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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191304 matches for " Micky D. Tortorella "
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Evaluation of Benzamide Derivatives as New Influenza A Nucleoprotein Inhibitors  [PDF]
Jinxi Liao, Huimin Cheng, Junting Wan, Panyu Chen, Yingjun Li, Ke Ding, Micky D. Tortorella, Zhengchao Tu, Yanmei Zhang
Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (OJMC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojmc.2016.63004
Abstract: Virus nucleoprotein (NP) is an emerging target for drug development for Influenza. We designed benzamide derivatives as new inhibitors of NP that demonstrate good potency in blocking influenza A. Screening revealed that compound 39 was the most potent molecule in the series, exhibiting IC50 values of 0.46 and 0.27 μM in blocking the replication of H3N2 (A/HK/8/68) and (A/WSN/33) influenza A viral strains. The observed inhibition of viral replication correlated well with cytopathic protection. Furthermore, based on computational analysis and fluorescence microscopy, it was determined that compound 39 inhibited nuclear accumulation by targeting influenza A viral nucleoproteins. Finally, the rodent pharmacokinetic profile of compound 32 displayed half-life of greater than 4 hours and bioavailability greater than 20%, suggesting this class of molecules had drug-like properties.
The Effect of Diet and Opponent Size on Aggressive Interactions Involving Caribbean Crazy Ants (Nylanderia fulva)
Katherine C. Horn, Micky D. Eubanks, Evan Siemann
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066912
Abstract: Biotic interactions are often important in the establishment and spread of invasive species. In particular, competition between introduced and native species can strongly influence the distribution and spread of exotic species and in some cases competition among introduced species can be important. The Caribbean crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva, was recently introduced to the Gulf Coast of Texas, and appears to be spreading inland. It has been hypothesized that competition with the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, may be an important factor in the spread of crazy ants. We investigated the potential of interspecific competition among these two introduced ants by measuring interspecific aggression between Caribbean crazy ant workers and workers of Solenopsis invicta. Specifically, we examined the effect of body size and diet on individual-level aggressive interactions among crazy ant workers and fire ants. We found that differences in diet did not alter interactions between crazy ant workers from different nests, but carbohydrate level did play an important role in antagonistic interactions with fire ants: crazy ants on low sugar diets were more aggressive and less likely to be killed in aggressive encounters with fire ants. We found that large fire ants engaged in fewer fights with crazy ants than small fire ants, but fire ant size affected neither fire ant nor crazy ant mortality. Overall, crazy ants experienced higher mortality than fire ants after aggressive encounters. Our findings suggest that fire ant workers might outcompete crazy ant workers on an individual level, providing some biotic resistance to crazy ant range expansion. However, this resistance may be overcome by crazy ants that have a restricted sugar intake, which may occur when crazy ants are excluded from resources by fire ants.
O fundamento ético da política em Gramsci
Tortorella, Aldo;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451998000100006
Abstract: history shows a constant division between the governing and the governed. how to put the question of going beyond this without abandoning the solid soil of history, and how to maintain the reference to history without losing sight of universal ethical imperatives, including the idea of a political direction oriented towards the end of this division? the author examines the way gramsci frames and meets these questions.
