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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 289 matches for " Modernism "
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From Traditionalism to Modernism: A Study of the Problem of Environment in Africa  [PDF]
Okoye A. Chuka
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24040
Abstract: The history of the environmental philosophy carries with it the effort to overcome the medieval anthropocentric morality. Here, nature is seen from the instrumental value which they give. The instrumental value here shows the existence of things as important only as they are useful to man. The contemporary environmental ethics bring a novelty showing these environmental bodies as possessing an intrinsic value showing that they have an ethical value. The medieval ethical system which denies intrinsic value to the environment and thus posits man as being at the center of any moral system leads to the over possession of the environment by man. This over possession by man has led to the destruction of environment by man who exploits the environment in his service. This work looks at the African scenario which seems to be facing more environmental degradation in the contemporary times. The reason for this is surmised by this paper as a damaging evolution of the African history from traditionalism which seems to respect the environment to modernism which demystifies the mysteries accorded the environment and hence putting the environment into excessive use through some actions like deforestation, burning of fossil fuels and so on. This paper suggests a crusade against these damaging effects of modernism for a better preservation of the environment.
Reflections of a Computer Poet on American Social Dynamics (Or How This Makes Sense)  [PDF]
Sergei Manzhos
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.22009

We analyze computer-generated poems written with a mesostomatic algorithm. We show that computer-generated poetry is meaningful in the same way as human-generated poetry and that this poetic meaning must renounce one-to-one correspondence to reality, objective or subjective. We further show that the ability of a computer poet to produce meaning is stable with respect to a change in language. On this basis, the computer poet’s reflections on some events in modern American history are analyzed by close reading.

Hüseyin ELMAS
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2006,
Abstract: The greatest goal for all beings, especially humans who are thinking beings, is “freedom”,which is an end and a necessity as well as a means. All the wars that have occurred in humanhistory and all endeavours of humans are efforts to gain this gift. Art, which is thought to haveoriginated with humans, and its creator the artist obtained the rights and freedoms they enjoytoday as a result of extensive struggles. They had to struggle against pressures on the theme ofthe art, the ideas and feelings advocated in the theme and the language. Particularly, prior to the19th century, there were times when the artist could not use his brush freely on the canvas andexpress his feelings and ideas clearly due to the strict rules laid down by the church, the palaceand the academic circles. In the 19th century, however, with the advent of the industrial age,which is acknowledged to have been a new stage in not only the western history but also humanhistory, they rid themselves of the confines of the rigid rules of the church, the palace andacademic circles and set sails towards “freer” trends brought along by “modernism” and “postmodernism”and so far have generated tens of different views of art.The purpose of this study is to determine the level that art has attained now in the contextof freedoms that art and the artist gained after the Industrial Revolution and the FrenchRevolution.
Aspectos do feminino e masculino na arte de Ismael Nery
Cordeiro, André;
Cadernos Pagu , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332005000100009
Abstract: carnality and mysticism do not pit against each other in ismael nery's universe - a modernist painter and poet of the beginning of the twentieth century. he transcends his anguish choosing himself as the object of his work of art. this attitude is tightly coupled to the metaphor that begins in the mannerism/barroque and permeates through romanticism and symbolism. through the union of opposites expressed by androgyny, and the abstraction of time and space emerges a philosophical system called essentialism, rescuing the transcendence and primordial unity of the human being in resonance with the search for individuality in contemporary age.
A família como institui??o moderna
Ramos, Danielle Marques dos;Nascimento, Virgílio Gomes do;
Fractal : Revista de Psicologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-02922008000200012
Abstract: every institution is a socialization tool created by man with function of managing your own interpersonal relationships. institution creates norm, law, legitimacy for individual's behavior in society. it is also generator of stability and security in social exchanges. considering family like an institution, it presents itself as the first institution with which individual has contact in life. however, changes occurred in the society have altered ways of social interaction inside the families, establishing new ways of relationship between individual and environment in and out of them. such changes are important in the new signification of family while a social institution.
