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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22287 matches for " Mirian Hideko;Alves "
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Estudo eletromiográfico da degluti??o na musculatura supra-hióidea em sujeitos Classe Ie III de Angle
Nagae, Mirian Hideko;Alves, Marcelo Corrêa;
Revista CEFAC , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009000700011
Abstract: purpose: to compare suprahyoid musculature's electric activity during swallowing in subjects with dissimilar morphological and dental patterns. methods: surface electromyography's records were taken from 32 healthy volunteers who do not have temporomandibular dysfunction, subdivided into two groups, angle's 16 class i subjects and 16 class iii subjects, males and females, aging from 18 to 25-year old. results: the values to root mens square (p< 0.05): original class i (15.238) e class iii (32.550); normalized by maximum peak class i (29.765) e class iii (42.094); normalized by medium class i (29.332) e class iii (42.327). cycle's active period (p<0.05) class i (29.7648) e class iii (42.0937); maximum activity instance (p>0.05) class i (47.6485) e class iii (47.9437). conclusion: class i subjects showed a smaller average amplitude, with increase and decrease of synchronized and balanced electric activity. class iii subjects showed a larger average amplitude and a larger desynchronized and unbalanced period during deglutition.
Atividade exacerbada do músculo bucinador em sujeitos com má oclus?o de Angle Classe III
Nagae, Mirian Hideko;Bérzin, Fausto;Alves, Marcelo Corrêa;
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-25772012000600003
Abstract: introduction: studies describe the role of the buccinators muscle as controlling the bolus during mastication. little is known, however, about its behavior in subjects with different dental and skeletal standards, which would contribute to the development of orthodontic and orthognathic treatments. objective: the purpose of this study was to investigate the electromyographic activity of the buccinator muscle, in subjects class iii angle, during mastication. material and method: the sample was composed by 32 healthy subjects, without temporomandibular disfunction, during mastication, being 16 class i and 16 class iii. in order to guarantee the reliability of the caption of the signal, differential electrode were used, as well as function tests, correlation and normalization of data. as the data revealed a non-normal distribution (shapiro-wilk test), the median test was carried out, establishing then the level of significance in 5%. result: in the comparison of the normalized data of the variable root means square (rms) (μv), from the active period, no significant differences were found (classe i: 0,469 ± 0,355; classe iii: 0,531 ± 0,355 - p: 0,4812). nonetheless, in comparison to the variables rms (μv) from the inactive period (classe i: 0,359 ± 0,355; classe iii: 0,641 ± 0,355 - p; 0,0016), duration of the active period (on) (classe i: 0,313 ± 0,180; classe iii: 0,687 ± 0,180 - p: 0,0368) and the result between the rms of the inactive period and the rms of the active period (ria) classe i: 0,391 ± 0,355; classe iii: 0,609 ± 0.355 - p: 0,0137) significant differences were found. conclusion: based in the results of the data analysis, we could to comprove the existence of exacerbated activity of the buccinator muscle in angle's class iii subjects.
Qualidade de vida em sujeitos respiradores orais e oronasais Life quality for mouth and oronasal breathing subjects
Mirian Hideko Nagae,Marcelo Corrêa Alves,Renato Lyuti Kinoshita,Zélia Z L de Camargo Bittencourt
Revista CEFAC , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-18462012005000048
Abstract: OBJETIVO: investigar a qualidade de vida de sujeitos com respira o oral ou oronasal. MéTODO: compuseram a amostra 49 voluntários, distribuídos em dois grupos: grupo de respiradores orais com 24 sujeitos e grupo de respiradores oronasais com 25 sujeitos, com faixa etária ente 18 e 38 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos. O protocolo utilizado foi o WHOQOL-BREF (vers o em português) e o registro e análise dos dados foi realizado pelo sistema Statistical Analysis System. RESULTADOS: os resultados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes de qui-quadrado de Mantel-Haenszele análise de variancia. A qualidade de vida dos respiradores mistos se revelou inferior nos domínios ambiental, físico e psicológico em rela o aos respiradores orais. CONCLUS O: com a detec o das diferen as obtidas, o estudo chama a aten o para a necessidade de aprofundar investiga es sobre o perfil dos respiradores oronasais e sua relevancia. Para que condutas como desconsiderar o grupo de respiradores oronasais ou agrupá-los como respiradores orais n o sejam adotadas de forma inadequada. PURPOSE: to investigate the life quality of subjects with mouth or oronasal breathing. METHOD: the sampling was composed of 49 volunteers distributed into 2 groups: mouth breathing subjects’ group with 24 subjects and oronasal breathing subjects’ group (mouth and nose) with 25 subjects, within the 18-38 age group, both genders. The WHOQOL-BREF (Portuguese version) protocol was used and the data analysis and recording were carried out using the Statistical Analysis System. RESULTS: the obtained results underwent Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test and variance analysis. Life quality in oronasal breathing subjects was demonstrated to be better in environmental, physical and psychological domain in relation to mouth breathing subjects. CONCLUSION: considering the obtained differences, the study draws attention to the need for better investigating the profile of oronasal breathing subjects and its relevance, so that the conducts, such as disregarding the group of oronasal breathing subjects or gathering them as mouth breathing subjects, are not improperly adopted.
