oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “ Morufat Mojisola Ogundeyi” ,找到相关结果约22条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共22条
每页显示
Coagulation Changes in Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia during Painful Crises and Steady State at Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta, Nigeria  [PDF]
Mukhtar Babajide Adebola, Durotoye Michael Olanrewaju, Morufat Mojisola Ogundeyi, Khadijah Bolanle Shonde-Adebola
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105081
Abstract:
Background: The pathophysiology of vaso-occlusive crises in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is multifactorial and hypercoagulability is believed to play a role. The association between hypercoagulabilty and vaso-occlusive disease has been extensively studied in adult SCA patients, there is however paucity of data on the subject regarding paediatric SCA. Objective: This study set out to determine the presence of hypercoagulable states specifically in paediatric SCA subjects through quantification of specific coagulation markers during painful crises and steady state. Methodology: The study was a hospital- based longitudinal study carried out between May and October 2015 at Federal Medical Center, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Fifty SCA subjects were consecutively recruited during painful crises and followed up into their respective steady states. Twenty-five subjects with HbAA phenotype served as controls. Assays of coagulation markers, D-dimer and prothrombin fragment (F1 2) were carried out by sandwich ELISA method using MyBiosource? D-dimer and F1 2 ELISA kits. Results: Mean D-dimer level was 7358 ± 4354.33 ng/ml in the SCA subjects during painful crises, 5509 ± 3506.2 ng/ml during steady state, and 800 ± 1874.14 ng/ml in HbAA controls. Mean (F1 2) level was 0.84 ± 0.43 nmol/l in the SCA subjects during painful crises, 0.64 ± 0.25 nmol/l during steady state, and 0.41 ± 0.28 nmol/l, in HbAA controls. The mean values of both coagulation markers assayed were significantly higher during painful crises than at steady state (P = 0.002), while steady state values were also significantly higher than that of haemoglobin AA individuals (P = 0.001). Conclusions: This study suggests the presence of hypercoagulable states in paediatric SCA during steady state which is exacerbated during painful crises. The clinical imports of this finding require further elucidation.
Child maltreatment, abuse and neglect in a Nigerian adolescent boy, the common but unheard menace: A case report form Southwest, Nigeria  [PDF]
Chinyere C. Uzodimma, Morufat M. Ogundeyi, Florence I. Dedeke, Olasunkanmi Owolabi
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34068
Abstract:

Child abuse is a global problem. It includes all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that result in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity. Child abuse and neglect are common in Nigeria, yet poorly reported. We herein report a case of child abuse and neglect in a 14-year-old boy, complicated by severe malnutrition, human immunodeficiency virus infection and gross under achievement of educational goal. The social and economic factors that play major roles are highlighted with the aim of sensitizing health care professionals, child advocacy groups, policy makers and other stakeholders on the impact of child abuse. We also hope that this would remind all concerned organisations and individuals of child protection which is integrated in the child right act 2003 adopted by Nigeria.

Women's Rights' Protection: Globalization or Localization?
Mojisola Eseyin
International Journal of Advanced Legal Studies and Governance , 2011,
Abstract: Contextually, the issue of globalization is a socio-political phenomenon. The issue of women's rights is also a socio-political issue. Howbeit, legal implications predicated on them remove them from mere social concerns to the issues of law. Law has its root in culture. This work advocated therefore, caution in the application of globalization euphoria to the issue of women's rights, as their protection is far beyond legal and globalization cosmetics, but entrenched in the application of a more holistic approach. It encouraged an enhancement of women's civil, political and social rights of citizenship, and engagement in transnational solidarity to promote women's human rights across the globe.
