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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5531 matches for " Mary Olubisi Amodu "
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Assessment of the Determinants of Healthy Ageing among the Rural Elderly of North-Eastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Babatunji Abayomi Omotara, Shuaibu Jauro Yahya, Zara Wudiri, Mary Olubisi Amodu, John Samson Bimba, Jasper Unyime
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.76090
Abstract: Healthy ageing is a lifelong process optimizing opportunities for improving and preserving health and physical, social and mental wellness, independence, quality of life and enhancing successful life-course transition. In Sub-Saharan Africa, it is estimated that the number of elderly persons will rise from about 37.1 million in 2005 to 155.4 million in 2050. The elderly population in Nigeria is estimated at 4 percent and is expected to triple by the year 2020. The increasing number of the older population will increase the burden on the health resources. The objective of this study was to evaluate the determinants of healthy ageing among rural elderly in northern Nigeria in order to promote those that have positive correlation with healthy aging. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 1600 rural elderly aged ≥60 years using interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaire between June and July, 2011. Majority (53.8%) are 60 - 64 years, 24.6% >69 years, 72.4% are males while most are Muslims (85.6%) and 81. 4% are still married. Most are farmers (48.9%) while 73.6% have no formal education. 85.3% earn less than $100 monthly while 47.6% have no income. 93.5% do not take alcohol, 92.1% do not smoke and 89.8% are physically active. 83.1% have normal blood pressure (on examination), 88.3% normal blood glucose level (on examination). Diet, no smoking, high physical activity and adequate sleep are positively correlated with healthy aging (p < 0.05). Good health practices and family support should be sustained while special care for the aged should be established by the government.
Behaviour of People Living with HIV Aids in Northeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Mohammed Tahiru Bolori, Mary Olubisi Amodu, Isah Muhammad Ahmad, Haruna Yusuph, Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103944
Abstract:
Introduction: Human Behavior is important as one of the determinants of transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. The risk of getting infected with HIV as well as subsequent developments and reactions after the infection has a direct bearing on human behavior. Positive behavior change of HIV infection prevention is less than the level of awareness and knowledge pertaining the disease among PLWHA. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on PLWHA attending clinic at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data by systematic random sampling technique. The objective of the research was to understand more about the behaviour of PLWHA and make recommendations on how to improve the behavioral change communications among PLWHA to curb the menace of HIV infection. Results: The people living with HIV/AIDs may be knowledgeable and having high awareness on HIV/AIDS but may not necessarily reflect into good behaviors concerning, taking the right steps to prevent menaces of HIV infection. The behavior of PLWHA was found to have gaps that portend danger in regard to making life more miserable to victims and portend more risk of getting others infected. The gaps are mainly related to psychological issues (e.g., lack of enjoyment or with condom use), beliefs, stigma and financial issues. Conclusion: Counselling should be used to inculcate technic, good morals, attitude and practices among PLWHA to prevent them from deliberate or spontaneous attempts to infect others with the virus. Safer and satisfying sex can be promoted through expanding knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS and removing stigma among the general populace through community health education as well as through schools’ curricula. Empowerment of the youths in public and private settings discourages exchanging sexual intercourse for financial gains.
Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women of northeast Nigeria on risk factors associated with cancer of the Cervix  [PDF]
Babatunji A. Omotara, Shuaibu J. Yahya, Mary O. Amodu, John S. Bimba
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59186
Abstract:

Cervical cancer is the leading cancer-related cause of death among women in Nigeria. An estimated 70,700 new cases occur each year, representing one quarter of all female cancers in sub Saharan Africa. The magnitude of the problem has been under recognised and under prioritised compared with the competing health priorities of infectious diseases such as HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Studies in the United States and Nigeria have indicated that the disease has the highest incidence among the lowest socio-economic groups especially residing in rural areas. The peak age for the disease has been shown to be within 35-45 years age group. Knowledge of the risk factors of the disease is deemed important in its early detection and prevention. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of rural women with cancer of the cervix. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 1600 rural women aged 15-55 years (randomly selected from 28 villages) who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire between April and June, 2010. The majority (82.2%) were married before the age of 20 years and 19.3% before 15 years, 40% in polygamous union, 22.6% have had 2 or more sexual partners, 71.3% were primi and grand multiparous, 7.5% have had previous treatment for STIs and 10.1% were on various types of contraceptive. 454 (28.4%) have heard of Ca cervix, 358 (22.4%) knew the location of the cervix. 2.3% had Pap smear test of which 72.6% were within 2 years. The majority (89.9%) will avail themselves for screening.

