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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201149 matches for " Maria do Desterro Soares Brand?o;Souza "
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Prevalência de infec??o por Leishmania chagasi utilizando os métodos de ELISA (rK39 e CRUDE) e intradermorrea??o de Montenegro em área endêmica do Maranh?o, Brasil
Nascimento, Maria do Desterro Soares Brando;Souza, Edilberto Costa;Silva, Leopoldo Muniz da;Leal, Plinio da Cunha;Cantanhede, Karleno de Lima;Bezerra, Geusa Felipa de Barros;Viana, Gra?a Maria de Castro;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600028
Abstract: a prospective study was undertaken in 1,520 children less than 15 years of age in s?o josé de ribamar, maranh?o, brazil, from june 1994 to january 1995, to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics (socioeconomic, environmental, and behavioral) associated with infection by leishmania chagasi. montenegro skin test (mst) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa-rk39 and crude) test were used to detect infection. the statistical analysis used the c2 test with yates correction and a p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. prevalence of infection was 61.7% as measured by mst, 19.4% according to elisa (rk39), and 19.7% by elisa (crude). association was detected between leishmaniasis in the family, water supply, application of insecticide, and infection by l. chagasi using mst. no association with infection by l. chagasi was detected using elisa rk39 or crude. more effective control measures are needed to reduce prevalence and to detect asymptomatic cases in this high percentage of infected children.
Relationship between rainfall and temperature: observations on the cases of visceral leishmaniasis in S?o Luis Island, State of Maranh?o, Brazil
Viana, Gra?a Maria de Castro;Nascimento, Maria do Desterro Soares Brando;Rabelo, érica Milena Fernandes;Diniz Neto, Jo?o Arnaud;Binda Júnior, José Roberto;Galv?o, Carolina de Souza;Santos, Alessandro Carvalho dos;Santos Júnior, Onildo Martins;Oliveira, Rodrigo Artur Souza de;Guimar?es, Rafael Silva;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011000600013
Abstract: introduction: visceral leishmaniasis is a serious public health problem that requires global control strategies, especially with respect to factors that may intervene in reducing the incidence of endemicity. in this work, rainfall density and temperature were correlated with the incidence of human cases in an area endemic for leishmaniasis in s?o luis do maranh?o, northeastern brazil. methods: notification of human cases by the national health foundation/regional coordination of maranh?o (funasa/corema) from 2002 to 2010 was used. ecological data (mean temperature and rainfall density) were provided by the meteorological office of state. results: a significant association was verified between the number of vl cases and rainfall rate but not in the analysis concerning mean temperatures. conclusions: these data suggest that the control actions in visceral leishmaniasis should be performed during rainy season in the state of maranh?o, which is in the first half of the year.
Evaluation of laboratory markers of progression of HIV disease to death
Viana, Gra?a Maria de Castro;Nascimento, Maria do Desterro Soares Brando;Ferreira, Aila de Menezes;Rabelo, érica Milena Fernandes;Diniz Neto, Jo?o Arnaud;Galv?o, Carolina de Souza;Santos, Alessandro Carvalho dos;Santos Júnior, Onildo Martins;Oliveira, Rodrigo Artur Souza de;Binda Júnior, José Roberto;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011005000062
Abstract: introduction: one of the important current problems in hiv/aids infection is the establishment of epidemiological and laboratorial prognostic parameters during patient follow-up. this study aimed at analyzing the evolution of laboratory tests: cd4 lymphocyte count, viral load, hemoglobin (hb), aspartate aminotransferase (ast), alanine aminotransferase (alt), and the epidemiological variables sex and age as prognostic factors for survival in progression to death among aids patients. methods: a retrospective study was conducted using analysis of medical records, and prospective 24-month follow-up of patients with hiv/ aids attended at the president vargas hospital outpatient clinic, a reference center in hiv/ aids attendance in the state of maranh?o, brazil. the study analyzed patients aged 10 to 60 years old, who manifested aids and who were not using antiretroviral therapy or had used it for less than 5 years. the chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. results: the sample included 100 patients - 57 were current outpatients, and 43 had died. the variables viral load (p=0.726), alt (p=0.314), sex (p=0.687), and age (p=0.742) were analyzed, and no evidence of association between them and worst prognosis was observed. conclusions: a significant relation was verified between low hb levels (p=0.000) and cd4 (p=0.000) and shorter survival.