Neonicotinoid Insecticides Alter Induced Defenses and Increase Susceptibility to Spider Mites in Distantly Related Crop Plants
Adrianna Szczepaniec, Michael J. Raupp, Roy D. Parker, David Kerns, Micky D. Eubanks
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062620
Abstract: Background Chemical suppression of arthropod herbivores is the most common approach to plant protection. Insecticides, however, can cause unintended, adverse consequences for non-target organisms. Previous studies focused on the effects of pesticides on target and non-target pests, predatory arthropods, and concomitant ecological disruptions. Little research, however, has focused on the direct effects of insecticides on plants. Here we demonstrate that applications of neonicotinoid insecticides, one of the most important insecticide classes worldwide, suppress expression of important plant defense genes, alter levels of phytohormones involved in plant defense, and decrease plant resistance to unsusceptible herbivores, spider mites Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae), in multiple, distantly related crop plants. Methodology/Principal Findings Using cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), corn (Zea mays) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants, we show that transcription of phenylalanine amonia lyase, coenzyme A ligase, trypsin protease inhibitor and chitinase are suppressed and concentrations of the phytohormone OPDA and salicylic acid were altered by neonicotinoid insecticides. Consequently, the population growth of spider mites increased from 30% to over 100% on neonicotinoid-treated plants in the greenhouse and by nearly 200% in the field experiment. Conclusions/Significance Our findings are important because applications of neonicotinoid insecticides have been associated with outbreaks of spider mites in several unrelated plant species. More importantly, this is the first study to document insecticide-mediated disruption of plant defenses and link it to increased population growth of a non-target herbivore. This study adds to growing evidence that bioactive agrochemicals can have unanticipated ecological effects and suggests that the direct effects of insecticides on plant defenses should be considered when the ecological costs of insecticides are evaluated.
Seasonality Directs Contrasting Food Collection Behavior and Nutrient Regulation Strategies in Ants
Steven C. Cook,Micky D. Eubanks,Roger E. Gold,Spencer T. Behmer
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025407
Abstract: Long-lived animals, including social insects, often display seasonal shifts in foraging behavior. Foraging is ultimately a nutrient consumption exercise, but the effect of seasonality per se on changes in foraging behavior, particularly as it relates to nutrient regulation, is poorly understood. Here, we show that field-collected fire ant colonies, returned to the laboratory and maintained under identical photoperiod, temperature, and humidity regimes, and presented with experimental foods that had different protein (p) to carbohydrate (c) ratios, practice summer- and fall-specific foraging behaviors with respect to protein-carbohydrate regulation. Summer colonies increased the amount of food collected as the p:c ratio of their food became increasingly imbalanced, but fall colonies collected similar amounts of food regardless of the p:c ratio of their food. Choice experiments revealed that feeding was non-random, and that both fall and summer ants preferred carbohydrate-biased food. However, ants rarely ate all the food they collected, and their cached or discarded food always contained little carbohydrate relative to protein. From a nutrient regulation strategy, ants consumed most of the carbohydrate they collected, but regulated protein consumption to a similar level, regardless of season. We suggest that varied seasonal food collection behaviors and nutrient regulation strategies may be an adaptation that allows long-lived animals to meet current and future nutrient demands when nutrient-rich foods are abundant (e.g. spring and summer), and to conserve energy and be metabolically more efficient when nutritionally balanced foods are less abundant.
Selective Feeding of Bdelloid Rotifers in River Biofilms
Benoit Mialet, Nabil Majdi, Micky Tackx, Frédéric Azémar, Evelyne Buffan-Dubau
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075352
Abstract: In situ pigment contents of biofilm-dwelling bdelloid rotifers of the Garonne River (France) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and compared with pigment composition of surrounding biofilm microphytobenthic communities. Among pigments that were detected in rotifers, the presence of carotenoids fucoxanthin and myxoxanthophyll showed that the rotifers fed on diatoms and cyanobacteria. Unexpectedly, while diatoms strongly dominated microphytobenthic communities in terms of biomass, HPLC results hinted that rotifers selectively ingested benthic filamentous cyanobacteria. In doing so, rotifers could daily remove a substantial fraction (up to 28%) of this cyanobacterial biomass. The possibility that the rotifers hosted symbiotic myxoxanthophyll-containing cyanobacteria was examined by localisation of chlorophyll fluorescence within rotifers using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). CLSM results showed an even distribution of quasi–circular fluorescent objects (FO) throughout rotifer bodies, whereas myxoxanthophyll is a biomarker pigment of filamentous cyanobacteria, so the hypothesis was rejected. Our results also suggest that rotifers converted β-carotene (provided by ingested algae) into echinenone, a photoprotective pigment. This study, which is the first one to detail in situ pigment contents of rotifers, clearly shows that the role of cyanobacteria as a food source for meiobenthic invertebrates has been underestimated so far, and deserves urgent consideration.
