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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 57701 matches for " Mirna da Mota;Cardoso "
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Prevalência da doen?a do refluxo gastroesofágico em pacientes com fibrose pulmonar idiopática
Bandeira, Cristiane Dupont;Rubin, Adalberto Sperb;Cardoso, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro;Moreira, José da Silva;Machado, Mirna da Mota;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132009001200004
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) and to evaluate its clinical presentation, as well as the esophageal function profile in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (ipf). methods: in this prospective study, 28 consecutive patients with ipf underwent stationary esophageal manometry, 24-h esophageal ph-metry and pulmonary function tests. all patients also completed a symptom and quality of life in gerd questionnaire. results: in the study sample, the prevalence of gerd was 35.7%. the patients were then divided into two groups: gerd+ (abnormal ph-metry; n = 10) and gerd- (normal ph-metry; n = 18). in the gerd+ group, 77.7% of the patients presented at least one typical gerd symptom. the ph-metry results showed that 8 (80%) of the gerd+ group patients had abnormal supine reflux, and that the reflux was exclusively in the supine position in 5 (50%). in the gerd+ and gerd- groups, respectively, 5 (50.0%) and 7 (38.8%) of the patients presented a hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter, 7 (70.0%) and 10 (55.5%), respectively, presenting lower esophageal dysmotility. there were no significant differences between the groups regarding demographic characteristics, pulmonary function, clinical presentation or manometric findings. conclusions: the prevalence of gerd in the patients with ipf was high. however, the clinical and functional characteristics did not differ between the patients with gerd and those without.
Esofagomanometria e pHmetria esofágica de 24 h em uma ampla amostra de pacientes com manifesta??es respiratórias
Machado, Mirna da Mota;Cardoso, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro;Ribeiro, Iana Oliveira e Silva;Zamin Júnior, Idílio;Eilers, Rene Jacobsen;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132008001200009
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) and to evaluate the esophageal motor profile of patients with respiratory symptoms referred to a digestive motility referral center for esophageal function testing. methods: the results of esophageal manometry and 24-h esophageal ph-metry were analyzed.the inclusion criterion was presenting respiratory symptoms, with or without accompanying digestive symptoms. results: of the 1,170 patients included in the study, 602 (51.5%) reported having digestive and respiratory symptoms (drs group), and 568 (48.5%) reported having only respiratory symptoms (rs group). asthma was diagnosed in 142 patients in the rs group (rs-a subgroup) and in 201 of those in the drs group (drs-a). of the 346 cases of esophageal dysmotility, hypomotility was found in 175 (14.3% and 15.6% in the drs and rs groups, respectively), and lower esophageal sphincter (les) hypotonia was found in 411 (40.3% and 30.2%, respectively). hypotonia correlated with gerd. exposure of the distal esophagus to acid was markedly abnormal in the supine position. the prevalence of gerd in the sample as a whole, the rs-a/drs-a subgroups and the rs-a subgroup alone was 39.8%, 44.0% and 35.2%, respectively conclusions: hypotonic les was the most common abnormality and correlated with gerd. although gerd was more evident in the drs group, approximately one third of the patients in the rs group also presented gerd (silent gerd). the findings suggest that gerd can be an extrapulmonary cause of chronic respiratory symptoms unresponsive to conventional therapy.
PROJETO ATLAS LINGUíSTICO DO BRASIL: ANTECEDENTES E ESTáGIO ATUAL
Suzana Alice Marcelino da Silva Cardoso,Jacyra Andrade Mota
Alfa : Revista de Linguística , 2012,
Abstract: Neste artigo, trata-se do Projeto Atlas Linguístico do Brasil, destacando-se os antecedentes que, na história da Geolinguística brasileira, explicam o seu surgimento, em 1996, por ocasi o do Seminário Caminhos e Perspectivas para a Geolinguística Brasileira, realizado na Universidade Federal da Bahia, com a participa o de pesquisadores da área, particularmente de autores de atlas publicados e de atlas em andamento. Apresentam-se informa es sobre a sua estrutura, seus objetivos, como vem se desenvolvendo a pesquisa de campo, o estágio em que se encontra, atualmente - com 92,8% de localidades pesquisadas -, e resultados que as análises preliminares têm revelado. Destacam-se dois aspectos da sua organiza o: a realiza o de reuni es sistemáticas do Comitê Nacional que coordena o Projeto (a última das quais, a de número XXXIV, se realizou em fevereiro de 2012) e workshops para discuss o, acompanhamento do trabalho e forma o de inquiridores e de pesquisadores auxiliares. Do ponto de vista metodológico, o projeto se insere na geolinguística pluridimensional contemporanea, priorizando n o só a varia o diatópica, mas também a varia o diageracional, diagenérica e diastrática.
