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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9875 matches for " Monilly Ramos;Minervino "
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Avalia??o cognitiva: leitura, escrita e habilidades relacionadas
Araujo, Monilly Ramos;Minervino, Carla Alexandra da Silva Moita;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000400024
Abstract: multiple domains involved in children and young people's reading and writing are analyzed. one hundred and sixty-two subjects, males and females, age bracket between 8 and 16 years, at the 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades of fundamental education in a government public school in a brazilian northeast town, were investigated. children's cognitive development was analyzed through activities which comprised reading, words and false words dictation, phonological awareness, visual and auditory processing and processing speed. results revealed backwardness in skill development which included inaccuracy and distortion in the use of phonological and lexical themes. projects in intervention for skill development, phonological awareness, auditory processing and processing speed should be outlined for children in the early stages of reading and writing acquisition.
Estratégias de aprendizagem empregadas por estudantes do Ensino Fundamental
Lins, Manuela Ramos Caldas;Araujo, Monilly Ramos;Minervino, Carla Alexandra da Silva Moita;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572011000100007
Abstract: in this work, we analyze the repertoire of learning strategies used by schoolchildren of the city of campina grande, paraiba, brazil. the study included 491 students of both sexes enrolled in the 6 th to 9 th year of elementary school for private and public schools, with an average age of 12 years and 7 months (sd = 1.7). the results were obtained by applying a collective scale of learning strategies. they indicated that there is a difference regarding the use of strategies by repeating and non repeating students. the difference is visible too, when we study groups according to gender, age, year and type of school attended. these results suggest that students may be aware of effective use of learning strategies, since they use them regularly in their daily lives. our research may suggest that further studies are needed in order to deepen and broaden the perception of the results presented here.
Life cycle of Misumenops pallida (Araneae, Thomisidae)
Minervino, Elisabet;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761993000100009
Abstract: postembryonic development of misumenops pallida (keyserling) (araneae, thomisidae), one of the most abundant predator species in soybean fields in buenos aires province (argentina) was studied. the life cycle was observed in the laboratory from egg sacs collected in the field, and from egg sacs spined in the laboratory by gravid females collected in the field. results indicated that instar length and feeding rate increased throughout the life cycle being higher in females than in males. greater mortality was observed to third and fourth instars decreasing thereafter. these results may contribute to deternmine the efficiency of this species as a natural enemy of insect pests of soybean.
Tilings for Pisot beta numeration
Milton Minervino,Wolfgang Steiner
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: For a (non-unit) Pisot number $\beta$, several collections of tiles are associated with $\beta$-numeration. This includes an aperiodic and a periodic one made of Rauzy fractals, a periodic one induced by the natural extension of the $\beta$-transformation and a Euclidean one made of integral beta-tiles. We show that all these collections (except possibly the periodic translation of the central tile) are tilings if one of them is a tiling or, equivalently, the weak finiteness property (W) holds. We also obtain new results on rational numbers with purely periodic $\beta$-expansions; in particular, we calculate $\gamma(\beta)$ for all quadratic $\beta$ with $\beta^2 = a \beta + b$, $\gcd(a,b) = 1$.
The geometry of non-unit Pisot substitutions
Milton Minervino,J?rg Thuswaldner
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: Let $\sigma$ be a non-unit Pisot substitution and let $\alpha$ be the associated Pisot number. It is known that one can associate certain fractal tiles, so-called \emph{Rauzy fractals}, with $\sigma$. In our setting, these fractals are subsets of a certain open subring of the ad\`ele ring $\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}(\alpha)}$. We present several approaches on how to define Rauzy fractals and discuss the relations between them. In particular, we consider Rauzy fractals as the natural geometric objects of certain numeration systems, define them in terms of the one-dimensional realization of $\sigma$ and its dual (in the spirit of Arnoux and Ito), and view them as the dual of multi-component model sets for particular cut and project schemes. We also define stepped surfaces suited for non-unit Pisot substitutions. We provide basic topological and geometric properties of Rauzy fractals associated with non-unit Pisot substitutions, prove some tiling results for them, and provide relations to subshifts defined in terms of the periodic points of $\sigma$, to adic transformations, and a domain exchange. We illustrate our results by examples on two and three letter substitutions.
The role of extra-contextual and contextual similarities in analogical mapping
Minervino,Ricardo A.; Molinari Marotto,Carlos;
Interdisciplinaria , 2004,
Abstract: the psychological validity of the treatment given to semantic similarity constraints in analogical mapping by the structure-mapping theory of gentner (gentner, 1983, 1989; gentner, & markman, 1997), and the multiconstraint theory of holyoak, and thagard (1989a, 1995) was assessed in an experiment. participants were asked to interpret an analogy in which, for some source elements, syntactic, and pragmatic criteria permitted alternative mappings, which were ambiguous when semantic principles were taken into account. data showed that people base mappings on contextual semantic similarities, rather than on extra-contextual semantic similarities like the ones incorporated by these theories in their computational models. the results are discussed in light of the criticism formulated by hofstadter, and the farg group (1995) of the way semantics is treated by the dominant style of modeling analogical mapping.
