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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 178073 matches for " Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros "
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Inquéritos domiciliares de saúde: potencialidades e desafios
Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2008000500002
Abstract: this paper presents a short description of the development of measures for population health conditions, focusing on the recognition of periodic population surveys to provide new indicators. it also provides brief history of the development of population surveys, and points out some favorable conjunctures in brazil for establishing a matrix of several types of surveys that could consistently integrate the brazilian health information system. several methodological issues related to the development of surveys are discussed, and the investments already made in the validation and evaluation of tools, scales, and sample design are stressed. considering the existence of high concentration of wealth, health equality surveillance is emphasized as a central responsibility of nationwide surveys, which calls for the definition of variables and indicators. this paper highlights that research lines related to surveys and health inequality may establish significant spaces for the development of epidemiological theories and a more integral practice in the collective health arena.
Morbidade e mortalidade hospitalar de crian?as menores de um ano, em Ribeir?o Preto, SP (Brasil), 1975
Barros,Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1981, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101981000300007
Abstract: the data of 1975 of hospital morbidity and mortality among children under one year of age was studied in ribeir?o preto, s. paulo, brazil. the hospitalizaron rate for these children, excluding newborn, was very high - 437 per 1000 - and was higher for boys than for girls. diarrhea, dehydration, and pneumonia accounted for 80.36% of admissions. there were, however, evident differences in morbidity related to categories of hospitalization. infectious diseases were responsible for the largest portion (75%) of hospital deaths among these children, and mortality was over 3 times greater for indigent children than for those whose care was remunerated.
A utiliza??o do conceito de classe social nos estudos dos perfis epidemiológicos: uma proposta
Barros,Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1986, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101986000400001
Abstract: a brief analysis of the trends in the incorporation of social aspects into epidemiological studies, is presented. in recent analysis some concepts have been considered very important. among them, the concept of "social class" has been detached and is used in epidemiological research. some questions about difficulties in the concept of social class and its application are presented, as well as a scheme for the application of the concept of social class based on data on ownership of the means of production, occupational position and occupational categories. for the owners, data about income and number of employees were used to distinguish between entrepreuner bourgeoisie and little bourgeoisie. finally some data collected during the use of this scheme proposing discrimination of sub-divisions' of social classes in a study on morbidity and used of medicine carried out in ribeir?o preto, sp, are presented.
A incidência de cirurgias na popula??o de Ribeir?o Preto, SP, Brasil
Barros,Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1982, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101982000500002
Abstract: this paper reports on surgical rates as related to patient's ages sex and categories of hospitalization in the population of ribeir?o preto, s. paulo, brazil. data were obtained from a hospital information center. the surgical rate in ribeir?o preto was similar to the highest rates reported in literature. obstetric surgery accounted for 31.8% of all operations performed. orthopedic operations were the most frequent kind of surgery performed on the male sex. hospitalization with surgery was more frequent in the patients whose care was remunerated. the number of orthopedic and plastic surgical operations was greater in the case of social insurance and indigent patients, whereas otorrinological and urinary tract operations were more frequent in the case of paying patients.
Considera??es sobre a mortalidade no Brasil em 1980
Barros,Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1984, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101984000200005
Abstract: this study presents an analysis of the index of proportional mortality by age and causes of death for the brazilian population in 1980. the study points out the poor-quality of the data, mainly in the north, northeast and middle-west regions and the brazilian's low level of health: with proportional mortality under one year of age at 24.2% and proportional mortality over 50 years old at 48.9%, nelson de moraes' type iii and guedes' index at 8.0. the level of health in brazil varies greatly from region to region. dwellers in capital cities have a health index similar to that of the population of their respective state. in 1980 the proportional mortality for diseases of the circulatory system was 32.1%, for infectous and parasitic diseases 11.8%, for neoplasms 10.4% and for accidents, poisoning and injuries 11.8%. the index for north and northeast regions indicate a worsening of conditions of health as compared with previous periods.
