le fait d'utiliser un médium comme la télévision pour diffuser le conte impose la violation de certains tabous (temps de la narration, durée de la performance et espace de la télévision). Contrairement aux soirées de contes au village, les émissions qui sont enregistrées le jour et diffusées la nuit ont une plus grande capacité d'entrer dans les foyers qui possèdent un téléviseur, aussi bien au Burkina que partout dans le monde, grace aux satellites. Les participants à la soirée de contes arborent généralement des vêtements du terroir et veillent à utiliser avec une certaine ma trise la langue moore en évitant les emprunts lexicaux du fran ais et la présence d'objets de la modernité. Les soirées de contes sont une école où l'on fait l'apologie des valeurs morales tout en fustigeant les comportements déviants afin de construire une société de paix et de justice.
Impact économique des variétés améliorées du niébé sur les revenus des exploitations agricoles du plateau central du Burkina Faso
Ouédraogo, S.
Tropicultura , 2003,
Abstract: Impact of Improved Varieties of Cowpea on Farm Income in the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso. Cereal crops account for 90% of the total cultivated area in the central plateau of Burkina Faso. Cash crops that promote crop production diversity and substantial farm income improvement are still scarce in this zone. The devaluation of CFA currency in 1994 has increased interest in cowpea production and this can significantly improve the cropping systems in the central plateau. This paper assesses the economical impact of new varieties of cowpea adopted by farmers using partial budget analysis methods and linear programming. The results point out that if suitable credit policy that support this production is implemented, it constitutes an interesting alternative for farmer's income improvement in the central plateau of Burkina Faso.
Factors Limiting and Affecting the Use of Market Information Systems in Sahelian Countries  [PDF]
Ouédraogo Ferdinand
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2019.97156
Abstract: The objective of this study is to analyze the contributions of Market Information Systems (MIS) to the performance of agricultural markets in Sahelian countries, to identify and analyze the factors that limit and affect the use of these MIS for better efficiency of agricultural products markets. Indeed, the study showed that MIS can contribute to the better market performance of agricultural markets. According to the results obtained from the statistical and econometric analysis of the databases, the factors affecting the use of these MIS are: the age of the household head, his level of education, prices and the level of supply of products in the markets. The use of MIS has a positive effect on farmers’ prices and possibly on their incomes. However, there are obstacles that limit their use by market actors: the low level of literacy and organization of the actors, the difficulties of the market actors to be able to use SMS and the Internet, the low level of dissemination of information to users. And the study showed that the age, the level of education, and the level of product offerings on the markets have a negative effect on their use.
Skin Damage and Aesthetic Disadvantage Observed in Women in the Hand Craft Shelling Chain of Cashew Nuts in a Factory to Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Jean-Baptiste Andonaba, Sandrine Sanou Lompo, Vincent Ouédraogo, Flore Ouédraogo, Muriel S. Ouédraogo, Issouf Konaté, Boukary Diallo, Adama Traoré
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2017.73020
Abstract: Introduction: Occupational dermatitis has long been an unforeseen consequence of industrial progress. Today, most occupational diseases are dermatosis throughout the world. The morbidity and the various prejudices concern different actors, especially those of the cashew industry in Bobo-Dioulasso to Burkina Faso. We considered it appropriate to conduct this study in women who handle cashew nuts in the cashew nut shelling station at a factory. The aim is to contribute to the search for preventive and curative solutions adapted to this health risk. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study with a descriptive purpose in May 2016. The study involved 112 women present in the factory in the shelling unit and having given their approval during our visit. This station is occupied by 118 women. Results: The prevalence of all dermatosis and dermatitis was estimated respectively at 98.21% and 88.39%. The manual shelling station with a shearing machine was exclusively occupied by illiterate women (72.3%) without personal protective equipment, with an average age of 33.74 ± 8.49 years. Among the clinical forms of contact dermatitis, the erythematous contact dermatitis was most observed (86.4%), followed by palmar keratoderma (70.9%), nail disorders (33.6%) and chemical burns (30%). The implication of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) was established with identified promoting factors. Aesthetic damage related to hand injuries had a significant psychosocial impact in 97.32% of cases. Discussion: Few studies exist on dermatitis and the health impacts in the reality of cashew because they reach vulnerable subjects without social welfare and health protection. The cashew nuts shell contains a highly irritating brown oily liquid. Dermatitis occurs during contact with this oily juice. The international literature reports this corrosive effect throughout the history of the chain. Human factors, technical factors and work environment aggravate the situation and compromize workwomen health. Conclusion:
Place of Autologous Intraoperative Blood Transfusion in the Treatment of Broken Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) at the Chiphra Hospital of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Ouattara Adama, Sib Sansan Rodrigue, Tougma Aline Pegwendé, Ouédraogo Issa, Zalha Assoumana, Millogo Traoré Francoise Danielle, Ouédraogo Charlemagne Marie, Ouédraogo Ali, Thieba Bonané Blandine
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.710104
Abstract: Objective: To describe the role of autologous regenerative intraoperative bleeding of recent intra-cavity losses over the ectopic pregnancy ruptured at the Schiphra Hospital of Ouagadougou. Methodology: It has been a cross-sectional descriptive study over a period of 18 months from January 1st 2014 to June 30th 2015 in the obstetrics and gynecology department at the schiphra hospital of Ouagadougou. In our study, we included all pregnant women having received emergency with a diagnosis of broken ectopic pregnancy complicated by a significant array of clinical haemoperitoneum and who have consented to participate in the survey. Results: During the study period, we recorded 322 cases of ectopic pregnancy, among which 106 were broken. Autotransfusion was performed in 59 patients, that is to say 18.3%. The average age of patients was 27 years (18 - 40). The average rate of childbirth was 5.25 (0 - 11). The general condition of the patients was pretty good at 8.5% and poor in 91.5% of cases. The average amount of blood transfused
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