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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5247 matches for " Mariana Naomi;Hieda "
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Vascular flora of Serra do Japi Biological Reserve, Jundiaí, southeastern Brazil
Lombardi, Julio Antonio;Carvalho, Carolina da Silva;Biral, Leonardo;Saka, Mariana Naomi;Hieda, Sean Miki;
Rodriguésia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2175-78602012000200008
Abstract: floristic sampling was carried out in serra do japi biological reserve, jundiaí, state of s?o paulo, brazil, including physiognomies of semideciduous montane forest, a type of forest formation within the atlantic forest domain. six hundred and sixty one species distributed in 129 families were recorded; the ten most diverse phanerogam families were: asteraceae (56 species), fabaceae (37), rubiaceae (29), poaceae (25), solanaceae (24), cyperaceae (19), euphorbiaceae (19), orchidaceae (19), melastomataceae (17), and piperaceae (17). the addition of 322 species from other floristic surveys increased the number of species of serra do japi to 976, distributed in 141 families. compared to other floristic surveys carried out in the atlantic forest, our results highlight the floristic diversity of the study area and the importance of preserving the vegetation of this highly urbanized region.
Outside the Cage: Exploring Everyday Interactions between Government Workers and Residents in a Place-Based Health Initiative  [PDF]
Naomi Sunderland
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.31008
Abstract: This paper presents an ethnographic case study of the daily lived experience of place by government health and community workers in a place-based chronic disease initiative (PBI) located in a disadvantaged peri-urban area in Australia. The case study focused on the place at which the PBI staff members interfaced with the community informally as opposed to the deliberate interactions described in the formal community engagement strategy. Subtle social phenomena, such as social positioning and the contrasting cultures of bureaucracy and community, generated outcomes that were the antithesis of those sought by the PBI. If these characteristics of place are not attended to during the development of PBIs, we risk recreating existing social divides and jeopardizing the potential of these initiatives to build community capacity. This case study provides an important conceptual-theoretical understanding of the place-based approach, which can augment existing empirical studies of place. The findings are also relevant for those who are exploring the physical co-location of diverse professional groups in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods. It also exposes the inherent complexity of place and the futility of poorly designed bureaucratic responses.


Psychological Preparation of Children for Surgery: Awareness Survey Targeting Medical Professionals  [PDF]
Naomi Matsumori
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.47059
Abstract:

The objective of this study was to conduct a nation-wide survey to investigate the state of: 1) the prevalence of psychological preparation of children undergoing surgery; and 2) the awareness of psychological preparation of children by medical professionals (physicians and nurses). We also aimed to identify the issues that need to be addressed next. A total of 178 physicians and 291 nurses working in hospitals where children undergo surgeries participated in this study. Anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey. Physicians and nurses in Japan are aware of the need to provide age-appropriate psychological preparation for children undergoing medical procedures. In current practice, however, our study revealed that surgical orientations are given solely to parents in the absence of the child in approximately 30% of cases. While approximately 60% of respondents felt that the uses of “children’s picture books and booklets” are good methods for delivering explanations to children, only about 20% of respondents were implementing psychological preparation specific to each age group, and half of the respondents were providing verbal explanations alone. Meanwhile, 77% responded that it is “time-consuming” and 48% said, “on the contrary, it may heighten their anxiety”. Also 34.3% said that they “do not know how to explain to a child” and 54.8% of these medical professionals worked in mixed wards. We observed a gap between ideal requirements and current practices. We found that it is essential to: 1) organize training sessions for knowledge acquisition; 2) consciously strive to be informed of the actual post-surgery conditions and outcomes of the children; and 3) acquire physical and financial support.

