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Contextualizationof Biblical texts is a priority of every exegete, who endeavors to bring the ancient scripts to dialogue with contemporary issues. This paper, which studies Psalm 72 and a prayer composed for good governance in Anambra State Nigeria, focuses on this hermeneutical interpretation. The writer adopts a simplified literary method in Biblical research that takes cognizance of the varied poetic techniques in Psalm 72 and engages in a detailed comparative study of a Psalm composed more than two millennia ago and a prayer of our time. Such comparative study reveals a striking similar preoccupation of the composers of both texts. Both prayed for good governance of which all developing countries today are in dire need.
of factors associated with relapse and remission after treatment for alcohol
dependence enables the clinician to offer better individualized treatment.
It also enables the clinician to predict which patients are likely to relapse
and therefore offer appropriate and effective treatment to prevent relapse.
Objective: This study sought to determine the factors associated with remission and relapse in a group of
alcohol dependent persons undergoing Community Based Detoxification and
Rehabilitation of alcohol dependent persons. Method: One hundred and eighty
eight (188) persons with Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT)
positive were subjected to outpatient detoxification for 10 days using a pair
of ampoules of high potency Vitamin B and C intravenously daily for 3 consecutive
days, diazepam 5 mg and carbamazepine 200 mg for 5 and 10 consecutive nights
respectively on an outpatient basis. The participants were visited twice a
week (at home) by the community based health workers and reviewed once a week
by the principal investigator and attended a bimonthly group therapy session
conducted in groups of 20 s as part of the rehabilitation process. The groups
were converted to self-help groups after 4 months to generate income for the
participants. Results: Factors significantly associated with relapse to alcohol
use included severity of alcohol use and craving for alcohol at intake and
the age of onset of alcohol drinking. Further there was a statistically significant predictive value in the mean score of alcohol related problems in the
community based group (health, social, financial and legal). Conclusion: Identifying
factors that are associated with relapse after alcohol dependence treatment is
likely to improve the effectiveness of treatment and prevent relapse in persons
This paper examines environmental change associated with
climbing plants (ivy/creeper) on several historical buildings in central Oxford using archival
photographs. ViewFinder from English Heritage was used to access the photo archives
in an advanced search of the area of “Oxford” and in the county of “Oxfordshire”.
The study includes a variety of buildings, including colleges, churches,
chapels, asylums, inns/hotels, factories, a brewery, pubs, a castle as well as
architectural elements, such as doorways, cloisters, gates, and walls. The
findings reveal that a majority of photographs denoted ivy-/creeper-clad
buildings (in nearly 53% of photographs found mostly in the Taunt collection).
The greatest abundance of climbing plants was found in the 1880s followed by
the 1900s. A further examination of University colleges is warranted due to the
earlier and more frequent appearance of ivy/creeper on these buildings.
Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) may view
themselves as children; indeed they are often treated in a childlike manner by
others. Some may develop a self-perception that they are minors and view
children more as peers. Using data from this author’s (Smith, 2006) unpublished
dissertation, developmental self-perception is explored by using a subset of questions from the SSKAAT-R
instrument (Griffiths & Lunsky, 2003).
This study discusses how some adults with IDD self-identify as more closely
resembling children. A total of 26 adults with IDD, 17 males and nine females,
were involved. With IRB
approval, questions that would assess understanding regarding perception of
self (along with a follow-up question regarding sexual attraction) were posed.
Of the 26 participants, 73% self-identified as more closely resembling adults, whereas the remaining 27%
self-identified as more closely resembling children.
paper aims to provide a quantitative method that employs image processing in
the assessment of surface roughness based on digital photograph field surveys,
as in previous studies employing the outdoor integrated digital photography and
image processing (O-IDIP) method. Digital photographs were taken on two
different days under contrasting outdoor lighting conditions (overcast versus
clear sky). Images were captured mounted on a tripod close up to the surface of
a 380-year-old wall located at the University of Oxford Botanic Garden in the
City of Oxford, UK. Sampling points were established at regular intervals along
the border wall and encompassed sections facing west, north, and east,
respectively along the survey. Two photographs were taken with a digital camera
at each sampling point, one containing a color chart used to calibrate outdoor
lighting conditions across images, which was excluded from the other
photographic pair. Histogram-based quantification was performed based on images
converted to Lab Color mode. The 10-step calibration procedure presented in
this paper required more adjustments of contrast. However, more adjustments
were not required under a clear sky. Std Dev L measurements were used to establish categories in a simple
3-point roughness index, namely the surface roughness index (SRI). The results
denote that pitting did not affect surface roughness measurements. The study
shows that it is possible to use Std Dev L measurements to quantify surface roughness on a comparative basis.