Realidade e consciência nacional: o sentido político do modernismo
Faria, Daniel;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742007000200019
Abstract: this article has as thematic starting point a remark on a recurrent subject in the culture history of the first republic: the supposed alienation of the intellectual elite. this image has had as counterpoint the concept of modernism, formulated by intellectuals as trist?o de athayde and rosário fusco, which was based on the idea of a conscience that emerged from national reality. the parallelism of this speech with arguments used to give revolutionary legitimacy to the 1930’s blow, however, discloses that the elaborated terms, at first sight aiming at a cultural project creation, were simultaneously an expression of political desires.
Modernismo, historiografia e sociabilidade intelectual: apontamentos sobre o quinto volume da cole??o Biblioteca Histórica Brasileira (1931-1940)
Silva, Rafael Pereira da;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742012000200014
Abstract: this article is in the background thinking the trajectory of the book memórias de um colono no brasilthe swiss immigrant thomas davatz, the fifth volume published by the brazilian historical library collection, based on the discussions of the field of intellectual history. to this end, the text is divided into parts. first, take into account the circulation of the book between the modernists and its repercussion in the press through articles published in diário nacionalin 1931. then i analyze a small set of letters received by sérgio buarque de holanda where you can see the difficulties in the translation and publication of the work year after the collection. in the letters there is still evidence of the construction of a national history project that greatly resembled that of the historical and geographic brazilian institute (ihgb).
Bolero y modernismo: la canción como literatura popular
Literatura y lingüística , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-58112007000100005
Abstract: this article proposes an analysis of the bolero from the perspective of popular culture considered as a social phenomenon of sociological magnitude and artistic importance simultaneously. we suggest a complementation of discourse and attitude between literature and popular culture, illustrated by the influence of modernist poetry in the texts of boleros, in a similar manner as the mester de juglaría (art of the minstrels, 12th to 14th century) can be related to the development of the proven?al trova (troubadour poetry) in the language of oc. the article quotes numerous texts of boleros that are considered "classic" in its genre, reconstructing in part the discourse of popular culture in relation with the collective imagery of love. as a final consideration, it analyses certain cultural derivations of the boleristic imagery to conform some identitary contents of our latin american culture.
Psicanálise modernista no Brasil: um recorte histórico
Facchinetti, Cristiana;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312003000100006
Abstract: the current article's basic premise is that psychoanalytic discourse is always appropriated by an interpreter thereof who belongs to a historical and cultural tradition. from this perspective, the production of subjectivity in psychoanalytic practice is marked by the analyst's prime tradition. thus the major relevance of investigating the discursive routes by which psychoanalysis entered brazil, identifying its anchoring points in local culture and history. the article thus outlines the urbanization and modernization process in early 20th-century brazil, together with the entry of psychoanalysis in a field of divergent forces. what occurred was a struggle for discursive hegemony between two antagonistic and irreconcilable readings: on the one hand, psychiatric-hygienist discourse with its reformist and universalizing reading of psychoanalysis; on the other, that of the modernist vanguard, with a reading that subverted established codes in the pursuit of singularity. both were constituted in the wake of a quest to forge what was viewed as the desired brazilian. this study covers the modernist psychoanalytic bias, with its unique utilization in the analysis of culture and subjectivities, as well as its role in the construction of new worlds.
Modernismo y postmodernismo, hacia la construcción de un liderazgo antropocéntrico
Mendoza de Ferrer,Hermelinda;
Revista Venezolana de Gerencia , 2008,
Abstract: this article begins with a documentary investigation, which adapts to a design of the bibliographical type with a hermeneutic focus. it intends to describe some theorizations relative to leadership, placing itself for that in the modernist and postmodernist approaches that have served as models for interpreting reality, in order to identity in each one the concept it has of itself, and, consequently, the role the leader ought to play, as well as the language the leader adopts in order to reach the expressed objectives. as a result, a proposal for leadership is put forth whose focus is the human being. the conclusions reached sustain that, in the light of the breakdown of the modernist way of thinking, not resolved by postmodernist arguments, a return to basic referents is required: to man and his principles and with that, to a leadership centred on the integral human person gifted with body and spirit.
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