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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9730 matches for " Mary Ellen Walker "
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The design, development and evaluation of a self-instructional module for nursing practice standards  [PDF]
June Anonson, Mary Ellen Walker
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.38073

The purpose of this research was to improve nursing professionals’ understanding of the important link to safe, competent, and ethical practices that Nursing Practice Standards (NPS) serve. This research on NPS may improve the scope and comprehensiveness by which the Standards are integrated with clinical, educational, administrative, and research-based nursing practices. This research was unique in that it includes nurses in developing NPS. The method by which this study was done involved sixteen practicing nurses and seven instructional design experts from Alberta, Canada participating in designing, developing, and evaluating a NPS module. Nursing practice standards are a vital aspect of performing safe, efficient and effective patient care. The manner in which Nursing Standard Practices are presented and taught will directly influence a nurse’s ability to understand the value of NPS and successfully incorporate NPS into practice.

Close to home: notes on the post-publication withdrawal of a Spanish research paper
Mary Ellen Kerans
Ibérica , 2002,
Abstract: The rapid withdrawal from publication of a research article by a Spanish immunogeneticist and eight colleagues from Spain and Palestine was called "unprecedented" by one publishing ethics expert and was widely discussed during the winter of 2001 and 2002. The present paper analyzes the text of the retracted article, focusing on features that are often examined in English for specific purposes classes in an effort to discover how such features could have guided revision. The aspects named for study were the location and number of problematic wording decisions that drew fire for reasons unrelated to science, anomalous rhetorical patterns and the use of hedging. The paper was also compared to three others by the same first author. Finally, a paragraph from the Introduction was edited, in order to check the adequacy of the analysis of wording, moves and hedging for guiding revision. The results suggested that wording, thematic development, and clearly marked introductory and concluding moves, rather than hedging, would be relevant features to target for revision. The analysis includes discussion of how articles come to be published with language and rhetorical shortcomings and how a local author's editor, equipped with knowledge of the target genre, can guide author revision.
“Adrian Hall's Adaptations of In the Belly of the Beast.”
Mary Ellen Wright.
Nebula , 2006,
Going Mobile: the In’s and Out’s of an Academic Library Mobile Site
Ronda Holt,Mary Walker
Kansas Library Association College and University Libraries Section Proceedings , 2011, DOI: 10.4148/culs.v1i0.1359
Abstract: More people are joining the mobile society and libraries are beginning to provide on the go library service. There are several types of mobile devices including cell phones, smartphones, PDAs, the iPad, etc., and one-third of all Americans accessed the web using these devices in 2009. How can your library provide an access point for mobile research? The authors will tell you how two libraries have done this for their customers, how you can create a basic mobile site for your library, and how you can provide access to databases now offering mobile interfaces.
Subject Guides & More: Creatively Transforming an Open Source Management System
Gemma Blackburn,Mary Walker
Code4Lib Journal , 2010,
Abstract: This article describes the implementation of SubjectsPlus to manage the subject guides at the Wichita State University Libraries. The decision to implement an open source solution, the implementation process, and customizations to the software are discussed. In addition to the subject guides, SubjectsPlus is also used to manage course specific and miscellaneous topic guides, the library staff directory, and database links. The article also covers the reception of SubjectsPlus by the librarians and teaching faculty.
Visual Thinking: Art Students Have an Advantage in Geometric Reasoning  [PDF]
Caren M. Walker, Ellen Winner, Lois Hetland, Seymour Simmons, Lynn Goldsmith
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.21004
Abstract: We investigated whether individuals with training in the visual arts show superior performance on geometric reasoning tasks, given that both art and geometry entail visualization and mental manipulation of images. Two groups of undergraduates, one majoring in studio art, the other majoring in psychology, were given a set of geometric reasoning items designed to assess the ability to mentally manipulate geometric shapes in two- and three-dimensional space. Participants were also given a verbal intelligence test. Both training in the arts and verbal intelligence were strong predictors of geometric reasoning, but training in the arts was a significant predictor even when the effects of verbal intelligence were removed. These correlational findings lend support to the hypothesis that training in the visual arts may improve geometric reasoning via the learned cognitive skill of visualization.
Predictors of mental distress among substance abusers receiving inpatient treatment
Ellen Hoxmark, Mary Nivison, Rolf Wynn
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1747-597x-5-15
Abstract: Patients (N = 185) who received inpatient substance use treatment in five different settings in Northern Norway participated in the study. HSCL-10 was used as a measure for mental distress at admission to treatment. The self-report measures AUDIT, DUDIT and DUDIT-E were used for measuring substance use and readiness for treatment. The patients' clinicians reported demographic and treatment factors. A three-block hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine potential predictors of mental distress. Block 1 included demographic variables, Block 2 included treatment variables, and Block 3 substance use variables.Patients generally reported a high level of mental distress at admission to treatment, and 83% reported mental distress higher than the established cut-off level. Being female, having previously received psychiatric treatment, having a higher score on DUDIT and AUDIT, and using a larger number of substances all predicted a higher level of mental distress. The model explained 32% of the variance in mental distress.Mental distress measured by the HSCL-10 can be a valuable concept in substance use treatment. The HSCL-10 can be useful in screening for patients who are in need of further assessment for psychiatric disorders. Female gender, previous psychiatric treatment, and higher use of substances all predicted a higher level of mental distress. The study underlines the importance of assessing the mental health of patients in substance use treatment.Clinical and epidemiological studies indicate high rates of co-occurring psychiatric disorders among people with substance use disorders (SUD) [1-6]. Psychiatric comorbidity is the co-occurrence of one or more psychiatric disorders during a period of time [7]. Comorbidity between anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and SUD is particularly common [8]. In population studies, co-occurring psychiatric disorders are seen in 30-40% of people with alcohol disorder and 40-50% of those abusing other
Practice environment related barriers to exclusive breastfeeding among HIV-positive mothers in Blantyre, Malawi  [PDF]
Ursula K. Kafulafula, Mary K. Hutchinson, Susan Gennaro, Sally Guttmacher, Ellen Chirwa
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59193

Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Malawi remain low despite the acknowledged benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for the infant’s wellbeing and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Creating an environment supportive of exclusive breastfeeding is critical to increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding among HIV-positive mothers. However, little is known on factors that influence the environment within which HIV-positive mothers in Malawi practise exclusive breastfeeding. Therefore, the exploratory qualitative study on which this article is based was conducted at the Chatinkha maternity unit of Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Malawi from April 16, 2009 to May 8, 2009 to explore perceived practice environment related barriers to exclusive breastfeeding among HIV-positive mothers. Data were obtained through indepth interviews with 16 purposively selected breastfeeding HIV-positive mothers between 18 and 35 years old and two focus group discussions with women of unknown HIV status. Semi-structured interview and focus group guides were utilised. Content analysis of data was done. Five main themes emerged regarding factors that may influence the environment within which exclusive breastfeeding was practised: 1) availability of resources; 2) societal norms and cultural practices; 3) mother-baby proximity; 4) health workers’ attitudes and 5) disclosure of the mothers’ HIV status. A multi-sectoral approach to promote exclusive breastfeeding is suggested. This should include community involvement because it is in the community where breastfeeding norms and cultural practices associated with breast-feeding are propagated.

Sleeptalking! Sleepwalking! Side Effects of Montelukast
Samer Alkhuja,Natalya Gazizov,Mary Ellen Alexander
Case Reports in Pulmonology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/813786
Abstract: A 16-year-old Caucasian female presented to the pulmonary clinic for a followup on her asthma. Due to the worsening of allergy-related symptoms, therapy with montelukast 10?mg daily was started and resulted in good relief of the patient’s symptoms. In the nights following initiating therapy with montelukast, the patient’s mother reported daily parasomnias in the form of sleeptalking and sleepwalking. Montelukast was discontinued, and that resulted in absence of the parasomnias. In a second attempt montelukast was reinstituted to control the patient’s symptoms. Parasomnias were immediately reported after resuming therapy. Montelukast was then discontinued indefinitely. Our patient has never had any history of parasomnias, and since the discontinuation of montelukast, parasomnias were never reported again. Parasomnias in the form of sleeptalking or sleepwalking were not previously reported as adverse effects of montelukast. Alternative modalities to treat allergy-related symptoms in patients, who develop parasomnias while receiving montelukast, should be explored. 1. Introduction A 16-year-old Caucasian female presented to the pulmonary clinic for a followup on her asthma which has been treated with fluticasone propionate 250?mcg/salmeterol 50?mcg and albuterol sulfate inhalers. Past medical history included asthma and allergic rhinitis. There were no reported symptoms related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and no history of any psychological disorders. There was no family history of sleepwalking, sleeptalking, or other forms of parasomnias. Due to the worsening of allergy-related symptoms (ARS), including allergic rhinitis, therapy with montelukast 10?mg daily was started and resulted in good relief of the patient’s ARS. In the nights following initiating therapy with montelukast, the patient’s mother reported daily parasomnias in the form of sleeptalking and sleepwalking. Montelukast was discontinued, and that resulted in absence of the parasomnias. A few days later, montelukast was reinstituted in a second attempt to control the patient’s ARS; however, sleeptalking and sleepwalking were reported again immediately after resuming therapy. Montelukast was discontinued indefinitely. Our patient has never had any history of parasomnias, and since the discontinuation of montelukast, parasomnias were never reported again. The application of Naranjo scale (Table 1) revealed a score of eight, indicating a probable adverse drug effect [1]. The use of the World Health Organization-The Uppsala Monitoring Center (WHO-UMC) system for standardized case causality
Coping, Personality and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Nurses Affected by Super Storm Sandy  [PDF]
Mary Ellen Roberts, Judith T. Caruso, Eileen H. Toughill, Bonnie A. Sturm
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.69068
Abstract: Objectives: To identify the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder experienced by nurses as a result of a natural disaster, and its relationship to personality and coping style. Design and Sample: A descriptive correlational design was used to examine the relationships between and among the variables using an anonymous online survey. Measures: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was measured using the PTSD-8 [1]. The Brief COPE [2] was used to measure coping style. Personality was measured utilizing the State Trait Personality Inventory [3]. Participants answered demographic questions such as gender and age, and how they were affected by the storm. Results: Over 19% percent of the nurse participants met the criteria for PTSD. The significant predictors of PTSD were the personality characteristics of state-anxiety, state-trait and trait depression, and the coping strategies of active coping, denial, acceptance, instrumental support, behavioral disengagement, venting and planning. The final regression model explained 90.7% of the variance in high PTSD-8 score. Conclusions: The findings of this study support the literature and the researchers’ belief, that there is a relationship among coping, personality, and PTSD. More research is needed to understand the individual coping mechanisms that nurses utilize during times of stress and how they are related to personality and PTSD.
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