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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10601 matches for " Menghao Du "
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The Volatiles from Fermentation Product of Tuber formosanum  [PDF]
Menghao Du, Sume Huang, Jingwen Wang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.44047
The mycelium of T. formosanum (characterized by DNA analysis) grown in a sterile liquid medium produced some VOCs. The VOCs were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 23 compounds were identified and quantified. Among them, the main compounds were Dimethyl sulfide (19.82%), Isopropyl alcohol (9.84 ng/l), 2-Butanone (9.24%), Ethanol (7.84%), and 1, 3-Pentadiene (5.46%).
Physicochemical Properties and Nutritional Ingredients of Kernel Oil of Carya cathayensis Sarg  [PDF]
Lisong Hu, Menghao Du, Jingping Zhang
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.912180
Abstract: Carya cathayensis Sarg is distributed near Tianmu mountain areas in Zhejiang Province and Anhui Province, China. Kernel of Carya cathayensis Sarg, which is well-known for the daintiness and nutritional content, is popular and very delicious food in eastern China. In this paper, we investigated the physiochemical properties and nutrient gradients of the kernel oil of Carya cathayensis Sarg. The results showed that the kernel oil of Carya cathayensis Sarg contained 63% of fat, 9.1% of proteins, 3.6% of starch and 4.6% of soluble proteins (based ration of weight). The compositions of the fatty acids were very similar to olive oil, and the total unsaturated fatty acids were 94%. Meanwhile, the kernel oil of Carya cathayensis Sarg also contained some polyphenols such as vanillic acid, ferulic acid, 3-methoxybenzoic acid and quercetin. The content of total polyphenols was 9.7 μg/g. Furthermore, the kernel oil of Carya cathayensis Sarg also contained some trace amount of squalene, β-Sitosterol, Vitamin E.
Application Status and Prospect of Pinus massoniana Sawdust as the Substrate for the Cultivation of Edible Fungi  [PDF]
Jinping Zhang, Menghao Du
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2017.812082
In this paper, the research status of using Pinus massoniana sawdust for the cultivation of edible fungi was analyzed and discussed. It was found that Pinus massoniana sawdust contained the material base of edible fungi with sufficient cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin and a small amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, other mineral salts, and some vitamins for the growth of edible fungi. However, the Pinus massoniana wood contained a significant amount of terpenoids, which are detrimental to the growth of edible fungus and mycelial. The major and current detoxification methods for Pinus massoniana sawdust were analyzed, such as steaming method, distillation method, lime water immersion method, outdoor piling fermentation method, and chemical method. Their advantages and disadvantages were discussed and reviewed. Finally, the major issues in the application of Pinus massoniana sawdust as the cultivation substrate of edible fungi were analyzed, and the application prospect of Pinus massoniana sawdust as the substrate for the cultivation of edible fungi was also reviewed.
Chemistry of the Main Component of Essential Oil of Litsea cubeba and Its Derivatives  [PDF]
Lisong Hu, Menghao Du, Jingping Zhang, Yangdong Wang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.45050
Abstract: The tree of Litsea cubeba is widely spread in China, Indonesia and other part of Southeast Asia. The essential oil of Litsea cubeba (EOLC) is obtained by steam distillation from the pepper-like fruits tree Litsea cubeba. The EOLC consists of about 29 active compounds. Among them, citral is the main component; the content of citral is nearly 80% of the EOLC. Due to the special function group, citral is easy to react with many chemicals. Thus, EOLC is usually applied as starting material to carry out aldol condensation, reduction, and six-member ring forming reaction. The EOLC is extensively employed to synthesis of geranal nitriles, pseudonoe, ionone, methyl ionone, Vitamin E and Vitamin A. These products are broadly applied in the fields of fragrance, perfume, medicine and so on. This paper presents comprehensive utilization of EOLC as raw materials to synthesize many active chemicals.
Present Situation and Prospective of Camellia Nut Shells Utilization  [PDF]
Jinping Zhang, Lisong Hu, Zhoulian Wang, Menghao Du, Xiaohua Yao
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.57066
Abstract: With the rapid development of Camellia oleifera industry, more and more Camellia nut shells have been produced, leading to serious environmental pollution problem. This paper reviews the works on the characterization of the physical and chemical properties of Camellia nut shells, active ingredient extraction, its application in chemical production, growing media and animal feed and its properties as a biomass. Based on the review, we proposed a novel all-component high value application strategy to covert camellia nut shells into high value biomasses, which could realize waste recycling and environmental protection.
