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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 183073 matches for " Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral;Maranh?o "
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Correla??o entre as queixas de incontinência urinária de esfor?o e o pad test de uma hora em mulheres na pós-menopausa
Albuquerque, Maria Thereza;Micussi, Barbosa Cabral;Soares, Elvira Maria Mafaldo;Lemos, Telma Maria Araújo Moura;Brito, Tereza Neuma de Souza;Silva, Jo?o Batista da;Maranho, Técia Maria de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032011000200003
Abstract: objective: to correlate complaints of stress urinary incontinence and the results of a one-hour pad test in pre- and postmenopausal women. methods: cross-sectional study conducted on 60 postmenopausal volunteers divided into two groups: one consisting of 34 women with involuntary loss of urine due to stress incontinence and the other consisting of 26 women without involuntary loss of urine. a control group of 15 premenopausal women with normal menstrual cycles and no urinary complaints was also used. all women underwent clinical and laboratory analysis as well as the one-hour pad test. patients were considered to be incontinent when sanitary pad weight post-test was more than 1 g. data were submitted to descriptive statistics, parametric anova, post-hoc tukey test and pearson's correlation. results: all postmenopausal women presented with stress urinary incontinence during the pad test, both those with urinary loss (4 g) and with no previous loss (3.5 g). a strong correlation was observed between urinary loss and time since menopause (r=0.8; p<0.01) and body mass index (r=0.7; p=0.01). premenopausal women were continent during the pad test (0.4 g). conclusions: the results of the one-hour pad test showed that all postmenopausal women exhibited stress urinary incontinence, including those without urine loss on effort. urine loss was correlated with time since menopause and body mass index.
Resistência à insulina em mulheres com síndrome dos ovários policísticos: rela??o com as variáveis antropométricas e bioquímicas
Pontes, Ana Gabriela;Rehme, Marta Francis Benevides;Martins, Anice Maria Vieira de Camargo;Micussi, Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral;Maranho, Técia Maria de Oliveira;Pimenta, Walkyria de Paula;Pontes, Anaglória;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032012000200006
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the prevalence of insulin resistance, according to different biochemical and anthropometric measurements in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. methods: a total of 189 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome were retrospectively analyzed. insulin resistance diagnosis was performed using fasting insulin, homa-ir, quicki, insulin sensibility index and glucose/fasting insulin ratio. body mass index and lipid accumulation product were used. data were analyzed statistically by descriptive statistics, anova, tukey post-test, and pearson's correlation. results: the polycystic ovary syndrome patients had a mean age of 24.9±5.2 and a mean body mass index of 31.8±7.6. the percentage of obese patients was 57.14%. among the methods of insulin resistance investigation, the insulin sensibility index was the technique that most detected (56.4%) the presence of insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. the insulin resistance was detected in 87% of obese patients. the fasting glucose/fasting insulin ratio and insulin sensibility index were strongly correlated with lipid accumulation product. conclusion: the prevalence of insulin resistance varied according to the method used, and it was greater the higher the body mass index. lipid accumulation product was also related to insulin resistance.
A importancia do teste de tolerancia à glicose oral no diagnóstico da intolerancia à glicose e diabetes mellitus do tipo 2 em mulheres com síndrome dos ovários policísticos
Pontes, Ana Gabriela;Rehme, Marta Francis Benevides;Micussi, Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral;Maranho, Técia Maria de Oliveira;Pimenta, Walkyria de Paula;Carvalho, Lídia Raquel de;Pontes, Anaglória;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032012000300007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the importance of the oral glucose tolerance test for the diagnosis of glucose intolerance (gi) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (dm-2) in women with pcos. methods: a retrospective study was conducted on 247 patients with pcos selected at random. the diagnosis of gi was obtained from the two-hour oral glucose tolerance test with 75 g of glucose according to the criteria of the world health organization (who) (gi: 120 minutes for plasma glucose >140 mg/dl and <200 mg/dl), and the diagnosis of dm-2 was obtained by both the oral glucose tolerance test (dm: 120 minutes for plasma glucose >200 mg/dl) and fasting glucose using the criteria of the american diabetes association (impaired fasting glucose: fasting plasma glucose >100 and <126 mg/dl; dm: fasting glucose >126 mg/dl). a logistic regression model for repeated measures was applied to compare the oral glucose tolerance test with fasting plasma glucose. anova followed by the tukey test was used for the analysis of the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with and without gi and/or dm-2. a p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. results: pcos patients had a mean age of 24.8±6.3, and body mass index (bmi) of 18.3 to 54.9 kg/m2 (32.5±7.6). the percentage of obese patients was 64%, the percentage of overweight patients was 18.6% and 17.4% had healthy weight. the oral glucose tolerance test identified 14 cases of dm-2 (5.7%), while fasting glucose detected only three cases (1.2%), and the frequency of these disorders was higher with increasing age and bmi. conclusions: the results of this study demonstrate the superiority of the oral glucose tolerance test in relation to fasting glucose in diagnosing dm-2 in young women with pcos and should be performed in these patients.
