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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 76942 matches for " Maria Luiza Hiromi;Nascimento "
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Luxation injuries in primary teeth: a retrospective study in children assisted at an emergency service
Assun??o, Luciana Reichert da Silva;Ferelle, Ant?nio;Iwakura, Maria Luiza Hiromi;Nascimento, Liliane Silva do;Cunha, Robson Frederico;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242011000200009
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to analyze luxation injuries in children between the ages of 0 and 5 years treated at an emergency service department. a total of 1,703 records, corresponding to a period of 10 years at the emergency center of the baby clinic at londrina state university, brazil, were analyzed. the age, gender, etiologic factors, type of injury, injured teeth, treatment and time interval between injury and treatment were determined for each patient. of the examined records, 409 patients met the study criteria and included a total of 679 injured teeth. statistical analyses were carried out using the chi-square test with the level of significance set at 5%. trauma incidence was higher in boys (57.0%) and in children less than two years of age (40.3%). falling while walking or running was the most predominant etiologic factor (37.7%), and the most prevalent type of injury was subluxation (32.6%). luxation injuries decreased with increasing age (p = 0.045). treatment usually occurred within the first 1-15 days and was significantly associated with the type of trauma (p = 0.041). "monitor only" was the treatment most frequently observed (74.0%). in conclusion, more luxation injuries were found in younger children, predominantly in boys. falls resulting from walking or running were the etiologic factor most observed, with subluxation as the most common type of trauma. treatment usually occurred within the first 15 days after the injury. despite the severity of these injuries, "monitor only" was the eligible treatment.
Preven??o de cárie dentária por bochechos com flúor em município com água fluoretada
Iwakura,Maria Luiza Hiromi; Morita,Maria Celeste;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892004000400006
Abstract: objective: to compare the prevalence of dental caries in two groups of schoolchildren: (1) schoolchildren participating in a weekly 0.2% sodium fluoride mouth-rinsing program and (2) schoolchildren not participating in the program. methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted in the city (municipality) of londrina, in the state of paraná, brazil; the city has fluoridated drinking water. we examined 367 12-year-old children: 190 participants in the weekly mouth-rinsing program (51.8%) and 177 nonparticipants (48.2%). the prevalence of caries was determined based on the scores for decayed, missing, and filled teeth and for decayed, missing, and filled surfaces. the examinations were performed by three examiners, with nearly perfect agreement in their diagnosis of caries (kappa = 0.90). the dependent variable was dental caries. the independent variables were: participation or nonparticipation in the mouth-rinsing program, attending a private school or a public school, frequency of tooth-brushing, amount of toothpaste used, consumption of sweets between meals, and visits to the dentist. results: the decayed, missing, and filled teeth score (mean and standard deviation) at 12 years of age was 0.85 ± 0.059 overall, 1.0 ± 0.058 for program participants, and 0.70 ± 0.060 for nonparticipants. the decayed, missing, and filled surfaces score (mean and standard deviation) was 1.16 ± 0.017, with it ranging from a low of 0.34 in one private school to a high of 1.66 in one public school. bivariate analysis showed an association between caries (p < 0.05) and the following variables: attending a public school, participating in the mouth-rinsing program, and consuming sweets between meals more than once a day. in the multivariate analysis, attending a public school (p = 0.0004) and consuming sweets (p = 0.001) remained associated with the presence of caries. conclusions: the weekly mouth-rinsing program was not associated with a decreased prevalence of caries, in either the publ
Processo de trabalho do enfermeiro: vis?o de professores de uma universidade pública
Tanaka, Luiza Hiromi;Leite, Maria Madalena Januário;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002008000300016
Abstract: objective: the study aimed to understand the working process of the nurse according to the perspective of professors of the undergraduate nursing course at universidade federal de s?o paulo. methods: exploratory study with a qualitative approach, having 14 professors as its subjects; the focus group technique was chosen for data collection, and the material was analyzed according to the method of content analysis. results: the meaning of the nurses' working process comprised three categories: composition of the nurses' working process, differentials of the nurses' work when compared to other healthcare professionals and dichotomies of the nurses' working process in education. conclusion: the meanings of this process were the group of the working processes: caring, managing, teaching and researching, whose working core is the process of caring. however, healthcare management was not evidenced by the focus group. the nurses' working process was considered complex and confusing.
