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Short Retraction Notice
The following article has been retracted due to the
investigation of complaints received against it. The scientific community takes
a very strong view on this matter and we treat all unethical behavior seriously. In making this decision the
Editorial Board follows COPE's
Retraction Guidelines. Aim is to promote the circulation of scientific
research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due
consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The
Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any
inconvenience this retraction may have caused.
this retraction: Prof. Geoffrey Sperber (EB of FMAR)
The？full retraction notice？in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\"
High Performance concrete (HPC) has received increased attention in the
development of infrastructure Viz., Buildings, Industrial Structures, Hydraulic
Structures, Bridges and Highways etc. leading to utilization of large quantity
of concrete. This paper presents a comprehensive coverage of High Performance concrete
developments in civil engineering field. It highlights the High Performance
concrete features and requirements over conventional concrete. Furthermore,
recent trends with regard to High Performance Concrete development in this area
are explored. This paper also includes effect of Mineral and Chemical
Admixtures used to improve performance of concrete.
In the existing formalism of quantum states,
probability amplitudes of quantum states are complex numbers. A composition of entangled
quantum states, such as a Bell state, cannot be decomposed into its constituent quantum states,
implying that quantum states lose their identities when they get entangled.
This is contrary to the observation that a composition of entangled quantum
states decays back to its constituent quantum states. To eliminate this
discrepancy, this paper introduces a new type of numbers, called virtual
numbers, which produce zero upon multiplication with complex numbers. In the proposed formalism of quantum states,
probability amplitudes of quantum states are general numbers made of complex
and virtual numbers. A composition of entangled quantum states, such as a Bell state,
can then be decomposed into its constituent quantum states, implying that
quantum states retain their identities when they get entangled.