Estudo comparativo de anticorpos IgG e IgE antileishmania como marcadores de infec o e doen a em indivíduos de área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral, em S o Luis, MA
Nascimento Maria do Desterro Soares Brando,Bezerra Geusa Felipa de Barros,Bandeira Neto Abderval Pinto,Silva Leopoldo Muniz da
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2006,
Abstract: Estudo comparativo de anticorpos IgG e IgE antileishmania como marcadores de infec o e doen a em área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral na ilha de S o Luis, MA no período de maio de 1999 a maio de 2000. A casuística foi composta de 1.016 menores de 16 anos. Destes, foram randomizados 85 para dosagem de IgE antileishmania pelo ELISA. A prevalência de soropositividade por IgG foi de 17,1% (174 menores) e 0,4% da popula o evoluiu para leishmaniose visceral doen a. A positividade para IgE antileishmania, foi de 43,5% dos 85 indivíduos estudados. Dos 7 casos de calazar no passado analisados, observou-se que todos apresentavam positividade para IgG e 4 (57,14%) permaneciam positivos para IgE, mesmo 7 anos após a cura. Os 3 menores com leishmaniose visceral doen a, apresentaram positividade para IgG e IgE antileishmania. A detec o de IgE antileishmania demonstrou ser marcador de infec o para Leishmania chagasi em área endêmica, n o sendo entretanto, marcador de doen a.
Estudo comparativo de anticorpos IgG e IgE antileishmania como marcadores de infec??o e doen?a em indivíduos de área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral, em S?o Luis, MA
Nascimento, Maria do Desterro Soares Brando;Bezerra, Geusa Felipa de Barros;Bandeira Neto, Abderval Pinto;Silva, Leopoldo Muniz da;Bezerra, José de Macêdo;Viana, Gra?a Maria de Castro;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822006000100007
Abstract: comparative study regarding igg and ige anti-leishmania as markers of infection and illness among residents of a visceral leishmaniasis visceral leishmaniasis endemic area, s?o luis, ma in the period from may 1999 to may 2000. all the 1,016 individuals younger than 16 years old were tested for the presence of igg by elisa. a total of 174 (17,1%) children revealed a positive igg test and 4 children showed symptoms of classical visceral leishmaniasis during the time of the survey: 85 ige anti-leishmania elisa tests with positivity of 43,5% were realized. in this sample, all 7 children with past-visceral leishmaniasis in the sample were igg positive and 4 (57,1%) were ige positive, even after a 7 year post treatment period. three children with current visceral leishmaniasis were evaluated, and all of them were positive for both tests. the detection of antileishman ige antibodies presented as a good marker for infection by leishmania chagasi in endemic areas but not as a disease marker.
Association of HTLV-I with Arnold Chiari syndrome and syringomyelia
Viana, Gra?a Maria de Castro;Diniz Neto, Jo?o Arnaud;Furtado, Igor de Sousa;Binda Júnior, José Roberto;Tanaka, Bárbara Neiva;Nascimento, Maria do Desterro Soares Brando;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702008000600018
Abstract: htlv-i is associated with a broad spectrum of manifestations, including tropical spastic paraparesis and adult t-cell leukemia/lymphoma. arnold chiari syndrome is a condition characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. this condition should be suspected in all patients with headache and impaired motor coordination. syringomyelia is a developmental anomaly that leads to the formation of an intramedullary cavity. its clinical presentation is classically characterized by syringomyelic dissociation of sensation, with suspended distribution in the proximal portion of the trunk and upper limbs and preservation in other regions. we report here a case of association of the three diseases, which is rare in clinical practice, illustrating the difficulty in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of these conditions.
Avalia??o da utiliza??o de profilaxia da trombose venosa profunda em um hospital escola
Pitta, Guilherme Benjamim Brando;Leite, Ticiana Leal e;Silva, Maria do Desterro Costa e;Melo, Camilla Felix Le?o de;Calheiros, Giselli de Almeida;
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1677-54492007000400008
Abstract: background: deep venous thrombosis (dvt) is a frequent and severe disease. prophylaxis is the best means to reduce its incidence, lowering morbidity and mortality rates caused by its complications. in a cost-effectiveness ratio, it is better to maintain a prophylactic routine than to treat an established disease. objective: to verify whether dvt prophylaxis is being properly and routinely used at hospital escola doutor josé carneiro (hejc), in maceió, brazil. methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study at hejc was carried out for a 6-month period. the sample was composed of 298 patients within different specialties. data were collected from medical records, and divided into clinical (68.5%) and surgical (31.5%). how dvt prophylaxis was performed was analyzed for each patient. clinical, pharmacological and surgical factors were investigated for all patients. based on these data, risk stratification was performed in accordance with the classification recommended by sociedade brasileira de angiologia e cirurgia vascular. statistical analysis was performed using software spss and the qui-square and bivariate correction tests, considering p value < 0.05. results: of the 298 patients analyzed, 204 belonged to medical clinic, in which 28.9% were low risk, 60.3% average risk and 10.8% high risk for dvt; and 94 patients belonged to surgical clinic, in which 43.6% were low risk, 52.1% average risk and 4.3% high risk. only 23% of patients in the clinical group and 2.1% in the surgical group were given adequate prophylaxis. conclusion: despite the efficiency of prophylaxis for dvt having been confirmed, it does not reach satisfactory levels in our country.
