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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 186320 matches for " Mauricio Rodrigues de; "
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O conceito de esclarecimento em Horkheimer, Adorno e Freud: apontamentos para um debate
Souza, Mauricio Rodrigues de;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822011000300004
Abstract: this article analyses the concept of enlightenment in horkheimer, adorno and freud. therefore, it traces a parallel between two of the most representative works of these authors in terms of cultural criticism: the concept of enlightenment and the future of an illusion, respectively. although an initial approach might suggest different theoretical perspectives, we emphasize that they can be taken as complementary in defense of a more adequate using of conceptual thought.
Etologia, Antropologia e cinema: uma etnografia da violência em Sob o Domínio do Medo
Souza, Mauricio Rodrigues de;
Psicologia USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642009000400008
Abstract: this article is as an attempt to comprehend the phenomenon of aggression in its multiple aspects. in such a task we will take into account the theoretical references of ethology and social anthropology. in order to better illustrate the ideas exposed here, cinema will be used as an ethnographical resource. therefore, some parts of the movie straw dogs (1971) are going to be analyzed in more details.
A psicanálise e o complexo de édipo: (novas) observa??es a partir de Hamlet
Souza, Mauricio Rodrigues de;
Psicologia USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642006000200007
Abstract: this article is an exercise of comprehension of the oedipal complex in psychoanalysis. therefore, beyond tracing the development of the concept in the freud's work, it takes the story of hamlet as an illustrative device to testify through art the possible manifestations of the oedipian phenomenon. in conclusion, it also emphatises the possible inter-relations between psychoanalysis and tragedy.
Por uma educa??o antropológica: comparando as idéias de Bronislaw Malinowski e Paulo Freire
Souza, Mauricio Rodrigues de;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-24782006000300009
Abstract: this article analyses the ideas of malinowski and paulo freire proposing some proximities between anthropology and pedagogy. among the possibilities resulting from such a meeting, one certainly deserves special attention: the recommendation that anthropologists and teachers should always respect the community knowledge previously acquired by students and "natives" as the real starting point for the construction of science. in this way, it is possible to consider that in both disciplines knowledge be associated with a respect for alterity, a lesson they must share not only with other disciplines, but especially with the wider community.
Por uma educa o antropológica: comparando as idéias de Bronislaw Malinowski e Paulo Freire
Mauricio Rodrigues de Souza
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o , 2006,
Abstract: El presente trabajo analiza las ideas de Malinowski y Paulo Freire, proponiendo algunas proximidades entre la antropología y la pedagogía. Entre las posibilidades resultantes de tal encuentro, una ciertamente merece destaque: la recomendación de que antropólogos y profesores respeten siempre el saber-hacer comunitario y previamente adquirido por sus respectivos respectivos otros, alumnos o nativos , como un verdadero punto de partida para la construcción de la ciencia. De esta forma se puede pensar que en ambas disciplinas el conocimiento camina junto a un respeto por la alteridad, lección ésta que ellas deben compartir no solamente con otras áreas del saber, mas especialmente con la comunidad más amplia.
Bullying, Prejudice and Barbarism  [PDF]
Denise Raissa Lobato Chaves, Mauricio Rodrigues de Souza
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.79123
Abstract: Among the many kinds of violence at school, bullying is one of the most important subjects. This phenomenon consists of intentional physical and psychological violence directed to a specific person, who is considered fragile and inferior by the bully. Thus, bullying provides short and long term negative consequences to all involved, and is presents as potentially related to denial and rejection of others. Therefore, this research analyzes the conceptual limitations of bullying by utilizing Critical Theory as its main theoretical framework—more specifically the ideas of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer about education, emancipation, and prejudice. Lastly, it denounces the naturalization of bullying at school, and the alienation to the concept, revealing it to be a new form of barbarism that remains today.
Neurobehavioral, reflexological and physical development of Wistar rat offspring exposed to ayahuasca during pregnancy and lactation
Oliveira, Carolina Dizioli Rodrigues de;Moreira, Camila Queiroz;Spinosa, Helenice de Souza;Yonamine, Mauricio;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000170
Abstract: ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic beverage prepared by the decoction of plants native to the amazon basin region. the beverage has been used throughout the world by members of some syncretic religious movements. despite the recent legalization of ayahuasca in brazil for religious purposes, there is little pre-clinical and clinical information attesting to its safety, particularly in relation to the use during pregnancy. the aim of the current work was to determine the effects of perinatal exposure to ayahuasca (from the 6th day of pregnancy to the 10th day of lactation) on physical, reflexology and neurobehavioral parameters of the wistar rat offspring. the offspring showed no statistically significant changes in the physical and reflexology parameters evaluated. however, in adult rats, perinatally exposed to ayahuasca, an increase in frequency of entries in open arms in elevated plus-maze test, a decrease in total time of interaction in social interaction test, a decrease in time of latency for the animal to start swimming and a decrease of the minimum convulsant dose induced by pentylenetetrazol were observed. in conclusion, our results showed that the use of ayahuasca by mothers during pregnancy and lactation reduced the general anxiety and social motivation of the rat offspring. besides, it promoted a higher sensitivity for initiation and spread of seizure activity.