Qualidade de vida em sujeitos respiradores orais e oronasais Life quality for mouth and oronasal breathing subjects
Mirian Hideko Nagae,Marcelo Corrêa Alves,Renato Lyuti Kinoshita,Zélia Z L de Camargo Bittencourt
Revista CEFAC , 2013,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: investigar a qualidade de vida de sujeitos com respira o oral ou oronasal. MéTODO: compuseram a amostra 49 voluntários, distribuídos em dois grupos: grupo de respiradores orais com 24 sujeitos e grupo de respiradores oronasais com 25 sujeitos, com faixa etária ente 18 e 38 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos. O protocolo utilizado foi o WHOQOL-BREF (vers o em português) e o registro e análise dos dados foi realizado pelo sistema Statistical Analysis System. RESULTADOS: os resultados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes de qui-quadrado de Mantel-Haenszele análise de variancia. A qualidade de vida dos respiradores mistos se revelou inferior nos domínios ambiental, físico e psicológico em rela o aos respiradores orais. CONCLUS O: com a detec o das diferen as obtidas, o estudo chama a aten o para a necessidade de aprofundar investiga es sobre o perfil dos respiradores oronasais e sua relevancia. Para que condutas como desconsiderar o grupo de respiradores oronasais ou agrupá-los como respiradores orais n o sejam adotadas de forma inadequada. PURPOSE: to investigate the life quality of subjects with mouth or oronasal breathing. METHOD: the sampling was composed of 49 volunteers distributed into 2 groups: mouth breathing subjects’ group with 24 subjects and oronasal breathing subjects’ group (mouth and nose) with 25 subjects, within the 18-38 age group, both genders. The WHOQOL-BREF (Portuguese version) protocol was used and the data analysis and recording were carried out using the Statistical Analysis System. RESULTS: the obtained results underwent Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test and variance analysis. Life quality in oronasal breathing subjects was demonstrated to be better in environmental, physical and psychological domain in relation to mouth breathing subjects. CONCLUSION: considering the obtained differences, the study draws attention to the need for better investigating the profile of oronasal breathing subjects and its relevance, so that the conducts, such as disregarding the group of oronasal breathing subjects or gathering them as mouth breathing subjects, are not improperly adopted.
