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Geographic distribution and morphometric differentiation of Triatoma nitida usinger 1939 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in Guatemala
Monroy, Carlota;Bustamante, Dulce María;Rodas, Antonieta;Rosales, Regina;Mejía, Mildred;Tabaru, Yuichiro;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762003000100006
Abstract: triatoma nitida was found in 14 (0.4%) out of 3,726 houses located in six departments across guatemala, which were surveyed from 1994 to 1998 by the man-hour collection method. compared to previous information, the distribution of t. nitida in guatemala has increased from five to nine departments; the species is present in mild climates at altitudes from 960 to 1,500 m. fourteen percent of the intradomestic t. nitida were infected with trypanosoma cruzi. the species was often found in conjunction with other triatomines (t. dimidiata and rhodnius prolixus). the domestic and peridomestic presence of t. nitida in guatemala was rare, but occasionally this species was colonizing human-made constructions. t. nitida appears to have a low importance as chagas disease vector in guatemala, as indicated by its scarce presence in the domestic habitats and defecation patterns. however, it clearly has potential to become a chagas vector so we recommend an on-going study of the intradomestic presence of t. nitida following the control programs in guatemala. morphometric analysis of 47 t. nitida males from three localities showed quantitative differences between the populations, which indicates that geographic distance is an important factor in the structuring of t. nitida populations.
Epidemiology of Chagas disease in Guatemala: infection rate of Triatoma dimidiata, Triatoma nitida and Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae) with Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae)
Monroy, Carlota;Rodas, Antonieta;Mejía, Mildred;Rosales, Regina;Tabaru, Yuichiro;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762003000300003
Abstract: a five-year domiciliary collection in the 22 departments of guatemala showed that out of 4,128 triatomines collected, 1,675 were triatoma dimidiata (latreille, 1811), 2,344 were rhodnius prolixus stal 1859, and only 109 were t. nitida usinger 1939. the chagas disease parasite, trypanosoma cruzi, was found in all three species. their natural infection rates were similar in the first two species (20.6%; 19.1%) and slightly lower in t. nitida(13.8%). however there was no significant difference in the infection rates in the three species (p = 0.131). t. dimidiata males have higher infection rates than females (p = 0.030), whereas for r. prolixus there is no difference in infection rates between males and females (p = 0.114). the sex ratios for all three species were significantly skewed. more males than females were found inside houses for t. dimidiata (p < 0.0001) and t. nitida (p = 0.011); a different pattern was seen for r. prolixus (p = 0.037) where more females were found. sex ratio is proposed as an index to show the mobility of t. dimidiata in different populations. t. dimidiata is widely distributed in the country, and is also the main vector in at least ten departments, but r. prolixus with higher vectorial capacity is an important vector in at least two departments.
Heavy quark and J/psi production at RHIC/PHENIX
Tsuguchika Tabaru,for the PHENIX Collaboration
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/50/1/042
Abstract: Single electrons from open heavy quarks and di-leptons from J/psi mesons have been studied systematically at RHIC/PHENIX using data from p + p, d + Au and Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 62.4 GeV, 130 GeV and 200 GeV. From the single electron study, the charm quark yield is found to scale with the number of binary collisions. This scaling has recently been confirmed using Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV. A new analysis shows that a high p_T suppression of single electrons is observed in Au + Au collisions at 200 GeV. This suppression suggests that heavy quarks lose significant energy in the medium. A weak rapidity dependence is seen in J/psi yields from d + Au data, which can be interpreted as a cold matter effect. We report also the results of a measurement of the spin alignment of the J/psi in the p_T range around 1.5 GeV/c.
Neptune′s Trojans
Tabaru00E9 Gallardo
Revista mexicana de astronomía y astrofísica , 2001,
Abstract: A numerical exploration of the dynamical evolution of hypothetical bodies located at 1:1 resonance with Neptune is performed. We roughly estimate a time-scale of some 100 Myrs for the destruction of the librations, so we cannot expect to find primordial Neptune′s trojans. Temporary satellite capture s were also observed.