Low Serum Urate Levels Are Associated to Female Gender in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Stefano Zoccolella, Carla Tortorella, Pietro Iaffaldano, Vita Direnzo, Mariangela D’Onghia, Elena Luciannatelli, Damiano Paolicelli, Paolo Livrea, Maria Trojano
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040608
Abstract: Background Urate is a natural antioxidant and may prevent CNS tissue damage and the clinical manifestations of experimental autoimmune encephalitis. Results from clinical studies are conflicting and the contribution of urate to the pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) remains uncertain. Objective To evaluate serum urate levels in MS patients and their relationships with clinical, demographic and MRI variables. Methods Levels of non-fasting serum uric acid and creatinine were determined by an automated enzymatic assay and glomerular filtration rate was assessed in 245 MS patients, in 252 age/sex-matched neurological controls (NC) and in 59 Healthy controls (HC). Results Median serum urate levels did not differ between MS patients (3.8 mg/dL), HC (4.0 mg/dl) and NC (4.0 mg/dL). Serum urate levels were lower in females than in males in all groups (p = <0.0001). In female-MS, serum urate levels (3.2 mg/dL) were lower compared to those in female HC (3.8; p = 0.01) and NC (3.5 mg/dL; p = 0.02), whereas in male-MS they(4.8 mg/dL) did not differ from those in male HC (4.5 mg/dl) and NC (4.8 mg/dL). Urate concentrations trended to be lower in Clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of MS (3.7 mg/dL) and in relapsing MS (3.7 mg/dL), compared to patients with progressive MS (4.4 mg/dL; p = 0.06), and in patients with an annual relapse rate (ARR) >2 (3.3 mg/dL) than in those with an ARR ≤2: 3.9 mg/dL; p = 0.05). Significant lower serum urate levels were found in females than in males in all clinical MS subtypes (p<0.01), separately evaluated. Female sex (beta: ?0.53; p<0.00001) was the most significant determinant of serum urate concentrations in MS patients on multivariate regression analysis. Conclusions Our findings suggest that low urate levels could be of significance in predominantly inflammatory phases of MS even at the early stage and mainly in females.
Efficient Electrochemical N-Alkylation of N-Boc-Protected 4-Aminopyridines: Towards New Biologically Active Compounds
Marta Feroci,Isabella Chiarotto,Gianpiero Forte,Giovanna Simonetti,Felicia Diodata D'Auria,Louis Maes,Daniela De Vita,Luigi Scipione,Laura Friggeri,Roberto Di Santo,Silvano Tortorella
ISRN Organic Chemistry , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/621592
Abstract: The use of electrogenerated acetonitrile anion allows the alkylation of N-Boc-4-aminopyridine in very high yields, under mild conditions and without by-products. The high reactivity of this base is due to its large tetraethylammonium counterion, which leaves the acetonitrile anion “naked.” The deprotection of the obtained compounds led to high yields in N-alkylated 4-aminopyridines. Nonsymmetrically dialkylated 4-aminopyridines were obtained by subsequent reaction of monoalkylated ones with t-BuOK and alkyl halides, while symmetrically dialkylated 4-aminopyridines were obtained by direct reaction of 4-aminopyridine with an excess of t-BuOK and alkyl halides. Some mono- and dialkyl-4-aminopyridines were selected to evaluate antifungal and antiprotozoal activity; the dialkylated 4-aminopyridines 3ac, 3ae and 3ff showed antifungal towards Cryptococcus neoformans; whereas 3cc, 3ee and 3ff showed antiprotozoal activity towards Leishmania infantum and Plasmodium falciparum. 