Neurobehavioral, reflexological and physical development of Wistar rat offspring exposed to ayahuasca during pregnancy and lactation
Carolina Dizioli Rodrigues de Oliveira,Camila Queiroz Moreira,Helenice de Souza Spinosa,Mauricio Yonamine
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2011,
Abstract: Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic beverage prepared by the decoction of plants native to the Amazon Basin region. The beverage has been used throughout the world by members of some syncretic religious movements. Despite the recent legalization of ayahuasca in Brazil for religious purposes, there is little pre-clinical and clinical information attesting to its safety, particularly in relation to the use during pregnancy. The aim of the current work was to determine the effects of perinatal exposure to ayahuasca (from the 6th day of pregnancy to the 10th day of lactation) on physical, reflexology and neurobehavioral parameters of the Wistar rat offspring. The offspring showed no statistically significant changes in the physical and reflexology parameters evaluated. However, in adult rats, perinatally exposed to ayahuasca, an increase in frequency of entries in open arms in elevated plus-maze test, a decrease in total time of interaction in social interaction test, a decrease in time of latency for the animal to start swimming and a decrease of the minimum convulsant dose induced by pentylenetetrazol were observed. In conclusion, our results showed that the use of ayahuasca by mothers during pregnancy and lactation reduced the general anxiety and social motivation of the rat offspring. Besides, it promoted a higher sensitivity for initiation and spread of seizure activity.
Resultados preliminares da artroplastia do quadril metal-metal de superfície: análise dos primeiros 40 casos com seguimento médio de 3 anos
Moraes, Mauricio de;Rodrigues, Rubens;Barr, Robert;Ono, Nelson Keiske;Fujiki, Edson Noboru;Milani, Carlo;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522008000100003
Abstract: forty hips (39 patients) were submitted to metal-on-metal hip replacement (resurfacing) between 2002 and 2005. evaluation was provided by clinical examination and x-ray tests. the authors performed clinical evaluations before and after surgery. the specific criterion applied was the d'aubigné and postel's classification. x-ray images showed radiolucent lines around the acetabular component on the zones described by delee and charnley and around the femoral component on the zones described by amstutz et al. the mean age was 54.40 years. the minimum follow-up period was 14 months (range:12 to 51 months). the outcomes of 94.44% of the patients in the study were postoperatively rated as satisfactory. there were 2 cases of aseptic loose and no neck-femoral fractures during the follow-up period. the authors concluded that this technique and implant alternative is satisfactory, with good early outcomes in a mean follow-up time of three years.
Determina??o de efedrinas em urina por cromatografia em fase gasosa (CG/DNP) para o controle da dopagem no esporte
Garcia, Paula Rodrigues;Yonamine, Mauricio;Moreau, Regina Lúcia de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-93322005000300008
Abstract: ephedrines are sympathomimetic amines present in many pharmaceutical preparations used in the treatment of respiratory diseases due to their actions against broncospasm and congestion. nowadays, several products sold as nutritional supplements contain ephedrines and are widely used in a diverse range of sports as weight loss aids and enhancement of athletic performance. however, the abuse of ephedrines may lead to a number of adverse effects including hypertension, headache, tachycardia and seizure. due to their cns stimulating action, ephedrines are included in the prohibited list of substances by the international olympic committee (ioc). urinary threshold concentrations were established (ephedrine and methylephedrine >10 μg/ml). the aim of this work was to develop and validate a method for the simultaneous determination of ephedrines present in urine samples for doping purposes by gas chromatography with nitrogenous-phosphorous detector (gc/npd). the method was based on a liquid-liquid extraction of alkalinized urine and further derivatization with trifluoroacetic anhydride (tfa). the validated method showed to be simple, practical and linear at the studied concentrations range. urine samples collected from volunteers, who reported the use of ephedrines, were submitted to the proposed method.
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