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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 187483 matches for " Mirian Oliveira de;Souza "
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Influência de variáveis contextuais em medidas n?o-paramétricas de eficiência: uma aplica??o com métodos de reamostragem
Souza, Mirian Oliveira de;Souza, Geraldo da Silva e;Staub, Roberta Blass;
Pesquisa Operacional , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-74382009000200003
Abstract: we evaluate three bootstrap techniques for the statistical analysis of a non parametric production model for which a dea measure of efficiency is potentially affected by a set of exogenous factors. the application of interest relates to the assessment of the significance of the contextual variables income generation, processes improvement, intensity of partnerships, type and size on the technical efficiencies of embrapa's research centers. it is concluded that the bootstrap of the maximum likelihood estimator provides the best fit from the point of view of pearson correlation between observed and predicted values and is the most informative in regard to the significance of the variables considered. with the exception of size all contextual variables are statistically significant. income generation, processes improvement and intensity of partnerships are all positively associated with technical efficiency.
Previs?es para o mercado de carnes
Souza, Geraldo da Silva e;Souza, Mirian Oliveira de;Marques, Daniela Vieira;Gazzola, Rosaura;Marra, Renner;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032011000200009
Abstract: this work aimed to present brazilian forecasts of production, consumption, exports and export average price of meat (beef, pork and poultry). forecasts were generated using the markovian representation (state space) model and an autoregressive integrated moving average (arima). annual growth rates were also calculated. series observed involve the period from 1972 to 2009 and the analysis of the forecasts involves the period from 2010 to 2020. the forecasts of the products are well adjusted to the observations. according to the results, brazil showed a growth trend in all the analyzed variables. it is concluded that the brazilian meat market indicates good perspectives of strengthening in world terms, especially for poultry.
Cultivo da mamoneira influenciada por diferentes popula??es de plantas
Bizinoto, Tania Kristina Machado Costa;Oliveira, Elisa Guimar?es de;Martins, Sabrina Brito;Souza, Sandro ?ngelo de;Gotardo, Mirian;
Bragantia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052010000200014
Abstract: the experiment was carried out in bom jesus, goiás state, brazil, with the objective to evaluate the growth and yield of the castor crop bean, cultivar guarani, influenced by different population, of plants under rainfed condition. a randomized block design was used. five treatments had been carried through: treatment no 1 - 1 x 1 m with 10,000 plants ha-1; treatment no 2 - 0.90 x 0.70 m with 15,873 plants ha-1; treatment no 3 - 1 x 0.50 m with 20,000 plants ha-1; treatment no 4 - 0.90 x 0.50 m with 22,222 plants ha-1; treatment no 5 - 1,50 x 0,50 m with 13,333 plants ha-1. data of height of plants, first raceme height, number of raceme per plant, length of raceme, stem diameter, and yield were collected. the first raceme height, the number of raceme per plant and the stem diameter were influenced by different population of plants. however for the height of plant, length of raceme and yield, there was no significant effect among the treatments.
Pressure Ulcers in Institutionalized Elderly People: Association of Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors  [PDF]
Suellen Duarte de Oliveira Matos, Iraktania Vitorino Diniz, Adriana Lira Rufino de Lucena, Smalyanna Sgren da Costa Andrade, Karen Krystine Gon?alves de Brito, Elizabeth Souza Silva de Aguiar, Emanuelle Malzac Freire de Santana, Mailson Marques de Sousa, Ana Paula Marques Andrade de Souza, Hemílio Fernandes Campos Coêlho, Mirian Alves da Silva, Marta Miriam Lopes Costa, Maria Julia Guimar?es Oliveira Soares, Simone Helena dos Santos Oliveira
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.71010
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the association of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and risk factors with occurrence of pressure ulcers in institutionalized elderly people. Method: This cross-sectional, analytical study, in quantitative approach, performed from the database analysis linked to the project “Pressure Ulcer in institutionalized elderly people: Association of incidence with the risk factors to functional and nutritional assessment” developed in six long-stay institutions for the elderly people in João Pessoa. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Associations were made through chi square test and Odds Ratio. Results: The clinical conditions of significant associations with the occurrence of pressure ulcers were the variables neurological disorders (p = 0.011) and visual impairment (p = 0.005). As for risk factors, the most important was fecal incontinence (p < 0.001), urinary incontinence (p < 0.001), cognitive impairment (p = 0.007) and physical limitation (p < 0.001). The chance for the occurrence of injury was nine times higher for elderly people with physical limitations and about three times higher among those who use diapers. Conclusion: The analysis of the associations pointed out problems that require intervention in order to prevent health implications of the elderly people and to minimize the risk and occurrence of this injury.
