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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20745 matches for " Mohammad Saleem and Muhammad Imran Qadir* "
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Antihyperlipidemic and Hepatoprotective Activity of Dodonaea viscosa Leaves Extracts in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Maqsood Ahmad, Qaisar Mahmood, Kamran Gulzar1, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar1, Mohammad Saleem and Muhammad Imran Qadir*
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Hyperlipidemia is associated with diabetes and hepatotoxicity has emerged as a common clinical complication by antidiabetics. The present study was conducted to determine the antihyperlipidemic and hepatoprotective activity of Dodonaea viscosa leaves extracts in the alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. The rabbits (n = 70) were divided into seven groups including normal and diabetic control, the remaining were aqueous, aqueous:methanol (70:30), aqueous:methanol (50:50), aqueous: methanol (30:70), and methanol extracts given for 30 days. Serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, ALT and AST were estimated by using commercially available kits. The oral administration of aqueous:methanol (70:30) extract of the Dodonaea viscosa leaves significantly (P<0.01) decreased the raised parameters (triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol) to normal values. But the extract has significantly increased HDL-cholesterol, ALT and AST levels. For the aqueous:methanol (70:30) extract given animals, the average serum level of total cholesterol was 60.00±1.30 mg/dL, LDL-cholesterol was 92.80±2.29 mg/dL, HDL-cholesterol was 31.80±1.0 mg/dL and triglyceride was 15.40±0.75 mg/dL while the average serum levels of ALT and AST were 45.60±3.08 and 27.20±1.36 IU/dL, respectively. It is concluded from the study that aqueous:methanolic (70:30) extract of Dodonaea viscosa leaves exerts antihy- perlipidemic and hepatoprotective effects in the alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits.
Influence of Various Row Spacing on the Yield and Yield Components of Raya Anmol and Faisal Canola under Coastal Climatic Conditions of Lasbela  [PDF]
Muhammad Waseem, Dost Mohammad Baloch, Imran Khan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515237

During 2013-2014 a field experiment was conducted at experimental area of Faculty of Agriculture under Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Science, Uthal, Lasbela to evaluate the influence of various row spacing on the yield and yield components of Raya Anmol and Faisal Canola under coastal climatic conditions of Lasbela. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) with factorial arrangement having 3 replications was used. Experiment comprises two canola varieties, C1 = Raya Anmol, C2 = Faisal Canola at 3 row spacing distances RS1 = 30 cm, RS2 = 45 cm and RS3 = 60 cm respectively. Result showed that yield and yield contributing traits are significant. It was concluded that seed yield of C1 (Faisal Canola) was better as compared to that of Raya Anmol. Row spacing (RS3 = 60 cm) yielded more crop canopy and the highest number of pod per plant, pod length and seed yield under agro climatic condition of Lasbela as compared to other densely arranged row spacing.

Mixed Convection Flow over an Unsteady Stretching Surface in a Porous Medium with Heat Source
Syed Muhammad Imran,Saleem Asghar,Muhammad Mushtaq
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/485418
Abstract: This paper deals with the analysis of an unsteady mixed convection flow of a fluid saturated porous medium adjacent to heated/cooled semi-infinite stretching vertical sheet in the presence of heat source. The unsteadiness in the flow is caused by continuous stretching of the sheet and continuous increase in the surface temperature. We present the analytical and numerical solutions of the problem. The effects of emerging parameters on field quantities are examined and discussed.
Estimates of Gene Effects for Some Important Qualitative Plant Traits in Maize Diallel Crosses
Muhammad Tariq Saeed,Mohammad Saleem
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: Nature of gene action was investigated for various agronomic characters such as plant height, ear height, number of days taken to tasseling and number of days tasseling in a set of complete diallel crosses, involving six elite maize inbred lines (B 70, EX 228, FR 15, N 28, PA 91, SYP 5). The Vr-Wr graphs indicated over-dominance type of gene action for ear height and additive type of gene action for all other traits. It was revealed that inbred line FR 15 and SYP 5 possessed most dominant genes for plant height and ear height respectively. Similarly inbred line B70 contained most dominant genes for number of days taken to tasseling and number of days taken to silking. The three characters like plant height, number of days taken to tasseling and number of days taken to silking were under the additive genetic control and mass selection can be practiced for these characters, whereas ear height was non-additively controlled and selection for these populations must be practiced with great care to develop pure breeding line.
Comparative Study of FAWAG and SWAG as an Effective EOR Technique for a Malaysian Field
Saleem Qadir Tunio,Tariq Ali Chandio,Muhammad Khan Memon
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: At present, petroleum engineering has become economics based field hence all efforts are taken to make sure that we squeeze out the last drop of oil from the reservoir. Field “A”, one of Malaysian oil field is a strong candidate for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) which was producing for more than 15 years. Currently Simultaneous Water Alternating Gas (SWAG) along with other techniques tends to improve oil recovery by improving reservoir fluids mobility and providing driving force. Foam can also be added in water alternating gas technique to improve the sweeping mechanism and cut off the gas production which is termed as Foam Assisted Water-Alternating Gas (FAWAG). In this study, a comparison has been made between FAWAG and SWAG in order to come up with the effective method of EOR for a better oil recovery. Core flood experiments have been carried out for evaluating both techniques. Mathematical modeling of FAWAG and SWAG are not included in this comparative study. Experimental results shows that, SWAG tends to address all recovery related problems economically where as foam has been seen to address the problems by assisting other Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques and proved that foam assistance has given better recovery.
Muhammad Naeem Awan,Mir Mohammad Saleem
动物学研究 , 2007,
Abstract: 摘要:2006年6月—2007年5月年对位于巴基斯坦自由克什米尔省穆扎法拉巴德市帕蒂卡(Pattika)休闲公园(EW: 73°34′, 纬度: NS:34° 27′)内的栖息鸟类进行了调查,共有73种,分属10目35科。其中雀型目占73.55%,非雀型目占45%。其分布的多寡随该地区的季节而变化。大量物种出现在迁移繁殖的雨季。该公园处于人口密集之郊外,其间家畜的放养、灌木的砍伐及生境的干扰等人为因素都会对鸟类的分布和数量造成影响。
Avifaunal Diversity of the Pattika Recreational Park, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Muhammad Naeem Awan,Mir Mohammad Saleem,
Muhammad Naeem Awan