The need for an ecological approach within the study and comprehension of cognitive processes
López Alonso,Alfredo Oscar; Minervino,Ricardo;
Interdisciplinaria , 2007,
Abstract: cognitive processes are information, meaning, structure organization and transformation processes, most of which are inferential. then, an important question about cognitive processes is: what is their deepest basis? where, when, how and at what level do they originate? here, it is proposed that the original and deepest basis of cognitive processes is essentially ecological and sustained on the permanent unity and relationship between the living organism and its environment. we understand as ecological the undecomposable union between a living organism and its environment, as well as every kind of immediate and stepwise relationship between them. the relationships between a living organism and its environment is held everyday and continuously in order to get its life-preserving resources and to adopt their adequate, best or most successful actions and reactions over the environment, as well as to reach its necessary internal and external balances with and within it. in these terms, the elementary perception and categorization are seen as basic cognitive processes originated in that permanent and whole ecological relationship. this way, representation systems and information processes as developed by each species are seen as basic preservation functions (life-preservation functions) in the teleonomic sense given by pittendrigh (1958) and later used by lorenz (1986) within his ethological approach. these arguments support the idea that any species, whatever simpler or complex it may be, whenever it is endowed of minimal sensors (elementary sensory perceptive receptors) for light (sight), odor (olfaction), sound (hearing), taste and tactile stimuli, etc., can form and must have a minimal representation of its immediate surroundings; and so that those living organisms can then count on or have at their own's disposal a minimal mental representation of the immediate and customary environment in which they live and survive along all their lifetime. otherwise these living
Responsabilidade civil e ética do ortodontista
Minervino, Bruno;Souza, Omásio Teixeira;
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-54192004000600013
Abstract: considering the social development process, an increase that practically embraces all the areas of science is observed nowadays. this global consciousness properly assures defined rights to the society as a whole, as well as duties to the professionals who detain the scientific knowledge. therefore, the increase of conflicts among professionals from all fields and their clients, and among the odontologists and their patients arouses. the purpose of this study is to show aspects related to the legal and ethical nature to which the orthodontists are daily submitted to, in their offices, mentioning the main aspects of the civil responsibility of the current juridical ordering, as well as the ethical posture that the orthodontist must have in relation to his patient.
The rol of extracontextual and contextual similarities in analogical mapping.
Ricardo A. Minervino,Carlos Molinari Marotto
Interdisciplinaria , 2004,
Abstract: Se llevó a cabo un experimento para determinar la validez psicológica del tratamiento que recibe el componente semántico en el establecimiento de correspondencias analógico por parte de la Teoría de Proyección de la Estructura de Gentner (1983, 1989; Gentner & Markman, 1997) y la Teoría de las Múltiples Restricciones de Holyoak y Thagard (1989a, 1995). Los participantes del grupo experimental recibieron un texto fuente en el que se narraba que un hecho (causa) había provocado un segundo hecho (efecto). Siendo enfrentados después a un texto objetivo en el que se describía un hecho objetivo (similar al hecho efecto fuente) de causa desconocida, se les pidió que, basándose en la narración fuente, hipotetizaran cuál, entre dos hechos candidatos a causa, podía haber provocado el hecho objetivo. La analogía era ambigua si se seguían criterios semánticos y no podía desambiguarse a partir de criterios sintácticos o pragmáticos. Los participantes de este grupo decidieron sus correspondencias siguiendo similitudes semánticas contextuales y no en cambio el tipo de similitudes semánticas extra-contextuales incorporadas por las teorías nombradas en sus modelos computacionales. Los participantes del grupo control debían realizar la misma tarea que el grupo experimental (hipotetizar cuál podía haber sido la causa del hecho objetivo), pero no recibían ningún análogo previo. Estos participantes eligieron como causa el hecho alternativo al elegido por el grupo experimental, lo que indicó que la elección de este grupo no estuvo determinada por la plausibilidad intrínseca, en el dominio objetivo, del hecho elegido. Los resultados son discutidos considerando la crítica de Hofstadter y el Grupo FARG (1995) a la forma en que la semántica es tratada por el modelo estándar del establecimiento de correspondencias analógico.
The need for an ecological approach within the study and comprehension of cognitive processes
Alfredo Oscar López Alonso,Ricardo Minervino
Interdisciplinaria , 2007,
Abstract: Los procesos cognitivos organizan y transforman inferencialmente la información sensorio-perceptiva del medio. La base de dichos procesos es ecológica. Se entiende como ecológica toda relación entre un organismo viviente y su medio para alcanzar los balances entre su medio interno y externo. Esas relaciones permiten explicar las funciones preservadoras de la vida. La representación mental es una función preservadora de la vida. Cada especie desarrolla (como requisito de superviviencia) su propia representación holográfica del medio ambiente, pero esta representación adquiere la máxima complejidad cognitiva en la especie humana. Si un desbalance se perpetúa, lleva a la muerte del organismo y a la extinción de la especie. En esto reside la im portancia del enfoque ecológico y la profundización del mis - mo. La explicación de los procesos cognitivos ha avanzado a través de un esquema ecológico tipo abajo/arriba, bottom-up, más que a través de esquemas formales - proposicionales de tipo teoricista arriba / abajo o top-down.
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