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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4099 matches for " Martha Abdulai "
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Attracting Foreign Direct Investment for Growth and Development in sub-Saharan Africa: Policy Options and Strategic Alternatives David N.
DN Abdulai
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays an important role in fostering economic growth and development in developing countries. While FDI is known to bring to the latter much needed capital for their growth and development efforts, it also brings with it skills and new technology. For most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, whose economies have recently recovered from a long period of stagnation, FDI inflows are needed to accelerate growth, and development. Several countries in the region registered impressive growth rates in the 1990s, with some attaining and sustaining double-digit growth rates in most recent times. However, if sub-Saharan Africa is to accelerate its growth rates to enable it move the majority of its peoples out of poverty, it must attract more FDI. Efforts so far have been encouraging. However, when compared to countries in South East Asia such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and China, FDI inflows into sub-Saharan Africa pale. What are the causes for such low FDI inflows to this region? How can sub-Saharan Africa attract more FDI for its growth and development efforts? What policy options are available to these countries? What strategic alternatives can sub-Saharan countries adopt to increase FDI inflows? What role can multilateral and bilateral organisations play in this effort? This paper will address these questions by examining current FDI flows into sub-Saharan Africa and examine ways through which the sub-region can further attract much needed FDI to enable it to attain sustainable growth and development.
Treatment of ameloblastoma of the jaws in children
AE Abdulai
Ghana Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Background: To report the surgical experience on the treatment of ameloblastoma of the jaws in children. Method: This is a prospective study of six children below the age of 16 years with ameloblastoma of the jaws seen at the Maxillofacial Unit of the Department of Surgery, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital over a fifteen year period. The clinico-pathological data and management of these children is presented here. The initial surgical technique used in their treatment consisted of one mandibular resection three enucleations with preservation of the surrounding dentition, and two marginal mandibular resections, preserving the lingual cortical plate in one, and the lower cortical border in the other. Results: Though the end result of treatment in all the six children was satisfactory, all the three cases of enucleation showed signs of recurrence soon after and needed repeated surgery. Conclusion: In terms of long term cure for this tumour, enucleation has limited benefits. In children however, especially in those afflicted with the unilocular type, enucleation may be used as an interim procedure for the mandible to achieve further growth before carrying out a more appropriate definitive surgery.
An assessment of the likely acceptability of vaginal microbicides for HIV prevention among women in rural Ghana
Martha A Abdulai, Frank Baiden, George Adjei, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Kwame Adjei, Charlotte Tawiah, Sam Newton
BMC Women's Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6874-12-40
Abstract: The study employs a mixed method design, using cross-sectional survey and focus group discussions to further understand issues related to awareness and attitudes towards microbicide development, acceptability and perceived partner attitudes among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in two health facilities in the Kintampo North municipality of Ghana. We used logistic regression to identify possible predictors of microbicide acceptability among the women surveyed.Although only 2% of the 504 women were aware of the development of microbicides, 95% were willing to use one when it became available. The cost of a microbicide that will be considered affordable to 50% of women was US$0.75. Although there were concerns about possible wetting effect, gel or creams were the most preferred (68% of women) formulation. Although 71% thought their partners will find microbicide acceptable, apprehensions about the feasibility of and consequences of failed discreet use were evident. 49% of women were concerned about possible negative effect of microbicide on sexual pleasure. Perceived partner acceptability (O.R. =17.7; 95%C.I. 5.03-62.5) and possibility of discreet use (O.R. =8.9 95%C.I. 2.63-30.13) were the important predictors of microbicide acceptability.Achieving microbicide acceptability among male partners should be made a part of the promotive interventions for ensuring effective use among women in rural Ghana.According to the 2010 UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic, 33.3 million people live with HIV and 1.8 million deaths due to AIDS occurred in 2009. The total number of new infections in 2009 was 2.6 million. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS pandemic and access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in this part of the world remains a major priority in global health [1,2].Heterosexual transmission accounts for more than 80% of all new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa [3]. Traditional HIV preventive methods such as condom us
A Grobner Bases Approach to the Detection of Improperly Parameterized Rational Curve  [PDF]
Amadu Fullah Kamara, Mohamed Abdulai Koroma
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.31007
Abstract:

This paper proposes an algorithm for the detection of improper parameterization of rational curves using the concept of Grobner bases. The advantage of the proposed algorithm lies in the fact that the Grobner bases can operate in both univariate and multivariate fields with specified ordering.

