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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 664529 matches for " Maria da Gra?a de;Andrade "
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Processos que levam à compreens?o de textos
Andrade, Maria Waleska Camboim Lopes de;Dias, Maria da Graa Bompastor Borges;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722006000100017
Abstract: "all children learn to talk. this natural tendency to acquire language is a gift inscribed in the genetic inheritance that is ours by virtue of being human" - boysson-bardies (1999). how do people deal with language? what one knows about both cognitive and social processes that are involved on this relation? what is a comprehension and how one comprehends? this work has as aim to describe succinctly some perspectives through which different authors explain theirs ideas and research results. particularly it was observed how to look the reading, writing and comprehension phenomena as a specific human capacity; the idea that an individual and an acquired ability is needed in order to control volunteer or unconsciously its own comprehension process. one basic aspect is presented as background: the relation between language and human cognition. it was concluded that further studies are needed for researchers to get a thorough understanding of the consequences of learning spoken and written language.
O Desenvolvimento de Valores Humanos dos Cinco aos 14 Anos de Idade: Um Estudo Exploratório
Maria Waleska Camboim Lopes de Andrade,Cleonice Camino,Maria da Graa Bompastor Borges Dias
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2008,
Abstract: Many Social and Human Sciences researchers have been investigating the existence of individual and cultural values. How those values emerge during the mental development? On present research, one observes the development of the human values, based on Jean Piaget s theory. It focuses on the following three crucial moments of personality development: (1) First childhood; (2) Second childhood, and (3) Adolescence, considering four values: Obedience; Cooperation; Responsibility and Creativity. 116 children and adolescents, both gender, students of three privates schools from the city of Jo o Pessoa, Brazil have participated. They defined some values as names. Their answers were analyzed in order to find particular characteristics on each one of three developmental segments - 5 to 8 years old; 9 to 11 years old and 12 to 14 years old. Categories were organized from lower to higher level of descentration, and named as: (1) Undefined; (2) Intrapersonal; (3) Interpersonal, and (4) Impersonal ones. The results indicated significant differences between the ways participants defined values. Children under 9 years old gave Intrapersonal answers to all values. Those who were between 9 to 11 years old presented Interpersonal answers tending alternatively to Intrapersonal and Impersonal categories. The adolescents hardly used Intrapersonal resources on values definitions.
Conceito mente e corpo através da História
Castro, Maria da Graa de;Andrade, Tania M. Ramos;Muller, Marisa C.;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722006000100005
Abstract: this article focuses the evolution on the concepts of health/illness and mind/body dichotomy. for this a brief historical review was carried out. it approaches the magic point of view of disease, going by the classic greek period, through the renascence and medieval prospects, and the evolution of these constructs from psychoanalysis to psychoneuroimunology.
The Relation of Externalizing Behavior and Central Auditory Processing Deficits in 4-Year-Old Children  [PDF]
Cristina de Andrade Varanda, Eva Cristina de Carvalho Souza Mendes, Nilva Nunes Campina, Maria da Graa Giordano de Marcos Crescenti Aulicino, Rita de Cássia Gottardi van Opstal Nascimento, Cláudia Maria Fernandes Marczak, Karla Regina de Jesus Grilo, Elaine Cristina Diogo, Fernanda Mello, Renata Cristina Borges Corrêa, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.613156
Abstract: The integrity of the central auditory system is a fundamental condition for language development. Good language development is related to good academic performance and adaptive behavior. Therefore, the evaluation of auditory processing along with behavior as well as the verification of a possible relationship between them can indicate possible ways on how to deal with both problem behavior and difficulties in language. 187 parents of preschoolers (mean age 3.8 years) were interviewed individually and asked to fill in the CBCL (Child Behavior Checklist), for ages 1(1/2) to 5, providing a behavioral profile concerning externalizing and internalizing behavior. Children were assessed regarding central auditory processing skills through the Simplified Assessment of the Auditory Processing—SAAP (Pereira & Schochat, 1997) including Sound Source Localization (SSL); Non-Verbal Sound Sequence Memory (NVSSM); Verbal Sounds Sequence Memory (VSSM). To investigate a possible association between central auditory processing skills and behavioral problems, all the scores in CBCL and the total scores of Simplified Auditory Processing Assessment were correlated with functional parameters using the Spearman rank correlation. The behaviors “acts too young for age”; “constantly seeks help”; “does not eat well”; “does not seem to feel guilty after misbehaving”; “easily frustrated”; “nervous movements or twitching”; “nervous, highstrung, or tense”; “poorly coordinated or clumsy”; “repeatedly rocks head or body”; “stares into space and seems preoccupied”, “sulks a lot” and “wanders away” were correlated with poor auditory processing skills. This indicates that the school staff along with health professionals should provide informational counseling regarding, not only the communicative difficulties associated with a poor performance on central auditory processing skills but also the psychosocial difficulties that these children may be facing.
