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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17450 matches for " Motor Activity "
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Quality of life, elderly and physical activity  [PDF]
Carlos Soares Pernambuco, Bernardo Minelli Rodrigues, Jani Cleria Pereira Bezerra, Alessandro Carrielo, André Dias de Oliveira Fernandes, Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale, Estelio Henrique Martin Dantas
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.42014
Abstract: The concept of quality of life is multiple concerns as a cultural, social and environmental individuality. The aim of this study was to verify the levels of quality of life in elderly practitioners of physical activity comparing a active group with a control group The sample consisted of 159 physically independent and apparently healthy individuals of either sex, with mean age of 66.61 ± 4.73 years. Active group obtained mean 14.32 ± 0.763 in whoqol’s scores for levels of quality of life, the Control group (CG) obtained mean 13.31 ± 0.94 and p-value 0.05. The ANOVA with repeated samples showed higher values for active group when compared with control group after intervention, the significant level was p < 0.05. It must be recognized that not every aspect of human life is reduced to the practice of physical activity; however, it is an important instrument that generates well-being in this age group.
Practice of Physical Activity and Its Relationship with Lipid Profile of Adolescents  [PDF]
Mayenne Rodrigues Oliveira, Ivelise F. A. F. da Costa, Camilla Ribeiro Lima de Farias, M?nica Oliveira da Silva Sim?es, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Danielle Franklin de Carvalho
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.617271
Abstract: In order to assess the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and its relationship with lipid profile among adolescents, a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was conducted with 102 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years from public schools of Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil. The following variables were analyzed: age, gender, ethnicity, maternal education, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, the practice of PA and lipid profile. The variables were obtained through validated form, anthropometry (weight and height) and blood collection by contract laboratory. Double entry and SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) 22.0 were performed. First, a descriptive analysis of all variables was conducted, as well as measures of central tendency and dispersion for continuous variables. Accordingly, distribution was tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. According to results, correlation was evaluated by Pearson/Spearman tests. Significance level of 5% was adopted for all analyses. The study was approved by the Ethics Approach Committee (EAC) of the State University of Paraíba. The most prevalent sex in the sample was female and regarding maternal education, 35.4% had complete high school. Regarding serum lipoproteins, 16% showed elevated total cholesterol and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) 66% below the desired value. With regard to physical activity, 60.8% had insufficient PA levels. The sample showed changes in lipid profile and insufficiently active life style, besides having overpowered the eutrophic nutritional status. No statistically significant correlations between variables of the lipid profile and the time of PA were observed. These findings highlight the importance of physical exercise for maintaining health and suggest studies with larger populations in order to check the scientific literature regarding this topic.
Comparison between Elderly Persons of the Urban Community, According to the Indicative of Depression  [PDF]
Lilane Maria Alves Silva, Sheron Hellen da Silva, Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares, Leiner Resende Rodrigues
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.72014
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the sociodemographic and economic profile, functional capacity, number of self-referred morbidities and level of physical activity among the elderly with and without indicative of depression. Methods: Cross-sectional and analytical study, with 980 elderly persons (250 with and 730 without indicative of depression) residing in the city of Uberaba, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between August 2012 and May 2013. We used the BOMFAQ Questionnaire, GDS 15, Katz Index, Lawton and Brody Scale and IPAQ. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and the Chi-square test (p < 0.05) were used, in the program SPSS, version 17.0. Results: In the comparison between the groups, there were significant differences regarding the female gender (p = 0.009), education (p = 0.008), individual income (p < 0.001), activities of daily living (p < 0.001), instrumental activities of daily living (p < 0.001) and number of morbidities (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The comparison of the existence or not of depressive symptoms among the elderly enables a more effective planning of public policies aimed at health promotion and adequate treatment in cases of disease already present and the subsidization of preventive strategies, using data such as risk factors and associated factors and ways to research depression.
Explora??o do mundo através de experiências elementares de movimento
Hildebrandt-Stramann, Reiner;
Revista da Educa??o Física / UEM , 2011, DOI: 10.4025/reveducfis.v22i4.12323
Abstract: the following article discusses the relation between children’s motor activities and their understanding of our world. for children motor activity is a way to understand the world. taking this assumption as a starting point the article focuses on anthropological ideas that intend to explain how the understanding of our world through motor activity can be a vital part of the basic education of human beings. the relations between motor activity and development, perception and motor activity are being discussed. these are illustrated by giving an example that explains the symbolic meaning of motor activities. funke-wieneke (1997) have defined four functions of movement which support the physical development of children. based on these functions themes demanding motor activity are introduced and staged and thus support children to understand our world through motor activity.
Equivalência conceitual, de itens e semantica do Physical Activity Checklist Interview (PACI)
Cruciani, Fernanda;Adami, Fernando;Assun??o, Nathalia Antiqueira;Bergamaschi, Denise Pimentel;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000100003
Abstract: there is a lack of brazilian questionnaires to assess physical activity in children. the physical activity checklist interview (paci) was originally developed for north american children and allows assessing physical activity during the previous day. the objectives of this study were: i) to describe procedures for choosing the paci for cross-cultural adaptation and ii) to assess conceptual, item, and semantic equivalence of the brazilian version to be used with 7-to-10-year-old children. paci was identified from a systematic review of 18 questionnaires. the process of choosing the instrument involved discussions with researchers. the paci allows assessing the construct and its dimensions. some kinds of physical activity that are uncommon in the brazilian population had to be eliminated. the following steps were taken to evaluate semantic equivalence: translation, retranslation, connotative and referential meaning assessment, and a pretest with 24 children aged 7 to 10 years. we present the paci in its brazilian adapted version, called lista de atividades físicas (laf).
