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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5986 matches for " Marina Birba "
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Too Sweet/Too Fatty Food Consumption: Determinants among Secondary School Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Mireille Marie Déborah Tapsoba, Aimée Senkaye-Lagom Kissou, Bazoumana Coulibali, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Alassane Ilboudo, Omar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Abraham Bagbila, Marina Birba, Macaire Sampawindé Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82015
Abstract: Introduction: Nutrition, particularly when too sweet or too fatty, is a major determinant of chronic diseases. This study aims to determine the frequency and associate factors of the excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried food among secondary school pupils. Methods: It is cross-sectional study which was conducted from March to April 2016 among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Nutritional investigation methods consisted in a reminder of the last 24 hours associated with a questionnaire on food consumption frequency. Excessive consumption of sweet drinks was defined as a consumption of more than 3 sweet drinks (soda) or sugary juice per day (~33 cl × 3); and excessive consumption of fried food as a consumption of more than 1 intake of fried food per day. Results: In total, 1993 pupils were interviewed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and sex-ratio 0.7. Excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried food was recorded in 12.7% (n = 253) and 28.2% (n = 561) of pupils, respectively. The factors associated with excessive consumption of sweet drinks were: sex/female, sedentarily, desire to gain weight, lean or normal corpulence of the mother and breakfast intake; those associated with excessive consumption of fried food were: sex/female, being in 1st or 4th form, physical exercise practice and breakfast intake. But the fact to attend a private secondary school, to have a mother of normal corpulence and a concordance between self-image and actual weight status, were protective against excessive consumption of fried foods. Conclusion: This study has displayed prominently the fact that eating too sweet and too fatty concerned respectively 1/10 and 3/10 of pupils in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. The main modifiable factors of these eating habits included the level of education, the composition of breakfast and the influence of mothers. An intervention program in the form of a Communication for Continuous Behavioral Change intended for pupils and their mothers could help to improve this situation.
Food Behavior of Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Bazoumana Coulibali, Aimée Senkaye-Lagom Kissou, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Mireille Marie D. Tapsoba, Alassane Ilboudo, Omar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Abraham Bagbila, Marina Birba, Macaire Sampawindé Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82016
Abstract: Introduction: Diet is a determinant of chronic non transmissible diseases. The aim of this study was to describe pupils’ diet in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that took place from March to April 2016, among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Diet survey methods were a reminder of the last 24 hours and the questionnaire of consumption frequency. Results: A total of 1993 pupils were surveyed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and the sex ratio 0.7. The majority of pupils (90.5%) reported eating at least 3 meals a day. Dietary recommendations were different according to food groups. For example, vegetables (90.0%), fruits (75.4%) and dairy products (79.3%) were the least well consumed foods compared to recommendations. Protein and starch intake were inadequate among these pupils with 39.7% and 58.2% respectively. Almost 1/4 had a regular weekly alcohol consumption (23.4%) while an excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried foods was noted in 12.7% and 28.2% of them, respectively. Conclusion: This study has revealed a general insufficiency in the recommended dietary intakes of fruit, vegetables, proteins, starchy foods and dairy products among pupils, and on the other hand, a regular consumption of fatty, sugary and alcoholic foods for about a fifth of them. An intervention program such as “Communication for Continuous Behavior Change” would help improve these habits.
Psychopathology of Joseph Stalin  [PDF]
Marina Stal
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49A1001

Between 1928 and 1953, Joseph Stalin was the undisputed totalitarian dictator of the former Soviet Union whose “reign of fear” continues to maintain its egregious reputation. An examination of Stalin’s documented behaviors attempts to evaluate any signs of psychopathology in accordance with DSM-IV-TR criteria. Evidence of a troubled upbringing, depression, paranoia, and alcohol abuse suggests psychopathology as an implicating factor behind Stalin’s actions. Utilizing such a perspective may allow for future distinctions of individuals deemed responsible for horrendous atrocities.

