OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721



匹配条件: “ Mercy Fumi ” ,找到相关结果约283条。
Philip Arthur, Mercy Fumi & Martin
The Dawn Journal , 2012,
Abstract: A common phenomenon of global interest is advertisement. The Ghanaian media is replete with all kinds of advertisements ranging from education, through social issues to business. It is in lis-tening to some of these advertisements that my appetite was whipped to look at their linguistic make up. This paper examines closely the linguistic structures and strategies that are employed by the advertiser to persuade potential users of their goods and services. The study reveals that advertisers employ various styles including dialogues, straight forward presentation, repetition, jingles, catch-phrases, superlative adjectives and pattern repetition in persuading their audience to use their products and services.
Microcredit Schemes: A Tool for Promoting Rural Savings Capacity among Poor Farm Families: A Case Study in the Eastern Region of Ghana  [PDF]
Mercy Asamoah, Franklin Manu Amoah
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31003
Abstract: Savings mobilization is crucial for any viable economic and investment activity. In rural agricul-ture, the ability to save or to mobilize capital in cash at bank or stock of wealth is a major prerequisite as the collateral for accessing bank loans. The ability to save among rural poor households is however, difficult due to their low income levels and inability to make personal savings commitment. According to Yunus (2000) [1], failure of traditional financial institutions to extend credit to the poor is the single most important reason for the perpetuation of poverty. Nevertheless, since the early 1980s, microfinance scheme has been identified as a useful tool that can effectively mobilise savings among poor households. Yunus (2003) [2] indicated that micro-credit schemes have developed unique characteristics in terms of unconventional approaches, organizational and lending procedures that have resulted in high rates of repayments, savings mobilization and the ability to nurture a culture of commitment and self-reliance of poor people. The objective of this study was to assess the role microfinance plays in savings mobilization among farm households, analyse the extent of savings mobilized by participants and evaluate the conditions for membership of such schemes. A total of 212 respondents in organised cocoa farmer Associations since 2010 in the Eastern region were interviewed using formal questionnaires. The results indicated that the microfinance model had helped the respondents, mainly small-scale cocoa farmers, to mobilize substantial savings in a convenient and tailor made way. The majority who did not have any savings culture before joining the schemes were surprised about their savings potential through the group concept. Also, the schemes allayed the fear of the participants to take credit from financial institutions with high (over 95%) repayment culture using peer support, group guarantee and social capital generated through the formation of associations. They also had easy access to farm inputs such as fertilizer to maintain their cocoa farms because of their savings mobilization. It is concluded that microfinance model is a potential tool that promotes savings culture which gives access to credit for small-scale cocoa farmers to purchase farm inputs to increase productivity and enhance their livelihood.
Mother tongue policies and mathematical terminology in the teaching of mathematics
Mercy Kazima
Pythagoras , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/pythagoras.v0i67.74
Abstract: The Department of Education in South Africa advocates collaborative and constructivist learning; however, observations indicate that little discussion occurs in most multilingual mathematics classes. In this paper we draw on a pilot study set in the Eastern Cape where teachers were introduced to the theory and practice of exploratory talk, and then tasked to perform an action research project on introducing discussion in their own multilingual mathematics classrooms. The results of the study suggest some successes in terms of teachers initiating exploratory talk and highlight the fact that these successes were only achieved where code switching between English and isiXhosa formed an integral part of the process.
Experiences of Community Members on Reporting Community Maternal Deaths in Mangochi District of Malawi  [PDF]
Jane Dzoole, Mercy Pindani, Alfred Maluwa
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.53027
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of community stakeholders on reporting community maternal deaths to relevant authorities in Mangochi District of Malawi. The study employed qualitative hermeneutic phenomenology approach to data collection, analysis and interpretation. It was conducted in three health zones of Mangochi district which are Monkey-bay, Mangochi boma and Namwera zones. Purposive sampling was used to select major community stakeholders on issues of safe motherhood and these were; Village heads, Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs), safe motherhood volunteers and members of village health committees (VHCs). A total of eighteen in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions were conducted. Descriptive statistics were computed for the demographic variables and the qualitative data were analysed using modified Colaizzi (1978) method based on Heideggerian and Gademerian philosophy. Findings showed that community maternal deaths were not always reported because there were no records in the district. Most participants lacked knowledge on the process and their role in reporting community maternal deaths despite knowing the importance of reporting such deaths. However, findings indicated a positive perception of participants towards reporting community maternal deaths to authorities. The study recommends that health education be offered to community members and Health Surveillance Assistants regarding reporting maternal deaths to improve the situation.
