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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 45247 matches for " Michael Amo Omari "
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Population-Based Tuberculosis Disease Prevalence Survey in Ghana: The Role and Lessons Learnt from the Laboratory  [PDF]
Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Christian Bonsu, Ezekiel Mensah, Sarah Edusei, Prosper Dedzo, Michael Amo Omari, Samuel Kudzawu, Honesty Ganu, Samuel Kumah Atiadevie, Frank Adae Bonsu
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2019.72009
Abstract: Background: Bacteriologically-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases used in calculating TB prevalence in a country are obtained through laboratory examination of sputum specimens. Objective: This article describes laboratory processing of specimens, results overview, conclusions and key lessons learnt from the perspective of laboratory personnel involved in the conduct of TB disease prevalence survey in Ghana in 2013. Methods: Symptoms screening and Chest X-ray suggestive of TB were used to select participants who produced sputum to confirm TB cases using microscopy, culture and Xpert® MTB/RIF assay (GeneXpert). Results: A total of 15,935 single and paired sputum specimens were received from eligible participants. About half of Ziehl-Nielsen (129/263) and Auramine O (122/246) stained smear positives were scanty positive. Culture positivity rate for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was 266/14,994 (1.7%) and 100/15,179 (0.7%) in Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) and Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) media respectively; while non-tuberculous mycobacterium was 294/14,994 (1.96%) and 167/15,179 (1.1%). Total contamination rates in MGIT (5.4%) were higher than in LJ (1.7%). Prevalence of smear positive TB and bacteriologically confirmed TB among adult population (≥15 years) was estimated at 111 (95% CI: 76 - 145) and 356 (95% CI: 288 - 425) per 100,000 population respectively. Conclusions and Lessons Learnt: Direct supervision of specimen collection by well-trained laboratory personnel, timely transportation of specimens from field to laboratory, prompt specimen processing and use of electronic data management systems are essential for a reliable TB disease prevalence survey data. More importantly, strengthening human and logistical capacity of the laboratory must be of utmost priority.
Numerical Investigation of a Mixed Convection Flow in a Lid-Driven Cavity  [PDF]
Reyad Omari
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2016.63026
Abstract: This study is devoted to the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of steady laminar mixed convection flow and heat transfer in lid driven cavity (10 ≤ Re ≤ 1000). The ratio of the height to the width of the cavity is ranged over H/L = 0.5 to 1.5. The governing equations are solved using commercial finite volume package FLUENT to visualize the nature of the flow and estimate the heat transfer inside the cavity for different aspect ratio. The simulation results are presented in terms of average Nusselt number of the hot wall, velocity profile, and temperature contours. It was found that the average Nusselt number inside the cavity is strongly governed by the aspect ratio as well as the Reynolds number. A parametric study is conducted to demonstrate the effect of aspect ratio on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. It is found that heat transfer enhancement was obtained by decreasing the aspect ratio and/or increasing the Reynolds number.