On a New Index Aimed at Comparing Risks  [PDF]
Marina Resta, Maria Erminia Marina
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2015.52011
Abstract: This paper fits into the research stream started by Aumann and Serrano (2008) with their index RAS, and introduces a new index of riskiness called Iθ. In particular, our intuition moves from the observation that the RAS index is defined over the set of gambles whose expected value of losses is lower than the one of gains. We then restrict the attention on investment opportunities in a proper relation with a benchmark value \"\" and we build the index Iθ. The mathematical features of the new index are discussed in deepest detail, providing evidence that Iθ can be used by the investor in comparing risks: θ plays the role of a threshold value such that once fixed in the range (0,1] , Iθ suggests to take into consideration a gamble (an investment, an asset) g only if the ratio between the expected value of its losses and the expected value of its gains is lower than such θ. Moreover, Iθ nests RAS as special case when θ = 1, and it satisfies both homogeneity and duality properties. In the light of these features, Iθ seems to satisfy the common need among practitioners for flexible index of riskiness.
Les péricardites tuberculeuses au centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Aimé Arsène Yaméogo, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Zakari Nikiéma, Emile Birba, Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Patrice Zabsonré
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: La tuberculose constitue toujours un problème de santé publique. Sa localisation péricardique reste fréquente. L’objectif de cette étude rétrospective descriptive était de décrire les caractéristiques cliniques et évolutives des cas de péricardites tuberculeuses dans le service de cardiologie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso. Méthodes: Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective descriptive des cas de péricardite tuberculeuse colligés en deux ans à partir des dossiers et registres dans le service de cardiologie du CHU de Bobo-Dioulasso de janvier 2009 à décembre 2010. Résultats: De janvier 2009 à décembre 2010, parmi 945 hospitalisations dans le service de cardiologie, une péricardite tuberculeuse a été diagnostiquée chez dix patients agés de 18 à 82 ans. L’age moyen était de 46,8±25 ans avec un sexe ratio de un. Soixante pour cent des patients avaient moins de 40 ans. Tous les patients avaient un niveau socio-économique bas. Une notion de contage tuberculeux a été retrouvée chez six patients. Trois patients présentaient une tuberculose pulmonaire à microscopie positive. L’insuffisance cardiaque était constante chez tous les patients avec deux cas de tamponnade à l’admission ayant nécessité une ponction péricardique d’urgence. Tous les patients avaient une sérologie VIH négative. L’échocardiographie a été importante pour le diagnostic positif et dans la prise en charge. L’évolution sous traitement antituberculeux et de l’IC a été bonne chez neuf patients à la fin de la première phase du traitement antituberculeux. Un cas de décès a cependant été enregistré chez un patient avec une HTA déjà compliquée d’accident vasculaire cérébrale ischémique. Conclusion: Les péricardiques tuberculeuses sont fréquentes au Burkina Faso. Elles touchent surtout les sujets jeunes et un intérêt particulier devrait être accordé au dépistage et au traitement précoce des cas. Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:16
A Fatal Case of Treatment-Related Adverse Effects in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener’s Granulomatosis)  [PDF]
Marina Magrey, Maria Antonelli
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2011.12002
Abstract: Well-studied therapies have proven to be effective in treating Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener’s granulomatosis) (GPA). There has been considerable improvement in survival of patients with GPA but treatment related morbidity and mortality remains still high, particularly in patients with renal disease. We describe a case of 64-year old woman with recent onset GPA, who responds well to the initial cyclophosphamide based therapy but latter develops a fatal stroke. Infectious complications should be considered in patients with GPA who are on adequate immunosuppression but develop symptoms that may mimic a relapse. Aggressive diagnostic interventions should be undertaken to discriminate between an infection and a relapse of GPA.
The Standarization of Writing. Asphyxia of Philosophical Thought in Academia Today  [PDF]
Marina Garcés
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31007

This article addresses the problem of the place of philosophy in higher education today through the analysis of a single issue: the standardization of academic writing and its effects on the practice of philosophy and teaching. From the formal analysis of the academic “paper”, as the unique pattern of production and evaluation of current research, this article evaluates its impact on the relationship between thinking, writing and education. It concludes that standardization of writing in the globally homologated university, leads to a stifling of thought not only in philosophy but in all areas of knowledge. At the same time gives us the key to diagnose and locate, in each of these areas, what are the spaces of the non-negotiable from which we must rethink our relationship with education and thinking inside and outside the university.