O cuidar no processo de trabalho do enfermeiro: vis?o dos professores
Tanaka, Luiza Hiromi;Leite, Maria Madalena Januário;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000600012
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of undergraduate nursing faculty about the work processes of professional nurses, particularly, nursing care and competency - from ways of learning, knowing, and doing, which were developed during their undergraduate nursing education. focus groups among fifteen undergraduate faculty members were conducted to collect data for this qualitative study. content analysis was used to analyze the data. six categories have emerged: technical skills are fundamental to provide nursing care; complexities of technical skills and nursing care; differences in the process of providing nursing care; competency from ways of learning, knowing, and doing are essential for providing nursing care; learning to be a nurse is understood by different perspectives; the need of undergraduate faculty to discuss about nursing technical care.
Ausências dos colaboradores de enfermagem do pronto-socorro de um hospital universitário
Fakih, Flávio Trevisani;Tanaka, Luiza Hiromi;Carmagnani, Maria Isabel Sampaio;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002012000300010
Abstract: objective: to verify and analyze absences of nursing staff of the adult emergency room (aer) of a university hospital. methods: a study using a quantitative approach, observational and prospective, conducted between january and december, 2009, involving the nursing staff of a aer. results: the aer had, on average, 96.8 employees per month. expected absences corresponded to 30.1% of working days. the absenteeism rate was 11.7%. there was a greater incidence of unplanned absences during the periods of may (15.3%) and august (13.3%). conclusion: there was a correlation between the variables: professional category, employment contract and shift work, and the distribution of expected and unexpected absences. absenteeism was considered high and motivated, mainly, by allowances for health care greater than 15 days. the monthly deficit of staff also contributed to the work overload of the team.
Estudo sobre a prática do origami em pacientes cardíacos internados no Hospital S o Paulo
Sandra Midori Kuwahara Sasaki,Luiza Hiromi Tanaka,Laura Villares de Freitas,Maria Isabel Sampaio Carmagnani
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2012, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc7(1)586
Abstract: Introdu o: Origami é uma arte milenar japonesa traduzida como dobradura de papel, ori significa dobrar e gami, papel. Este trabalho vem sendo utilizado com freqüência nos hospitais por ser uma atividade de baixo custo que nos remete a algumas lendas e histórias envolvendo o restabelecimento da doen a. Objetivo: Compreender os efeitos do aprendizado da técnica do origami e analisar as representa es simbólicas do pássaro tsuru. Método: A pesquisa teve uma abordagem qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva. Participaram 19 pacientes internados na enfermaria de cardiologia do Hospital S o Paulo, com idade entre 24 e 65 anos, que aprenderam a técnica do origami e confeccionaram o pássaro tsuru. Em seguida, responderam um questionário sobre as percep es e sentimentos que afloraram na realiza o da atividade. Para a análise de conteúdo, utilizamos a técnica da análise temática. A análise simbólica dos depoimentos teve como base o referencial teórico da Psicologia Analítica de Jung. Resultados: Identificamos as seguintes categorias: Categoria 1- O origami como uma via de acesso ao estado meditativo. Categoria 2 - Simbolismos do pássaro tsuru. Categoria 3- O doente cr nico no processo de individua o. Conclus o: a confec o do origami representou para os pacientes a manifesta o de sentimentos e sensa es associados ao estado meditativo. A estrutura do origami e seu caráter ritualístico e mandálico possuem semelhan as com o “artifício de autofocaliza o” (ancora) relatado nas práticas meditativas. O pássaro tsuru foi representado como símbolo da paz, liberdade e vida, despertando o paciente a olhar para si mesmo, refletindo, assim, sobre o adoecer nesse momento de sua existência. Consideramos que o trabalho com o origami é um recurso que pode auxiliar o paciente a elaborar o processo de adoecimento. Este recurso lúdico também criou um espa o de integra o entre o paciente, a equipe, os familiares e o ambiente hospitalar, favorecendo a humaniza o do cuidado na área da saúde.