Psychosocial effects of stroke in low-income family context
José Nilson Rodrigues de Menezes,Luciana Andrade da Mota,Zélia Maria de Sousa Araújo Santos,Mirna Albuquerque Frota
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To understand the psychosocial effects of stroke – cerebrovascular accident (CVA) – in a low-income family context. Methods: A qualitative and descriptive research held in one of the units of Associa o Beneficente Cearense de Reabilita o (ABCR) in Fortaleza, Ceará, in the period from June to December, 2002. Six patients with sequel of CVA and their families joined in the study, regardless of age, with an average of six months of physiotherapy. For data collection we applied free observation and semi-structured interviews to patients and families, mediated by specific guiding questions for each group. From content analysis five categories emerged. Results: The difficulties of family life, the feelings of anguish and anxiety prevailed in the quest for rehabilitation, with the treatment being long, requiring determination and awareness of patient-family dyad. The fear of losing their jobs, the responsibility, the expenses and their family life were present in the discourse of patients and relatives, in addition to questions about the disease and concerns about recovery and / or healing. Final considerations: The stroke (CVA) brings as psychological effects feelings of fear, anguish and limitation, contrasting with the determination of the quest for recovery. Socially, the unemployment, both physical and financial dependence and social isolation were highlighted.
Prevalência de refluxo gastroesofágico em pacientes com doen?a pulmonar avan?ada candidatos a transplante pulmonar
Fortunato, Gustavo Almeida;Machado, Mirna Mota;Andrade, Cristiano Feijó;Felicetti, José Carlos;Camargo, José de Jesus Peixoto;Cardoso, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132008001000004
Abstract: objective: to assess the esophageal function profile and the prevalence of gastro-esophageal reflux (ger) in lung transplant candidates. methods: from july of 2005 to november of 2006, a prospective study was conducted involving 55 candidates for lung transplantation at the santa casa de misericórdia hospital in porto alegre, brazil. prior to transplantation, patients underwent outpatient stationary esophageal manometry and 24-h esophageal ph-metry using one and two electrodes. results: abnormal esophageal manometry was documented in 80% of the patients, and 24% of the patients presented pathological acid reflux. digestive symptoms presented sensitivity and specificity for ger of 50% and 61%, respectively. of the patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 94% presented abnormal esophageal manometry, and 80% presented lower esophageal sphincter hypotonia, making it the most common finding. patients with bronchiectasis presented the highest prevalence of ger (50%). conclusions: in patients with advanced lung disease, ger is highly prevalent. in the population studied, digestive symptoms of ger were not predictive of pathological acid reflux. the role that ger plays in chronic rejection should be examined and clarified in future studies.
Lytic antibodies elicited by Trypanosoma cruzi infection recognize epitopes present on both bloodstream trypomastigote and epimastigote forms of parasite
Takehara, Harumi A.;Cardoso, Diva F.;Silva, Ana M.M. da;Mota, I.;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46651988000500004
Abstract: sera of chaga's disease patients containing anti-t. cruzi lytic antibodies were submitted to affinity chromatography using sepharose 4b conjugated with antigen extracted from epimasiigote or trypomasiigote forms of the parasite. epimastigotes were obtained from culture at the exponential growth phase and the trypomastigotes from blood of infected and immunosuppressed mice. antigen of both parasite forms was obtained by sonication of the parasites followed by centrifugation. both antigens were then conjugated to activated sepharose 4b. affinity chromatography was performed by passing sera from chagasic patients through an immunoadsorbent column containing either epimasiigote or trypomasiigote antigens. antibodies bound to the column were eluted with cold 0,2 m glycine buffer ph 2,8. the eluted antibodies were analysed regarding their isotype and lytic activity. the results showed that anti-t. cruzi lytic antibodies present in sera from chagasic patients are mainly located in the igg isotype and recognize epitopes present in both trypomasiigote and epimastigote forms. a brief report of this work has already been published12.
