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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 515 matches for " Marjan Ajami "
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A Comparison between Dietary Habits for Pregnant Women with Preterm and Term Delivery in Khorasan, Iran  [PDF]
Zohreh Teimouri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Sara Shishehgar, Marjan Ajami, Hamid Alavi Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59083
Abstract: Background: Despite the advances in prenatal care and improving health indicators, preterm delivery and resultant infant mortality rate are still considerable. Emerged financial, social, mental and emotional damages could result in mental and behavioral disabilities for mothers as well as children. Although spontaneous preterm labor is well known as a multifactorial issue, yet poor nutrition is assumed as a strong related factor. Objective: To identify the role of dietary habits on preterm delivery prevalence in Iran, this study was conducted on pregnant women with preterm and term delivery. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, 70 women with preterm labor and 70 women with term labor were compared in terms of their dietary habits. Women who met the inclusion criteria and referred to two hospitals in North-East of Iran were selected using purposive convenience sampling method and completed 163-item food frequency and dietary habits questionnaire. Results: This study showed that dietary habits of women with preterm labor are more unfavorable compared to women with term labor (P = 0.023). Generally, dietary habit of more than half of the women with preterm labor, in this study, was assessed unfavorable. In terms of different food groups, daily intake of vegetables was significantly lower in women with preterm labor (P = 0.02). Consumption of dairy products was also lower in women with preterm labor than women with term labor which was significant (P = 0.05). Conclusion: To prevent adverse outcomes of preterm delivery more attention regarding nutritional planning for pregnant women seems to be essential.
Effect of crocus sativus on gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity
MARJAN AJAMI,SHAHRIAR EGHTESADI,HAMIDREZA PAZOKI-TOROUDI,ROUHOLLAH HABIBEY
Biological Research , 2010,
Abstract: Crocus sativus, known as saffron, is used in folk medicine for treatment of different types of diseases, and its anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities have been demonstrated. The present study evaluated gentamicin nephrotoxicity in saffron treated rats. Male Wistar rats (200-250g) were treated with saffron (40 or 80 mg/k/d) for 10 days, or saffron (40 or 80 mg/ kg/d) for 10 days and gentamicin 80 mg/kg/d for five days, starting from day 6. At the end of treatment, blood samples were taken for measurement of serum creatinine (SCr) and BUN. The left kidney was prepared for histological evaluation and the right kidney for Malondialdehyde (MDA) measurement. Gentamicin 80 (mg/k/d) increased SCr, BUN and renal tissue levels of MDA and induced severe histological changes. Saffron at 40 mg/k/d significantly reduced gentamicin-induced increases in BUN and histological scores (p<0.05). Gentamicin-induced increases in BUN, SCr and MDA and histological injury were significantly reduced by treatment with saffron 80 mg/k/d (p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.05, and p<0.001 respectively). In conclusion, our results suggest that saffron treatment reduces gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and this effect seems to be dose dependent.
Effect of crocus sativus on gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity
AJAMI,MARJAN; EGHTESADI,SHAHRIAR; PAZOKI-TOROUDI,HAMIDREZA; HABIBEY,ROUHOLLAH; EBRAHIMI,SOLTAN AHMED;
Biological Research , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-97602010000100010
Abstract: crocus sativus, known as saffron, is used in folk medicine for treatment of different types of diseases, and its anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities have been demonstrated. the present study evaluated gentamicin nephrotoxicity in saffron treated rats. male wistar rats (200-250g) were treated with saffron (40 or 80 mg/k/d) for 10 days, or saffron (40 or 80 mg/ kg/d) for 10 days and gentamicin 80 mg/kg/d for five days, starting from day 6. at the end of treatment, blood samples were taken for measurement of serum creatinine (scr) and bun. the left kidney was prepared for histological evaluation and the right kidney for malondialdehyde (mda) measurement. gentamicin 80 (mg/k/d) increased scr, bun and renal tissue levels of mda and induced severe histological changes. saffron at 40 mg/k/d significantly reduced gentamicin-induced increases in bun and histological scores (p<0.05). gentamicin-induced increases in bun, scr and mda and histological injury were significantly reduced by treatment with saffron 80 mg/k/d (p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.05, and p<0.001 respectively). in conclusion, our results suggest that saffron treatment reduces gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and this effect seems to be dose dependent.