Family Planning Awareness, Perceptions and Practice among Community Members in the Kintampo Districts of Ghana  [PDF]
Obed Ernest A. Nettey, Yeetey A. Enuameh, Emmanuel Mahama, Abubakari Sulemana, George Adjei, Stephaney Gyaase, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Robert Adda, Abena Konadu Yawson, Gifty Fosuaa Nuamah, Edward Apraku Anane, Livesy Abokyi, Charles Zandoh, Martha Abdulai, Ellen Abrafi Boamah, Kwame Adjei, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Francis Dzabeng, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyeman, Frank Baiden, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Advances in Reproductive Sciences (ARSci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2015.31001
Abstract: Family planning is known to prevent maternal deaths, but some social norms, limited supplies and inconsistent use makes this difficult to achieve in most low- and middle-income countries. In spite of the high fertility levels in most sub-Saharan African countries and the potential economic benefits of family planning, its patronage remains very low in the sub-region. This study was with the objective of identifying the levels of awareness, utilization, access to and perceptions about family planning and contraception. A cross-sectional study design was used for the study, with data collected from multiple sources using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Relevant findings included a marked disconnect between family planning/contraceptive knowledge and use. The pills and injectables were the most frequently used, but females in the study population poorly patronised emergency contraception. Supplies of most family planning methods were found to be health facility based, requiring clients to have to necessarily go there for services. Some respondents harboured perceptions that family planning was the responsibility of females alone and that it fuelled promiscuity among female users. Recommendations made include ensuring that health facilities had adequate staff and expertise to provide facility-based family planning services and also to disabuse the minds of community members of the negative perceptions towards family planning.
Traumatic herniation of the buccal fat pad: a case report
AE Abdulai, D Avogo
Ghana Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract:
Market Orientation and Business Performance among SMEs in Ghana
Mohammed Abdulai Mahmoud
International Business Research , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v4n1p241
Abstract: The effect of market orientation on business performance has been extensively researched over the past two decades with authors generally agreeing on its positive outcome. It appears however that previous studies placed much emphasis on its application in, and implications to, large scale organizations. Only recently have researchers begun to publish articles on the patterns of market orientation in small and medium scale organizations SMEs (Blankson et al., 2006; Keskin, 2006). Even so, it seems that researchers are yet to reach a common ground on the appropriateness of this management toolkit to SMEs. This study argues that it is in this sector that firms need to be more customer focus, monitor competitive trends, and respond to market intelligence in order to survive given evidence of their financial, technical and other constraints. Following an adaptation of two popular scales in the literature, the study investigated the market orientation-performance link in the Ghanaian SME sector using a survey to collect data on 191 SMEs in Ghana. Results show that the development of market orientation in this sector rests more on the attitude of owners/ managers and, more importantly, the repeatedly reported performance implication of market orientation does not elude Ghanaian SMEs. More specifically, market orientation leads to superior performance under ceaseless competitive conditions. Conclusions are drawn; the limitations and directions for further investigations of the construct are provided.
