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Antibiotics and Micronutritional Blend to Enhance Fertility Potential in Male Having Abnormal Semen Parameters
Mosammat Rashida Begum, David Miller, M.A. Salam, Ehsan Quadir, Mosammat Sahina Begum, Farzana KhanZahid Hassan Bhuiyan
The Open Clinical Trials Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.2174/1876821000901010007]
Abstract: Objective: Objective of this study was to explore the effect of empirical antibiotics and micro nutritional blends in infertile men having idiopathic oligospermia, asthenospermia and oligoasthenospermia. Materials and Methods: This prospective cross sectional study was undertaken in a tertiary level infertility care unit of Dhaka between September 2005 and December 2007. Two hundred and seven oligo, astheno and oligoasthenospermic patients were the target population for this study. Thorough infertility evaluation was done to identify idiopathic oligo, astheno and oligoasthenospermia. Female partners were also evaluated to exclude bilateral tubal blockage, pelvic inflammatory diseases, endometriosis, uterine pathology and resistant PCOS. Male partners were divided into three groups for I) Antibiotics and micronutrients, II) only micronutrients and III) no intervention as control. Treatment was continued for three months. Semen analysis was repeated at the end of two and three months. Main outcome measures were improvement of semen parameters and pregnancy rate. Results: Before treatment all patients characteristics were comparable. After treatment there was significant improvement both in count and motility in groups I and II p <0.05. In group III where there was no intervention there was no improvement of semen parameters p >0.05. Six patients (8.70%) from group I and 12 patients (17.29%) from group II got pregnant within 6 months of observation. No one got pregnant from group III. Conclusion: Empirical use of antibiotics and micronutrients in idiopathic oligo, astheno and oligoasthenospemia can improve sperm quantity and quality and aid a couple in achieving pregnancy.
Establishment and Growth of Potato Micro-Cuttings in Sand Trays  [PDF]
Md. Jahangir Hossain, Mosammat Shamsun Nahar
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.39147
Abstract: Two separate experiments were conducted to evaluate the success of the establishment and growth of micro-cuttings of potato (5 - 6 cm tall) in sand trays [38 cm (L) × 28 cm (W) × 7.5 cm (H) plastic trays] under controlled environment (22?C ± 2?C, 60 - 75 μmosm–1?s–1 light energy for 16 h daily). In the first experiment, micro-cuttings of potato cv. Diamant were planted at six populations (500, 600, 700, 800, 900 and 1000 cuttings per tray) in treated sand (sun dry, 1% formaldehyde, 0.2% Dithane M-45 and control). The mortality percentage of micro-cuttings was nil for sun dry sand while formaldehyde and dithane M-45 treated sand had 1% - 4% against 15% in the control with the highest population density. Mortality of micro-cuttings in formaldehyde and dithane M-45 treated sand trays were found not to be related to pathogenic organism rather toxic effect of these two chemicals. Micro-cuttings in Sun dry and control treatments showed better growth performance than these in chemically treated sand trays. In the second experiment, urea @ 1, 2 and 3 g per tray was applied as solid form after 15 days of planting the micro-cuttings and as liquid form @ 0.5, 1 and 2% solution sprayed in the micro-cuttings repeatedly after 15, 30, 45 and 60 days of planting. The micro-cuttings which received urea as solid state died within 2 - 3 days and 2% urea solution was also detrimental. Urea solution @ 0.5% found to be very effective for vegetative growth of micro-cuttings in sand trays. The control was also good for vegetative growth but at a slower rate.
Design of supercontinuum generating photonic crystal fiber at 1.06, 1.31 and 1.55 µm wavelengths for medical imaging and optical transmission systems  [PDF]
Feroza Begum, Yoshinori Namihira
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.35054
Abstract: We propose broad supercontinuum spectrum generating highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HN-PCF) which can be used in ultrahigh- resolution optical coherence tomography and optical transmission systems. Using full vector finite difference method, we investigated the different properties of HN-PCF. Broadband su-percontinuum spectrum is numerically calculated by using nonlinear Schr?dinger equation. Investigation showed that it is possible to obtain longitudinal resolution in a biological tissue of 1.3 μm, 1.2 μm and 1.1 μm by using picosecond continuum light at center wavelengths of 1.06 μm, 1.31 μm and 1.55 μm, respectively.