Effect of Germination, Boiling and Co-fermentation on the Viscosity of Maize/cowpea Mixture as Complementary Infant Food
Oyarekua Mojisola Adenike
American Journal of Food Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Traditionally prepared cereal based complementary food are too dilute for adequate energy and nutrient density as infant complementary food. The consistency of complementary food is of particular importance for infants who cannot masticate and therefore, depend on liquid or semi solid foods. In Nigeria mothers regard cereal malting and supplementation with legume as extra-labor. Increase of gruel energy density is important to improve the energy intake of young children in developing countries. This study investigated the effect of malting and co-fermentation bi-component flour (co-fermented maize/cowpea70:30w/w) on the consistency of the gruel product. Five processes in which either of the grain is germinated, un-germinated, un-germinated and boiled, un-germinated boiled, wet-milled and sieved before co-fermentation were explored. Consistency of the gruel of the products with concentration ranging from 4-18%; was measured using Bostwick Consistometer. The dry matter of the gruel was determined according to standard method. It was observed that boiling and milling of un-germinated maize and cowpea before co-fermentation was more effective in viscosity reduction at 12% flour concentration. At 12% flour concentration that boiling and milling of un-germinated maize and cowpea before co-fermentation can enhance the consistency and by implication reduce the viscosity of co-fermented maize/cowpea as infant complementary food.
Co-fermentation of Cassava/Cowpea/Carrot to Produce Infant Complementary Food of Improved Nutritive Quality
Mojisola A. Oyarekua
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: This study conducted co-fermentation of cassava 50%, cowpea 30% and carrot 20% w/w for the production of infant complementary food. Analyses on proximate, minerals, amino acids and β-carotenoid contents were carried out using standard methods. Cassava ogi had lower crude protein content than cassava/cowpea/carrot ogi. Leucine and lysine contents were comparable in both samples. Crude protein, total amino acids values increased. Cassava ogi had higher calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium contents than cassava/cowpea/carrot ogi. The K/Na ratio was lower in both samples than recommended ratio of 0.60. Values of essential minerals in both samples met the requirement for 9-11 months. Methionine plus cystine, histidine and isoleucine values were higher in cassava/cowpea/carrot ogi than cassava ogi. The carotenoid value in co-fermented mixture was comparable to RDA from complementary food value for 11-23 months infant. Co-fermentation of cassava/cowpea/carrots gave values of improved nutritional quality than fermented cassava ogi.
Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Yeast Starter Cultures on the Soaking Time and Quality of “Ofada” Rice  [PDF]
Oluwafunmilayo Adeniran, Olusegun Atanda, Mojisola Edema, Olusola Oyewol
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.32030
Abstract: Freshly harvested paddy rice was randomly obtained from three different farms in “Ofada” town, Ogun State, Nigeria and processed according to the traditional parboiling method. The rice was inoculated singly with cultures of Lactobacillus amylophilus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Saccharomyces uvarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae which were isolated from the soak-water. In order to assess the effect of starter cultures on the soaking time of the rice, the pH and titratable acidity were determined at 12 h interval. The chemical composition and the sensory quality of the rice were also determined at the end of the soaking period while uninoculated rice served as control. The chemical composition of the rice as well as the pH and TTA of the soak-water were significantly (p < 0.05) different from the control while the processing time was shortened to 48 h. The rice inoculated with Saccharomyces uvarum and Saccharomyces cerevisae had the highest protein content and best sensory attributes.
Mechanical Behaviour of Duplex Phase Structures in a Medium Carbon Low Alloy Steel  [PDF]
K.K. Alaneme, S. Ranganathan, T. Mojisola
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.97044
Abstract: The mechanical behaviour of duplex phases produced in a medium carbon low alloy steel with potentials for use as machine body parts and vehicle panels, has been investigated. A representative composition of the steel (C: 0.3; Si: 0.28; Mn: 0.97; Cr: 0.15) was utilized to produce ferrite – martensite duplex phases of varied proportions by intercritical annealing treatment. The tensile, hardness, and rotating bending fatigue behaviour of the structures were studied; and optical and SEM microscopy utilized to characterize the microstructures and their fracture characteristics. The duplex phase structures exhibited continuous yielding behaviour; and were characterised by high strain hardenability, high tensile strength, total elongation, toughness and superior fatigue strength (endurance limit) in comparison with the normalised structure. The fatigue fracture was observed to be characterized by mixed mode of ductile (dimple) fracture and intergranular brittle cleavage for the duplex structures. Superior tensile and fatigue property combinations were better harnessed when treatment was performed at 760℃ and 780℃ in comparison to 740℃.