Os Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) da Esta??o Ecológica da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, com ênfase nas espécies de Pimplinae
Kumagai, Alice Fumi;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262002000200011
Abstract: the ichneumonidae (hymenoptera) of the esta??o ecológica of the universidade federal de minas gerais, belo horizonte, with emphasis on the pimplinae species. in one annual cycle 83,712 insects were captured, of which 2,339 were ichneumonidae, belonging to 17 subfamilies; they were collected by a malaise trap placed in a montane semidecidual seasonal forest, inside the campus. among the collected ichneumonids there were 13 genera and 30 species of pimplinae, of which pimpla croceiventris was the most frequent species. the species richness of pimplinae was greater in the ecological station in belo horizonte, mg than in other localities studied.
Time Course of Functional Connectivity in Primate Dorsolateral Prefrontal and Posterior Parietal Cortex during Working Memory
Fumi Katsuki, Christos Constantinidis
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081601
Abstract: The dorsolateral prefrontal and posterior parietal cortex play critical roles in mediating attention, working memory, and executive function. Despite proposed dynamic modulation of connectivity strength within each area according to task demands, scant empirical data exist about the time course of the strength of effective connectivity, particularly in tasks requiring information to be sustained in working memory. We investigated this question by performing time-resolved cross-correlation analysis for pairs of neurons recorded simultaneously at distances of 0.2–1.5 mm apart of each other while monkeys were engaged in working memory tasks. The strength of effective connectivity determined in this manner was higher throughout the trial in the posterior parietal cortex than the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Significantly higher levels of parietal effective connectivity were observed specifically during the delay period of the task. These differences could not be accounted for by differences in firing rate, or electrode distance in the samples recorded in the posterior parietal and prefrontal cortex. Differences were present when we restricted our analysis to only neurons with significant delay period activity and overlapping receptive fields. Our results indicate that dynamic changes in connectivity strength are present but area-specific intrinsic organization is the predominant factor that determines the strength of connections between neurons in each of the two areas.
Factors Affecting Women's Participation In The Labour Force In Nigeria
Mercy O Uwakwe
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2004,
Abstract: Women are major stakeholders in the development of the society. However, their contributions are hampered by certain impediments that affect them as individuals. More women work today than ever before. This paper examines factors that affect women's active participation in the labour force and discusses some measures for correcting this anomaly. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research Vol. 4 (2) 2004: 43-53
Reduplication in Nigerian Pidgin: A Versatile Communication Tool?
Mercy Ugot,Afolabi Ogundipe
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2011.227.233
Abstract: This study focuses on the various reduplication strategies employed to enrich the vocabulary of the Nigerian Pidgin (NP) given the limited internal resourcefulness of the language which cannot precisely and adequately capture certain terms, concepts, ideas and notions. The focus of this paper therefore is on the various reduplicative techniques that have been used to form verbal categories and lexical items in the language. The basic assumption is that in a multilingual/multi pluralistic society such as Nigeria with diverse languages, there is need to have a deliberate interventionist policy to encourage the growth of a language that serves as a common denominator in a multilingual Nigeria.
Neonatal intensive care unit: Reservoirs of Nosocomial pathogens
Mercy J Newman
West African Journal of Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: Improvement in the care and treatment of neonates had contributed to their increased survival. Nosocomial infection remains an important problem in intensive care units. Hospital wards had been shown to act as reservoirs of pathogenic microorganisms associated with infection. To assess the prevalence of pathogenic organisms in the environment of the neonatal unit, 92 swabs were randomly collected from cots, incubators and various equipments in the unit and were cultured on Blood agar and MacConkey agar plates. Air contamination was detected by exposing the same types of agar plates for 3 hours in several areas of the unit. After 48 hours incubation, isolates were identified biochemically. There is marked congestion in the unit. Ninety one percent of swabs yielded growth, with coagulase negative Staphylococcus being the predominant organism (44%), followed by Bacillus species (20%), E. coli (12.5%), and Klebsiella (8.5%), Pseudomonas species (3.6%) and moulds (3.6%). Sedimentation plates had colony counts of from 10 - 100 per plate and the majority of the cultures were polymicrobial cultures. The presence of various Gram-negative bacili including known neonatal pathogens (like E. Coli and Pseudomonas) especially on ward equipment and congestion in the ward has the potential to cause nosocomial infection.
Mathematical knowledge for teaching: Adding to the description through a study of probability in practice
Mercy Kazima,Jill Adler
Pythagoras , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/pythagoras.v33i63.108
Abstract: In their description of the mathematical work of teaching, Ball, Bass & Hill (2004) describe the mathematical problem solving that teachers do as they go about their work. In this paper we add to this description through our study of teaching of probability in a grade 8 multilingual classroom in South Africa. We use instances of teaching to highlight the mathematical problem solving that teachers might face as they work with learners’ ideas, both expected and unexpected. We discuss the restructuring of tasks as an inevitable feature of teachers’ work, and argue that in addition to scaling up or scaling down of the task as Ball et al. (2004) describe, restructuring can also entail shifting the mathematical outcomes from those intended. We also point out how well known issues in mathematics education, for example working with learners’ everyday knowledge, and the languages they bring to class, are highlighted by the context of probability, enabling additional insights into the mathematical work of teaching.

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