Assessment of functional capacity of the elderly associated with the risk for pressure ulcer Evaluación de la capacidad funcional de ancianos asociada al riesgo de úlcera por presión Avalia o da capacidade funcional de idosos associada ao risco de úlcera por press o
Elizabeth Souza Silva de Aguiar,Maria Júlia Guimar?es Oliveira Soares,Maria Helena Larcher Caliri,Marta Mirian Lopes Costa
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To characterize the elderly with physical limitations; to assess functional capacity as it relates to physical mobility, cognitive status and level of functional independence in activities of daily living, and to relate functional capacity to the risk for pressure ulcers. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional approach, conducted in households in the city of Jo o Pessoa (PB) with seniors who presented physical limitation. Fifty-one elderly were investigated in a two-stage cluster sampling design. RESULTS: There was evidence of impairments in functional capacity of the elderly aged 80 years or more, with more severe physical limitations, cognitive impairment and a higher level of dependency for activities. Significant differences were observed between the level of functional independence in performing activities of daily living and the risk of pressure ulcers. CONCLUSION: This study allowed for the identification of the elderly in functional decline and at risk for developing pressure ulcers, supporting the implementation of preventive actions at the household level. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a los ancianos con limitación física; evaluar su capacidad funcional, conforme la movilidad física, estado cognitivo y nivel de independencia funcional para las actividades de la vida diaria y relacionar la capacidad funcional con riesgo para úlcera por presión. MéTODOS: Estudio de abordaje cuantitativo, transversal realizado en domicilios del Municipio de Jo o Pessoa-PB con ancianos que presentaban limitación física. Fueron investigados 51 ancianos y se usó delineamiento muestral por conglomerado en dos fases. RESULTADOS: Se evidenciaron compromisos en la capacidad funcional de los ancianos con 80 a os o más, como limitación física más acentuada, déficit cognitivo y mayor nivel de dependencia para las actividades. Fueron observadas diferencias significativas entre el nivel de independencia funcional para la realización de actividades de la vida diaria y el riesgo de úlcera por presión. CONCLUSIóN: El estudio posibilitó la identificación de ancianos en declínio funcional y en riesgo para el desarrollo de úlceras por presión, ofreciendo subsidios para la implementación de acciones preventivas a nivel domiciliario. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os idosos com limita o física; avaliar a capacidade funcional, conforme a mobilidade física, estado cognitivo e nível de independência funcional para as atividades de vida diária e relacionar a capacidade funcional com o risco para úlcera por press o. MéTODOS: Estudo de abordagem quantitativa, transversal realizado em domicí
A brancura institucionalizada: uma estratégia dos gêneros discursivos denominados de rótulos = The institutionalized whiteness: a strategy of discourse genres called label
Mirian Ribeiro de Oliveira
Acta Scientiarum : Language and Culture , 2010,
Abstract: Este artigo tem como objetivo primordial analisar os discursosinstitucionalizados pela indústria da beleza e estética, enquanto ferramentas discursivas que atendem à lógica da identidade legitimadora, numa tentativa de estabelecer o dito como verdadeiro, provocando uma cadeia de sentidos que discrimina n o só produtos, comopessoas, contribuindo para o padr o da brancura. Além disso, pretende discutir as rela es de poder, enquanto categoria que circula e é exercida pelos indivíduos. This article aims to analyze the speeches institutionalized by the industry of beauty and aesthetics as discursive tools that meet the logic of legitimizing identity. The paper attempts to establish the saying as true, causing a chain of meaning that discriminates not only products, as people, contributing to the standard of whiteness. It also intends to discuss the relations of power as category of circulation exercised by individuals.
Educa??o popular em Saúde Mental: relato de uma experiência
Carneiro, Allann da Cunha;Oliveira, Ana Carolina Moreira;Santos, Mariane Marques de Souza;Alves, Mirian dos Santos;Casais, Noêmia de Arag?o;Santos, Ailton da Silva;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902010000200021
Abstract: this article presents an experience of popular education in mental health in the context of the psychiatric reform. such experience occurred in the district of pernambués, territory of the centro de aten??o psicossocial álcool e outras drogas (center for psychosocial assistance alcohol and other drugs), located in the city of salvador, state of bahia. this center is the field for the practice of interns of the mental health nucleus of the multiprofessional health internship of universidade do estado da bahia (uneb - university of the state of bahia). such strategy was enabled by the organization of community forums involving many social actors. in this work, we used the methodology of experience systematization proposed by holliday. by giving voice and time to each speaker/participant, in equal levels of knowledge and power, the popular education strategy allowed the people involved in this process to politically organize themselves. in addition, these people participated in the collective construction of new knowledge and practices in the mental health area, in keeping with the valuation of life in its multiplicity.