Analysis of critical issues in case management for liver retransplantation  [PDF]
Marina Moguilevitch, Ellise Delpin
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.29133

We report a case of a patient who underwent successful combined liver-kidney transplant after two prior liver transplantations. The topic of liver retransplantation is very controversial. Given the critical organ shortage, the question arises as to whether hepatic retransplantation should be offered liberally despite its greater cost, and inevitable denial of access to primary transplantation for the other patients on the waiting list. We suggest that careful selection of the retransplant candidates will improve outcomes and allow rational use of the limited organ supply. Analysis of the available literature allows us to identify the main predictors of morbidity and mortality for this patient population. It also enables development of a detailed plan for perioperative management. The role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as a monitor in the complex liver transplant cases is also discussed. Our report is a significant contribution to the very limited data available on the subject of multiple liver retransplants.

Quick Single Run Capillary Zone Electrophoresis Determination of Active Ingredients and Preservatives in Pharmaceutical Products  [PDF]
Marina Franco, Renata Jasionowska
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2013.43016

The paper deals with the development of a rapid and efficient Capillary Zone Electrophoresis (CZE) method for Quality Control analysis of pharmaceutical preparations containing antihistamines, decongestants, anticholinergic remedies and preservatives. Active ingredients of interest are: ChlorPheniramine Maleate (CPM), DiPhenhydramine Hydrochloride (DPH), Ephedrine hydrochloride (E), Isopropamide Iodide (II), Pheniramine Maleate (PM), Lidocaine hydrochloride (L), Tetracaine hydrochloride (T), Clopamide Hydrochloride (CH), DiHydroErgochristine (DHE), PhenylEphrine hydrochloride (PE) and Acetaminophen (A). Preservatives studied are: MethylParaben (MeP), EthylParaben (EtP), PropylParaben (PrP), ButylParaben (BuP), p-HydroxyBenzoic Acid (p-HBA). All these analytes were separated in a single run using 60 mM tetraborate buffer solution (TBS) pH = 9.2 as a BackGround Electrolyte (BGE) by using an uncoated fused silica capillary of I.D. = 50 mm and applying a voltage of 25 kV in the first part of the electropheretic run (up to 5.8 min) and 30 kV for the remaining time. The hydrodynamic pressurization of the inlet vial was 20 psi at 7.2 min. up to the end of analysis. Total separation time was of 7.5 min. The method was then successfully validated and applied to the simultaneous determination of active ingredients and preservatives. Good repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity were demonstrated. Precision of migration time (tm) was RSD% < 0.53% and of corrected peak area (Ac) was RSD% < 6.15%. The linearity evaluation gave 0.9928 < r2 < 1.000. LOD and LOQ, accuracy (recovery) and ruggedness were evaluated for each analyte demonstrating the good reliability of the method. Analyses of some pharmaceutical real samples were performed.

Reconstruction of the Psychological Characteristics of the Personality of the Writer Vladimir Nabokov  [PDF]
Marina N. Aksenovskaya
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25025
Abstract: The experience of psychological characteristics reconstruction of the personality of the writer Vladimir Nabokov is outlined in this paper by using the method of content analysis of his literary works. The main existential units included into the notional semantics of the writer’s consciousness i.e. world, time, fate, life, death, memory are determined. The conclusion is drawn that
post-modern perception of the reality, accompanied by depression symptoms, is typical for the writer.
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