动物学研究 , 2007,
Abstract: 2006年6月—2007年5月年对位于巴基斯坦自由克什米尔省穆扎法拉巴德市帕蒂卡(Pattika)休闲公园(EW:73°34′,纬度:NS:34°27′)内的栖息鸟类进行了调查,共有73种,分属10目35科。其中雀型目占73.55%,非雀型目占45%。其分布的多寡随该地区的季节而变化。大量物种出现在迁移繁殖的雨季。该公园处于人口密集之郊外,其间家畜的放养、灌木的砍伐及生境的干扰等人为因素都会对鸟类的分布和数量造成影响。
Empirical Formula Prediction on Critical Impact Energy for Scabbing Phenomena on Concrete Structures
Ismail Abdul Rahman,Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi,Qadir Bux alias Imran Latif,Muhammad Yusof Ismail
Applied Physics Research , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/apr.v2n2p192
Abstract: Concrete is basic construction material used for numerous sort of structure. However, in the mainstream crucial structures have to be designed as self-protective such as nuclear plants, Power plants, Weapon Industries, weapons storage places, water retaining structures like dams, & etc., which provides protection against any tragedy incident or intentionally produced horrible incidents such as dynamic loading, incident occurs in nuclear plants, terrorist attack, war, missile attack, and etc. This paper questioningly is paying concentration on judgment on minimum required kinetic energy for scabbing on the concrete structures generated by flat nosed hard missile using curve fitting empirical study. Argue overcome from this newly developed empirical formula can be used for making design recommendations and design procedures for determining the dynamic reaction of the target to frustrate scabbing.
Impact of Atomic Layer Deposition to Nanophotonic Structures and Devices
Muhammad Rizwan Saleem,Rizwan Ali,Mohammad Bilal Khan
Frontiers in Materials , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00018
Abstract: We review the significance of optical thin films by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) method to fabricate nanophotonic devices and structures. ALD is a versatile technique to deposit functional coatings on reactive surfaces with conformal growth of compound materials, precise thickness control capable of angstrom resolution, and coverage of high aspect ratio nano-structures using wide range of materials. ALD has explored great potential in the emerging fields of photonics, plasmonics, nano-biotechnology, and microelectronics. ALD technique uses sequential reactive chemical reactions to saturate a surface with a monolayer by pulsing of a first precursor (metal alkoxides or covalent halides), followed by reaction with second precursor molecules such as water to form the desired compound coatings. The targeted thickness of the desired compound material is controlled by the number of ALD-cycles of precursor molecules that ensures the self-limiting nature of reactions. The conformal growth and filling of TiO2 and Al2O3 optical materials on nano-structures and their resulting optical properties have been described. The low temperature ALD-growth on various replicated sub-wavelength polymeric gratings is discussed.
Enhanced disease surveillance through private health care sector cooperation in Karachi, Pakistan: experience from a vaccine trial
Khan Mohammad Imran,Sahito Shah Muhammad,Khan Mohammad Javed,Wassan Shafi Mohammad
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2006,
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: In research projects such as vaccine trials, accurate and complete surveillance of all outcomes of interest is critical. In less developed countries where the private sector is the major health-care provider, the private sector must be included in surveillance systems in order to capture all disease of interest. This, however, poses enormous challenges in practice. The process and outcome of recruiting private practice clinics for surveillance in a vaccine trial are described. METHODS: The project started in January 2002 in two urban squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. At the suggestion of private practitioners, a phlebotomy team was formed to provide support for disease surveillance. Children who had a reported history of fever for more than three days were enrolled for a diagnosis. RESULTS: Between May 2003 and April 2004, 5540 children younger than 16 years with fever for three days or more were enrolled in the study. Of the children, 1312 (24%) were seen first by private practitioners; the remainder presented directly to study centres. In total, 5329 blood samples were obtained for microbiology. The annual incidence of Salmonella typhi diagnosed by blood culture was 407 (95% confidence interval (95% CI), 368-448) per 100 000/year and for Salmonella paratyphi A was 198 (95% CI, 171-227) per 100 000/year. Without the contribution of private practitioners, the rates would have been 240 per 100 000/year (95% CI, 211-271) for S. typhi and 114 (95% CI, 94-136) per 100 000/year for S. paratyphi A. CONCLUSION: The private sector plays a major health-care role in Pakistan. Our experience from a surveillance and burden estimation study in Pakistan indicates that this objective is possible to achieve but requires considerable effort and confidence building. Nonetheless, it is essential to include private health care providers when attempting to accurately estimate the burden of disease in such settings.
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