Electric Field Measurement of the Living Human Body for Biomedical Applications: Phase Measurement of the Electric Field Intensity
Ichiro Hieda,Ki Chang Nam
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/305362
Abstract: The authors are developing a technique for conducting measurements inside the human body by applying a weak electric field at a radio frequency (RF). Low RF power is fed to a small antenna, and a similar antenna located 15–50?cm away measures the electric field intensity. Although the resolution of the method is low, it is simple, safe, cost-effective, and able to be used for biomedical applications. One of the technical issues suggested by the authors' previous studies was that the signal pattern acquired from measurement of a human body was essentially different from that acquired from a phantom. To trace the causes of this difference, the accuracy of the phase measurements was improved. This paper describes the new experimental system that can measure the signal phase and amplitude and reports the results of experiments measuring a human body and a phantom. The results were analyzed and then discussed in terms of their contribution to the phase measurement. 1. Introduction The authors are developing a technique for conducting measurements inside the human body by applying a weak electric field at radio frequency (RF), typically 1–60?MHz [1, 2]. Technological advancements have led to the development of high-level diagnostic techniques, including X-ray computed tomography (X-ray CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET), which have contributed greatly to medical care and welfare. However, such high-level care and large-scale medical equipment represent financial burdens to taxpayers in most developed countries. Moreover, due to these costs, people in developing countries rarely benefit from these high-level diagnostic techniques. From this perspective, simple and easy-to-use equipment utilizing electric impedance and magnetic induction is expected [3–6]. The authors started to apply the radio imaging method, which was originally used for geological survey (RIM), to the measurement of the human body [2, 7, 8]. Later, the evolved technique was classified as an electric field method [9, 10]. There are several studies of biomedical measurements that use an electromagnetic wave. One example is microwave tomography. The basic principle of their projects is similar to our proposal. To obtain finer resolution less than 1?cm, pulse signals and multiple antennas for transmitting and receiving were implemented [11–14]. Because attenuation in the human body at the microwave frequency range is remarkable, an electromagnetic darkroom is necessary to prevent interference of an electromagnetic wave along indirect paths as well as to
O global e o local: as empresas reflorestadoras e a comunidade cabocla de Postinho na Regi o Metropolitana de Curitiba = The global and the local: reforestation companies and the ‘cabocla’ community of postinho in the Curitiba metropolitan area, Paraná State
Hieda Maria Pagliosa Corona,Lenir Maristela Silva
Acta Scientiarum : Human and Social Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: O objetivo do presente artigo é analisar o processo de mudan a, vivenciado pelos agricultores familiares da comunidade de Postinho, localizada no município de Tijucas do Sul, na Regi o Metropolitana de Curitiba (RMC), Estado do Paraná, a partir da instala o de grandesempresas de reflorestamento (pinus e eucalipto) no entorno da comunidade. Tais transforma es foram constatadas durante as três etapas de pesquisa interdisciplinar (entrevista com lideran as einstitui es; entrevista dirigida com 32 famílias; entrevista aberta com sete famílias), realizada durante a constru o da tese defendida em 2006, junto ao Doutorado em Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento (MADE) da UFPR. Tais constata es serviram de ponto de partida para aanálise esbo ada neste artigo, o qual foi construído a partir de uma (re)interpreta o sobre o processo vivenciado pelos agricultores de Postinho, a partir do olhar da sociologia e da botanica. O desafio do presente artigo é entender em que medida uma comunidade cabocla, alicer ada num modo de vida tradicional, defronta-se com as press es, limita es e oportunidades que interferem nas possibilidades de sua permanência enquanto formato social, que mantém “particularidades” e “globalidades” em jogo. As inquieta es que movem as pesquisadorasreferem-se a entender em que medida as demandas do campo ambiental e do mercado globalizado da madeira penetram as estratégias dos agricultores familiares tradicionais e (re)significam aspectos da tradi o sem alterar substancialmente sua situa o de vida (RAYNAUT et al., 2002), o que coloca, em certa medida, em risco suas possibilidades de reprodu o social. The aim of the present article is to analyze the process of change experienced by family farmers of the community of Postinho, located in the city of Tijucas do Sul, in the Curitiba Metropolitan Area (RMC), Paraná State, since the settlement of big reforestation companies (pine and eucalyptus) in the community surroundings. Such transformations were evidenced during the three stages of interdisciplinary research (interview with leaderships and institutions; directed interview with thirty-two families; open interview with seven families), performed during the elaboration of the thesis presented in 2006, at the Doctorate Course in Environment and Development at UFPR. Such evidences were the starting point for the analysis outlined in this article, which was built from a (re)interpretation of the process lived by the farmers of Postinho, from the view of sociology and botany. The challenge of the current article is to understand what a ‘cabocla’ comm
Dietary γ-Aminobutyric Acid Shortens the Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats  [PDF]
Nakamichi Watanabe, Naomi Washio
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24043
Abstract: Dietary γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) has been suggested to decrease systolic blood pressure. This study aimed to ex-amine the effects of dietary GABA on the life span of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSPs). In this study, life span was determined for SHRSPs provided 1% NaCl solution or 0.01% GABA in 1% NaCl solution as drinking water. The life span of the GABA-fed group (76.3 ± 1.65 days) was significantly shorter than that of the control group (81.6 ± 0.88 days). The results of this study may not be applicable to humans. Future studies will be necessary to elucidate the mechanism underlying this phenomenon.
Empirical Analysis for High Quality Software Development  [PDF]
Naomi Honda, Shigeru Yamada
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2012.21004
Abstract: It remains important for a development organization to configure a software process that enables it to develop software products with the least possible number of defects after shipment. A development organization of CMMI level 5 has, over three years, been strived to improve those software projects that had been noted as having many defects after shipment. In this paper, we discuss our organization’s improvement (Kaizen) activities, to analyze the important matters of software process to be considered when developing a software product with the least possible number of defects after shipment. Our results are identified by three important points; 1) early ensured quality by defect detection during design or code review; 2) quality assurance for both process quality and product one; and 3) quantitative management by which data of the appropriate resolution can be collected at an appropriate timing.
Psychological preparation practices for children undergoing medical procedures in Japan and Germany  [PDF]
Naomi Matsumori, Michael Isfort
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32038
Abstract:

The present study aimed to clarify the current status and awareness of psychological preparation for children undergoing medical procedures in pediatric nursing in Japan as compared with that in Germany. An original questionnaire about the current status and awareness of psychological preparation for children in hospitals was distributed by mail to nurses’ working on Japanese pediatric wards in 2010. The same questionnaire, translated into German, was distributed to nurses working on German pediatric wards via the internet in 2010. A large majority of respondents strongly agreed that children have a right to informed consent. German nurses expressed a longer-term viewpoint on the effects of preparation than Japanese nurses. Japanese nurses recognized a greater need for improvement in their duties than German nurses. The results suggest that we should consider our own country’s nursing practices and need for improvement, but also learn from studies of other countries to address each culture and medical situation appropriately.

Universal formula for the flavor non-singlet axial-vector current from the gradient flow
Tasuku Endo,Kenji Hieda,Daiki Miura,Hiroshi Suzuki
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: By employing the gradient/Wilson flow, we derive a universal formula that expresses a correctly normalized flavor non-singlet axial-vector current of quarks. The formula is universal in the sense that it holds independently of regularization and especially holds with lattice regularization. It is also confirmed that, in the lowest non-trivial order of perturbation theory, the triangle diagram containing the formula and two flavor non-singlet vector currents possesses non-local structure that is compatible with the triangle anomaly.
The allure of the epigenome
Naomi Attar
Genome Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2012-13-10-419
Abstract: The present-day proliferation in epigenomics, in the exploration of the dynamic regulatory layers that insulate the genome's static DNA sequence, has been enabled by novel high-throughput techniques for interrogating the positioning of DNA (hydroxy)methylation, histone marks and open chromatin. The ready availability of genomic data, without which we could not map the location of these features, has provided the essential context needed to make biological sense of the high-throughput data, and so propel epigenomics to the forefront of mainstream biology.In this special issue, Genome Biology presents a collection of articles that describe a diverse range of novel insights into epigenomes, from human disease to ciliate reproduction to the containment of endogenous retroviruses. We also include a number of methods that will improve and simplify the study of epigenomics, in particular the computational steps that follow data generation. Finally, a selection of review and comment articles give an overview of current and future directions in epigenomics research.The availability of new high-throughput methods creates a demand for software tools to process and analyze the overwhelming flow of unintelligible raw data that will inevitably be produced. Genome Biology has a proud history of publishing the most popular examples of such tools, with high profile examples including Bowtie [1] (next-generation sequencing data), MACS [2] (ChIP-seq data) and DEseq [3] (RNA-seq data). The challenge of designing bioinformatics tools for the ever expanding number of DNA methylation genome-wide profiling methods has been taken up by many bioinformatics labs [4]. In the past few months, for example, Genome Biology has published SWAN [5], a method for reducing technical variation in data from the cutting-edge Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip platform, and Bis-SNP [6], a method for calling SNPs in bisulfite sequencing data, which also has the advantage of improving the accuracy of meth
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