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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2752 matches for " Masahide Saito "
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Effect of Fucoidan Dietary Supplement on the Chemotherapy Treatment of Patients with Unresectable Advanced Gastric Cancer  [PDF]
Masahide Ikeguchi, Hiroaki Saito, Yasunari Miki, Takayuki Kimura
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.611111
Abstract: In Japan, S-1 plus cisplatin has become a standard regimen for the treatment of unresectable advanced gastric cancer; however, many patients are unable to continue effective chemotherapy because of the regimen’s severe side effects. Thus, control of drug toxicity is key to prolonging patient survival. Fucoidan is a major sulfated polysaccharide found in brown seaweeds and has a wide range of biological activities. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of fucoidan on suppressing the toxicity of chemotherapy drugs. Twenty-four patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer underwent treatment with S-1 plus cisplatin and were randomly allocated into a fucoidan treatment group (n = 12) or a control group without fucoidan treatment (n = 12). The study results demonstrated that fucoidan controlled the occurrence of fatigue during chemotherapy and patients could continue chemotherapy for longer time periods by maintaining the patients’ favorable nourishment status. As a result, the survival of patients with fucoidan treatment was longer than that of patients without fucoidan. Thus, fucoidan should be included as a key food supplement for patients with gastrointestinal carcinomas who are suffering from the adverse side effects of chemotherapy.
Drift-Induced Step Instabilities Due to the Gap in the Diffusion Coefficient
Masahide Sato,Makio Uwaha,Yukio Saito
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.11.060
Abstract: On a Si(111) vicinal face near the structural transition temperature, the $1 \times 1$ structure and the $7 \times 7$ structure coexist in a terrace: the $1 \times 1$ structure is in the lower side of the step edge and the $7 \times 7$ structure in the upper side. The diffusion coefficient of adatoms is different in the two structures. Taking account of the gap in the diffusion coefficient at the step, we study the possibility of step wandering induced by drift of adatoms. A linear stability analysis shows that the step wandering always occurs with step-down drift if the diffusion coefficient has a gap at the step. Formation of straight grooves by the step wandering is expected from a nonlinear analysis. The stability analysis also shows that step bunching occurs irrespective of the drift direction if the diffusion in the lower side of the step is faster. The step bunching disturbs the formation of grooves. If step-step repulsion is strong, however, the step bunching is suppressed and the straight grooves appear. Monte Carlo simulation confirms these predictions.
Audio-Visual Biofeedback for Respiratory Motion Management: Comparison of the Reproducibility of Breath-Holding between Visual and Audio Guidance  [PDF]
Naoki Sano, Masahide Saito, Hiroshi Onishi, Kengo Kuriyama, Takafumi Komiyama, Kan Marino, Shinichi Aoki, Masayuki Araya
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.913144
Abstract: Purpose: To compare the reproducibility of breath-holding and comfort between two biofeedback guidance methods (audio and visual) in a respiratory monitoring system. Method and Materials: An audio-feedback respiratory monitoring device, which was modified from a visual-feedback self-respiration monitoring system (Abches, APEX Medical Inc., Tokyo, Japan) previously developed by the authors’ group, was constructed. Twenty patients (13 men, 7 women; mean age, 68.5 years; range, 54 - 85 years) with tumors in the thorax or abdominal region were enrolled in the present study. Computed tomography images were acquired from all patients three times using the two (i.e., audio and visual) respiration monitoring devices. To evaluate the reproducibility of breath-holding, the distance between an anatomical landmark and the tumor position was measured. Furthermore, patients were asked which guidance method they preferred (visual or audio) for comfortable breath-holding. Results: The two guidance methods improved the reproducibility of breath-holding compared with free-breathing, and no significant overall differences between two methods were observed (the mean displacements of the landmark-tumor distance were 2.60 ± 1.38 mm and 2.35 ± 1.63 mm, for visual and audio guidance, respectively). In five patients, the magnitude of position displacement in the series of three computed tomography images under audio guidance was twice as large as the other under visual guidance. Audio guidance was preferred to visual guidance by 65% (13 of 20) of the patients. However, the reproducibility of breath-holding did not always correspond with patient preference. Conclusion: There were some individual differences in the reproducibility of the visual and audio guidance methods. More appropriate, individualized guidance methods for each patient would improve the reproducibility of breath-holding in respiratory motion management.
