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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4772 matches for " Michele;Koller "
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Subjective well-being in socially vulnerable children and adolescents
Poletto, Michele;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000300008
Abstract: subjective well-being has been defined as an association among positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. this study aimed to investigate the subjective well-being of children and adolescents attending school and living with their families as compared to those living in youth offenders institutions. two hundred ninety-seven children and adolescents in situations of social vulnerability aged between seven and sixteen years old (m = 11.22 years, sd = 2.13), 155 male (52.2%) and 142 female (47.8%) participated in the study. the instruments were a structured interview, a positive and negative affect scale, and a multidimensional life satisfaction scale. the results confirmed that institutionalized children/adolescents experienced more negative affect regarding development contexts. however, institutionalized children/adolescents did not differ from those living with their families in terms of life satisfaction and positive affect.
Contextos ecológicos: promotores de resiliência, fatores de risco e de prote??o
Poletto, Michele;Koller, Sílvia Helena;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2008000300009
Abstract: this study presents a consolidation of aspects of protection and risk in human development, in several ecological contexts, such as the family, the institution and the school, taken from literature, and relates them to the furtherance of resilience. it also defines the concepts of the resilience process, protective and risk factors and offers considerations about children in risk situations. urie bronfenbrenner's bioecological human development theory was used as a theoretical-methodological basis to analyze these contexts and factors of risk and/or protection. this theory addresses the study of development by integrating the understanding of the aspects of people's lives, whether it be the period in which they live, the environments in which they participate or the relationships that are established. irrespective of the context (family, institution or school), a variety of influences and life events may be classified as risk or as protection. however, this will depend on the quality and existence of emotional and social relationships, of the presence of affection and reciprocity that such environments provide.
Resiliência e desenvolvimento infantil de crian?as que cuidam de crian?as: uma vis?o em perspectiva
Poletto, Michele;Wagner, Tania Maria Cemin;Koller, Sílvia Helena;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722004000300005
Abstract: the present study aimed to investigate how girls at risk are dealing with the responsibility of taking care of their younger siblings and home tasks. four girls, eight to 12 year-old were interviewed. the data were analyzed by lefevrian qualitative method. the results revealed that the situations and the risks that the girls are submitted deflagrate resilience, demonstrating that they can use different ways and resources to face and to overcome their problems and difficulties.
Perspectivas acerca do trabalho infanto-juvenil: ideologias, subjectividade e saúde do trabalhador
Mayte Amazarray,Luciana Thomé,Michele Poletto,Sílvia Koller
Laboreal , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper, we present some reflections concerning child labour, focusing on three topics: ideologies; subjectivity of the child and the adolescent who are involved in child labour; and child workers′ health. The theoretical framework that we use is the Bio-ecological Theory of Human Development. The concept of child labour is based on the definition of the International Labour Organization (ILO): activity that does not allow a child to live his/her childhood, to express his/her potential and to have dignity. Concerning the ideological perspective, some questions that support child labour are analyzed, beyond economic factors. The subjectivity approach attempts to understand the impact of child labour on the development of children and adolescents. The topic of child workers′ health systematizes the risks and consequences of child labour. Initial scientific production on this matter in Brazilian Psychology is underlined.
Eventos estressores em crian?as e adolescentes em situa??o de vulnerabilidade social de Porto Alegre
Poletto,Michele; Koller,Sílvia Helena; Dell'Aglio,Débora Dalbosco;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000200014
Abstract: this paper investigated the occurrence and impact of stressing events for 297 low- income children/adolescents (both sexes; 7-16 years, m =11.22; sd = 2.13) in the city of porto alegre. group 1 (g1) consisted of 142 participants (living with their families) and group 2 (g2) of 155 institutionalized individuals. all were individually interviewed and answered the stressing events inventory for children/adolescents. the most frequent stressing events for the sample were: follow orders given by the parents (85.2%); quarrels with friends (72.9%); death of relatives (71.8%); failure at school (69.2%); and rivalry of siblings (68%). student's t-test revealed significant difference between groups (p <0,001) regarding the occurrence of stressing events, g2 presented higher scores (m = 26.79; sd = 8.67) than g1 (m = 19.16; sd = 9.37). the events that caused the greatest impact upon the studied group were: death of parents and friends, rape, rejection by relatives and violence. there was no significant difference between sexes (p>0.05). the high frequency and strong impact of stressing events reveal the situation of social and familiar vulnerability, presence of violence and lack of resources in the whole group.