Genotypic Variation of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Response to Different Cropping Systems
Mashark S. Abdulai
Journal of Agronomy , 2006,
Abstract: This study utilized 400 S1 progenies or families and cycle bulks from two random mating populations planted in sole and in intercropping with soybean variety Pella-84. The objectives were to compare half-sib and S1 methods of selection for developing sorghum varieties and the nature of genotypes suitable for different cropping systems. Statistical significance tests showed that the progenies were different both within populations and between the populations. The progenies or families selected for sole cropping systems were later to flower than those selected for intercropping system. However, intercropping increased the days to flowering and maturity. Total yields were higher in intercropping due to the additional harvest of the soybean components. The ranking of the S1-families based on total grain yield in sole cropping system showed that the first twenty families were made of equal numbers of families from the two populations, an indication that a short term selection program in sole cropping system may produce genotypes suitable for both cropping systems. GE interaction effects for most of the characters evaluated were not significant suggesting that many more cycles were needed to create diversity between the two populations to reveal GE interaction effects. Estimates of heritability and the expected responses due to selection confirmed that much would be gained with further selection. Evaluation of bulks from different cycles of selection showed that higher yields were obtained from half-sib bulks than S1-bulks probably due to heterosis. Inbreeding depression was less in the bulks selected in intercropping systems. This suggests that homozygosity is likely to be achieved earlier in sole cropping than in intercropping, hence genotypes suitable for intercropping systems are likely to be more variable than those more suitable to sole cropping systems.
Utilization of Landsat Data for Quantifying and Predicting Land Cover Change in the Bumbuna Watershed in Sierra Leone  [PDF]
Abubakarr Mansaray, Abdulai Barrie
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.79042
Abstract: Rural communities in third world countries are concerned over land use changes resulting from resource exploitation. This is the case for the Bumbuna watershed in Sierra Leone following impoundment of the Bumbuna reservoir in 2009. Farmers have increased activities along the riparian zones in protest against inundation of their farmlands. The dam operators warn this practice would threaten sustainable power supply; the farmers contend the reservoir is increasing and taking over their farms. However, it is difficult to resolve this issue without a means of quantifying the change and developing early warning systems for land cover in the watershed. This research presents a case for the use of remotely sensed Landsat data for quantification of land cover change and the development of predictive models to inform preparedness for imminent problems that may arise from land use practices. In situ water loggers, in combination with manual readings, recorded water levels in 30-minute intervals since 2009. These datasets combined with spectral values of Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 for the development of regression algorithms for predictive purposes. Digital photographs and satellite imagery illustrated the changes in land cover over time (a 33% water rise and 44% NDVI change from 2009 to 2015). These visual and spectral pictures confirm the usefulness of remotely sensed data for early warning systems in the watershed. Results of the regression analysis show Band 1 (Blue) and Band 4 (NIR) as statistically significant predictors for water level in the reservoir. The tests accounted for 84% (R2) of the data with p-values less than α at the 0.05 confidence level. However, future trials of the model will consider reducing the 4.6 error margin to minimize deviations from the observed data.
GIS Based Mapping and Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Collection System in Wa, Ghana  [PDF]
Hamidu Abdulai, Rafaat Hussein, Eddie Bevilacqua, Mark Storrings
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72008
Abstract: Collection of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is important in every waste management program. Communal container collection systems appear most prevalent in many developing countries. However, this collection system is associated with problems such as overflow of waste containers, ground dumping at collection sites, and open/indiscriminate dumping at unauthorized places. The spatial distribution of these activities present potential contamination challenges to water resources. Spatial information on Municipal Solid Waste Collection/Dump Sites (MSWCS) is essential for Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) decision-making, including siting and collection route planning, and dumps cleanup. Integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) present a platform to capture, map, and analyze spatial MSWM issues. This study applied GIS and GPS technologies to map MSWCS in Wa town, Ghana. Wa Municipality waste collection system efficiency was analyzed based on spatial availability of communal containers. A GIS model was developed and used to analyze proximity of MSWCS to boreholes drinking water sources. A pollution risk map was also developed to analyze the potential impact of indiscriminate dumps on hand-dug wells and surface water in Wa. The results reveal poor management in a significant number (about 67%) of MSWCS sites. Fifteen percent of mechanized boreholes failed the minimum proximity requirement (≥100 m) of the model. This study findings illustrate that MSWM in developing countries may be improved using GIS and GPS technologies. The approach used for Wa could be replicated in other towns in Ghana and other developing nations with similar MSWM problems to enhance policy and management decision-making.
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