Evaluation of Deformable Image Registration and Dose Accumulation Using Histogram Matching Algorithm between kVCT and MVCT with Helical Tomotherapy  [PDF]
Masahide Saito, Yuki Shibata, Naoki Sano, Kengo Kuriyama, Takafumi Komiyama, Kan Marino, Shinichi Aoki, Hiroshi Onishi
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.913143
Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of deformable image registration (DIR) between the planning kVCT (pCT) and the daily MVCT combined with the histogram matching (HM) algorithm, and evaluate the deformable dose accumulation using a suggested method for adaptive radiotherapy with Helical Tomotharapy (HT). Methods: For five prostate cancer patients (76 Gy/38 Fr) treated with HT in our institution, seven MVCT series (a total of 35 series) acquired weekly were investigated. First, to minimize the effect of different HU values between pCT and MVCT, this image-processing method adjusts HU values between pCT and MVCT images by using image cumulative histograms of HU values, generating an HM-MVCT. Then, the DIR of the pCT to the HM-MVCT was performed, generating a deformed pCT. Finally, deformable dose accumulation was performed toward the pCT image. Results: The accuracy of DIR was significantly improved by using the HM algorithm, compared with non-HM method for several structures (p < 0.05). The mean dice similarity coefficient of the non-HM method was 0.75 ± 0.05, 0.83 ± 0.06, and 0.90 ± 0.04 for the CTV, rectum, and bladder, respectively, while that of the HM method was 0.81 ± 0.06, 0.81 ± 0.04, and 0.92 ± 0.06, respectively. For the deformable dose accumulation, some difference was observed between the two methods, particularly for the small calculated regions, such as rectum V60 and V70. Conclusion: Adapting the HM method can improve the accuracy of DIR. Furthermore, dose calculation using the deformed pCT using HM methods can be an effective tool for adaptive radiotherapy.
Near Infrared Spectroscopy Study of the Frontopolar Hemodynamic Response and Depressive Mood in Children with Major Depressive Disorder: A Pilot Study
Masahide Usami, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Masaki Kodaira, Kyota Watanabe, Kazuhiko Saito
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086290
Abstract: AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the frontopolar hemodynamic response and depressive mood in children with mild or moderate major depressive disorder during six weeks treatment without medication. METHODS The subjects were 10 patients with mild or moderate depression. They were depressive drug-naive children and adolescents. The scores of Depression Self Rating Scale (DSRS), the results of the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), and the concentrations of oxy-hemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) of frontal pole brain assessed by two-channel near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) after six weeks of treatment was compared with those of initial treatment. RESULTS The score of DSRS was significantly reduced after six weeks of initial treatment (p<0.001, t-test). The word number of VFT was not significantly changed after six weeks of treatment. The oxy-Hb concentration significantly increased after six weeks of treatment (p<0.001, t-test). CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrated that the concentration of oxy-Hb of frontopolar cortex in children with mild and moderate depression improved along with their depressive mood. These results suggested that concentration of oxy-Hb using NIRS may be used as the state maker for change in depressive mood of children having depression, similar to that in adults.
Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Clinical Stage II and III Thoracic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Curative Esophagectomy  [PDF]
Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Kohno, Kyoichi Kihara, Kazunori Suzuki, Kanenori Endo, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawada, Tetsu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Hiroaki Saito
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.615131
Abstract: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a gastrointestinal carcinoma with a poor prognosis. To improve the survival of patients with this disease, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been introduced. However, the survival benefits of NAC or the correlation between NAC and postoperative complications have not been well considered. In the present study, we retrospectively investigated the clinicopathological effectiveness of NAC in patients with clinical stage II and III thoracic ESCC. This retrospective study enrolled 63 patients with clinical stage II and III thoracic ESCC, who underwent resection of the thoracic esophagus and three-field lymph node dissection between January 2007 and December 2013. NAC with cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was introduced in 38 patients. NAC did not correlate with the occurrence of postoperative complications. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate of the 38 patients with NAC (41.6%) was similar to that for the 25 patients who did not receive NAC (38.1%; P = 0.784). However, we found that the DFS of 17 patients with histopathological Grade 2 and 3 tumors who received NAC (5-year DFS rate: 58.1%) was significantly higher than that of 21 patients with low histopathological grade tumors who received NAC (5-year DFS rate: 28.6%), or than that of the 25 patients who did not receive NAC (38.1%). Moreover, we found that the effectiveness of NAC assessed macroscopically did not correlate with the effectiveness of NAC assessed microscopically. These findings may indicate that preoperative estimation of NAC effectiveness is important in avoiding unnecessary adverse drug effects caused by NAC, and in prolonging the survival of patients with thoracic ESCC.
Feasibility of a Direct-Conversion Method from Magnetic Susceptibility to Relative Electron Density for Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning  [PDF]
Kengo Ito, Noriyuki Kadoya, Yujiro Nakajima, Masahide Saito, Kiyokazu Sato, Tatsuo Nagasaka, Kazuomi Yamanaka, Suguru Dobashi, Ken Takeda, Haruo Matsushita, Keiichi Jingu
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2017.63023
Abstract: Recently, several institutions have been developing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided radiotherapy treatment systems. In this study, we examine whether it is possible to perform radiation therapy planning (RTP) using a magnetic susceptibility map obtained using MRI. The head of a healthy volunteer was scanned using dual-energy computed tomography (CT) and MRI. A T2-star-weighted 3D gradient echo-based sequence (GRE) with images taken at four different echo times was acquired using the MRI scanner. The CT images were converted to relative electron density (rED) using a predefined ΔCT-rED conversion table. ΔCT was derived using the energy-subtraction method. The rED map was obtained from a single-linear relationship with the ΔCT-rED conversion table, whereas the magnetic susceptibility map was obtained from quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) via MRI. Subsequently, to obtain the relationship between the magnetic susceptibility and the rED, the rED map was rigidly aligned to the susceptibility map and resampled at the susceptibility map’s resolution. Finally, the magnetic susceptibility rED conversion table was obtained via voxel-by-voxel mapping between the two maps. No strong relationship between magnetic susceptibility and rED was obtained in the healthy volunteer’s head or in this study. The coefficient correlation between these parameters was 0.0145. Magnetic susceptibility values may be not able to convert to rED using our proposed method in healthy volunteer’s head. In contrast to the magnetic-susceptibility values obtained from the QSM algorithm, which were strongly affected by calcification and iron content, the rED or CT number was not considerably affected by such materials.
Evaluating outcomes of the child and adolescent psychiatric unit: A prospective study
Yutaro Setoya, Kazuhiko Saito, Mari Kasahara, Kyota Watanabe, Masaki Kodaira, Masahide Usami
International Journal of Mental Health Systems , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-4458-5-7
Abstract: The attending psychiatrist used the Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) to assess youths at admission to and discharge from a child and adolescent psychiatric unit in Japan(N = 126, mean age = 12.8, SD = 1.9). Hospital records gathered sociodemographic and clinical variables. In addition, youths and their primary caregivers assessed themselves using the Youth Self Report (YSR) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), respectively. Longitudinal analyses compared each scales' baseline and discharge scores. We also examined factors associated with changes in functioning (CGAS).Longitudinal comparisons revealed that CGAS, CBCL and YSR scores showed improvement over time (CGAS: t = -14.40, p = 0.00; CBCL: t = 3.80, p = 0.00; YSR: t = 2.40, p = 0.02). Linear regressions determined that the factors associated with improvement in CGAS included age, lower CGAS scores at admission, frequency of group therapy and psychiatric diagnosis.This evaluation of children and adolescents in an inpatient unit demonstrated clinical improvement over time and identified factors associated with said improvement.In Japan, youth mental health is a serious issue. Press reports are increasing regarding youth problem behaviors such as sensational crimes, increases in school refusal and social withdrawal, group suicides and self-harming behaviors. Children with psychiatric disorders are responsible for some, but not all, problematic behaviors in society. In a review of epidemiological studies, Roberts et al. reported that as many as one in five children and adolescents have a diagnosable mental disorder [1]. There are no empirical data of the prevalence of psychiatric disorder in child and adolescent in Japan. The national survey estimates, however, that the ratio of child with diagnosable mental disorder seen at outpatient setting has more than doubled in 12 years (from 85 per 10,000 children under 15 years old in 1996 to 182 in 2008) [2].Among current mental disorder interventions for chil
What Time Periods of the Day Are Concerning for Parents of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?