Inquérito sobre o uso do Iodo-131 no Brasil
Albino, Cláudio Cordeiro;Takahashi, Mirian Hideko;Senhorini Júnior, Sidney;Graf, Hans;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302001000600009
Abstract: radioactive iodine is an effective and widely accepted therapy for graves disease (gd) and differentiated thyroid carcinoma (dtc), but there still are some controversies about the criteria for its use. to establish the present tendency for radioiodine indication, we have sent questionnaires for members of the brazilian society of endocrinology and latin american thyroid society, with 3 index cases: gd, toxic nodular goiter (tng) and dtc. for each case, questions were proposed about diagnostic procedures and therapy with some clinical variants, which could modify the therapeutic choice. from the almost 2000 questionnaires sent only 82 replies (3.4%) were analyzed. most of respondents defined themselves as general endocrinologists (85%), working in south and southeast regions of brazil (80%), with more than 20 years of professional activity and working mainly at university hospitals (40%). in case index 1 (gd), 95% of the respondents used arrays of t3, t4 and tsh for the diagnosis and 25% added trab and thyroid scan. antithyroid drugs (atd) were the first choice for 72%, followed by radioiodine and surgery (26% and 1.3% respectively). none of clinical variants such as severe exophtalmos, older age or goiter size modified the therapy. in case 2 (tng), radioiodine was the first therapy for 84% of professionals and the presence of compressive symptoms was the only variant that changed this tendency, when surgery was the main option. in case 3 (dtc), almost all indicated total thyroidectomy. radioiodine for thyroid remnants was proposed by 45% of respondents, independent of residual uptake, while the remaining did so depending of different values of uptake, giving 30 to 100mci. these data show that radioiodine use is increasing for hyperthyroidism, but still less than observed in other countries and that we do not have uniformity for treatment of dtc.
Efeito renoprotetor da estatina: modelo animal de isquemia-reperfus?o
Teshima, Claudia Akemi Shibuya;Watanabe, Mirian;Nakamura, Sandra Hideko;Vattimo, Maria de Fátima Fernandes;
Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-507X2010000300005
Abstract: objective: ischemic acute kidney injury (ilra), with multifatorial cause, presents alarming morbidity and mortality. statin, hmg-coa inhibition reductase has shown a renoprotective effect, with antioxidant, antiinflamatory and vascular actions. the heme oxygenase-1 (ho-1) can be involved in these pleitropic effects of statin on the renal function. this study was performed in order to evaluate if the renoprotective effect of the statin is a heme mechanism of protection in rats. methods: the ischemic model was reproduced by through clamping the bilateral renal pedicles for 30 minutes followed by reperfusion. adult wistar rats, weighting from 250-300g, were divided into the following groups: sham (control); ischemia (30 minutes renal ischemia); ischemia+statin (sinvastatin 0.5mg/kg,orally (v.o.) for 3 days); ischemia+hemin (hemin, 1.0mg/100g, intraperitoneal (i.p.), 24 hours before surgery); ischemia+snpp (snpp 2μmol/kg, i.p., 24 hours before surgery ); ischemia+statin+hemin; ischemia+statin+snpp. rf (clearance of creatinine, jaffé method), urinary peroxides (up), urinary osmolality (uo) and immunohistochemical for ed-1 were evaluated. results: results showed that sinvastatin ameliorated rf, urinary osmolality, reduced the up excrection and the macrophage infiltration in rats submitted to renal ischemia. the inducer of ho-1 and its association with sinvastatin induced a similar pattern of improvement of renal function. conclusion: the study confirmed the renoprotective effect of the statins on renal function, with antioxidant and antiinflamatory actions, and it suggests that this effect can have an interface with the heme system of renal protection.
Inquérito sobre o uso do Iodo-131 no Brasil
Albino Cláudio Cordeiro,Takahashi Mirian Hideko,Senhorini Júnior Sidney,Graf Hans
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2001,
Abstract: O iodo radioativo (RI) é uma forma de terapia efetiva e largamente aceita para a doen a de Graves (DG) e o carcinoma diferenciado da tireóide (CDT), mas ainda há controvérsias sobre os critérios para seu uso. Para estabelecer a presente tendência na indica o do RI nós enviamos um questionário para os membros da Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Sociedade Latino-Americana de Tireóide, com 3 casos-índices: DG, bócio nodular tóxico (BNT) e CDT. Para cada caso havia quest es sobre os procedimentos diagnósticos e terapia e algumas variantes clínicas que poderiam modificar a escolha terapêutica apresentada. Foram encaminhados cerca de 2.000 questionários, e obtivemos apenas 82 respostas (3,4%) que foram analisadas. A maioria dos respondedores definiu-se como endocrinologistas gerais (85%), trabalhando na regi o sul e sudeste do Brasil (80%) com mais de 20 anos de atendimento profissional e tendo os hospitais universitários como o principal local de trabalho (40%). No caso índex 1 (DG), 95% dos profissionais usaram as medidas de T3, T4 e TSH para o diagnóstico e 25% adicionaram o TRAb e a cintilografia tireoideana. As drogas anti-tireoideanas (DAT) foram a primeira escolha terapêutica em 72%, seguida pelo RI e cirurgia (26 e 1,3%). Nenhuma das variantes clínicas, como oftalmopatia severa, idade avan ada ou volume do bócio modificou a escolha terapêutica. No caso 2 (BMT), o RI foi a primeira escolha terapêutica em 84% dos profissionais e a presen a de sintomas compressivos foi a única variante que mudou essa tendência, quando a cirurgia foi a escolha principal. No caso 3 (CDT), quase todos os profissionais indicaram a tireoidectomia total. RI para os restos tireoideanos foi proposto por 45% dos respondedores, indiferente da capta o residual, enquanto o restante o fez dependendo de diferentes valores de capta o, indicando de 30 a 100mci. Esses dados demonstram que o uso do RI está aumentando no hipertireoidismo, mas ainda em menor grau que em outros países e que n o temos uma uniformidade para o tratamento do CDT.