A pesquisa em Epidemiologia: dificuldades e perspectivas
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Saúde e Sociedade , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/s0104-12901995000100005
Abstract:
Falls and health-related quality of life (SF-36) in elderly people—ISACAMP 2008  [PDF]
Iara Guimar?es Rodrigues, Margareth Guimar?es Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512A007
Abstract:

Falls are accidental events and harmful to the healthy elderly. Its consequence can lead to the disability and the death. Accordingly, it becomes important to assess the relation between falls and quality of life. This theme is little studied in Brazil and internationally, especially in areas with large population bases. Objective: To identify the association between occurrence of fall and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 according to gender, age and schooling, among the elderly population of Campinas/Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study, using data from ISACAMP 2008. The present study analyzed only the population with 60 years old or more, totaling 1432 elderly individuals. The dependent variables were the eight SF-36 scale, version 2. The main independent variables were the falls occurred in the last 12 months and the limitation in activities daily living due to the falls. Analysis were carried out with the simple and multiple linear regression model in order to determine the associations between the dependent and main independent variables, using svy commands of STATA 11.0. Results: The prevalence of falls in the last year was 6.3%. The elderly individuals who referred to fall in the last 12 months exhibited the lowest score in seven of eight SF-36 scales, comparing with non-fallers. The association between fall and HRQL was greater in the male population. The elderly individuals who are older (75 or more) and located in the lower schooling stratum, and experienced falls also exhibited the lowest SF-36 scale scores, in physical and social functioning. Stratifying falls, considering those who cause limitations and those who do not, can be observed with the lowest scores in physical functioning, role physical, role emotion and social functioning, and only in the stratum of people who have limitations in daily living. Conclusion: The occurrence of falls can cause important limitations in

Smoking and Health-Related Quality of Life (SF-36). A Population-Based Study in Campinas, SP, Brazil  [PDF]
Margareth Guimar?es Lima, Flávia Silva Arbex Borim, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.612189
Abstract: Introduction: Smoking persists as a global and relevant health problem being one of the major risk factors to non-communicable diseases and early death. Studies on the association between smoking and health related quality of life (HRQL) are scarce in Brazil and Latin America. The aim of this study was to analyze the HRQL according to smoking status on adults aged 20 to 59 years, living in Campinas, Brazil. Method: It is a population-based cross-sectional study, carried out with data from the Campinas Health Survey developed in 2008/2009. The dependent variables were the eight scales and the two components—physical (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the instrument SF-36, version 2. Means and confidence intervals of the SF-36 scale scores and components were estimated according to smoking (never smokers, former smokers, current smokers) and nicotine dependence (mild, moderate, heavy). Results: The sample comprised 957 individuals (mean age of 37.5 years). Comparing with never smokers, smokers had lower score means in all SF-36 scales, except in physical functioning and role-physical; among the former smokers, lower scores were observed in vitality and mental health. A reduction of the MCS score was observed among smokers and former smokers among men; but in the female population, this reduction was observed only in smokers compared with never smokers. According to the nicotine dependence, it was observed an increasing reduction in MCS scores from mild, to moderate and heavy smokers. Conclusion: Smoking is significantly and negatively associated with HRQL in the studied population. The results point out the importance of the strategic policies against smoking, to reduce morbidity and premature death, but also to increase the quality of life and well-being. It is also important to consider the mental health dimension, since that best mental health can be relevant to promote healthier behaviors.
Fatores de risco para mortalidade neonatal e pós-neonatal na Regi?o Centro-Oeste do Brasil: linkage entre bancos de dados de nascidos vivos e óbitos infantis
Morais Neto, Otaliba Libanio de;Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2000000200018
Abstract: this article focused on risk factors for neonatal and post-neonatal mortality by linking live births and infant death records. the study was conducted in the municipality of goiania, in the central-west region of brazil. a total of 20,981 live births and 342 infant deaths constitute the retrospective cohort. neonatal and post-neonatal mortality risks were estimated in this cohort study of live births by logistic regression. in the neonatal period, the highest ors were for delivery in public hospitals (or = 2.28; 95% ci 1.57-3.32), pre-term neonates (or = 8.94; 95% ci 5.85-13.67), and low birth weight (or = 8.92; 95% ci 5.77-13.79). cesarean delivery appeared as a protective factor (or = 0.58; 95% ci 0.43-0.78). for post-neonatal mortality, the highest ors were for illiterate mothers (or = 6.25; 95% ci 1.25-31.27), low birth weight (or = 3.12; 95% ci 1.67-5.84), and delivery in public hospitals (or = 2.65; 95% ci 1.13-6.23). the linkage identified socioeconomic variables that were more important risk factors for post-neonatal than neonatal mortality.
Aten??o à saúde e mortalidade neonatal: estudo caso-controle realizado em Campinas, SP
Almeida, Solange Duarte de Mattos;Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2004000100004
Abstract: a case control study was developed to identify the main factors associated with neonatal mortality, by analyzing socio-economic, maternal morbidity and especially health care related variables. data were obtained from household interviews in campinas, s?o paulo, brazil, 2001-2002. the study included 117 cases and 234 controls. the multiple logistic regression analysis in a hierarchic model identified the following as associated to neonatal death risk: socioeconomic variables (income, immigration, number of dwellers, no choice of delivery hospital); maternal morbidity (vaginal bleeding, early delivery due to health problems; time elapsed between hospital admission and delivery); quality of prenatal care (number of orientations received); health status of the newborn (gestational age, low birth weight and 5-minute apgar). conclusion: this study indicates the need to improve prenatal care, mainly for pregnant women with poor socioeconomic status and those in risk of preterm delivery.
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