Electrical Conductivity and Aftershock Activity in Seismically Active Region of Chamoli, Lesser Himalayas  [PDF]
S. Kareemunnisa Begum
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2017.62007
Abstract: The Chamoli earthquake (M6.8) of 29th March 1999 in Himalayan region is one of the recent devastating earthquakes that has killed more than a few hundred lives and caused damage in the vicinity of Chamoli and Gopeshwar districts of Gharwal Himalayan region. A wide band (8192 - 0.008 Hz) magnetotelluric (MT) study has been carried out in the epicentral zone after the earthquake during May-June, 1999 to understand the processes related to tectonic activity. A total of 23 sites were occupied passing through the epicenter along NE-SW and E-W oriented profiles passing through the epicenter. In the present study, the results obtained along NE-SW profile are presented. The deeper electrical structure shows a north-eastward dipping electrical conductor (50 - 100 Ωm) and correlates well with the regional tectonics of the region. Interestingly, the concentration of hypocenters is located at the transition zone of resistor (brittle) and conductor (ductile) at depths of around 10 - 15 km. These results are discussed with reference to the seismotectonics of the region.
One-Pot Four Component Reaction for the Synthesis of Formazans in an Environmentally Benign Procedure Mediated by KHSO4  [PDF]
Pranab Jyoti Das, Jesmin Begum
Green and Sustainable Chemistry (GSC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gsc.2015.53016
Abstract: A microwave mediated solvent free one pot synthesis of formazans is developed using the solid acid, KHSO4. The products were obtained in a short reaction time in high yield. This study was undertaken to find an alternative and green method for the synthesis of formazans in the absence of corrosive mineral acids, buffered solutions and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Basement Configuration from Magnetotelluric Studies in Bhuj Earthquake Epicentral Zone, Gujarat, India  [PDF]
S. Kareemunnisa Begum, T. Harinarayana
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2016.53015
Abstract: A wide band (1000 - 0.001 Hz) magnetotelluric study has been taken up in the Bhuj earthquake epicentral zone and 21 sites have been occupied along three profiles during March-April 2001 to understand the deep structure of the region. In addition the region surrounding Bhuj has been probed earlier with number of MT profiles and the subsurface structure is well constrained from hydrocarbon exploration point of view besides seismotectonic studies. In the present study, the results obtained along 130 km long profile from Mundra to Rapar oriented in NE-SW direction passing through the epicenter are presented considering these two databases. The subsurface structure has shown interesting correlation with the surface deformations, a new basement configuration and associated seismotectonics of the region. Our main result is relating the basement configuration and surface ruptures.
Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Preeclampsia
Rokeya Begum
Journal of Enam Medical College , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jemc.v1i2.11462
Abstract: Background: Preeclampsia is the most common and major medical complication of pregnancy with a high incidence of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. During pregnancy abnormally increased lipid peroxidation and free radical formation as well as significantly decreased antioxidants production in maternal blood may lead to pathogenesis of preeclampsia. So, we designed this study as little information is known about lipid peroxidation and antioxidant level in preeclampsia.Objectives: To assess the serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level as a lipid peroxidation product and vitamin E (antioxidant) level in women with preeclampsia as well as in normal pregnancy and to compare the values.Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 60 women aged from 25 to 35 years in the department of Biochemistry, Budi Kemuliaan Maternity Hospital (BKMH) in Jakarta during the period April to July 2004. Twenty were normal pregnant women and 20 were preeclamptic patients. For comparison age matched 20 apparently healthy nonpregnant women were included in the study. The study subjects were selected from outpatient department (OPD) of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of BKMH in Jakarta. Serum MDA (lipid peroxidation product) level was measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances assay (TBRAS) method and vitamin E was estimated spectroflurometrically. Data were analyzed by unpaired Student’s t test between the groups by using SPSS version 12.Results: The mean serum MDA levels were significantly higher in normal pregnancy and also in preeclampsia than that of nonpregnant control group women (p<0.001). Again the serum MDA levels were significantly higher in preeclampsia than that of normal pregnant women (p<0.001). The serum vitamin E levels were significantly lower in preeclampsia and also in normal pregnancy than that of nonpregnant control women (p<0.001). Moreover, the serum vitamin E levels were significantly lower in preeclampsia compared to that of normal pregnancy which was also statistically significant (p<0.001)Conclusion: As in preeclamptic group level of oxidation product is high and antioxidant level is low, it can be assumed that in preeclampsia, serum antioxidants are excessively utilized to counteract the cellular damage mediated by free radicals production and deficient antioxidants as well as increased lipid peroxidations may be the important factors in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The moral crisis being faced by every nation at present arises out of unwise, materialistic and undisciplined application of human faculties. Education along with the family and the society could prepare every generation to make the correct and appropriate choice. It is well understood that education of parents and greater participation of parents in higher education is the road that every nation must tread at primary stage of children for inculcation of values and morals. Hence the study is conducted with the objective: To study the impact of the education of parents on moral values of their children studying at primary level. It was hypothesized that there is no significant impact of the education of parents on the moral values of their children. Survey is conducted in primary schools of Akola city regarding the moral values of the primary level students with respect to education of their parents, stratified random sampling methods are used for sample selection, a total of 200 students sample were selected for different categories of parent's education level. The data collected was analyzed with the help of statistical techniques such as mean, SD, Anova and t test. It is that education of parents has positive impact on moral values of their children at primary level. Moral values of primary level children of highly qualified parents are significantly higher than moral values of primary level children of lower level educated parents. mothers level of education has greater impact on moral values of primary level children than fathers level of education.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The existence of Islam in Ramnad Kingdom during the rule of Setupati Kings is a historical experience which in due course witnessed with the spread of cross-culture of Islam and Hinduis. And the enhancement religious harmony which is the basic need for modern days peaceful-co-existence. No doubt, it was the result of historical sequences and developments in Tamil Country which coincided with the advent of the Arab traders in the coast of Ramnad Kingdom. Islam established its hold in Ramnad Kingdom in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. It had its presence because of the arrival of the Arabs who landed for the first time in the coastal area even in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries in the coast of Ramnad Kingdom for the purpose of trade activities. Subsequently, they began to settle in the coastal places like Kilakkarai, Devipa ttinam, Mandapam, Pamban and others. The paper examines the influence of Islam in Tamil Society and the influence of Hindu elements in the Muslim culture in Ramnad Kingdom , and the relations between the Ramnad Setupati Rulers with Mulsims in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Introduction: CA 15.3 is a useful parameter in the management of patients in different stages ofthe breast cancer. Objectives: (1) To evaluate the level of CA 15-3 in stage III carcinoma of breast. (2) To study therole of immunoglobulin G and cathepsin D. Patients & Methods: Serum CA 15-3 was assayed in a group of 25 femalebreast cancer patients with stage III. Method used for determination of CA 15-3 is IMMULITE Automated ImmunoassaySystem. Result: 25 patients were taken in the study. It was observed that the level of CA 15-3 and cathepsin D issignificantly increased in patients as compared to control subjects. Although the level of IgG was also increased butit shows no significant difference. Conclusion: It is concluded that CA 15-3 can be used as tumor marker especiallyin the 3 stage rd of breast cancer and also for monitoring the treatment. IgG shows the role of body defense mechanismsystem in breast cancer. Whereas protease like cathepsin D shows the extent of metastasis.
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