Intrarectal quinine for treating Plasmodium falciparum malaria: a systematic review
Michael Eisenhut, Aika Omari, Harriet G MacLehose
Malaria Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-4-24
Abstract: All randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials comparing intrarectal with intramuscular or intravenous quinine for treating people with falciparum malaria located through the following sources were included: Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS and CINAHL. Trial quality was assessed and data, including adverse event data, were extracted. Dichotomous data were analysed using odds ratios and continuous data using weighted mean difference.Eight randomized controlled trials (1,247 children) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The same principal investigator led seven of the trials. Five compared intrarectal with intravenous quinine, and six compared intrarectal with intramuscular treatment. No statistically significant difference was detected for death, parasite clearance by 48 hours and seven days, parasite and fever clearance time, coma recovery time, duration of hospitalization and time before drinking began. One trial (898 children) reported that intrarectal was less painful than intramuscular administration.No difference in the effect on parasites and clinical illness was detected for the use of intrarectal quinine compared with other routes, but most trials were small. Pain during application may be less with intrarectal quinine. Further larger trials, in patients with severe malaria and in adults, are required before the intrarectal route could be recommended.Plasmodium falciparum malaria often causes serious illness, particularly in Africa, South-East Asia and South America. An estimated 200 million episodes of clinical malaria and two million deaths occur in children under five years old in Africa every year [1].Uncomplicated malarial illness is usually treated with oral drugs [2]. But as vomiting is a prominent feature in 30 to 50 per cent of people with P. falciparum malaria [3-6], those who present to hospital with persistent vomiting (regardless of severity of disease) or severe malaria require other
Thermal Properties of Ferrimagnetic Systems  [PDF]
Aiman Al-Omari
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2011.14018
Abstract: The heat capacity of some ferrimagnets has additional structures like a shoulder in the Schottky-like peak, or emergence of a second peak when an external magnetic field is applied. It is shown here that the ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic elementary excitation spectra give rise to two independent heat capacity peaks, one enveloped by the other, which add up to give the peak for the total system. Taking this into account helps understand the additional structures in the peaks. Moreover, the classification of ferrimagnets into predominantly antiferromagnetic, ferromagnetic, or a mixture of the two is shown to be validated by studying them under additional influences like dimerization and frustration. Because these two are shown to influence the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic dispersion rela tions—and hence the quantities like heat capacity and magnetic susceptibility—by different amounts, the characterization of ferrimagnetic systems (1,1/2), (3/2,1) and (3/2,1/2) is brought out more clearly. Both these influences enhance antiferromagnetic character. PACS numbers: 75.10.Jm, 75.50.Ge.
Ferro- and Antiferromagnetic Aspects of Alternating Spin Systems  [PDF]
Aiman Al-Omari
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2011.14020
Abstract: Using linear spin-wave theory we have investigated the thermal properties of frustrated dimerized Heisenberg ferri- magnetic system with alternating spins and on one- and two-dimensional lattices. At intermediate temperature the susceptibility and the specific heat shows a minimum and a Schottky-like peak respectively. Frustration enhances the antiferromagnetic aspect in the system by causing a left-shift in the peak and the minimum which indicates that the antiferromagnetic behavior overbalance the ferromagnetic one at earlier temperatures. The effect of dimerization is different for the two form of the coupling constants. While the expanded form; , boosts the antiferro- magnetic behavior of the system by making a left-shift of the peak and the minimum, the distance-variable coupling constant; shifts them to the right opposing, for a while, the appearance of the antiferromagnetic aspect. The slope of after the minimum shows that the aspect of ferrimagnetic system with spins (3/2, 1) is more antiferromagnetic and the system with (3/2, 1/2) is ferromagnetic. Free energy and magnetization decreased by increasing dimerization as well as frustration. Both of them scales with PACS numbers: 75.10.Jm, 75.50.Ge.
Comparison of the Bayesian Methods on Interval-Censored Data for Weibull Distribution  [PDF]
Al Omari Mohammed Ahmed
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.48053
Abstract: This study considers the estimation of Maximum Likelihood Estimator and the Bayesian Estimator of the Weibull distribution with interval-censored data. The Bayesian estimation can’t be used to solve the parameters analytically and therefore Markov Chain Monte Carlo is used, where the full conditional distribution for the scale and shape parameters are obtained via Metropolis-Hastings algorithm. Also Lindley’s approximation is used. The two methods are compared to maximum likelihood counterparts and the comparisons are made with respect to the mean square error (MSE) to determine the best for estimating of the scale and shape parameters.
Influence of Control Modes of Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaic Generation on Grid Power Flow  [PDF]
Zakaria Al-Omari
Engineering (ENG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2014.613083
Abstract: Integration of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) generation into an existing distribution system has many impacts on the system, with the power flow being one of the major issues. This impact is not generic for any network, but it may manifest itself either positively or negatively, depending on the grid configuration, interface control modes, operation mode, and load profile. Grid-connected PV systems have three control options of the local voltage controller of the interface DC-AC converter. These control modes are Power Factor control, voltage control, and Droop Voltage control. This paper aims at evaluating and comparing the impacts of those control modes on the grid power flow. A set of evaluation criteria and indices is defined and mathematically formulated. Based on the requirements of the used program (Power Factory Dig Silent V14.1.3), a computation plan (algorithm) has been proposed. The algorithm has been applied to a typical weak network and a wide range of simulations has been carried out. Simulation results have been thoroughly discussed and important findings have been concluded.