1. Introduction N-Alkylated 4-aminopyridine is a common moiety in biologically active molecules. It is present, in fact, in compounds with different activities such as inhibitors of p38 MAP kinase [1], inhibitors of HIV-EP1 cellular transcription factor [2], inhibitors of coagulation Factor Xa [3], and -chemokine receptor CCR5 antagonists in anti-HIV therapy [4]; in particular we have focused our work on the development of new CYP51 inhibitors, active both on fungal strains [5] and Trypanosoma Cruzi [6]. Many literature data evidenced that the pyridine group can efficaciously replace the heme-iron chelating azole moiety present in classical azole CYP51 inhibitors and, therefore, the alkylation of 4-aminopyridine (4AP) represents an important goal in organic synthesis to develop novel classes of antifungal and antiparasitic drugs [7, 8]. Due to the wide presence of these products, the alkylation of 4-aminopyridine (4AP) is therefore an important goal in organic synthesis. Different approaches to obtain N-alkylated 4-aminopyridines have been reported in the literature. Some examples are the efficient condensation of 4AP with alcohols catalyzed by benzaldehyde [9] or copper [10, 11] or magnetite [12], the reaction of 4AP with an acyl chloride, and the following reduction of the amide with LiAlH4 [13]. The most straightforward method, however, is the direct alkylation of 4AP with alkyl halides, although it suffers from some drawbacks. The two different nitrogen atoms compete in the alkylation reaction and usually the more nucleophilic pyridine nitrogen atom reacts faster, leading to the
Surgicel Induced Intraoperative Cardiovascular Collapse in a Child with Midbrain Glioma  [PDF]
Evgeni Brotfain, Akiva Korn, Micky Gidon, Alexander Zlotnik, Moti Klein, Israel Melamed
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.41009
Abstract:
Introduction: Intraoperative cardiovascular complications were previously demonstrated in relation to high sympathetic nervous system outflow or stimulation of the vagal nerve nucleus during theneurosurgical procedures on brain tumors. Main Symptoms and Important Clinical Findings: We are presenting clinical case of 13-year-old girl who suffered from midbrain glioma and developed life threatening cardiovascular events during neurosurgical procedure after surgicel hemostatic agent application. Therapeutic Interventions and Outcomes: Cardiovascular stability has been restored after immediate removal of surgicel from the operating field. We believe that it might be related to direct application of the surgicel hemostatic agent.
Decompressive Craniectomy for Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Case Report  [PDF]
Amit Azriel, Israel Melamed, Ilan Shelef, Yuval Sufaro, Micky Gidon, Vladimir Merkin, Alexandr Shtreizent, Avi Cohen
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.45034
Abstract:
Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an uncommon clinical-neuroradiological syndrome with an unclear pathophysiology. Correlation between PRES and the use of immunosuppressant drugs have previously been described, as well as correlation between elevated blood pressure and PRES. Characteristic brain MRI manifestations include hyperintense lesions on T2 and FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery) images. PRES is usually reversible within a short period of time after discontinuation of the presumably offending drug. Some cases of PRES might complicate with intracranial hemorrhage, refractory status epilepticus or expansive vasogenic brain edema (also regarded as “tumefactive” PRES). Methods: We present a case of a young man diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma, following a laparotomy due to cecal volvulus. The patient received glucocorticoids and elevated blood pressure values were recorded. Brain imaging studies were performed due to generalized epileptic seizures, demonstrating neuroradiological findings consistent with PRES. Neurological and neuroradiological deterioration was noted, necessitating urgent neurosurgical intervention. A complete neurological and functional rehabilitation was achieved. Conclusion: The uncommon cases of complicated PRES should be taken under consideration whenever clinical deterioration is noted following the diagnosis of PRES. Early neuroradiological evaluation should be sought, together with aggressive medical and surgical treatment in cases of life threatening mass effect.
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