Exercícios para membros superiores durante radioterapia para cancer de mama e qualidade de vida
Oliveira, Mariana Maia Freire de;Souza, Gustavo Ant?nio de;Miranda, Marcela de Souza;Okubo, Mirian Akita;Amaral, Maria Teresa Pace do;Silva, Marcela Ponzio Pinto e;Gurgel, Maria Salete Costa;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032010000300006
Abstract: purpose: to assess the influence of physiotherapy performed during radiotherapy (rt) on the quality of life (ql) of women under treatment for breast cancer. methods: this was a randomized clinical trial conducted on 55 women under rt treatment, 28 of whom were assigned to a group submitted to physiotherapy (pg) and 27 to the control group receiving no pg (cg). the physiotherapy technique used for pg was kinesiotherapy for the upper limbs using 19 exercises actively performed, with a series of ten rhythmic repetitions or stretching movements involving flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal and external shoulder rotation, separate or combined. ql was evaluated using the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast (fact-b), at the beginning and at the end of rt and six months after the end of rt. the physiotherapy sessions were started concomitantly with rt, 90 days after surgery, on average. results: there was no difference between subgroups regarding the following subscales: physical well-being (p=0.8), social/family well-being (p=0.3), functional well-being (p=0.2) and breast subscale (p=0.2) at the three time points assessed. a comparison of the emotional subscale applied at the three evaluations demonstrated a better behavior of pg as compared to cg (p=0.01), with both groups presenting improvement on the breast subscale between the beginning and the end of rt (pg p=0.0004 and cg p=0.003). there was improvement in fact-b scores at the end of rt in both groups (pg p=0.0006 and cg p=0.003). however, at the sixth month after rt, this improvement was maintained only in pg (p=0,005). ql assessed along time by the fact b (p=0.004) and the trial outcome index (toi) (sums of the physical and functional well-being subscales and of the breast subscale) was better for pg (p=0.006). there was no evidence of negative effects associated with the exercises. conclusions: the execution of exercises for the upper limbs was beneficial for ql during and six months afte
Intensidade da ferrugem do cafeeiro fertirrigado
Miranda, Julio César;Souza, Paulo Estev?o de;Pozza, Edson Ampélio;Faria, Manoel Alves de;Santos, Florisvalda da Silva;Barreto, Sarah da Silva;Silva, Mirian de Lourdes Oliveira e;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542006000500010
Abstract: the coffee planting today has been adopting new technologies to manage and manipulate the farming, such as irrigation and fertirrigation, in order to increase productivity and consequently the profits. this work aimed at evaluating the effects of different irrigation depths and fertilizer splitting by fertirrigation under a drip irrigation system on the progress of the rust and productivity in coffee trees. the research was set at the experimental area of the federal university of lavras (ufla), with six-year-old coffee trees cultivar acaiá cerrado mg-1474, (coffea arabica l.) with distance between lines of 0,6 x 3,0 m. the experimental design was developed in randomized blocks with four repetitions. the treatments were formed by five levels of plots representing irrigation depths corresponding to the values of 0%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% of evaporation of the class "a" tank (eca), and three subplots of nitrogen and potassium fertilizer splitting in 3, 6 and 9. this work evaluated the incidence and severity rate of rust in leaves, percentage of leaf number increasing and coffee plants productivity. it was verified that the severity of the rust was influenced by the interaction between irrigation depths and fertilizer splitting. there was more severity of the rust in the fertilizer splitting in 3 and 9 using irrigation depths 0% and 60% eca.
Detec??o e exérese de les?es mamárias n?o palpáveis orientadas por cirurgia radioguiada com inje??o de ar para controle radiológico
Machado, Rafael Henrique Szymanski;Oliveira, Afranio Coelho de;Rocha, Augusto César Peixoto;Souza, Sérgio Augusto Lopes de;Martins, Flávia Paiva Proen?a;Gutfilen, Bianca;Fonseca, Lea Mirian Barbosa da;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032005001100003
Abstract: purpose: to asses the efficiency of the radioguided localization and removal of occult breast lesions using radiopharmaceuticals injected directly into the lesions or close to them with posterior air injection as a radiological control. methods: twenty-nine consecutive patients with thirty-two occult breast lesions detected mammographically or by ultrasound, and categorized 3, 4 and 5 bi-rads?, were included in this observational study with results expressed in percentages. the radiopharmaceutical used was human serum albumin labeled with 99mtc-hsa injected inside or close to the lesion using mammographic or ultrasonographic guidance. the injection of the radiopharmaceutical was followed immediately by air injection through the needle used for stereotaxis as a radiological control of the radiopharmaceutical placement. the excision biopsy was carried out with the aid of a hand-held gamma-detecting probe and the entire removal of the lesion was verified by x-ray of the surgical specimens or by intraoperative frozen section examination. results: breast cancer was found in 10.0% (1/10) of the 3 bi-rads? lesions, in 31.5% (6/19) of the 4 bi-rads? and in 66.6% (2/3) of the 5 bi-rads?. the radiotracer was correctly positioned in 96.8% of the specimens (31/32) allowing the removal of also 96.8% of the studied non-palpable breast lesions. to show the entire removal, x-ray was used in 23 cases (71.8%), intraoperative frozen section study in 21.8% (7/32) and both methods in 6.2% (2/32). conclusions: radioguided surgery showed to be an important tool in the removal of non-palpable breast lesions, as a simple, fast and feasible method that can be implemented in the clinical routine of these patients.
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