Nível de atividade física e fatores associados em adultos no Município de Joa?aba, Santa Catarina, Brasil
Baretta, Elisabeth;Baretta, Marly;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000700010
Abstract: we investigated the prevalence of physical inactivity and associated factors among the adult population in joa?aba, santa catarina, brazil, using a cross-sectional, population-based model with subjects from 20 to 59 years of age (n = 579). the short version of the international physical activity questionnaire (ipaq) was used to define the level of physical activity. descriptive crude analyses and poisson regression were performed to test the associated variables. the response rate was 99.6%, and prevalence of physical inactivity was 57.4% (95%ci: 53.4-61.4). physical inactivity was associated with not working or not being retired, income (> u$500/month), age > 30, body mass index above or below standard, and self-reported difficulty with mobility, regardless of gender. the physical inactivity level was lower than in other population-based brazilian studies. the results may help promote regular physical activity through appropriate public policies.
Physical activity in Brazil: a systematic review
Dumith, Samuel C.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001500007
Abstract: the purpose of this study, based on a systematic literature review, was to describe the prevalence of physical activity (or inactivity) in the brazilian population. the databases consulted were: lilacs, scielo, medline, web of science, and the google scholar portal. the terms "physical activity", "physical exercise", "physical inactivity", "sedentary" "brazil", and "brazilian" were used in the search. overall, 47 studies (all cross-sectional) with random samples were found, and in 26 studies physical activity was the main variable. only two studies were published before the year 2000, as compared to 12 in 2008 alone. the studies were heavily concentrated in the south and southeast of brazil, and there were few studies on physical activity in children and adolescents. in all the studies, physical activity was measured subjectively, mainly with questionnaires, and the most widely studied domain was leisure time. the criteria for defining physical activity varied widely, as did prevalence. the study highlighted the need for standardization of instruments, criteria, and nomenclature in epidemiological studies on physical activity.
Crescimento e desempenho motor em escolares do município de Londrina, Paraná, Brasil
Guedes, Dartagnan P.;Guedes, Joana Elisabete R. P.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000500007
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to develop an analysis concerning the behavior of variables aimed at characterizing growth and motor performance in relation to chronological age and gender, attempting to establish the level of importance of morphological aspects in modification of functional-motor activity in schoolchildren from the city of londrina, paraná, brazil. the sample was composed of 1,180 randomly-selected subjects, from 7 to 17 years of age. growth characteristics were determined by height and body weight. as for motor performance, tests for handgrip strength, sit-and-reach, sit-up, standing long jump, and 50- and 1000-meter races were applied. analysis of results indicated that growth variables only begin to present important gender-based differences after 15 years of age, while for motor performance differences were found favoring boys in almost all motor tests from seven years on, with an increasing sexual dimorphism index as the children and adolescents grew. the low (albeit statistically significant) correlation between height/body weight and results of motor tests indicated that high growth patterns do not necessarily ensure a satisfactory motor performance index.
Prevalência de baixo nivel de atividade física em crian?as pré-escolares
Barros, Simone Storino Honda;Lopes, Adair da Silva;Barros, Mauro Virgilio Gomes de;
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano , 2012, DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2012v14n4p390
Abstract: physical activity (pa) in children has a decisive role in motor development and prevention of childhood obesity. the available evidence suggests that there is high prevalence of low levels of pa in children, but little is known about the level of pa in preschool children. the objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and the factors associated with low levels of pa in preschool children. this was a cross-sectional study performed in private schools in the municipality of olinda (state of pernambuco), with data collection through parent's face-to-face interviews. the study included 265 children (54.3% girls) with mean age of 4.9 years (sd=0.8). children who did not perform at least 60 minutes/day of outdoors physical activities were considered exposed to low levels of pa. data analysis was performed by logistic regression considering low level of pa as the outcome. the results showed that 65.3% (95%ci: 9.4-70.8) of children were classified as exposed to 'low level of pa'. analysis showed that higher parental education (or=2.41; 95%ci: 1.13-5.10), lack of space for playing at home (or=2.36; 95%ci: 1.17- 4.78), and attending school in the afternoon (or=2.92, 95%ci 1.55-5.49) or full-time (or=57.1, 95%ci 6.57-496.2) were associated with low levels of pa. preschoolers from families with higher number of children had lower likelihood of low level of pa (or=0.49; 95%ci 0.26-0.93). it can be concluded that the proportion of children exposed to low levels of pa is high compared to the results of similar studies and that parental and environmental factors are associated with physical activity level in preschool-aged children.
Motivos da prática de dan?a de sal?o nas aulas de educa??o física escolar
Shibukawai, Rodrigo Massami;Guimar?es, Adriana Coutinho de Azevedo;Machado, Zênite;Soares, Amanda;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Física e Esporte , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-55092011000100003
Abstract: the transversal study analyzed the reasons for the practice of ballroom dance in the curricular physical activity in private schools, relating them to the gender, its practice time and participation in ballroom dance events. the study was composed of 279 students at the age of 15.5 ± 1.0, enrolled in ballroom dance as part of regular physical education. the sport motivation questionnaire - smq, adapted from serpa and frias (1990), serpa (1992) was used. the descriptive and inferential statistics were used with a 95% significance level. significant associations were found between reasons and the genders (r = 0.285; - 0.172); practice time (r = 0.174) and event frequency (r = 0.122; - 0.156). the ballroom dance offers in its practice a tool of countless possibilities, in which each of its participants search to fulfil their own necessities. according to the risen results it is noticeable that students are motivated with the practice of ballroom dance in schools presenting differences in gender, practice time, and event attendance. then, it is suggested the creation of methodological proposals coherent to the main goals of the students of ballroom dance within the regular physical education environment in schools.
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