Gondola : Ense?anza y Aprendizaje de las Ciencias , 2011,
Abstract: One of the science education objective, based on relationships between science, technology, society and environment (STSE) is, to form citizens capable on evaluating and taking decisions about the scientific advances impact on society and environment. In a two-way perspective, understand relationships between STSE, provides a vision of science as a human construction and therefore fallible, changeable and not neutral. In this study, we present some results from a comparative study on the influence of ethical conceptions of the nature of science, in two groups of future biology teachers, one from Brazil and, another one from Portugal. For data collection we constructed an attitude scale of Likert-type, which was validated mathematically and semantically. Results shows strong influence of social values, as in transgenic products, where the students’ ideas varied according to the ethical discussions more present in each country.
Sorologia para sífilis: os médicos est?o capacitados a interpretá-la?
Santos Júnior, Amilton dos;Andrade, Maria da Graa Garcia;Magalh?es, Renata Ferreira;Moraes, Aparecida Machado de;Velho, Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962007000200011
Abstract: teaching of dermatology is little valorized in medical courses, and sexually transmitted diseases are generally presented to the students in a non-systematized way. in a study about the teaching of dermatology, only ten out of 83 medical doctors taking part in the project correctly answered a question about syphilis serology. more research regarding the teaching of the sexually transmitted diseases is needed in our country. moreover, dermatologists should take the opportunity brought about by the current discussion on the re-elaboration of medical course curricula to retake the responsibility on teaching about these diseases.
Prevalência de dermatoses na rede básica de saúde de Campinas, S?o Paulo - Brasil
Santos Júnior, Amilton dos;Andrade, Maria da Graa Garcia;Zeferino, Angélica Bicudo;Alegre, Sarah Monte;Moraes, Aparecida Machado de;Velho, Paulo Eduardo N. Ferreira;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962007000500004
Abstract: background: skin lesions are often noted by the individuals bearing them, as well as by their relatives. there is a significant number of patients with skin complaints who search for medical care. objectives: to determine the frequency of dermatological complaints and/or findings in users of the primary health care system of the city of campinas, brazil. methods: five units were chosen by the municipal health department to participate in this research. all the patients assisted by health professionals of these units were evaluated regarding the presence or absence of dermatological symptoms/ signals in a time period of twenty working days. results: the acquired data demonstrated that 358 (24.01%) out of 1,491 assisted patients displayed dermatological complaints and/or findings, with a greater prevalence among the younger patients. of all the users assisted by health professionals who participated in the study and had their records adequately filled out, 9.98% sought the primary care unit primarily because of a dermatological complaint. conclusions: these results, in accordance to those of similar surveys carried out in other countries, show the importance of the specialty for the performance of non-dermatologist physicians, pediatricians in particular, and provide elements for the discussion surrounding the curricular reform, concerning the amount of time dedicated to the teaching of dermatology.