Modifica??es do estilo de vida na síndrome dos ovários policísticos: papel do exercício físico e importancia da abordagem multidisciplinar
Azevedo, George Dantas de;Costa, Eduardo Caldas;Micussi, Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral;Sá, Joceline Cássia Ferezini de;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032008000500009
Abstract: the polycystic ovaries syndrome (pos) is a heterogeneous endocrinal disorder prevalent in 5 to 10% of women in reproductive age. in pos, there is an association with risk factors linked to the development of cardiovascular disease such as insulin resistance, dislipidemia, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, central obesity, metabolic syndrome and chronic pro-inflammatory markers. physical exercise practice together with nutritional guidance have been recommended as first rate strategies in the treatment of oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, infertility and obesity in pos women. this way, the objective of the present review was to analyze the specific role played by exercise and/or physical activity in changes of the body shape, in biochemical and hormonal plasmatic levels, and in the pos women?s reproductive function.
Clínica nas trincheiras: sobre o atendimento clínico a crian as em uma favela do Rio de Janeiro
Maria Alice Fortes de Albuquerque Maranho
Psicologia Clínica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-56652009000200028
Intera??o professor-aluno com autismo no contexto da educa??o inclusiva: análise do padr?o de media??o do professor com base na teoria da Experiência de Aprendizagem Mediada (Mediated Learning Experience Theory)
Farias, Iara Maria de;Maranho, Renata Veloso de Albuquerque;Cunha, Ana Cristina Barros da;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382008000300004
Abstract: the inclusion of children with special needs has been discussed in many contexts and the school is the best place to promote children's social and educational inclusion, wherein teacher-child interaction is of great importance. based on the approach known as the mediated learning experience theory, the aim of this study was to discuss the professional practices of two teachers (marta and carmen) and their students with autism in pre-school classrooms. data was collected through interviews with both teachers and the mediated learning experience rate scale (mle rate scale) was applied to assess teacher-child interaction. conceptions of inclusion were different for both teachers. the teacher's pattern of mediated learning experience was different for the main mediation components: intentionality, meaning and transcendence. marta showed very low levels (level 1) in all mediation components while carmen, the other teacher, presented level 3 in intentionality, for example. concluding, marta didn't present interaction behaviors that promote structured cognitive modifiability of her student with autism. to this end, the school must enable the teacher to promote social and educational inclusion to further child development.
Dermatófitos: intera??o patógeno-hospedeiro e resistência a antifúngicos
Peres, Nalu Teixera de Aguiar;Maranho, Fernanda Cristina Albuquerque;Rossi, Antonio;Martinez-Rossi, Nilce Maria;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962010000500009
Abstract: cutaneous mycoses are among the most common infections in humans and have become an important public health issue because they cause invasive infections in immunocompromised patients. during the infectious process, dermatophyte-host interactions trigger specific metabolic adaptations that allow the pathogen to adhere to and penetrate the host tissue, scavenge nutrients, and overcome the host defense mechanisms. this metabolic shift and the interplay between metabolism, morphogenesis and stress response are important factors that have been extensively studied in several pathogens. host cells also respond to the pathogen stimuli by activating intracellular signaling pathways that trigger the immune response against the infectious agent. the comprehension of the molecular aspects of these responses may help to establish new therapeutical strategies. in this review, different aspects of the biology of dermatophytes are addressed, with emphasis on the dermatophyte-host interaction and the mechanisms of antifungal resistance.
Abdominal wall healing in reoperated rats
Souza Filho, Zacarias Alves de;Greca, Fernando Hintz;Noronha, Lúcia de;Maranho, André Souza de Albuquerque;Calil, Ana Paula;Hubie, Danila Pinheiro;Barbosa, Fabiana Matos;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502007000200013
Abstract: purpose: experimental evaluation of the abdominal wall healing in reoperations on the same surgical site, by means of macroscopic analysis, histological and breaking strength studies of the surgical scar. methods: twenty-four rats were selected and divided in 3 groups (g1, g2 and g3). a medium longitudinal laparotomy was performed, followed by laparorrhaphy on two synthesis planes, using an interrupted suture technique. the reoperations were performed in the same way, on the same surgical site. on the first day of the study all the 24 rats were operated, on the 30th day the 16 animals belonging to g2 and g3 were reoperated, and finally, on the 60th day, the 8 rats from g3 were operated for the third and last time. after 30 days of the last laparotomy of each group, euthanasia was performed. complications such as adhesions were evaluated during the resection of surgical site. the breaking strength study was performed next, followed by the microscopical collagen analysis, using for that histological cuts stained with picrosirius. results: the adhesions were prevalent in g2 and g3 (16% each) when compared to g1. no significant difference was found in the breaking strength study. statistically significant difference was observed in collagen concentration analysis. it was found higher mature collagen (type i) as well as total collagen concentration in the groups operated more than once (g2 and g3). the highest concentration of mature collagen (p<0,0001) and total collagen (p<0,0021) were found in g3 followed by g2 and g1 (in this sequence). conclusion: the highest mature collagen concentration on the experimental groups, points out the importance of inflammatory activity in the healing process; in the resutures of the abdominal wall the surgical scar maturity is faster acquired than in the primary sutures; in relation to the primary sutures, the resutures of the abdominal wall did not influence in the resistance of the surgical scar.