Because It's There: Morals, Medicine and Masturbation in the Nineteenth Century
Mildred Wong
University of Toronto Medical Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.5015/utmj.v79i3.879
Geographical Analysis of Smoking in Leeds: A GIS-Based Location-Allocation Technique for the Optimal Location of Smoking Cessation Services  [PDF]
Mildred Oiza Ajebon, Monday Ohi Asikhia
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.53026

Smoking is associated with several illnesses in the UK. Smoking rate in Leeds is higher than the national average. Finding optimal locations for stop-smoking services will be a good place to start in reducing smoking rates. The study utilizes a GIS-Based location-allocation method for the optimal distribution of smoking cessation centres in relation to the spatial distribution of the smoking population in Leeds. The demand for the smoking cessation clinics was estimated based on the 2009 General Life Style (GLS) statistics on age and social class stratification of smoking rates for the UK. Leeds specific rates were then obtained from the 2001 census key statistics data on socioeconomic status and age structure for output areas via Census Area Statistics Website (CASWEB). The research findings show that spatial inequalities in smoking rate exist in output areas of Leeds. Poorer and non-skilled populations are demonstrated to have higher smoking rates compared with wealthier neighbourhoods. The study confirms the capability of GIS-Based location-allocation techniques to be useful modelling tools for determining the best locations for health facilities. The model allocates services in relation to the spatial patterns of demand in a fashion that minimises average travel distance.

Translating genomics into the clinic: moving to the post-Mendelian world
Mildred K Cho
Genome Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/gm7
Abstract: The main issue currently facing the translation of genomics research into clinical practice is that it will require researchers, clinicians and patients to make a significant conceptual shift from Mendelian ways of thinking to a post-Mendelian world. Ironically, in this new world, genes have a lesser role as we study ever more complex diseases and traits and begin to understand the interplay of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions and epigenetics. It is nearly 100 years since Wilhelm Johanssen first coined the word 'gene' and posited a relationship between genotype and phenotype. Since then, we have learned that there is a lot more to this relationship than we initially envisaged.Currently, genome-wide association studies increasingly identify the contribution of multiple genetic loci to phenotypes by providing clues as to the biological pathways and interactions involved. However, we are far from knowing how the results of these studies are clinically relevant. As a result, we also do not yet know how to explain these results in a meaningful way to patients.The shift to post-Mendelian genomics will require different ways of thinking about the validation, interpretation and explanation of genomic studies, especially with respect to their application to clinical practice. Recent comprehensive, large-scale studies such as that by the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium [1] have been very valuable at connecting biochemical pathways with diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration [2]. The challenge of establishing and replicating genotype-phenotype associations remains, however [3,4], leading to cautions about how to design and interpret genome-wide association studies [5-7].Validation of genotype-phenotype associations is of course critical to the successful translation of genomic data to clinical practice. Basic issues of analytical validity must be addressed, especially as new analytical platforms are developed, such as array comparative genomic hyb
Factores determinantes en la gestión de recursos humanos en empresas de servicios que incorporan de manera sistemática nuevas tecnologías: Un estudio de caso en la comunidad valenciana
Domínguez Santiago,Mildred;
Pensamiento & Gestión , 2008,
Abstract: the new technologies incorporation supposes the reduction of the current technologies&' life cycle and brings transformations in people&'s life stiles, consumption practices, interpersonal relations and, consequently, changes in survivor conditions and enterprises competitiveness. modern entrepreneurial organizations have brought profound changes in development and survivors conditions. in these changes processes and technologies have been taking into considerations. it is here when emerge different proposals (empowerment, engineering, process management, and competences management) to face those circumstances. face to this new scenario the competence management can be understood as one of the major contributions to integral management. in this work, we pretend to talk about how from the human resources management the politics that contribute to ameliorate in technology and innovations in services sector enterprises have been established.
Avances en el diagnóstico por imágenes desde una perspectiva bioética
Ocando Ziritt,Mildred;
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina , 2007,
Abstract: since its beginning, radiology has become one of the most increasingly developed specialty in medicine. this responds to the technologic and scientific advances. this abrupt development has generated various bioethical dilemmas affecting its principles. the main objective of this research is to establish the bioethical repercussion derived from the technological advances in diagnostic imaging; this was made through bibliographic consults. the main finding is the substantial change of the traditional doctor-patient relationship, and the vision of the patient as a person.
Determinants of Male Partner Involvement in Promoting Deliveries by Skilled Attendants in Busia, Kenya
Mildred Nanjala,David Wamalwa
Global Journal of Health Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n2p60
Abstract: A cross-sectional study covering 380 male partners and their spouses was conducted in Busia district in Western Kenya to establish demographic, socio-economic and cultural factors that affect male partner participation in promoting deliveries by skilled attendants. The study showed a significant relationship between level of education (P=0.0000) and level of income (P=0.0004) of the male partner and his support for skilled delivery. Lack of knowledge by male partners of complications associated with delivery, cultural beliefs, high fees charged for deliveries at health facilities and “un-cooperative” health workers are major contributing factors to low male partner involvement in child birth activities. Improving the levels of education and income of male partners, addressing the cultural beliefs and practices, improving health care provider-client relationship and sensitizing men on complications associated with pregnancy and child birth can contribute significantly in enhancing male partner involvement in promoting deliveries by skilled attendants.
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