Effects of Particle Size, Stem Component and Genotype on Absorbency of Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) Grown in Nigeria for Oil-Spill Clean-Up  [PDF]
Morufat Oloruntoyin Balogun, AbdulGaniy Olayinka Raji
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/as.2016.79058
Abstract:
The efficacies of different products made from different parts of the stem of different varieties of kenaf grown in Nigeria as oil absorbents were tested. Particle sizes, genotypes and whether mixed or sole stem core or bast differed among the treatments. The fibre component sank in water, and so was not buoyant; the core was partially buoyant while the mixed fibre and core was completely buoyant. Sorption capacity was the highest in the ground whole stem (8.16 g oil/g sorbent), which also retained (6.31 g oil/g sorbent) the highest quantity of oil. Sorption and retention of oil were the lowest in the fibre (1.66 and 0.69 g oil/g sorbent, respectively). After the first use, only the ground stem can be used to re-absorb up to 1.97 g oil/g sorbent of used sorbent. A mixture of genotypes was more absorbent than a single genotype. The implications of these findings in absorbency research are discussed.
Haematological profile of apparently healthy term babies aged one day, three days and six weeks delivered in Sagamu, Nigeria
MM Ogundeyi, DM Olarewaju, OF Njokanma, TA Ogunlesi
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Normal values of haematological parameters are often required to assist with diagnosis and monitoring. Objective: To determine the haematological indices of apparently healthy term babies on the first day, third day and sixth week of life. Method: A longitudinal survey of the haematological parameters of apparently healthy Nigerian term infants was carried out between October 2007 and March 2008 using electronic devices. Results: On the first day of life, the mean values were 46.3% for packed cell volume (PCV), 10.8 × 109/L for total white blood cell (TWBC) and 261.3 × 109/L for platelets. The mean values obtained on the third day of life includedPCVof 43.3%,TWBC of 10.7 × 109/L and platelets count of 242.5 × 109/L. In the sixth week of life, the mean values of PCV, TWBC and platelets count were as follows: 32.0%, 8.8 × 109/L and 277.7 × 109/L respectively. The mean percentage neutrophil counts and lymphocyte counts were 56.8% and 38.7% respectively on the first day but were reversed to 34.6% and 63.4% respectively on the sixth week of life. Conclusion: The mean values of the PCV and TWBC were highest on the first day of life and lowest in the sixth week of life whereas the mean values of platelets count showed a less consistent pattern over the same period.
Perceptions about sexual abstinence and knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention among in-school adolescents in a western Nigerian city
Oladimeji Oladepo, Mojisola M Fayemi
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-304
Abstract: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey of students in Ibadan South-West Local Government Area. A total of 420 respondents (52% males and 48% females), selected through a multistage sampling technique, completed a semi-structured questionnaire. This was supplemented with eight focus group discussions (FGDs) which had an average of 9 respondents within the 10 and 19 years age group. The data from the FGDs were transcribed and summarized manually while the quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences to generate frequencies, cross tabulations of variables and logistic regression analysis.Twelve percent of the entire sample had ever had sex. Overall, knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention was high and most respondents favoured the promotion of abstinence as an HIV prevention strategy. A smaller proportion of male respondents (79%) abstained compared with the females (98%). Major predictors of sexual abstinence were being a female, not having a boyfriend or girl friend, not using alcohol and having a positive attitude towards abstinence (P < 0.05).Sexual abstinence was also significantly associated with perceived self efficacy to refuse sex and negative perception of peers who engage in sexual behaviours (P < 0.05). Majority of the FGD discussants suggested the involvement of parents, media, schools, faith-based institutions and non governmental organizations in promoting the adoption of abstinence.The sexual abstinence behaviour of young persons is influenced by multiple factors and should be considered in determining the effectiveness of interventions targeting this behaviour. Coherent sexuality education interventions to promote the adoption of abstinence among young people are urgently needed.Human Immunodeficiency Virus has emerged as a major health and development concern worldwide. Globally, 33.2 million people were estimated to be living with HIV and 2.5 million were newly infected with HIV in 2007 [1]. As
第1页/共22条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.