oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 60 matches for " McMurdo MET "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /60
Display every page Item
Optimal management of urinary tract infections in older people
Beveridge L, Davey PG, Phillips G, McMurdo MET
Clinical Interventions in Aging , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S13423
Abstract: imal management of urinary tract infections in older people Review (12223) Total Article Views Authors: Beveridge L, Davey PG, Phillips G, McMurdo MET Published Date June 2011 Volume 2011:6 Pages 173 - 180 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S13423 Louise A Beveridge1, Peter G Davey2, Gabby Phillips3, Marion ET McMurdo1 1Ageing and Health, Division of Medical Sciences, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, 2Health Informatics Centre, University of Dundee, 3Medical Microbiology Department, NHS Tayside Abstract: Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur frequently in older people. Unfortunately, UTI is commonly overdiagnosed and overtreated on the basis of nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. The diagnosis of a UTI in the older patient requires the presence of new urinary symptoms, with or without systemic symptoms. Urinalysis is commonly used to diagnose infection in this population, however, the evidence for its use is limited. There is overwhelming evidence that asymptomatic bacteriuria should not be treated. Catheter associated urinary tract infection accounts for a significant amount of hospital-associated infection. Indwelling urinary catheters should be avoided where possible and alternatives sought. The use of narrow spectrum antimicrobial agents for urinary tract infection is advocated. Local guidelines are now widely used to reflect local resistance patterns and available agents. Guidelines need to be updated to reflect changes in antimicrobial prescribing and a move from broad to narrow spectrum antimicrobials.
Optimal management of urinary tract infections in older people
Beveridge L,Davey PG,Phillips G,McMurdo MET
Clinical Interventions in Aging , 2011,
Abstract: Louise A Beveridge1, Peter G Davey2, Gabby Phillips3, Marion ET McMurdo11Ageing and Health, Division of Medical Sciences, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, 2Health Informatics Centre, University of Dundee, 3Medical Microbiology Department, NHS TaysideAbstract: Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur frequently in older people. Unfortunately, UTI is commonly overdiagnosed and overtreated on the basis of nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. The diagnosis of a UTI in the older patient requires the presence of new urinary symptoms, with or without systemic symptoms. Urinalysis is commonly used to diagnose infection in this population, however, the evidence for its use is limited. There is overwhelming evidence that asymptomatic bacteriuria should not be treated. Catheter associated urinary tract infection accounts for a significant amount of hospital-associated infection. Indwelling urinary catheters should be avoided where possible and alternatives sought. The use of narrow spectrum antimicrobial agents for urinary tract infection is advocated. Local guidelines are now widely used to reflect local resistance patterns and available agents. Guidelines need to be updated to reflect changes in antimicrobial prescribing and a move from broad to narrow spectrum antimicrobials.Keywords: urinary tract infection, elderly, review
Türk-Romen Clearing S zle mesi ve Ekonomik li kilere Etkileri (1935-1938)//// Turkish-Romanian Clearing Agreement and its Effects on the Economic Relations (1935-1938)
?mer MET?N
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: From th eearly years of the republic of Turkey, whichunderwentimportanttransformations in allareasincludingindustrialization,Turkey minimiz edits foreign dependence for several maj r products starting with the 1930s. Turkey also took various measure stoboost exports and reduce imports.One of them is the"Clearing", i.e. the exchange system. From 1933, Turkey triedtohave imports from countries with which Turkey made a Clearing Agreement. Based on thearchives in Turkey and Romania, this article will examine theTurkishRomanian Clearing Agreementandits effects on the economic relations.
The Effect of Regular Training with Vitamin E Supplementation on the Thioredoxine System in Rats
G?khan MET?N
Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of both regular swimming training and vitamin E supplementation on the thioredoxin system, one of the key player in defense against oxidative stress. In order to examine the effects of regular physical exercise on the antioxidant defenses of tissues and on their susceptibility to damage induced by exercise, the activity of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) have been determined.Materials and Methods: Four groups of male rats were used. Two groups were trained to swim for nine weeks. One trained and one sedentary group received vitamin E supplementation for four days a week.Results: Thiobarbituric acid-reacting substance (TBARS) levels of the trained group significantly decreased (p<0.01) in the liver and the brain. Meanwhile, both regular exercise and vitamin E supplementation caused increases (p<0.001) in TrxR activities in all tissues.Conclusion: These results suggest that increased activity of TrxR is an important oxidative response of the thioredoxin system and plays an important protection role against protein damage. It is also likely that vitamin E depletion in oxidative stress may require recycling process of this molecule in relation to TrxR, supporting with the TrxR activities of tissues in both trained and vitamin E-supplemented group.
Florence Mourlhon-Dallies, Enseigner une langue à des fins professionnelles
Monique Mémet
Recherche et Pratiques Pédagogiques en Langues de Spécialité : Cahiers de l'APLIUT , 2012,
Abstract: La langue de référence au c ur de l’ouvrage de Florence Mourlhon-Dallies, Enseigner une langue à des fins professionnelles, est le fran ais ; cependant l’auteur s’appuie sur l’anglais de spécialité (ASP) pour l’étude de ce qu’elle dénomme le fran ais langue professionnelle . C’est l’une des raisons pour lesquelles est présenté dans la revue ASp cet ouvrage qui, selon la 4e de couverture, s’adresse à un public de chercheurs en didactique des langues, enseignants de langues (pour adultes),...