Innovation and Evaluation in the Brazilian Higher Education Culture: Interdisciplinary and General Education  [PDF]
Elisabete M. A. Pereira, Ana Maria Carneiro, Mirian Lucia Gon?alves
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.518188
Abstract: The aim of this study was to present partial results of the Interdisciplinary Higher Education Program (ProFIS) related to the interdisciplinary general education proposal, which represents an innovation in the Brazilian Higher Education culture. The general education provided by the program is concerned in preparing students with greater knowledge, critical sense by expanding their knowledge and culture, and makes them critical citizens and professionals. Besides curricular innovation, the course aims to establish a policy of affirmative action through the inclusion of public school students. Briefly, it presents the general education as curriculum emphasis adopted by universities in various parts of the world. Then, it presents the ProFIS proposal, its current development stage and the analysis of partial results of the evaluation process under development. The evaluation process is developed with teachers, students and course coordination.
Japanese Are Modest Even When They Are Winners: Competence Ratings of Winners and Losers in Social Comparison  [PDF]
Kazuo Mori, Hideko Mori
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411119
Abstract:

Social comparison experiments in two different social conditions, competing between friends and between strangers, were carried out with 88 Japanese male undergraduates. Participants were asked to come to the laboratory in friend pairs to participate in the experiment. Two pairs were randomly combined for each experimental session. In the Between-Friends condition, one of the two pairs solved 20 anagrams competitively while the other pair observed them. In the Between-Strangers condition, one performer and one observer were randomly chosen in each pair and the performers solved anagram tasks competitively. As in our previous study, the anagram tasks were presented utilizing a presentation trick so that one performer-and-observer group viewed easier anagrams than the other group without their noticing the difference. As intended, those who viewed the easier anagrams outperformed the others, becoming winners in all sessions. No participants noticed the trick. After the task, all four participants rated the ability of the two performers including themselves. Their ability ratings showed that they tended to evaluate their own ability modestly. Even winners consistently rated themselves lower than the others rated them. Two possible explanations of why Japanese participants made such modest responses were presented and discussed.

Investigation of the tolerability of oral stevioside in Brazilian hyperlipidemic patients
Silva, Gisleine Elisa Cavalcante da;Assef, Abdol Hakin;Albino, Claudio Cordeiro;Ferri, Letícia de Araujo Funari;Tasin, Gilson;Takahashi, Mirian Hideko;Eik Filho, Wilson;Bazotte, Roberto Barbosa;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132006000500007
Abstract: the tolerability of stevioside (2.75 mg/kg/day) obtained from leaves of stevia rebaudiana (bert) bertoni (compositae) was investigated in hyperlipidemic patients. for this purpose a placebo controlled double blind study was performed. the patients were randomized in two groups: the first group received capsules containing placebo and the second group received capsules containing stevioside (50 mg) during 90 days. all capsules were ingested twice daily, i.e., 2 capsules before lunch and 2 capsules before dinner. after the selection of the patients and each 30 days body mass index and laboratory tests (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, very low density lipoprotein, triglycerides and glucose) were performed. stevioside did not show any clinical relevant modification in all parameters investigated. moreover the patients did not report severe adverse effect. thus, we can concluded that stevioside, at least in the doses employed in this study was safe.
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