Loss of parental responsibility – a new legal instrument between need of protection of the best interest of the child and respect of parent fundamental rights
Sonila Omari
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2011.04.08
Abstract: Foreign direct investments are very important for the implementation of strategic reforms, transfer of advanced technologies and managerial methods, thereby stimulating economic growth in developing countries and in particular, transition economies such as Albania is. During the last years, Albania experienced an increase in foreign investors’ interest in a wide range of sectors, with energy generation, telecommunication, cement production, mining, oil and industrial parks heading the list. However, the major obstacle factors for FDI inflows seem to remain the same: pervasive corruption, weak law enforcement, poor rule of law, lack of developed infrastructure, lack of a reliable energy supply and insufficiently defined property rights. Determining the factors that attract FDI, and furthermore identify the main characteristics of the host country’s economy, are essential to understand the reason of FDI inflows to a country or region. In the empirical perspective, various studies give different results. More specifically, this paper has focused on determining the factors for and against FDI in Albania.
The Third World Option in a Globalized Building Materials Market: The Nigeria Case Study
AMO Atolagbe
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2009,
Abstract: Globalization has been described as a world phenomenon that provides a level ground for competitive rivalry between economies, skills, goods, technological and industrial products, etc, from every part of the global World- More Developed Countries (MDC) and Less Developed Countries (LDC) alike. In this study, the extent to which the ground is “level” for globalization is examined between the more and less developed nations of the world, using Nigeria as a study case for the latter. The study examines the relationship of globalization to the level of industrial and economic development of nations in general, and specifically, the industrial and economic status of Nigeria in the committee of nations. The study notes the wide disparity in the level of industrialization and economic development between the more and less developed countries of the world. Drawing from history and experience and enlisting certain social economic and environmental theories relevant to the industrial and economic development of nations the study concludes and makes a case against third world nations from procuring building materials from a globalized market. Further, the study suggests the enactment of state policy measures and interventions capable of protecting native industries and production technology from the choking influences of those from industrially, more developed, nations of the world.
Plato: White and Non-white Love
Amo Sulaiman
Kritike : an Online Journal of Philosophy , 2009,
Abstract: Plato’s dialogues, the Symposium, and Phaedrus, provide a reasonableexplanation of love. G. Vlastos and M. Nussbaum do not share such anopinion. The former contends that Plato’s view of love is about lovingonly a person’s beauty, but not the entire person; thus, it falls short of anappropriate explanation of love. The latter holds that a theory of love should be complete, and that Plato’s one is incomplete on the grounds that it does not account for personal love. These criticisms will be re-evaluated in light of the duality of love (the white and non-white horses—in Phaedrus) as well as participants’ views in the Symposium; a re-assessment will weaken the mentioned objections. This paper contends that from the Symposium and Phaedrus, one can have a fruitful understanding of being in love, being out of love, falling inlove, loving for its own sake and being erotically in love. In order to account for these related issues of love it is important to consider Plato’s works in terms of his “official” and “unofficial” views. The former is construed as the doctrine of the lover or loving for its own sake: this is associates with Diotima’s views which are repeated by Socrates. With reference to the latter, it is possible to explain what personal love or being in love, being out of love, falling in love, and being erotically in love involve. Erotic love will be interpreted as an extension of our philosophical conception of love, related to views of love that are mentioned in the Symposium other than Socrates’ report of Diotima’s conceptions. This paper is divided into two parts: the first one will show views of love in the Symposium. That is, being in love, being out of love, falling in love and loving for its own sake will be discussed. In addition, the forementioned criticisms will be re-evaluated. In the second section, we will show that Aristophanes’ speech expresses erotic love, and then Kant’s objections will be explained and discussed.
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