Aprendiz versus trabalhador: adolescentes em processo de aprendizagem
Amazarray, Mayte Raya;Thomé, Luciana Dutra;Souza, Ana Paula Lazzaretti de;Poletto, Michele;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722009000300006
Abstract: this study aimed to know the experience of adolescents in labor insertion process. the participants were 10 adolescents of both sexes, aged 15 and 16 years old, with an apprenticeship contract at a public enterprise. it was used a qualitative approach, with the application of a biosociodemographic questionnaire and focal groups. four thematic categories were created: being adolescent, apprentice versus worker, meaning of work and professional future. the results revealed fusion between the worker and apprentice roles. the experience of apprenticeship was perceived as a privileged practice for professional training. expectancies about the professional future revealed insecurity and lack of information related to labor market. this study showed the importance of the experience of apprenticeship to build worker identities and of counseling programs for adolescents.
A revela??o de abuso sexual: as medidas adotadas pela rede de apoio
Habigzang, Luísa Fernanda;Ramos, Michele da Silva;Koller, Sílvia Helena;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722011000400010
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the measures adopted by the social and emotional support network of children and adolescents after disclosure of sexual abuse. forty victims of sexual abuse, eight to sixteen years old girls, responded to an interview that mapped the measures adopted by the network. disclosure to the parents took place in 42.5% of the cases, and 92.5% of the parents believed it to be true. 35% of the girls went to a shelter home and the rest remained with the family after exclusion of the aggressor. the trustworthiness of the family in disclosure and reporting of violence was a protective factor. however, the high shelter rate and absence of effective monitoring of the aggressor removal were risk factors.
Entrevista clínica com crian?as e adolescentes vítimas de abuso sexual
Habigzang, Luísa Fernanda;Koller, Sílvia Helena;Stroeher, Fernanda Helena;Hatzenberger, Roberta;Cunha, Rafaela Cassol;Ramos, Michele da Silva;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2008000300011
Abstract: the sexual abuse against children and adolescents is an actual public health concern. the complexity of phenomenon requires special training of professionals who work in the clinic evaluation of victims and intervention. this study aims to provide theoretical and practical information about the clinic interview with victims of child sexual abuse, aiming at the attainment of the abusive experience report. an interview protocol is presented and the aspects discussed include: sexual abuse potential outcomes, the interview setting, the professional attitude, and children's disclosure.
Revisando a inser??o ecológica: uma proposta de sistematiza??o
Prati, Laíssa Eschiletti;Couto, Maria Clara P. de Paula;Moura, Andreína;Poletto, Michele;Koller, Sílvia H.;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722008000100020
Abstract: this article describes how the four key concepts of the bioecological theory of human development (process, person, context and time) are present in the ecological engagement methodology. the goal is to provide some lines of action that may guide research teams to use this proposal in their projects. a brief comparison is performed between the ecological engagement and other methodologies, which value the concept of investigation and have distinct theoretical references. moreover, other studies that used the ecological engagement are presented and discussed in order to establish some common points and to define aspects that may be considered as fundamental characteristics of this methodological proposal.
Grupoterapia cognitivo-comportamental para crian?as e adolescentes vítimas de abuso sexual
Habigzang,Luísa Fernanda; Stroeher,Fernanda Helena; Hatzenberger,Roberta; Cunha,Rafaela Cassol; Ramos,Michele da Silva; Koller,Sílvia Helena;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009000800011
Abstract: objective: to assess the effects of a cognitive behavioral group therapy model among female children and adolescents victims of sexual abuse. methods: a non-randomized study with intragroup comparisons over time was carried out. female children and teenagers from nine to 16 years of age (n=40) were clinically assessed in three individual meetings in the metropolitan area of porto alegre, southern brazil, between 2006 and 2008. the group therapy comprised 16 semi-structured sessions. psychological instruments were applied to investigate symptoms of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, child stress, beliefs and perception of the abuse experience before, during and after the intervention. the results were analyzed through statistical tests for repeated measures. a comparative analysis was carried out with the results of the pretest between the groups that received group psychotherapy immediately after the sexual abuse was reported and those who were waiting for psychological support. results: the assessment of the impact of the intervention revealed that cognitive behavioral group therapy significantly reduced symptoms of depression, anxiety, child stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. in addition, the intervention enabled the participants to modify beliefs of guilt, low degrees of trust and credibility, and was effective in reducing psychological symptoms and changing distorted beliefs and perception in regard to the abuse. conclusions: cognitive behavioral group therapy was effective in reducing psychological symptoms in sexually abused girls.
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