Candidíase oral como marcador de prognóstico em pacientes portadores do HIV
Cavassani, Valdinês Gon?alves dos Santos;Andrade Sobrinho, Jozias de;Homem, Maria da Graa Naclério;Rapoport, Abr?o;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992002000500005
Abstract: introduction: strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus(hiv), oral candidiasis is one of the most common opportunistic infections. various epedemiological data now emphasize the prevalence of candidiasis in hiv-infected patients and its importance as useful marker for disease progression and prediction for increasing immunossupression. aim: the purposes of this study were to assess a group of hiv positive patients treated in heliopólis hospital, hosphel - s?o paulo, brazil and refer the oral changing related to the syndrom and compared the results to the literature. study design: retrospective clinical no randomized. casuistic and method: four hundred thirty one hiv+/aids brazilian patients (298 men and 133 women) were examined in the heliópolis hospital, hosphel - s?o paulo, brazil in the period from 1995 to 2001. results: the most common mean age were 31 to 40 years (47,10%), in more than 70% of the examinated subjects were contaminated through sexual means. candideasis were the usual infection (29,69%), followed by gingivitis (16,70%) and angular cheilitis (14,15%). conclusions: oral lesions occur commonly in hiv infection. a comprehensive oral examination may not only suggest hiv disease but may also be useful in monitoring the disease progression.
Candidíase oral como marcador de prognóstico em pacientes portadores do HIV
Cavassani Valdinês Gon?alves dos Santos,Andrade Sobrinho Jozias de,Homem Maria da Graa Naclério,Rapoport Abr?o
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2002,
Abstract: Introdu o: A candidíase oral é uma das doen as oportunistas mais fortemente associadas à infec o pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). Vários relatos epidemiológicos enfatizam a prevalência da candidíase em pacientes HIV positivos e ressaltam a sua importancia como marcador da progress o da doen a e preditivo para o aumento da imunodepress o. Objetivo: Verificar as altera es estomatológicas em pacientes portadores do HIV tratados no Hospital Heliópolis - S o Paulo, Brasil e comparar com a literatura. Forma de Estudo: Retrospectivo clínico n o-randomizado. Casuística e Método: Foram analisados 431 pacientes HIV+/AIDS (298 homens e 133 mulheres) no Hospital Heliópolis - S o Paulo, Brasil, no período de 1995 a 2001. Resultados: A idade média mais comum foi dos 31 aos 40 anos (47,10%); a via de contágio mais comum foi a sexual (71,26%). Dentre as patologias, a candidíase apresentou maior prevalência (29,69%), seguida pela gengivite (16,70%) e queilite angular (14,15%). Conclus es: Concluímos que o exame oral e o diagnóstico precoce da candidíase em pacientes infectados pelo HIV s o fundamentais para o tratamento imediato, melhorando a sua qualidade de vida, uma vez que a candidíase é uma les o bucal muito freqüente nesta popula o.
Gest?o participativa no SUS e a integra??o ensino, servi?o e comunidade: a experiência da Liga de Saúde da Família, Fortaleza, CE
Barreto, Ivana Cristina de Holanda Cunha;Andrade, Luiz Odorico Monteiro de;Moreira, Ana Ester Maria Melo;Machado, Márcia Maria Tavares;Silva, Maria Rocineide Ferreira da;Oliveira, Lúcia Conde de;Moura, Walda Viana Brígido;Góis, Cezar Wagner de Lima;Cavalcanti, Caio Garcia Correia Sá;ávila, Maria Marlene Marques;Araujo, Maria Fátima Maciel;Silva, Lucilane Maria Sales da;Peixoto, Maria Graa Barbosa;Arruda, Carlos André Moura;Silva, André Luís Fa?anha da;Lins, Herley Medeiros;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902012000500007
Abstract: as a result of the experience of two public universities and a private one, the extension project "family health league" (lsf) introduced a participative management strategy in the field of education of health professionals, with the support of power-ideas such as permanent education in health, popular education, multiprofessional and interdisciplinary groups, primary health attention, family health strategy, participative methodologies and practice inserted in a live territory. this report aims to introduce an experience of integrating teaching to community service through the family health league extension project (lsf), in the context of the health-school municipal system (smse) in the city of fortaleza, ceará, brazil. this experience was planned in the spirit of participative management in the national health system (sus). the proposal of lsf emerges, in the smse, from a recommendation supported by the city's health system which aimed at improving co-management spaces of education and services and used the methods of circle discussion and inverted tent. the protagonism of the project members and of the community in the organization of the project's activities and the amplification of a critical view over social reality and health work are amongst the major advances which emerged from this experience. this project has made possible the integration of teaching, health service and community, from the perspective of a communicative and participative management.
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