The protective effect of 5% azelaic acid and 5% minoxidil combination therapy in reducing skin flap necrosis in rats
Hamidreza Pazoki-Toroudi,Marjan Ajami,Rouhollah Habibey,Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
Dermatology and Cosmetic , 2010,
Abstract: "nBackgound and Aim: One important limitation of random pattern skin flap in plastic surgery is the necrosis of distant parts of the flap resulting from ischemia. This effect cause unwanted increase in the costs and hospitalization. Previously, large number of factors has been evaluated to decrease the flap necrosis. In present study we used two drugs. Main reason was their mechanism of action that seems to be similar to preconditioning pathways."n"nMethods: Fifty-six male rats were divided into four groups. In two groups 5% minoxidil or 5% azelaic acid were applied topically to the flap area before flap elevation. In some rats of minoxidil treated group, a non selective ATP sensitive potassium channel (KATP) blocker, glibenclamide (0.3mg/kg) was injected i.p. to evaluate the role of this channel in action. In azelaic acid treated rats, some were selected for evaluation of the role of nitric oxide and therefore L-NAME (20 mg/kg), a non-selective iNOS inhibitor, was administered. Seven days after operation, the extent of flap necrosis was calculated."n"nResults: Topical minoxidil or azelaic acid significantly recused necrotic area of skin flap to 42% (P<0.05) and 34% (P<0.01), respectively. Combination of minoxidil and azelaic acid was the most effictive intervantion on reducing of necrotic area to 26%. Glibenclamide abolished protective effect of minoxidil (P<0.001) and L-NAME inhibited the effect of azelaic acid on skin flap survival (P<0.05). Both L-NAME and glibenclamide completely inhibited the effect of combination topical therapy."n"nConclusion: Present study suggested the role of KATP channels on minoxidil pathway and NO on L-NAME pathway of preserving skin flap survival. It seems that there is an overlap between the two pathways; however precise mechanism remained to be determined.
ROLE OF REPARIL IN CONTROLLING POSTTONSILLECTOMY PAIN
Muhammad AjamI
The Professional Medical Journal , 1997,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Prospective controlled double blind study. SETTING: Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur.PERIOD: Mar 1995 to Dec 1995. SUBJECTS: 48 patients (21 male and 27 Female) admitted for tonsillectomy.Age ranged from 14 years to 21 years. METHODS: Group A (24 patients) was given Reparil 5 mgintravenously before operation and 12 hours after operation. Group B (24 patients) was given 5 ml of normal salineat the same timings. All patients in both the groups received 400 mg. Brufen orally 8 hourly. The rescue analgesiawas given in the form of intramuscular pethidine. The pain was assessed by visual analogue scale at 6,12, 18 and24 hours after the operation. Food intake was also assessed at similarly timings. The rescue analgesia consumedin 24 hours was noted. RESULTS: The number of patients experiencing moderate to severe pain is significantlyless in group A as compared to group B (P<0.05). Similarly food intake was also better n group A (P<0.001). Theamount of Pethidine consumed as rescue analgesia in first 24 hours was more than double in group B as comparedto group A patents. CONCLUSION: Reparil has helped to reduce post-tonsillectomy pain.
The Dominant Islamic Philosophy of Knowledge  [PDF]
Hassan Ajami
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102264
Abstract: The Arab-Islamic culture is certainty-oriented, such that most Arabs and Muslims consider their beliefs to be certainties. This enabled the traditionalist philosophical school of knowledge to be dominant in the Arab-Islamic world. Both Muslim philosophers Al-Ghazali and Ibn Taymiyyah articulated the dominant philosophical theory of knowledge. While Al-Ghazali claimed that God creates knowledge in us, Ibn Taymiyyah held that knowledge is justified true belief or a set of beliefs presented by an infallible person, such as the prophet Muhammad. Both philosophers provided a traditionalist account of knowledge, according to which, God is the ultimate source of any genuine belief. Their conceptions of knowledge became dominant in the Arab-Islamic world because their theories of knowledge cohere with the fact that the Arab-Islamic culture is certainty- oriented. The best way to maintain that one’s beliefs are certainties, i.e. absolutely true and unchangeable, resides in holding that they are the products of God Himself. In addition, one’s theory of meaning and causation is related to one’s conception of knowledge. While Ibn Taymiyyah’s account of meaning paved the way for his endorsement of his unique theory of knowledge, Al-Ghazali’s conception of causal relationships, as being unnecessary, led him to accept the traditionalist view that God creates knowledge in us.
