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OALib Journal期刊

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Clinical and Histopathological Characteristics of Gastric Adenocarcinoma in Yemeni Patients: A 2 Years Prospective Study  [PDF]
Abdulgafoor Kassim, Saeed Thabet, Sadik Al-Fakih, Mohammed Alqobaty, Ramea Alathwary, Sana Ameen
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105075
Abstract:
Objectives: To study the clinical and the histopathological characteristics of gastric cancer concentrating more on the gastric adenocarcinoma. Design: Prospective study of one hundred thirty Yemeni patients confirmed with gastric malignancies during the period from July 2016 to July 2017. Setting: Specialized center of gastrointestinal and liver diseases in Ibb city, Yemen. Subjects: All patients with histopathologically proved gastric cancer. Results: We collect 130 patients with gastric cancer during the study period, they were 93 males and 37 females with age ranged between 25 years and 100 years and the mean age was 64.98 ± 15.15 years. The most frequent clinical presentations of our patients were epigastric pain (81.5%), weight loss (74.6%), dysphagia (46.9%), vomiting (49.2%), palpable epigastric mass (19.2%) and hematemesis/melena (20%). Proximally located gastric cancer represented 46.1%; 48.9% of males patients and 38.9% of females patients. Adenocarcinoma constituted 92.4%, of which the intestinal type was 82.5% and the diffuse type was 17.5%. Squamous cancer accounted in 1.5%, and the non-epithelial tumor was in 6.1%, of which 4.6% were lymphoma and 1.5% were GIST. Conclusion: Adenocarcinomas are the major histological type of gastric cancer and represent 92.4% of all gastric malignancies in which intestinal type represented 82.5% and diffuse type represented 17.5%, and proximally located gastric cancer within stomach was the commonest in both sexes.
Correlation of Endoscopic Findings with Various Helicobacter pylori Tests among Dyspeptic Patients  [PDF]
Mohammed O. Mohammed
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.519151
Abstract: Background: Helicobacter pylori is the most common chronic bacterial infection, and a significant etiological factor in acid peptic diseases and gastric cancer. Dyspepsia is a common gastrointestinal disorder, and the most common indication for gastroscopy. Detection of H. pylori during endoscopy has become standard clinical practice. Elevated levels of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), are associated with pathological changes, and hence give useful information for exact diagnosis and therapy. Objectives: To determine the relationship between endoscopic findings, highly sensitive C-reactive protein level (hs-CRP) and H. pylori infection among dyspeptic patients using serological tests, stool antigen for H. pylori and antral histology. Methods: This was a prospective study; patients with dyspepsia, who referred to Kurdistan Teaching Center of Gastroenterology & Hepatology in Sulaimani City were assessed, during the period of December 2012 to March 2014. They underwent gastroscopy, and biopsies were taken from the corpus and antral portions of antral portion for histopathological exam. Patients’ serum samples were tested for H. pylori infection using ELISA method to detect (IgG & IgA) anti-bodies and stool samples were examined using rapid immunoassay method to detect H. pylori antigens. hs-CRP was assessed using ELISA. Results: One hundred dyspeptic patients were included in the study. The mean age was 34.2 years and male comprised 54% of the study samples. The common findings in oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) examination were antral gastropathy (59%) and duodenal ulcer (21%). A statistically significant (P < 0.01) correlation was found between hs-CRP and H. pylori IgG and IgA levels (titer). There was a highly significant (P < 0.01) correlation between the level of H. pylori IgG and the endoscopic findings. The highest serum level of H. pylori IgG was found in duodenal ulcer and antral gastritis, (88.86 ± 42.0) and (70.05 ± 35.2) Au/ml, respectively. There was a highly significant correlation (P < 0.01) between endoscopic findings and H. pylori positive antral biopsy, in duodenal ulcer, antral gastritis and duodenitis was 100%, 94.9% and 75% respectively. Also duodenal ulcer and antral gastritis showed high mean and percentage but no significant differences in both H. pylori IgA and stool Antigen.
General Periodic Boundary Value Problem for Systems  [PDF]
Mohammed Elnagi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.38130
Abstract: The paper deals with the existence of nonzero periodic solution of systems, where k∈(0, π/T), α, β are n×n real nonsingular matrices, μ=(μ1…μn), f(t, u)=(f1(t, u),…,fn(t, u))∈C([0, T]×□n+,□+) is periodic of period T in the t variable are continuous and nonnegative functions. We determine the Green’s function and prove that the existence of nonzero periodic positive solutions if one of . In addition, if all i=(1…n)where λ1 is the principle eigenvalues of the corresponding linear systems. The proof based on the fixed point index theorem in cones. Application of our result is given to such systems with specific nonlinearities.
Pseudocercospora leaf and fruit spot disease of citrus: Achievements and challenges in the citrus industry: A review  [PDF]
Mohammed Yesuf
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.47046
Abstract:

Citruses are the worlds’ second fruit crops by volume next to banana. It is one of the most important commodity in tropical Africa as source of foreign currency, raw material for agro-industries and source of employment. The production and productivity of citrus in tropical Africa including Ethiopia are critically threatened by a number of diseases. Among others, pseudocercospora leaf and fruit spot of citrus caused by a fungus Pseudocercospora angolensis is the most destructive disease of citrus. Literature reviews have been made by searching the available information on leaf and fruit spot of citrus. Journal articles, research papers, workshop proceedings, Thesis research, manuals, and quarantine regulations were among the information sources of the review. The disease is widespread in 22 African countries including Ethiopia with a single report around Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula. Scattered research efforts have been made by different researchers in Africa mainly dealing with its geographic distribution, biology, and management practices. Fungicides, plant extracts/essential oils, and host resistance are among the research efforts made for the control of P. angolensis. Even though the disease is not yet reported to the rest of the world, it becomes a serious concern as an important quarantine pest thereby critically affecting the world trade and germplasm exchange of the citrus industry. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to compile the scattered information on various aspects of leaf and fruit spot of citrus mainly to avail the information for researchers, development workers and policy people. Moreover, this review will suggest future research and development direction towards better understanding and sustainable management practices of the disease.

Variation of the Spectrum of Operators in Infinite Dimensional Spaces  [PDF]
Mohammed Yahdi
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.37080
Abstract:

The paper investigates the variation of the spectrum of operators in infinite dimensional Banach spaces. Consider the space of bounded operators on a separable Banach space when equipped with the strong operator topology, and the Polish space of compact subsets of the closed unit disc of the complex plane when equipped with the Hausdorff topology. Then, it is shown that the unit spectrum function is Borel from the space of bounded operators into the Polish space of compact subsets of the closed unit disc. Alternative results are given when other topologies are used.

A New Expression for Rhotrix  [PDF]
Abdul Mohammed
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2014.42011
Abstract:
This paper presents a new technique for expressing rhotrices in a generalize form. The method involves using multiple array indexes as analogous to matrix expressions, unlike the earlier method in the literature, which can only be functional in a single array computational environment. The new rhotrix look will encourage the study of rhotrix algebra and analysis from a better perspective. In addition, computing efficiency and accuracy will also be improved, particularly when the operations in rhotrix space over the new expression are algorithmatized for computing machines.
Nature of Centennial Global Climate Change from Observational Records  [PDF]
Mohammed Anwer
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.44027
Abstract: In order to provide a better benchmark for climate simulation programs, climate data at Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) and Global Summary of the Day (GSOD) archived by the National Climate Data Center (NCDC) are used to ascertain the nature of climate change over the last century. After data validation, about 6000 stations are considered globally to determine the change in mean temperature, and about 5000 stations to determine that change in maximum and minimum temperatures. Global nature of temperature and its change are presented separately for January and July. Both maximum and minimum daily temperatures are used in the analysis. Trend of global change in annual precipitation is also reported here. Least square linear regression is used to ascertain the nature of these changes. Global nature of temperatures in both January and July show bimodal distributions, with the geographical region between the tropics in one mode and the region outside the tropic in another mode. The individual distributions of temperatures of both these regions show separate and similar histograms. Results indicate that over the last century, temperature in January increased more than that during July. Furthermore the minimum temperature in each case increased more than the maximum temperature. Ten separate estimates of temperature change are obtained from the data presented here using different methods. Considering all these estimates, the mean rise in temperature during January was 2.19°C, and during July was 1.72°C. The geographical nature of the rise in temperature shows that though it rises in most locations, the temperature also reduces along eastern Asia, some parts of central Russia, along south-eastern Australia, and along the east coast of the United States. Predominant rise in temperature is mostly over Europe, and in the arctic. Change in precipitation shows that though there is significant reduction rainfall globally, rainfall increases along the equator, in areas around the Gulf of Mexico, along eastern Asia, along the western coast of India, and along the eastern coast of Australia.
Performance of Heat Pipe Utilized for Atmospheric Air Heating  [PDF]
Mohammed Mansur
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.38125
Abstract:

