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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17945 matches for " Mark Umoh "
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Penetrating Abdominal Trauma: Experience in A Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Southern Nigeria  [PDF]
Maurice Asuquo, Mark Umoh, Victor Nwagbara, Gabriel Ugare, Cyril Agbor, Emmanuel Japhet
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.35079
Abstract: Background: Penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) typically involves the violation of the abdominal cavity by a gun-shot wound (GSW) or stab wound Recently several studies have favored a more conservative approach as opposed to mandatory exploratory laparotomy. Methods: Patients admitted in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Calabar, with PAT from January 2008 to December 2010 were prospectively studied based on a questionnaire. The total number of patients with PAT was compared with total number of emergencies, traumatic injuries and abdominal trauma seen during the same period. Results: A total of 48 patients presented with abdominal trauma: PAT 29 (60%) and blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) 19 (40%). The ages of the patients (28 male, 1 female) ranged from 3 - 62 years (mean 28.1 years). Gunshot wound (GSW) 11 (38%) patients, stab wound 8 (27.6%) patients and machete cut 4 (13.8%) patients ranked first, second and third respectively as causes of PAT. The commonest organ injury was perforation of the small intestine. Four (13.8%) patients were managed conservatively while 25 (86.2%) patients had laparotomy. The duration of admission ranged from 2 - 19 days (mean 10.5 days). Morbidity [surgical site infection (SSI)] and mortality were recorded in 2 (6.9%) and 3 (10.3%) patients respectively. Conclusion: Key areas that require attention have been highlighted. Revamping the ailing economy and gainful employment for youths are paramount areas that require prompt, dedicated and sustained intervention for reduction in violent crimes.
Blunt Abdominal Trauma in a Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria  [PDF]
Maurice Asuquo, Victor Nwagbara, Mark Umoh, Gabriel Ugare, Cyril Agbor, Emmanuel Japhet, Anthonia Ikpeme
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.37124
Abstract:

Background: Road traffic injury remains a major source of blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Road traffic injury and other forms of trauma have become a major health problem throughout the world especially in low and middle-income countries. In a previous study (2005-2007), abdominal trauma constituted 79 (4.8%) of trauma cases; BAT, 40 (53%) and penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT), 39 (47%). Effective policies on road safety should be developed based on local research and not on adapted models. We present this study to highlight the possible effect of legislation on the ban of the use of motorcycles on blunt abdominal trauma. Methods: Patients that presented to the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar with BAT from 2008-2010 were prospectively studied based on a questionnaire following the legislation prohibiting the use of motorcycles. Results: A total of 12,083 patients presented during the study period, trauma patients totaled 4942 (41%), of this, 48 (1%) suffered abdominal trauma: BAT 19 (40%), penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) 29 (60%). The age range of the patients was from 5 to 48 years (mean 26.6 years) with a M:F = 5.3:1. Road traffic accident (RTA) 17 (90%) [Motorvehicle 7 (37%), motorcycles 10 (53%)] was the commonest cause of trauma. The spleen was the commonest injured organ 14 (74%). Conclusion: Road traffic injury constitutes a public health challenge and the hallmark is prevention. Legislation prohibiting the use of motorcycles may have been responsible for the reduction in BAT.

AWARENESS AND COMPLIANCE OF ANTITETANUS IMMUNZATION AMONG ADULT FEMALES IN A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA
JO Bamidele, SH Umoh
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2004,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness level and the compliance to anti-tetanus immunization among adult females in an urban community in South West of Nigeria. The rationale for the study was informed by the fact that high incidence of tetanus infections and deaths are still being reported from our clinics regularly. A total of 394 female workers and students of LAUTECH University and its Teaching Hospital participated in the cross-sectional survey. They were selected using the stratified sampling procedure. A pre-tested structure but open-ended questionnaire was administered on the respondents. The result of the analysis showed a high level of awareness (69. 8%) of anti-tetanus immunization among the respondents and a high significance association was found between the level of awareness and respondent's profession (X= 7. 65; p < 0. 0011). Majority of the respondents (56.1%) took their last dose of anti-tetanus immunization during their last pregnancies. More than one third (37.2%) of the 148 respondents who ever gate birth took only one dose or none during their last pregnancy, thus putting into question the immunological status of those mothers and the children they gave birth to then. It was concluded that despite the high level of awareness among the respondents, compliance was quite low. It is recommended that government should provide logistic supports to make immunization programme accessible on a sustainable basis to everybody in the country. Activities should be put in place that will promote behavioural change in women so that they can go for anti-tetanus immunization. Key Words: Antitetanus immunization, adult females; awareness; Compliance. Afr. J. Clin. Exper. Microbiol. 2004; 5(2): 208 – 216.
Religious Organizations and Gender Inequality: The Catholic View Point
John O. Umoh
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: In the social sciences, gender relations in contemporary feminist theory have few rivals on top of the agenda. Such issues generally revolve around 3 different but complimentary aspects: the dignity of women, the rights of women and the role of women on the different aspects of societal development. The above issues suggest an awareness which is a far cry from past conceptions, derived mainly from biblical sources which portrayed women not only as second class citizens but as objects to be exploited by men. On the basis of the sexist bias, the study takes a look at the historical development of sexism and the position of the Catholic Church as a major religious institution on the matter. It examines the socio-religious dimensions of the male-female relationship common to certain currents of thought often at variance with the authentic advancement of women thereby inhibiting their full integration into the society. It recommends that in the relational dynamics the biblical conception of woman as helpmate be construed as an active helper and collaborator which demands not only recognition but mutual respect of both the biological and cultural complementarity of women and men. Such conception is capable of enhancing the spirit of teamwork and peace in the interest of all.
Contraception awareness and practice among antenatal attendees in Uyo, Nigeria
AV Umoh, MG Abah
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Contraception is major component of reproductive health. The study aims to document the awareness of contraception and its use in Uyo, South-south Nigeria and provide useful information for future intervention strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional study using pretested questionnaires among antenatal attendees in a tertiary and a secondary health facility in Uyo. Results: A total of 550 women took part in the study. Majority of respondents (92.4%) were aware of contraception while 52.6% had ever used any form of contraception. The condom (60.3%) and the pill (49.9%) were the most common forms of contraception that the women had heard of, mostly from the doctor (36.9%), radio (33.8%) and nurse (28.5%). The condom (46.7%), withdrawal method (14.1%) and the pills (13.3%) were the most commonly used forms of contraception. Majority of the women (70.5%) planned to use contraception in the future and this intention was significantly related to the woman’s educational status (p<0.05) but not to religion or occupation. Fear of side effects, uncertainty about its need, partner objection and previous side effects were the common reasons given for unwillingness to use contraception in the future. Conclusion: Our study has shown that while there is good contraceptive awareness in Uyo, Nigeria, this is not matched by commensurate contraceptive prevalence but prospects for improvement exist. There’s need to tackle known obstacles to contraceptive uptake. Also targeted campaigns and every available opportunity should be used to provide reproductive counseling to women especially on contraception.
The Promise of Wetlands Farming: Evidence from Nigeria
Gabriel S. Umoh
Agricultural Journal , 2013,
Abstract: In this study, the extent of wetlands in Nigeria, wetlands farming systems and the contribution of wetlands farming to food security were investigated using a combination of secondary and primary/micro level data. Results show that wetlands a substantial proportion of Nigeria s land area, the farming systems slightly differ in dry and wet season farming. Wetland was found to contribute as much as 56.3% of wetlands communities food supply.
Global Estimates for Singular Integrals of the Composition of the Maximal Operator and the Green's Operator
Ling Yi,Umoh HansonM
Journal of Inequalities and Applications , 2010,
Abstract: We establish the Poincaré type inequalities for the composition of the maximal operator and the Green's operator in John domains.
Preliminary Geophysical Investigation to Delineate the Groundwater Conductive Zones in the Coastal Region of Akwa Ibom State, Southern Nigeria, around the Gulf of Guinea  [PDF]
George N. Jimmy, Akpan A. Otu, Umoh A. Asuquo
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.41011
Abstract:

This paper presents the first work of its kind within the confines of the study area. It unravels the distribution of the layers of conductive sand and their depths of interaction between freshwater from fresh sands and saltwater within the conductive layers in the coastal region of Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) around the Gulf of Guinea. Vertical electrical sounding (VES) data whose fidelity was achieved by constraining the data by the available nearby logged borehole information during interpretation was the method applied. In the western region of the study area, the ferruginized and saline water layer is found within the depth range of 22 to 75 m deep. In the northern zone, conductive sandy layer is found within 50 to 210 m and in the eastern zone, the saline and ferruginized sandy layer is found within the depth of 88.5 m and above. Generally, the horizontal and vertical cross sections of the subsoil and the flow regime from water table depths have been delineated. With these information, water can be tapped in the area with caution and the flow direction determined can be used as input parameter in detailed contamination study.

Occurrence of Vibrio cholerae in Some Households Engaged in Livestock Farming in Some Parts of Zaria, Nigeria  [PDF]
Grace Onyukwo Abakpa, Veronica Jallath Umoh, Joseph Baba Ameh
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.31020
Abstract:

The study was designed to determine the presence of Vibrio cholerae from the environment in close proximity with livestock in Zaria,Kadunastate. Three hundred and thirty six environmental samples comprising soil, water, manure and vegetables were collected from some selected households inZariacoveringZariacity, Sabo and Samaru from April to October 2006 and analyzed for the presence of Vibrio cholerae, one of the etiologic agent of gastroenteritis. Twelve Vibrios exhibiting characteristics of Vibrio cholerae were identified using biochemical techniques. Serological identification confirmed 5 (41.7%) of these isolates as Vibrio, 1 (20%) as Vibrio serogroup O1, Ogawa biotype. A 0.59% prevalence was obtained for this pathogen in the study. The 0.59% isolation rate though low is significant considering its source being animal, since livestock keeping is a common feature in the study location, with animals living in close proximity to man this work is imperative. Animals are a point source of contamination of enteric pathogens, therefore extensive management system and proper treatment of animal manure is recommended before its use as fertilizer.

Communicative Significance of Traditional Symbols in Oron Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State: Trend and Prospects in Conflicts Resolution  [PDF]
Israel W. Udomisor, Joseph Umoh Ekpe, Uduak Akpabio Inyang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.49054
Abstract: This study was carried out to ascertain the “Oro” traditional communication system and modes employed in conflicts resolution. Interviewing key persons, considered in the opinion of these researchers to be custodians of the culture of “Oro” people and thus acknowledgeable in the traditional trends, as well as prominent indigenes of the area, was considered an appropriate instrument for gathering data. In addition, a lot of secondary data were consulted to establish a common link between the past, present and what constitutes “Traditional Communication System” among a people. It was discovered that the communicative significance of the eight (8) selected modes— Ogbin, Olughu, Oduk Eni, Ndo, Nkang, Obio Utong, Mmong and Ukpong—were still credible and efficacious in transmitting important and strategic messages to the “Oro” people. Ogbin, for instance, still serves as an injunction and is effective in restraining parties in a conflict. Olughu is still employed to establish truth in maters in serious contention, though sparingly due to its dire consequences. The younger generations are not well versed in traditional communication symbols but still adhere when so informed. Therefore, this study espouses trado-modern system of communication to meet the demand of information dissemination retrieval as a critical resource in 21st century.
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