Oneness of Knowledge in Islamic Philosophy  [PDF]
Hassan Ajami
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102755
Abstract:
Oneness of knowledge played a basic role in shaping many Islamic philosophical theories. It led many Muslim philosophers to aim at unifying different traditions of knowledge, paving the way for the development of their unique philosophical accounts. Only through unifying diverse traditions of knowledge and philosophy can one account for the oneness of knowledge, which states that the seemingly competing disciplines of research and sources of beliefs constitute one single and coherent set of knowledge. For example, the philosopher Al-Farabi attempted to unify Plato’s idealism with Aristotle’s realism. And the main reason behind his endeavor is to account for the belief that apparently distinct philosophical systems of beliefs which are in fact consistent and form a single body of knowledge. Similarly, one dominant school of Sufism, i.e. Islamic mysticism, endorses the idea of the oneness of the universe, which considers that all things are just one single entity. And the basic reason behind maintaining that all beings, including cultures and religions, are one is to express the belief that all kinds of knowledge are one. When all things or entities are one, they will provide a consistent set of beliefs, leading to the oneness of knowledge.
Microstrip Ultra-Wideband Filter with Flexible Notch Characteristics  [PDF]
Marjan Mokhtaari, Jens Bornemann
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2012.31002
Abstract: A microstrip ultra-wideband (UWB) filter with unique shape, compactness, simplicity of operation and flexible notch characteristics is introduced. It is based on the fundamental and harmonic characteristics of a 50 Ohm transmission line that is grounded at both ends. The filter possesses design flexibility in the sense that it can operate as a stand-alone UWB component or include simple additional circuitry to create one or two notches within the ultra-wideband frequency range. The basic design principles are highlighted and verified using the results of two commercially available field solver packages. Individual filter structures with single and double notches are validated through measurements of a number of filter prototypes.
Lifelong Learning—From Freedom to Necessity  [PDF]
Marjan ?imenc, Zdenko Kodelja
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.712174
Abstract: Lifelong education, in its humanistic dimension as the broader right of the individual to education, which in the 1970s was seen as a question of the individual’s free will, has become increasingly understood as the obligation of the individual to educate himself or herself throughout his or her life, or rather as the individual’s personal responsibility for the development of his or her own education, personal development and participation in the realisation of civil rights and economic goals. Lifelong learning (education) is thus no longer a matter of the individual’s free choice, but is a necessity. If one wants to survive in the labour market in a time of rapid social, economic and technological change, one must constantly adapt one’s knowledge and skills to the unpredictable demands of the labour market.
Biochemical Profiles of Hydatid Cyst Fluids of Echinococcus Granulosus of Human and Animal Origin (Sheep, Goat, Cattle and Camel)
J. Izadi,A. Ajami
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: A comparative study on the biochemical parameters in hydatid cyst fluids of sheep, goat, cattle, camel and human cystic forms of Echinococcus granulosus have been made in Mazandaran. Hundred and twelve samples of hydatid fluids were collected from the liver cysts of different hosts (sheep, cattle, goat, camel and human) in slaughterhouses of sari and Ghaemshahr and Immam hospital respectively. All cyst fluids were centrifuged at 4500 rpm at 4 C for 45 min and the supernatants were analyzed for various biochemical parameters. Quantitative variations in the levels of Sodium, Glucose, Urea, Alanin Aminotransferase (AST), were found in the cystic fluids of different host origins although these differences were statistically insignificant. However, differences in the concentration of Potassium, Calcium, Triglycerides, Cholesterol, Uric acid, Creatinin, Albumin, Gamma glutamyl transferase, Aspartat Aminotransferase (AST) and Creatinine Phosphokinase (CPK), in different hydatid cyst fluids were statistically significant. Differences in the biochemical composition of different hydatid cyst fluids suggest existence of more than one strain of Echinococcus granulosus in human and other domestic animal intermediate hosts in Mazandaran.
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