Masahide Usami, Takashi Okada, Daimei Sasayama, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Kyota Watanabe, Hirokage Ushijima, Masaki Kodaira, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Tetsuji Sawa, Kazuhiko Saito
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079806
Abstract: Background/Aim The questionnaire-children with difficulties (QCD) is a parent-assessed questionnaire designed to evaluate a child’s difficulties in functioning during specific time periods of the day. In this study, the QCD was applied to determine the time periods of the day that are concerning for the parents of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The results were compared with those for a community sample. Methods Elementary and junior high school students with ADHD (243 boys, 55 girls) and a community sample of children (518 boys, 618 girls) were enrolled in this study. Their behaviors were assessed by the QCD, the ADHD-rating scale (ADHD-RS), and the Oppositional Defiant Behavior Inventory (ODBI). The effects of gender (boy/girl) and diagnosis (ADHD/community sample) on the total QCD score were analyzed across each school grade (elementary/junior high school). Correlation coefficients between QCD and ADHD-RS/ODBI scores were analyzed. Results The QCD score for the ADHD group was significantly lower than that for the community sample (P < 0.001). There were significantly strong correlations between “evening” and ADHD-RS and ODBI scores for all children with ADHD (r > 0.41, P < 0.001) and between “night” and inattention and oppositional symptoms for the girls with ADHD (r > 0.40, P < 0.001). Conclusions Parents reported that children with ADHD faced greater difficulties in completing basic daily activities compared with the community controls, particularly in the evening. Furthermore, these difficulties were related to the severity of ADHD symptoms. The parents’ perceptions depended on the gender, ADHD and oppositional symptoms, and the time period of the day. This study determined that children with ADHD face greater difficulties in daily functioning compared with community sample children, that these difficulties are time-dependent, and that these difficulties were particularly experienced in the evening.
Analysis of Changes in Traumatic Symptoms and Daily Life Activity of Children Affected by the 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami over Time
Masahide Usami, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Kyota Watanabe, Masaki Kodaira, Hirokage Ushijima, Tetsuya Tanaka, Maiko Harada, Hiromi Tanaka, Yoshinori Sasaki, Kazuhiko Saito
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088885
Abstract: Background On March 11, 2011, Japan was struck by a massive earthquake and tsunami. The tsunami caused tremendous damage and traumatized a number of people, including children. This study aimed to compare traumatic symptoms and daily life activity among children 20 months after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami with those observed after 8 months. Methods The study comprised two groups. The first comprised 12,524 kindergarten, elementary school, and junior high school children in Ishinomaki City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, who were evaluated 8 months after the disaster. The second comprised 10,597 children from the same place who were evaluated 20 months after the disaster. The Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children 15 items (PTSSC-15), a self-completion questionnaire on traumatic symptoms, and a questionnaire on children's daily life were distributed to the children. An effective response was obtained from 11,639 (92.9%, 8 months after) and 10,597 (86.9%, 20 months after) children. Results The PTSSC-15 score was significantly higher in junior high school girls than in boys. The PTSSC-15 score was significantly higher in 4th–6th grade girls than in boys after 8 months. Elementary and junior high school children evaluated after 20 months had a significantly lower PTSSC-15 score than those evaluated after 8 months. The number of children having breakfast was significantly higher after 8 months than that after 20 months. In both the groups, children of all grades who had breakfast had a significantly lower PTSSC-15 score than those who did not have breakfast. Conclusions We conclude that traumatic symptoms and daily life activity of children who survived the earthquake and tsunami improved over time.
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