Climate Change - A Global and National Perspective: The Case of Nigeria
Oluduro Olubisi Friday
Journal of Politics and Law , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v5n3p33
Abstract: The effect of climate change is felt everywhere and of concern to all around the world, even as solution is not in sight to it. The consequences have been felt more in some parts of the globe than others. Incidentally, this has weighed more on the under-developed nations of the world than the developed. Climate change is prevalent everywhere in Nigeria from the north where it has aggravated desert encroachment on the savannah belt, to the south where it has engendered ocean surge in the coastal areas, erosion in many other parts. These have resulted in colossal loss of lives and damage to properties. The government has been virtually helpless, or comatose, with an array of legislations which are best described as beautiful charters on the country’s law books. This paper will examine some specific decisions of major conferences on this issue such as the Kyoto Protocol, among others, and see how these have taken care of the interests of these under-developed nations. It will review the roles and contributions of these nations in the scheme of things and critically examine the effectiveness of the proposed adaptation fund. It will conclude with recommendations.
Nigeria: In Search of Sustainable Peace in the Niger Delta through the Amnesty Programme
Olubayo Oluduro,Olubisi F. Oluduro
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n7p48
Abstract: Environmental pollution by way of oil spillage and gas flaring are the lots and bane of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, where the country’s oil exploration activities are carried on by the oil multinational companies (MNCs). The cries of the people as well as several non-governmental organizations for attention to the area were not only spurned, but were at intervals rebuffed with crackdown and repression from successive administrations in the country, with the strong connivance of the oil MNCs. The situation reached a crescendo, when the people of this region took to self-help by bombing, kidnapping and abducting the expatriates and other categories of personnel of the oil MNCs in exchange for monetary ransom. The government not able to bear the embarrassment and the drop in daily oil production, coupled with the substantial loss of revenues devised the amnesty programme in 2009 as solution to the quagmire. The paper is aimed at examining the circumstances causing the crisis situation in the area, and the attendant consequences to the people of the areas and to the global community. It will attempt a critical analysis of the amnesty programme of the Federal government as a last resort and its impact at ensuring durable peace and sustainable development in the region. It discusses some of the challenges to amnesty programme and concludes with potential policy recommendations.
A Critical Appraisal of the Legal Regime for Biodiversity Conservation in Nigeria
Olubisi F. Oluduro,Gideon N. Gasu
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120804.4511
Abstract: Nigeria harbours a peculiar and an uncertain environmental situation taking into cognizance the desert encroachment in the North and the rise of sea level leading to flooding in the South, which calls for a well articulated, accelerated, and organized remedial action plan on the conservation of Biodiversity. Several species of fauna and flora which the country is naturally endowed with have been rendered extinct or are in danger of extinction as a consequence of economic growth and development. On the international scene the situation is not better with current trends like climate change which has greatly affected the distribution and extinction of species of flora and fauna, ecosystems as well as man and his environment. The earth surface which is full of a diversity of plants and animals currently estimated at about 1.7 million known species are yet greatly threatened by biodiversity loss, erosion, depletion of genes and global species constitute an important concern to national and international authorities. The objective of this paper is to examine the legal regimes on the conservation of biodiversity at the global level, equally Nigeria as a global player has domesticated these regimes into its national laws in a bid to ensure the conservation of biodiversity within the country. We are also going to examine the causes and effects of the loss of biodiversity, the relationship between biodiversity conservation and the fight against climate change. In this paper, judicial decisions, statutes, international treaties as well as official records on the conservation of biodiversity form the primary sources while secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, official proceedings, specialized publications and conference papers were equally utilized. The paper will be crowned with some recommendations proffered from the writers’ perspective and a conclusion. Key words: Biodiversity; Conservation; Legal regime; Nigeria
Total serum vitamin C concentration in pregnant women: implications for a healthy pregnancy
Hassan, Garba Ibrahim;Onu, Amodu Bala;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000300005
Abstract: objectives: total serum vitamin c (l-ascorbic acid) concentration was measured in 90 pregnant women, 30 in each trimester (age range 18-35 years) and a control group of age-matched non-pregnant women. methods: total serum vitamin c concentration was measured using the 2.4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method which involves the conversion of vitamin c to dehydroascorbic acid in the presence of copper (ii) ions and subsequent measurement of the resulting bis-hydrazone at 540nm. results: the total vitamin c concentration in the first trimester was 2.55 ± 0.82 mg/dl and 2.32 ± 0.40 mg/dl and 0.77 ± 0.10 mg/dl in the second and third trimesters respectively. relative to serum total vitamin c concentration in the controls (3.15 ± 0.13 mg/dl) these values are significantly lower (p < 0.05). conclusions: low serum vitamin c in pregnancy may indicate utilization of this vitamin to mop up the excess reactive oxygen species and maintain its normal homeostasis. therefore, vitamin c supplementation during pregnancy is recommended in order to boost the body's low vitamin c level and prevent the predisposition to low birth weight babies, premature delivery and pre-eclamsia all of which are known to be associated with sub-optimal vitamin c levels during pregnancy.
