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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7627 matches for " Marli Aparecida;Gualtieri "
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Allelopathic potential of Sapindus saponaria L. leaves in the control of weeds
Grisi, Patrícia Umeda;Ranal, Marli Aparecida;Gualtieri, S?nia Cristina Juliano;Santana, Denise Garcia;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2012, DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v34i1.11598
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of aqueous extracts of young and mature leaves from sapindus saponaria on diaspore germination and seedling growth of barnyardgrass (echinochloa crus-galli) and morningglory (ipomoea grandifolia). the aqueous extract was prepared in a proportion of 100 g of dried, ground leaves dissolved in 1000 ml of distilled water, resulting in a 10% extract concentrate. dilutions of this concentrate were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0 and 2.5%. in seedling growth tests, we compared the effect of these extracts with the herbicide nicosulfuron. both extracts of mature and young leaves caused delays and reductions in diaspore germination and seedling length of barnyardgrass and morningglory, with the most intense effects observed at a concentration of 10%. the effects of the young leaf extract were more similar to those observed with the herbicide, demonstrating that leaf maturation stage of s. saponaria affects its inhibitory effects on the growth of other plants and that this species is effective in controlling weeds.
Competência interpessoal, problemas escolares e a transi??o da meninice à adolescência
Campos, Marli Aparecida Silva;Marturano, Edna Maria;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2003000200007
Abstract: this paper focuses on adolescents who had a previous experience of school failure. its main purpose was to verify whether children with academic complains but judged by their mother as interpersonally competent would show better achievement and adjustment later, when compared with others of the same clinical population. forty eight adolescents aged 10 and 15 years participated. on the basis of interpersonal skills indices obtained from the clinic archive records, three groups were formed: competent; vulnerable; reference. at a follow-up one to two years after clinical discharge, children were assessed with the academic achievement test, the piers-harris children's self-concept scale, the self-efficacy schedule, a follow-up interview and the cbcl. in group comparisons, the adolescents that were classified as interpersonally competent in childhood had better academic, self-perception and behavior results. these results suggest that, in face of school adversities, children with better interpersonal resources have more favorable developmental trajectories.
O trabalho do psicólogo com famílias de pacientes psiquiátricos: relato de uma experiência
Ana Maria Vieira de Miranda,Marli Aparecida Cal?a Sanches
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98931990000200003
Husband-Wife Correlations in Neurocognitive Test Performance  [PDF]
C. Thomas Gualtieri
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.410109

Spousal correlations are known to have a number of physical and mental characteristics, among which general mental ability is one of the strongest. IQ tests have ordinarily been used in studies of assortative mating, but in neurocognitive tests, less frequently. In this study, we examined spousal correlations in 76 husband-wife pairs using a computerized neuropsychological test battery. Significant spousal correlations occurred in the two most highly g-loaded tests, shifting attention and symbol digit coding, but not in the other tests or in any of the reaction time measures. The correlation between husbands and wives on the neurocognitive index, a summary score based on the individual tests and analogous to the IQ score, was even higher (r = .717). The pattern of spousal correlation described in IQ tests is thus replicated in a battery of neuropsychological tests. In a previous paper we reported positive correlations between first-degree relatives who were administered the CNT battery, and which occurred primarily in tests of complex information processing, SDC and SAT (Hervey, Greenfield, & Gualtieri, 2012). In this paper, we note that the same two tests contribute more strongly than any other tests to the high spousal correlation for neurocognition. There is a certain symmetry, then, between the cognitive skills that play into spouse selection and the cognitive skills that are inherited. A better word than symmetry might be inevitability. The findings of these studies suggest that computerized neurocognitive testing is an appropriate tool for studies of the genetics of cognition, that measures of processing speed are particularly salient and that the CNT is a suitable instrument. The advantages of computerized neurocognitive tests like the CNT include speed and efficiency, standard administration, suitability for repeated measures and elimination of scoring and transcription errors. Tests that are Internet-based like the CNT are amenable to centralized data collection and have flexibility in administration in different settings, even permitting the collection of data from remote sources. In genetic studies of cognition, where large numbers of subjects are necessary, this technology may also be inevitable.