Evaluation of the Coagulating Potential of the Crude Extract from the Barbatim?o Bark for the Treatment of Dairy Effluents  [PDF]
Vanuzia Rodrigues Fernandes Ferreira, Josefina Aparecida de Souza, Maria das Gra?as Cardoso, Luiz Gustavo de Lima Guimar?es, Rafaela Magalh?es Brando, Rafaela Vieira Souza, Luana Isac Soares, Jéssica Oliveira e Nogueira, Francielli D’Carlos Cravo, David Lee Nelson
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.713159
Abstract: The coagulating potential of the crude extract from the barbatimao bark for the treatment of dairy effluent was assessed and compared with industrial coagulants such as aluminum sulfate (inorganic coagulant), the crude extract of black wattle bark (used in the manufacture of natural organic coagulants), and gallic acid (the main constituent of condensed tannins). The aqueous extract of barbatimao was obtained by refluxing for 12 h, and the black wattle was provided by a producer of natural coagulants. The determinations of total phenolic compounds and tannins in the extracts were performed by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and precipitation with casein, respectively. The treatment of the effluent with coagulant was performed by the Jar-Test. After testing, the effluent was evaluated for turbidity, total solids, and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). A higher content of phenolic compounds (19.81% mg of gallic acid/g extract) was observed in the barbatimao extract than in the black wattle extract (14.24% mg of gallic acid/g extract). However, the extracts contained the same amount of tannins, 13.95% for the barbatimao extract and 12.89% for the black wattle extract. A 63%, reduction in BOD was observed for the effluent treated with barbatimao extract, 35% for the black wattle extract, 58% for gallic acid and 60.59% for the treatment with aluminum sulfate. Treatment with gallic acid caused a 98% reduction in the turbidity of the effluent; with aluminum sulfate, a 97% reduction was obtained; with barbatimao extract, 96%, and with black wattle extract, 93%. The barbatimao extract was shown to be a potential coagulant for dairy effluents.
índice de infesta??o e diversidade de moscas-das-frutas em hospedeiros exóticos e nativos no pólo de fruticultura de Anagé, BA
, Ricardo Falc?o de;Castellani, Maria Aparecida;Nascimento, Antonio Souza do;Brando, Maria Heloisa da Silva Teixeira;Silva, Aline Novais da;Pérez-Maluf, Raquel;
Bragantia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052008000200016
Abstract: fruit-flies (diptera: tephritidae) are the main hindrance for mango exportation in the fruitculture areas of the southwestern region of bahia. the purpose of the present work was to study the indexes of infestation and diversity of fruit-flies in the fruitculture area of anagé, ba, in order to obtain subsidies to the integrated management of these pests in mango, in this region. studies were carried out in 2004 and 2005 in the municipalities of anagé, belo campo and caraíbas, ba. fruit sampling from 21 native and exotic vegetable species, were analyzed for identification of species of associated fly species. infestation indexes in fruit weight (kg) and number of puparia were estimated. the obtained results demonstrated that the highest infestation indexes, in puparia/fruit kg, occurred in spanish prune (spondias purpurea l.) with 61,3, juá (ziziphus joazeiro l.) 38,3 and umbu (spondias tuberosa l.) , 33,1, which were considered primary hosts of the anastrepha fraterculus and a. obliqua. on the other hand, infestation, in puparia/kg of sampled fruit, occurred in spanish prune, 0,9 puparia/kg; umbu, with 0,7 and cajarana (spondias sp.) with 0,2. based on larval monitoring and under the conditions of the fruiticulture area in anagé, the occurrence of the following species have been recorded anastrepha fraterculus, a. obliqua, a. dissimilis, a. amita, a. distincta, a. sororcula, a. zenildae and ceratitis capitata has been recorded. for the first time, the following bitrophic associations: juá with a. fraterculus, a. obliqua, a. dissimilis and a. distincta; and umbu with a. amita and a. sororcula.
Reason of the displacement between regions of women for the accomplishment of papanicolaou′s exam
Aparecida Virgínia Soares Teles, Aniele Moura de Oliveira Cavalcanti, Isabela Macêdo Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro, Waldemar Brando Neto
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to identify the determinative factors of the displacement of female users from the city of Recife and other cities for the accomplishment of Papanicolaou′s exam. Methodology: this is about an exploratory descriptive study, from qualitative boarding. It was applied a form by the interview technique for 30 women from january to february 2008. The depositions had been recorded and transcribed. Results analysis was based on the Collective Citizen Speech, after study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the Integrated Health Center Amaury de Medeiros (protocol number 087/07). Results: it had been presented in six Central Ideas: the delay of the results in the UBS, to know the professionals that realize the exam, exposition of the body to a men professional, inadequate access to the basic attendance, lack of information in health education, unprepared techniques and fragility in the relation between the same ones and the users. Conclusion: this study evidenced the need of the practical of integral and humanived attendance to women who submit to the Papanicolaou's exam, in a way that the nurses tuts into bractice partipative actions in Health Education participative, propitiating bond between the professional and the female users of the health services. Descriptors: women’s health; health promotion; health education; vaginal smears; nursing.
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