Ana Bocanegra Valle, Maria del Carmen Lario de O ate & Elena López Torres (Dir.), English for Specific Purposes: Studies for classroom development and implementation
Monique Mémet
Recherche et Pratiques Pédagogiques en Langues de Spécialité : Cahiers de l'APLIUT , 2012,
Abstract: L’association AEFLE (Asociación Europea de Lenguas para Fines Específicos), créée en 1992, publie une revue, Iberica, dont le rédacteur en chef, Ana Bocanegra Valle, avec deux autres collègues, a co-dirigé en 2007 un ouvrage intitulé English for Specific Purposes: Studies for classroom development and implementation. Le recueil, qui comprend douze articles d’enseignants chercheurs espagnols membres du groupe de recherche en anglais de spécialité de l’Université de Cadix, présente un éventail ...
Fran ois Maniez (dir.), Dorland Dictionnaire médical bilingue fran ais-anglais / anglais-fran ais
Monique Mémet
Recherche et Pratiques Pédagogiques en Langues de Spécialité : Cahiers de l'APLIUT , 2012,
Abstract: Le Dorland Dictionnaire médical bilingue est la version fran aise d’un ouvrage dont la première édition fut publiée en 1898, sous la forme de l’American Pocket Medical Dictionary puis du Dorland’s Pocket Medical Dictionary (p. v) ; la version anglaise en est à sa 28e édition. Dans la préface à l’édition fran aise, le directeur de l’ouvrage, Fran ois Maniez, souligne que les dictionnaires médicaux destinés à des francophones comprennent soit la définition des termes choisis (c’est le cas d...
La odisea de un concepto nómada: el desarrollo sustentable en la órbita de la geografía.
Vincent Clémet
Cultura-Hombre-Sociedad , 2005, DOI: 10.7770/cuhso-v10n2-art311
Abstract: Los principios del desarrollo sustentable se articulan alrededor de un tríptico formado por la durabilidad medio ambiental, la viabilidad económica y la equidad social. Sin embargo, en cada ámbito relacionado con el tema, el contenido y los objetivos dados a este concepto pueder ser sensiblemente diferentes. Para la investigación en geografía, qu epostura es conveniente adoptar? O su incertidumbre semántica nos conduce de manera inexorale hacia un vagabundeo de las ideas? El objetivo central de este artículo es intentar situar el concepto de desarrollo sustentable en la órbita de la geografía, en una óptica comparativa con disciplinas vecinas. Para ello, es necesario acercarse sin tabúes a los problemas planteados por este concepto y analizar en que medida la geografía podría enriquecer las reflexiones sobre este nuevo paradigma.
A study on developing a general attitude scale about environmental issues for students in different grade levels
Mustafa MET?N
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to develop a general attitude scale about environmental issues (GASE) for students in different grade levels. The research was carried out with the total 1225 students; 409 (33.4%) were primary school students in grades 5, 6, 7 and 8; 408 (33.3%) of the students were in grades 9, 10, 11 and 12 at high schools and the remaining 408 (33.3%) students were undergraduates at a university in Artvin. The study consists of five parts including a literature review, item pool, experts’ opinions, administration of scale and computing the reliability and validity. While constituting the pool of items, 21 students in different levels were asked to write a composition related to the environment and environmental issues. A pool of 46 items has been performed, which are directly concerned with the subject of attitude or accepted to be interested in, from the collected compositions. These were edited to 36 items by the opinion of the experts and the five point Likert draft scale. The draft scale was administered to 1,225 students and as a result of factor analysis, the number of items was reduced to 27. The Cronbach-Alpha internal integrity coefficient of the final version of the scale was found to be 0.88 after factor analysis was carried out. After computing the reliability of GASE, the scale is ready to be used.
Student Perception Problems in Using Historical Language: Semantic/Phonetic Connotation and Concept Loss
Erhan MET?N
Journal of Social Studies Education Research , 2012,
Abstract: Historical language is for the advanced education of students and for understanding the new, complex terminology which we are not accustomed to and the development of the language which has gradually been more complex. Being conscious of the historical language may be the products while learning the history. In other words, historical language is an important factor in learning and teaching the history. Therefore, the words may have different references according to context and situations they are used and they may also change in line with the situations the listener and the speaker encounter them. Moreover, communication not only involves the use of individual symbols (words), but also includes all of the structure of symbolic patterns (word groups and sentences). These larger groups have the same detailed relationships (related to reference areas) as in the separate words. A part of the general problem of communication may arise from the following fact. Words, word groups, clauses, sentences are the symbols which have specific references and reference areas for the speaker but it is not certain that the reference and reference areas would be transferred to listeners. The aim of this study is to determine the problems stemming from language use in history classes via analyzing the relationship between history education and language by considering the students’ perspective on history education and language relationship. At the same time it is the aim of this study to offer a unique model to show how the relationship between history education and language should be analyzed. Te study is based on a descriptive research model. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used. First of all, qualitative data are collected, analyzed and reached findings and then during the experimental process, which is designed considering these findings, quantitative data are collected, analyzed and the results are found. While collecting the data, literature is reviewed, observation and interview techniques are used. In this study, the students in secondary schools are observed in history classes to see how they use historical language. Moreover, the relationship between history education and language is analyzed from student perspective thus, perception problems which emerge while the students use historical language are identified. The results about these perception problems, semantic connotation and phonetic connotation, which are identified and defined in this study, are illustrated. The study is based on the observations of 168 9-grade students in four diffe
Page 1 /60
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.