Autism and Schizophrenia Are Disorders of Evolvability  [PDF]
C. Thomas Gualtieri
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.32019
Abstract: Autism and schizophrenia are of particular interest because new developments in genomic medicine address three aspects of the conditions that have been difficult, thus far, to resolve: their heterogeneity, from subclinical manifestations to disorders that are gravely disabling; the genetic basis for their high heritability; and the persistence of disorders in light of their high heritability but low reproductive success they convey. The origins of autism and schizophrenia, their persistence and heterogeneity can be understood by integrating information from genomic science, the social brain and the evolution of socialization, intelligence and language. Both conditions are associated with structural changes in the genome, specifically copy number variants. Such systemic mutations contribute to an unstable and mutable genome and have been especially notable during primate > hominid evolution. Along with mechanisms that affect gene expression, they contribute to a genome characterized by variability and evolvability. A dynamic and variable genome is reflected by a high degree of phenotypic variation. This, in turn, is reflected in the diversity of neurodevelopmental disorders, in particular autism and schizophrenia. Evolvability is more than a dispositional concept, it is a trait in its own right. In the special case of hominid evolution, evolvability has been both an independent and a dependent variable. Evolution of the modern human brain seems to have arisen during the cultivation of unstable regions in the genome that were conducive to a high degree of inter-individual and inter-generational variation. The consequence of even small aberrations in evolutionary processes and phenotypic variations is most likely to be manifest in the functions of the social brain: self-referential processing, perspective taking and the dual components of empathy; also language as well as intelligence itself. The trade-off is a dynamic genome that can rearrange itself in untoward ways and may be felt in one or more of the above functions. The occurrence of neurodevelopmental disorders ranging from the learning disabilities and ADD to autism and schizophrenia, are epiphenomenal to a genome that is unstable and mutable. The selective advantage of such a genome is the runaway evolution of positive prosocial and
An Internet-Based Symptom Checklist for Research and Clinical Practice in Neurology and Psychiatry  [PDF]
Camillo Thomas Gualtieri
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.31011
Abstract: For many years, computer technology has been used for patient evaluation in psychiatry, although, for the most part, the applications have been in clinical trials or other research projects. Computer-administered evaluations are thought to be more comprehensive and reliable and less biased than evaluations routinely conducted in clinical practice. Also, the use of continuous monitoring systems, which increasingly entails computer administration, has been related to improved treatment outcome. This report describes the development of a broad spectrum neuropsychiatric symptom questionnaire (NP3) that is freely available over the internet and prints a report as soon as the patient and/or concurrent informants have completed the test. The results of the questionnaire can be saved to a central database in order to generate serial reports.
Miriam Clavir, Preserving What is Valued: Museums, Conservation, and First Nations
Claudia Gualtieri
Altre Modernità , 2011,
Abstract: Miriam Clavir, Preserving What is Valued: Museums, Conservation, and First Nations (UBC Press, Vancouver, 2002, 295 pp., ISBN 0-7748-0860-8 e 0-7748-0861-6) di Claudia Gualtieri
Il museo di antropologia come museo culturale: il caso del MOA di Vancouver
Claudia Gualtieri
Altre Modernità , 2011,
Abstract: This essay will examine anthropology museums as cultural museums from the methodological approach of Cultural Studies. Within this frame, the museum acts as a mode of conservation of material culture thus revealing its immaterial consequences. In the museum, historical memories are preserved and re-enacted to articulate cultural identities in the present, to shed light on the past, and to illuminate future communal practices. After a brief survey on collections in the epoch of European geographical discoveries and on the birth of anthropology as a science in colonial times, the essay will consider the exhibition of cultural artefacts belonging to the First Nations of British Columbia in the Museum of Anthropology (MOA) in Vancouver. References to native land claims will help to understand the links between time and place, history and geography, cultural memory and land that are central to native re-constructions of identity. Through a critical reading of conventional ethnographic and anthropological criteria in museum displays, the codes of conservation and repatriation will be introduced in relation to the notion of native title and cultural property. The MOA will be used as a case in point to explore practices of negotiation with native peoples. The indigenous worldview regarding the use of objects and the performance of a living culture will be presented as opposed to the conventional aesthetic appreciation and exhibition of cultural objects. The essay will then illustrate how museums are produced and organised according to ideologically relevant standpoints in specific times and places, and how visitor-oriented practices should address a critical reading of dynamics of power and knowledge control in contemporary societies.
Gli Ordinamenti sulla gabella del sale dell’aprile 1318: un esempio della produzione legislativa fiorentina
Piero Gualtieri
Annali di Storia di Firenze , 2011,
Abstract: La documentazione normativa rappresenta una delle principali risorse per lo studio del Comune italiano del medioevo. Nella realtà fiorentina essa si articola principalmente fra statuti, ordinamenti e provvisioni. Gli ordinamenti, in particolare, traggono la propria specificità, più che dalla presenza di peculiari elementi formali, dal particolare valore politico ad essi attribuito dalla signoria. è questo il caso di alcuni ordinamenti relativi all’introduzione di una nuova gabella del sale approvati nell’aprile del 1318. L’introduzione di questa nuova imposta, le cui procedure richiamano per certi aspetti fortemente quelle del vecchio estimo, punta a razionalizzare la gestione delle finanze cittadine, in un periodo - segnato dalla concessione della signoria cittadina a re Roberto di Napoli - di aperte ostilità con le forze ghibelline toscane e di deciso fermento all’interno della classe dirigente cittadina.
Fondazione Flaminia
Lanfranco Gualtieri
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage : Historical Technical Journal , 2007,
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