Prevalência de Streptococcus β-hemolítico em crian as portadoras de necessidades especiais Prevalence of β-hemolytic Streptococcus in children with special health care needs
Viviane Martha Santos de Morais,Alice Ramos Orsi,Fernanda Cristina de Albuquerque Maranho,Therezita Maria Peixoto Patury Galv?o Castro
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012, DOI: 10.5935/1808-8694.20120017
Abstract: Faringotonsilite causada por Streptococcus β-hemolítico afeta principalmente crian as e imunocomprometidos, sendo Streptococcus pyogenes (Grupo A) o agente mais comum em faringotonsilites bacterianas. OBJETIVO: Este trabalho objetivou a busca por Streptococcus β-hemolítico do Grupo A (SBHGA) e N o A (SBHGNA) na orofaringe de indivíduos com necessidades especiais da APAE (Maceió-AL). MéTODO:Estudo prospectivo com amostras da orofaringe de pacientes com síndrome de Down e outras desordens mentais (teste) e estudantes de escola privada (controle) de 5-15 anos. Culturas em ágar sangue (5%) foram identificadas através dos testes de Gram/catalase e o método de disco difus o com bacitracina/sulfametoxazol-trimetoprim, aplicando-se o teste Chi-quadrado em análises estatísticas. RESULTADOS: Um total de 222 col nias bacterianas foram isoladas em 74 indivíduos da APAE e 65 no grupo controle. No grupo teste, episódios prévios de faringotonsilites foram relatados por 36,49% (27/74) e 9,46% (7/74) foram diagnosticados com sintomas e/ou sinais sugestivos de infec o orofaríngea. Nenhuma amostra de S. pyogenes foi confirmada na APAE, sendo todas identificadas como SBHGNA, com cinco SBHGA no grupo controle. CONCLUS O:A identifica o precoce de Streptococcus β-hemolítico é importante para o tratamento rápido de faringotonsilites e a ausência de S. pyogenes evita futuras sequelas supurativas ou n o supurativas no grupo da APAE. Pharyngotonsillitis by β-hemolytic Streptococcus mostly affects children and imunocompromissed, being Streptococcuspyogenes (Group A) the most common agent in bacterial pharyngotonsillitis. AIM:This work targeted the research of β-hemolytic Streptococcus Group-A (SBHGA) and No-A (SBHGNA) in the oropharynx of individuals with special health needs from the APAE (Maceió-AL). METHOD: A prospective study with oropharynx samples from patients with Down syndrome and other mental disorders (test) and students from a private school (control) aged 5-15 years. Cultures in blood agar (5%) were identified through Gram/catalase tests and bacitracin/trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole disk diffusion method, applying the chi-squared statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 222 bacterial colonies were isolated in 74 individuals from APAE and 65 in the control group. In the test group, previous episodes of pharyngotonsillitis were reported by 36.49% (27/74) and 9.46% (7/74) were diagnosed with symptoms and/or signs suggestive of oropharynx infection. No positive sample of S. pyogenes was confirmed at APAE, being all samples classified as SBHGNA, with 5 SBHGA in the contr
Características morfogênicas e estruturais de duas espécies de braquiária adubadas com diferentes doses de nitrogênio
Silva, Cristina Cavalcante Félix da;Bonomo, Paulo;Pires, Aureliano José Vieira;Maranho, Camila Maida de Albuquerque;Patês, Neusete Maria da Silva;Santos, Luciana Carvalho;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009000400010
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the morphogenetic and structural characteristics of brachiaria brizantha and decumbens submitted to different nitrogen doses (n). the experiment was carried in a greenhouse. the treatments consisted of four n doses (0, 75, 150 and 225 mg/dm3 of n) and two grasses (brachiaria brizantha and decumbens). nitrogen fertilization was subdivided into three applications. a completely randomized block experimental design with five repetitions was used. for the morphogenetic and structural characteristics, the daily foliar structure emergence, total number of leaves and number of tillers per b. decumbens plant was higher for b. brizantha. however, for phyllochron, the daily foliar prolongation and life duration of the b. brizantha leaf were higher. b. decumbens and brizantha responded increasingly up to 190 mg/dm3 of nitrogen in relation to the majority the available characteristics. the process senescence is accelerated with increase of the nitrogen doses, reducing the life duration of leaves.
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