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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31021 matches for " Marysia Mara Rodrigues do Prado; "
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Evaluation of quality of life in a palliative care context: an integrative literature review
Correia, Fernanda Ribeiro;De Carlo, Marysia Mara Rodrigues do Prado;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000200025
Abstract: the use of scales that have been validated and standardized for different cultures is very useful for identifying demands in the field of palliative care and implementing the most appropriate care. this integrative literature review focuses on instruments assessing the quality of life of patients under palliative care through a journal search in electronic databases. the study consisted of 49 papers identified in medline/pubmed, of which 18 met the inclusion criteria previously defined. information concerning the selected studies is presented and later categorized, with a greater emphasis on the analysis of the psychometric properties of validations of the palliative outcome scale, conducted in three countries. this review enabled the identification of instruments already developed and validated for different cultures, increasing the possibility of knowledge in the field.
Hematopoietic stem-cells transplants – a controlled study on the occupational roles
Vivian Neves Dias,Ana Paula Mastropietro,érika Arantes de Oliveira Cardoso,Marysia Mara Rodrigues Prado De Carlo
Cadernos de Terapia Ocupacional , 2012,
Abstract: The transplant of hematopoietic stem-cells is a procedure that causes a lot of distress to the patientand family. This study analyses the changes occurred in the occupational roles of patients that have undergonetransplants, in the late stage, assisted in a considerable university hospital located in the interior of the State ofSao Paulo. It is a quantitative research based on the use of an international protocol validated in Brazil: TheOccupational Role Checklist. The survey consists of 52 subjects: 26 of the experimental group and 26 of the controlgroup. Through the comparative analysis between the groups, statistically significant differences were observedbetween the occupational roles of workers, volunteers, friends and participants in organizations. It was possibleto conclude that, after the critic stage right after transplant, although they have experienced some losses, the bonemarrow transplanted subjects changed their occupational lives, having resumed or changed their occupational roles.
Qualidade de vida de vítimas de trauma seis meses após a alta hospitalar
Alves,Ana Laura A; Salim,Francine M; Martinez,Edson Zangiacomi; Passos,Afonso Dinis Costa; De Carlo,Marysia Mara Rodrigues Prado; Scarpelini,Sandro;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009000100020
Abstract: objective: trauma is the third most important cause of death in brazil. however, its impact on survivors' quality of life has been scarcely studied in this country. this study aimed to assess trauma victims' quality of life, cared for in an emergency hospital unit, six months after discharge. methods: a total of 35 patients from the emergency unit of a university hospital in the city of ribeir?o preto, southeastern brazil, were included in this study, between 2005 and 2006. patients were interviewed in their homes, six months after hospital discharge. the short version of the world health organization quality of life (whoqol-bref) instrument was applied to assess the physical, psychological, social relationships, and environmental domains. associations between domain scores and hospital stay, age, sex and injury severity score variables were analyzed with linear regression models. results: significant reduction in quality of life was found in the group studied, when compared to samples of normal people in national and international studies, especially as regards the physical, psychological, and environmental domains. the social relationships domain revealed the highest mean scores, with 69.7 points, whereas the environmental domain received the lowest score (52.4 points), both on the percentage scale. variables associated with the physical domain were hospital stay (p=0.02), age (p<0.01) and sex (p=0.03). the analysis did not show association with the variables studied for the remaining domains. conclusions: trauma victims showed a reduction in quality of life scores. even though the physical aspect was the most affected, there is evidence that the psychological and environmental domains remained far from the ideal conditions expected for the general population.