Assessment of Farmers (Women)’ Access to Agricultural Extension, Inputs and Credit Facility in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State
JO Owolabi, BZ Abubakar, MY Amodu
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This study examines the accessibility of women to three main production inputs namely: Farm inputs (fertilizers, modern technology, improved seed etc), Credit facility and Contact with extension agents. Structured interview schedule, personal observation and analysis of records were used to collect information for the study. The findings revealed that women in the study area were engaged in farming activities such as crop production and rearing of livestock. Traditional technology is still the practice among women farmers. Majority of the women sampled were small-scale farmers with low level of income and education. Women interviewed complained of lack of access to farm inputs, credit facilities and contact with extension workers, the situation which has constrained them from investing in agricultural production. The study recommended that women farmers should be given incentives, particularly in the area of production inputs (credit facilities, fertilizer, and improved seeds among others) and educational opportunities.
Resource Use Efficiency in Part-time Food Crop Production: The Stochastic Frontier Approach
MY Amodu, JO Owolabi, SS Adeola
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, stochastic frontier production model was used to analyze the resource use efficiency of part-time food crop farmers in Idah, North Central Nigeria. The result shows that farm size, labour and planting materials are significant determinants of farm output in part-time food crop farming. Analysis of inefficiency factors reveal the significant inefficiency variables to include; level of education, household size and farming experience. The result also shows that over 72% of part-time farmers were above average in resource use efficiency; maximum efficiency is 0.98, while minimum efficiency is 0.36 with mean efficiency of 0.65. The study also revealed that rising age and household size contribute to resource use inefficiency in part-time food crop farming, while level of education and years of farming experience increased resource use efficiency among the sample farmers. Implications are that policies that would encourage relatively younger and educated persons and provide them easy access to improved seeds and fertilizers will go a long way in enhancing resource use efficiency in part-time food crop farming.
Evaluation of Dual-purpose Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Varieties for Grain and Fodder Production at Shika, Nigeria
Omokanye, AT.,Onifade, OS.,Amodu, JT.,Balogun, RO.
Tropicultura , 2003,
Abstract: A three-year field study of eight new and one check dual-purpose cowpea varieties was carried out to evaluate their grain and fodder production potential. Germination and seedling establishment were both high and greater than 80%.Mean dry fodder and seed yields varied from 1,262 to 3,598 kg/ha and 528 to 1,149 kg/ha respectively, with varieties IAR 4/48/15-1, IAR 72 and TVU 12349 retaining larger amounts (> 50%) of fresh green leaves at pod harvest during the dry season. Crude protein (CP) content of fodder averaged between 15.2 and 21.6%. There were more pods/plant for varieties IAR 4/48/15-1, IAR 7/180-4-5 and TVU 12349. 100-seed weight was highest with IT89KD-288 and Kananado (check). Fodder yield, pods/plant and leaf content were moderately correlated with seed yield. Results showed that varieties TVU 12349, IT89KD-288, IAR 2/180/4-12 and IAR 4/48/15-1 appeared suitable for both fodder and grain production. The use of appropriate cowpea varieties to enhance farmer income in an integrated production system is suggested.
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