The objective of the present experimental work is to investigate the performance of a wrapped screen heat pipe for atmospheric air heating to compare with the limits of this pipe. The experiment was conducted using copper pipe material and acetone as working fluid at different vapor temperatures. The testing also consists of a heater, a blower for heat removal (condenser), temperature measuring device, a vapor temperature probe, acetone charging system, and a vacuum pump. The copper outside diameterof the pipe is 0.022 m, with a total length of 0.6 m. The results showed that the pipe wall temperature (Tw) for a wrapped screen heat pipe has a rapid increase and takes 50 min to reach steady state at (Q = 63 W). The vapour temperature of working fluid increases as the heat load increases at constant air velocity. It was also been found that the range of vapour temperature deceases as the filling ratio increases that means the increasing of the filling ratio results the decrease of the maximum vapour temperature and the variation in the vapour temperature. The best recorded filling ratio is 0.6 which has the lowest vapour temperature at highest heat load. The maximum heat transport limit for this pipe is 80 W and the maximum temperature difference for air is 5C.

Natural Radioactivity Levels and Estimation of Radiation Exposure in Environmental Soil Samples from Tulkarem Province-Palestine  [PDF]
Kaleel Mohammed Thabayneh, Mohanad Mohammed Jazzar
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.21002
Abstract: The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides namely 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs are measured for soil samples collected from different locations of Tulkarem district in West Back-Palestine. High-resolution gamma spectrometry (HPGe detector) was used to determine the activity concentration of these radionuclides in 72 surface soil samples taken from areas in and surrounding Tulkarem city. The concentration of 238U varied in the range 9.7 - 83.5 Bq kg–1 with an average value of 34.5 Bq kg–1, 232Th in the range 5.3 - 44.8 Bq kg–1 with an average value of 23.8 Bq kg–1, 40K in the range 10.2 - 404.0 Bq kg–1 with an average value of 120.0 Bq kg–1 and 137Cs in the range 1.0 - 24.5 Bq kg–1 with an average value of 7.8 Bq kg–1. The results have been compared with those of different countries of the world and Palestine. To assess the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity, the absorbed dose rate (Dr), the radium equivalent activity (Raeq), the effective dose rate (Eeff), the annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk (ELCR), the radioactivity level index (Iγ), and the external (Hex) and internal (Hin) hazard indices were calculated .It can be concluded that no risk may threat the residents around and center of Tulkarem city except some areas which activity due to fallout 137Cs were high concentration levels. Hence the probability of occurrence of any of the health effects of radiation is low. Hence, measurements have been taken as representing baseline values of these radionuclides in the soil in studying area.
Health Related Quality of Life among Osteoarthritis Patients: A Comparison of Traditional Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Selective COX-2 Inhibitors in the United Arab Emirates Using the SF-36  [PDF]
Mohammed Hassanein, Mohammed Shamssain, Nageeb Hassan
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2015.64025
Abstract: Objectives: Osteoarthritis (OA) has a dramatic impact on patients’ health related quality of life (HRQoL). Chronic use of analgesics and anti-inflammatory medications for pain management may improve symptoms but on long term may affect HRQoL negatively. The objective of the present study was to compare the impact of two different classes of analgesics, traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on HRQoL among osteoarthritis patients using the SF-36 questionnaire. Methods: Clinic based cross-sectional study conducted at Al-Qassimi Hospital, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), over a period of six months. Ethical Approval was obtained from the ethics committee at Al-Qassimi Clinical Research Center. Total of 200 osteoarthritis patients fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in the study. Patients’ demographics were collected from their medical records. The Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire was used to measure patients’ HRQoL. SF-36 data were scored using health outcomes scoring software 4.5. Results: Mean age of the subjects was 62.19 ± 9.81 years with females constituting 151 (75.5%) of the patients. In general, females scored lower in most of the HRQoL domains compared to males and there was significant difference between the two groups in the mental health (p = 0.005) & mental component (p = 0.042) domains. Compared to selective COX-2 inhibitors, patients on NSAIDs scored higher on all domains of SF-36 except physical functioning. There was significant difference in mental health domain for patients treated with NSAIDs (p = 0.02). Celecoxib was only better than NSAIDs in osteoarthritis patients with more than one musculoskeletal disorders in the domain of bodily pain (p = 0.009). Conclusion: NSAIDs-treated patients did not differ significantly from celecoxib-treated patients in all domains of the SF-36 except for the mental health domain.
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