Acute effects of aerobic exercise on mood and hunger feelings in male obese adolescents: a crossover study
Mara Lofrano-Prado, James O Hill, Humberto José Silva, Camila Rodrigues Freitas, Sandra Lopes-de-Souza, Tatiana Lins, Wagner do Prado
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-38
Abstract: Subjects were eight male obese adolescents (age 15.44?±?2.06y; BMI 33.06?±?4.78?kg/m2). Each subject underwent three experimental trials: 1) Control, seated for 30?min; 2) Low intensity exercise (LIE) - exercise at 10% below ventilatory threshold (VT); 3) High intensity exercise (HIE) - exercise at 10% above VT. Anxiety (STAI Trait/State), mood (POMS) and hunger (VAS) were assessed before and immediately after the experimental sessions. Comparisons between trials and times were assessed using Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests, respectively. Associations between variables were described using a Spearman test.The largest increase in hunger was observed after LEI (914.22%). Both exercise sessions increased anxiety, fatigue and decreased vigor (p?<?0.05).Acute exercise bouts are associated with negative changes in anxiety and mood, and with increases in hunger in obese adolescents.Obesity is a global epidemic and is the result of positive energy balance where, over time, energy intake exceeds energy expenditure (EE) [1]. In adolescents, as with children and adults, the treatment of obesity is classically based on lifestyle changes involving increased physical activity and improved diet [2]. Exercise can help in weight loss by facilitating fat loss [3], but, rarely is exercise alone considered to be an effective form of weight control [4]. For exercise to be effective in weight loss, subjects would need to achieve a significant increase in energy expenditure with exercise that was not opposed by increased energy intake. The increase on EE could be followed by increased hunger and energy intake, and this overeating pattern could reverse the negative energy balance provide by exercise [5,6].Further, exercise is only effective if subjects adhere to the exercise program, and there is some evidence that adherence to exercise is less in obese subjects [7,8]. It is possible that low adherence to exercise might occur in obese subjects via dose-dependent negative impacts of exerc
Resistance of Musca domestica L. populations to cyromazine (insect growth regulator) in Brazil
Pinto, Mara Cristina;Prado, Angelo Pires do;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000500027
Abstract: five field populations of musca domestica l. collected in poultry farms were bioassayed in order to detect possible resistance to the larvicide cyromazine in brazil. the concentrations used were 0, 0.5, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 1, 2, 4 and 8 ppm. three populations (petrópolis, rj, montes claros, mg and promiss?o, sp) were resistant, while the other two populations (ibiuna, sp and monte mor, sp) were more susceptible than the reference pathern used by the world health organization. the presence of three resistant house fly populations to cyromazine in brazilian poultry farms strongly suggests that the operational aspects of larvicide use are important for the resistance development. cyromazine is applied as a feed-through, both in brazil and in the usa, where resistance has already been documented. however, in denmark, where it was approved only as a topical manure spray, no case of resistance has yet been detected.
Resistance of Musca domestica L. populations to cyromazine (insect growth regulator) in Brazil
Pinto Mara Cristina,Prado Angelo Pires do
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: Five field populations of Musca domestica L. collected in poultry farms were bioassayed in order to detect possible resistance to the larvicide cyromazine in Brazil. The concentrations used were 0, 0.5, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 1, 2, 4 and 8 ppm. Three populations (Petrópolis, RJ, Montes Claros, MG and Promiss o, SP) were resistant, while the other two populations (Ibiuna, SP and Monte Mor, SP) were more susceptible than the reference pathern used by the World Health Organization. The presence of three resistant house fly populations to cyromazine in Brazilian poultry farms strongly suggests that the operational aspects of larvicide use are important for the resistance development. Cyromazine is applied as a feed-through, both in Brazil and in the USA, where resistance has already been documented. However, in Denmark, where it was approved only as a topical manure spray, no case of resistance has yet been detected.
O agir comunicativo na constru??o do conhecimento em enfermagem
Nascimento, Suzana Rodrigues do;Prado, Marta Lenise do;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672004000200021
Abstract: it is a theoretical essay aiming at proposing the usage of the communicative action theory, by philosopher jürger habermas, as a mediator of educational technologies in building nursing knowledge. based on the contributions by the philosopher and authors such as demo, morin, assman, perrenoud, waldow, and ramos, we reflect on technological advances and the necessary innovations in the field of nursing education. we believe that this proposal can contribute to implementing the national curriculum guidelines in undergraduate courses.
Obesidade e adipocinas inflamatórias: implica??es práticas para a prescri??o de exercício
Prado, Wagner Luiz do;Lofrano, Mara Cristina;Oyama, Lila Missae;Damaso, Ana Raimunda;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000600012
Abstract: obesity is a complex disease with a multifaceted etiology with its own physiopathology, co-morbidities and disabiliting capacities. it is crucial that obesity is acknowledged as a disease in order to treat it. nowadays, the adipose tissue is the main focus of obesity research due to the improvement in the last decade on biological function of this tissue. it is now clear that white adipose tissue release a large amount of bioactive peptides called adipokines (which are proteins synthesized and released by adipose tissue). thus, the aim of this review was to investigate the relationship between obesity and inflammatory adipokines, trying to discuss the role of physical exercise in the treatment of this pathology. the results have shown that one of the most important recent discoveries is the concept that obesity is characterized by a chronic inflammation state. among all adipokines, il-6, tnf- α, leptin (pro-inflammatory) and adiponectin (anti-inflammatory), have received special attention from the specialized literature. high concentration of these adipokines promotes impact in several body functions, which is strongly linked with cardiovascular diseases. since obesity is considered an inflammatory disease, and exercise directly modulates this process, it is essential that one of the main aims of exercise therapies is the improvement of the inflammatory response of obese individuals.
Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of Pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] kernel cake extracts obtained by sequential extraction
Pinheiro do Prado, Ana Cristina,Monalise Arag?o, Analu,Fett, Roseane,Block, Jane Mara
Grasas y Aceites , 2009, DOI: 10.3989/gya.129708
Abstract: The total phenolic and condensed tannin contents of different Pecan kernel cake extracts (ether, acetone, alcohol and distilled water) were estimated and their antioxidant activities were evaluated through ABTS, DPPH and -carotene/linoleic acid systems. Color variations of the Pecan kernel cake were determined through an instrumental analysis using the CIE Lab system. Significantly higher levels (p < 0.05) of total phenolics, condensed tannins and antioxidant activity measured through the ABTS and DPPH (30 min and 24 h) systems were observed for the acetone extract (16.4 mg GAE/g; 31.2 mg CE/g; 235.3 μmol TEAC/g and 68.6 and 100.3 mg TEAC/g, respectively). The oxidation inhibition percentage in the -carotene/linoleic acid system varied from 37.9 to 93.1%, with the acetone extract at 300 ppm showing significantly superior results. The samples with the greatest tendency to show red tones presented the highest levels of condensed tannins. El contenido de taninos condensado y fenoles totales de diferentes extractos de tortas de almendra de pecana (éter, acetona, alcohol y agua destilada) fueron estimados y sus actividades antioxidantes fueron evaluadas mediantes los métodos con ABTS, DPPH y el sistema -caroteno/ácido linoleico. Las variaciones de color de la torta de almendra de pecana fueron determinadas mediante análisis instrumental usando el sistema CIE Lab. Los contenidos de fenoles totales, taninos condensados y actividad antioxidante, medida mediante los métodos con ABTS Y DPPH (30 min y 24 h), fueron significativamente más altos (p < 0.05) con el extracto de acetona (16.4 mg GAE/g; 31.2 mg CE/g; 235.3 μmol TEAC/g and 68.6 and 100.3 mg TEAC/g, respectivamente). El porcentaje de inhibición de la oxidación en el sistema -caroteno/ ácido linoleico vario desde 37.9 a 93.1% con el extracto de acetona a 300 ppm, mostrando resultados significativamente superiores. Las muestras con una mayor tendencia a tonos rojos presento los niveles más altos de taninos condensados.
Antioxidant Properties of Pecan Nut [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] Shell Infusion
Pinheiro do Prado, Ana Cristina,Monalise Arag?o, Analu,Fett, Roseane,Block, Jane Mara
Grasas y Aceites , 2009, DOI: 10.3989/gya.107708
Abstract: The nutritional composition of Pecan nut [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] shells and the total phenolic and condensed tannin contents of Pecan nut shell infusion were determined and the antioxidant activity of the infusion was evaluated through ABTS, DPPH and β-carotene/linoleic acid systems. The shell presented high fiber content (48% ± 0.06), the total phenolic content ranged from 116 to 167 mg GAE/g and the condensed tannin content was between 35 and 48 mg CE/g. The antioxidant activity varied from 1112 and 1763 μmol TEAC/g in the ABTS system. In the DPPH method, the antioxidant activity was from 305 to 488 mg TEAC/g (30 minutes reaction) and from 482 to 683 mg TEAC/g (24 h reaction). The oxidation inhibition percentage obtained in the β-carotene/linoleic acid system varied from 70 to 96%. The results indicated the high phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Pecan nut shell infusion. La composición nutricional de la cáscara de nuez Pecana [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] y los contenidos de fenoles totales y de taninos condensados de la infusión de la cáscara de nuez Pecana se determinaron en este trabajo. La actividad antioxidante de la infusión se evaluó a través de los sistemas ABTS, DPPH y β-caroteno/ácido linoleico. La cáscara presentó un contenido elevado de fibras (48% ± 0,06), el contenido de fenoles totales varió de 116 a 167 mg GAE/g y el de taninos condensados se encontró entre 35 y 48 mg CE/g. La actividad antioxidante varió entre 1112 y 1763 μmol TEAC/g en el sistema ABTS. Por el método DPPH, la actividad antioxidante fue de 305 a 488 mg TEAC/g (30 minutos de reacción) y de 482 a 683 mg TEAC/g (24 h de reacción). El porcentaje de inhibición de la oxidación que se obtuvo en el sistema β -caroteno/ácido linoleico varió de 70 a 96%. Los resultados indicaron un elevado contenido de fenoles y una elevada actividad antioxidante para la infusión de la cáscara de nuez Pecana.
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