Endoscopic mucosal resection of early gastric cancer: initial experience with two technical variants
Campoli, Paulo Moacir de Oliveira;Ejima, Flávio Hayato;Cardoso, Daniela Medeiros Milhomem;Mota, Eliane Duarte;Fraga Jr., Ailton Cabral;Mota, Orlando Milhomem da;
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-28032007000300014
Abstract: background: when performed in carefully selected cases, the endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer yields results which are comparable to the conventional surgical treatment, but with lower morbidity and mortality and better quality of life. several technical options to perform endoscopic mucosal resection have been described and there is a large amount of accumulated experience with this procedure in eastern countries. in western countries, particularly in brazil, technical limitations associated with the small number of cases of early gastric cancer reflect the little experience with this therapeutic mode. aim: this study was carried out in order to assess the indications, pathological results and morbidity of a series of endoscopic mucosal resections using two technical variants in addition to investigating the safety and feasibility of the method. methods: individuals with well-differentiated early gastric adenocarcinomas with up to 30 mm in diameter without scar or ulcer underwent endoscopic treatment. two variants of the strip biopsy technique were used. the pathological study assessed the depth of the vertical invasion, lateral and basal margins as well as angio-lymphatic invasion. results: thirteen tumors in 12 patients were resected between june 2002 and august 2005. the most common macroscopic types were iia and iia + iic. tumor size ranged from 10 to 30 mm (mean = 16.5 mm). en bloc resection was carried out in nine patients. angio-lymphatic invasion was not observed; however, submucosal invasion was found in two cases. in four cases, the lateral margin was involved. perforation occurred in two patients who then received conservative treatment. conclusion: the relatively small series presented here suggests that the method is safe and feasible. appropriate patient selection is the most important criteria. long follow-up is required after treatment due to the risk of relapse.
A Systematic Mapping Study on Cloud Computing
Jose Fernando S. Carvalho,Paulo Anselmo da Mota Silveira Neto,Vincius Cardoso Garcia,Rodrigo Elia Assad,Frederico Durao
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Cloud Computing emerges from the global economic crisis as an option to use computing resources from a more rational point of view. In other words, a cheaper way to have IT resources. However, issues as security and privacy, SLA (Service Layer Agreement), resource sharing, and billing has left open questions about the real gains of that model. This study aims to investigate state-of-the-art in Cloud Computing, identify gaps, challenges, synthesize available evidences both its use and development, and provides relevant information, clarifying open questions and common discussed issues about that model through literature. The good practices of systematic map- ping study methodology were adopted in order to reach those objectives. Al- though Cloud Computing is based on a business model with over 50 years of existence, evidences found in this study indicate that Cloud Computing still presents limitations that prevent the full use of the proposal on-demand.
Os caminhos da fonoaudiologia no Sistema único de Saúde - SUS
Moreira, Mirna Dorneles;Mota, Helena Bolli;
Revista CEFAC , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009000300021
Abstract: background: the ways of the speech-language therapy in the unique system of health - sus. purpose: to accomplish a brief report about the health questions evolution in brazil and speech-language therapy service evolution in the public system, in addition to carry through a quick analysis on the concern of research in this area. conclusion: speech-language therapy service has been presenting significant advances in the unique system of health. since its insertion in sus, between the decades of 70 and 80, many conceptions and practices have been reevaluated. however, it is necessary to have acquaintance on this step so that we can make it to advance each time more. we believe that this service deserves important attention from the actions of public health and that scientific evidences are necessary in order to prove the significance of this work.
Biopolímero produzido a partir da cana-de-á?ucar para cicatriza??o cutanea
Coelho, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Cardoso;Carrazoni, Patrícia Gallindo;Monteiro, Vanda Lúcia da Cunha;Melo, Francisco de Assis Dutra;Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido;Tenório Filho, Fernando;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502002000700003
Abstract: an extracelular polysaccharide was produced through microbiology, using the zsp bacteria isolated in the industrial microbiological laboratory of the sugar cane experimental station at carpina/ufrpe, pernambuco, brazil, presenting exceptional process capacity. the principal monosaccharides present in the 1soluble fraction were glucose (87.6%), xylose (8.6%), mannose (0.8%), ribose (1.7%), galactose (0.1%), arabinose (0.4%) and the glucuronic acid (0.8%). due to the high rate of injuries that occur with domestic animals and the search for simple, economical alternatives that would be capable of giving ideal conditions for the healing process, extensive testing was done with the biopolymer produced by sugar cane in animals that had cutaneous wounds, so as to evaluate the reepitelization process. it was observed from the testing results that there was better skin granulation, better infection control, and less healing time, which allowed the conclusion that the biopolymer contributed favorabably in the healing process, and could be used in cutaneous injuries.
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