Anti-Fatigue Effect of Blended Camellia oleifera Abel Tea Oil and Ge-132 in Mice  [PDF]
Lisong Hu, Xuezhi Fang, Menghao Du, Jingping Zhang
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.615152
Abstract: Nowadays, people are busier and busier for working and living, and suffer a lot of pressure on their body or mind. Therefore, people are prone to have fatigue activity and decrease their working efficiency and happiness. It was reported that fatigue is a common symptom in the community, with up to half of the general population complaining of fatigue. More and more researchers devoted themselves to studying natural active ingredients in organism as the anti-fatigue drugs to release fatigue symptom. However, these natural ingredients were difficult to obtain from plants, animals and microorganisms by separating and purifying. In addition, some active substances have many side effects. In our study, we employed tea seed oil as main ingredients blended with bis-(carboxyethylgermanium) sesquioxide (Ge-132) to investigate the effects of anti-fatigue on mice by administrating mice with low dose, intermediate dose and high dose of tea seed oil complex for 0, 2 or 4 weeks. The specific tests of studying effects of anti-fatigue were body weight, weight-loaded force swimming, blood urea nitrogen, blood lactic acid and hepaticglycogen. And the results showed that appropriate level of tea seed oil complex could decrease the body weight and prolong the weight-loaded swimming time, and had an active effect on the bloodurea nitrogen, hepatic glycogen and blood lactic acid level mice, which significantly embodied the anti-fatigue activity of tea seed oil complex.
Isolation of Total Saponins from Sapindus mukorossi Gaerth  [PDF]
Menghao Du, Sumei Huang, Jinping Zhang, Jingwen Wang, Lisong Hu, Jingmin Jiang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.41004

The study has been carried out to investigate the effects of single factors such as solvents extraction temperature, times, solid-liquid ration, and the time of extractions on the yields of saponins present in the pulp of Sapindus mukorossi Gaerth. On this basis, an L9 orthogonal design of experiment was adopted to determine the optimal conditions for the extraction of saponins. The factors that influence the extraction of saponins are put in the order of extraction times, extraction time, solid-liquid ration, and the best combination is that the powder of the pulp is extracted with EtOH (solid-to-solvent ratio = 1:8, w/v) for three times at 60°C for 3 hours. Under these conditions, about 1.63 g saponins will be extracted from 10 g raw material. The stability test showed that the Sapindus mukuross saponins can maintain surface activity at water temperature (25°C - 40°C), pH (6.3 - 7.7) and water hardness (50 - 250 mg.L-1). It is proved that Sapindus mukuross saponins are quality non-ionic active agent.

Toxicolological Test of Saponins from Sapindus mukorossi Gaerth  [PDF]
Menghao Du, Sumei Huang, Jinping Zhang, Jingwen Wang, Lisong Hu, Jingmin Jiang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.57067
Abstract: The study has been carried out to investigate acute oral toxicity, acute dermal toxicity in SPF rats and dermal irritation in rabbits. The result shows: 1) acute oral toxicity test shows that LD50 of saponins from Sapindus mukorossi is 9260 mg/kg (95% confidence interval is 6360 - 13,500 mg/kg) and 7940 mg/kg (95% confidence interval is 4890 - 12,900 mg/kg); 2) acute dermal toxicity test shows that LD50 of saponins from Sapindus mukorossi is more than 5000 mg/kg in both female and male Wistar rats; 3) dermal irritation test in rabbits shows that the average score of dermal irritation per day of each rabbit is zero after 14 days of continuous dermal irritation. According to the classification standard of toxicity in “Hygienic Standard for Cosmetics” (2002 version), the sample is classified as “practical nontoxic” and “non dermal irritation”. Thus, we can conclude that the saponin extraction from S. mukorossi Gaerth is safe for cosmetics.
Coating of Mineral Acids with Niobic Solid Acid for Preparing Furfural from Nut Shell of Camellia oleifera Abel  [PDF]
Lisong Hu, Menghao Du, Jingping Zhang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.65037
Abstract: Nut shell of Camellia oleifera Abel which has large scale of plantation in mountainous region of southern China is abundant renewable resource. The nut shell is suitable for preparation of furfural, as the content of which is as much as 16% (based the dried nut shell). In early time, mineral acids were employed as typically catalyst for preparing of furfural from the nut shells. These mineral acids could pollute water and corrode equipment. In this paper we used various mineral acids coating with niobic acid as catalysts to investigate reactions for preparation of furfural. Among these catalysts, the catalyst of sulfuric acid coating with niobic acid was found to be very effective, which had higher hammett acidity and better effect of hydrolysis of the nut shells; The catalysts of sulfuric acid coating with niobic acid was characterized, and the conditions of preparation of the catalyst were investigated. The optimum conditions were: sulfuric acid as coating acid, the concentration of sulfuric 1.1 mol/L, impregnation time 8 h, calcination time 8 h and calcination temperature 450°C. Then hydrolysis of the nut shells was explored, the optimum conditions were as follows: dose of catalyst 20%, ratio of solid to liquid 1:15, reaction temperature 100°C, reaction time 4 h; Under this condition, the yield of furfural was 8.7%.
Hemicellulose-Based Hydrogels Present Status and Application Prospects: A Brief Review  [PDF]
Lisong Hu, Menghao Du, Jinping Zhang
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.81002
Abstract: Hemicellulose is one of the most abundant natural resources, which extensively exist in the pant tissues as the compositions of the cell wall filling between lignin and cellulose. In this review, the hemicellulose based hydrogels was illustrated in details including the hemicellulose derivatives (such as precursor of hemicellulose based hydrogel), hydrogels fabrication methods, origin of hemicellulose, composite hydrogels, and so on. In addition, the authors as well overviewed the new methods for fabrication of hemicellulose based hydrogels and special functional hemicellulose based hydrogels.
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