Quality of Melon 'UFERSA-05 var. ACIDULUS and Pele de Sapo “Mabel” Minimally Processed, Kept in Different Packages  [PDF]
Maria Luiza Pereira de Araújo, Fanquiele Ribeiro de Oliveira, Marianne Lima Barboza, Glauber Enrique Souza Nunes, Pahlevi Augusto de Souza, Adriano do Nascimento Sim?es
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.58079
Abstract:

This study aimed at evaluating the quality of melon Pele de Sapo “Mabel” and Yellow melon “UFERSA-05” minimally processed preserved in different packages. The fruits were harvested at Mossoró-RN and transported to Serra Talhada-PE. In the first study, melon fruit Piel de Sapo “Mabel” was selected, washed, weighed, cooled, peeled, cut into cube shape, sanitized in chlorine solution, drained, packaged in rigid polypropylene tray, sealed with polypropylene film or polypropylene rigid cap and kept for 8 days at 8. In the second study, fruits of yellow melon “UFERSA-05” and Pele de Sapo “Mabel” were minimally processed and kept in rigid polypropylene tray, sealed with polypropylene film and stored for 8 days at 8. There was no significant interaction between packaging (sealed with film and polypropylene cover) and period of conservation, for pH, total titratable acidity (TTA), total soluble solids (TSS) and Loss of fresh mass (LFM) for Melon “Mabel”. While there was significant interaction between types of melon (“UFERSA-05” and “Mabel”) and storage period (0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 days) for pH, TTA and TSS. In sensory evaluation were noticeable changes in appearance, flavor, aroma and flesh firmness, characterized by translucency, alcoholic aroma and softening in “Mabel” melon kept in tray with lid. Melon “UFERSA-05” showed lower pH, total soluble solids, total soluble sugars, PME activity, lack of translucency high flesh firmness compared to “Mabel” melon during storage. The high levels of sugars in melon “Mabel” may be related to the incidence of translucency, which was not observed in “UFERSA-05” melon, with a strong potential to minimal processing.

Condi??es de vida e mortalidade infantil no Estado do Paraná, Brasil, 1997/2001
Andrade, Selma Maffei de;Soares, Darli Antonio;Matsuo, Tiemi;Souza, Regina Kazue Tanno de;Mathias, Thaís Aidar de Freitas;Iwakura, Maria Luiza Hiromi;Zequim, Maria Angelina;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000100019
Abstract: this objective of this paper was to verify the relations between the living and infrastructure conditions of municipalities in the state of paraná, brazil, and infant mortality rate and its components. an ecological study was carried out having the 399 municipalities of the state being classified into five clusters of living conditions. infant, neonatal and postneonatal rates were calculated for the period 1997/2001. the mean infant, neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates in the state were, respectively, 19.3, 12.0 and 7.3 per 1,000 live births. postneonatal mortality rates ranged from 8.7 (cluster of worst living conditions) to 6.3 per 1,000 live births (in the cluster classified as having the best living conditions). regarding the neonatal component, clusters classified as holding the best and the worst living conditions presented the lowest values: 11.8 and 11.4 per 1,000 live births, respectively. we conclude that the postneonatal component still adequately discriminate living conditions in the state of paraná. however, there is a need of complementary studies that aim to clarify the causes of similar neonatal mortality rates observed in the richest and in the poorest cluster of municipalities.
New Culicoides Latreille of the subgenus Mataemyia Vargas from Pará, Brazil (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
Felippe-Bauer, Maria Luiza;Silva, Tiago do Nascimento da;Trindade, Rosimeire Lopes da;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762013000100009
Abstract: two new species of culicoides latreille of the neotropical subgenus mataemyia vargas are described and illustrated based on female specimens from juruti, pará, brazil and compared with their similar congeners. this paper also presents a diagnosis of the subgenus mataemyia and a systematic key for the identification of the 19 species of the subgenus.
Efeito da modifica o atmosférica em goiabas var. Paluma na redu o de danos mecanicos em pós-colheita. = The change in atmospheric guavas var. Paluma to reduce the effect of mechanical damage in postharvest.
Maria Luiza Grigio,Leandro Camargo Neves,Jessica Milanez Tosin,Cássia Rejane Nascimento
Agro@mbiente On-line , 2011,
Abstract: No manejo pós-colheita, os frutos podem estar expostos a injúrias que depreciam sua qualidade e vida útil. Assim, avaliou-se o efeito da atmosfera modificada em goiabas var. Paluma submetidas a diferentes tipos de danos mecanicos. Depois de colhidos, os frutos foram selecionados, sanitizados e submetidos aos tratamentos: T1 (testemunha) - sem injúrias nem acondicionamento em sacolas de polietileno de baixa densidade (PEBD); T2 - sem injúrias + PEBD; T3 - queda de 1 m + PEBD; T4 - compress o de 9 N + PEBD; T5 - queda de 1 m + compress o de 9 N + PEBD e T6 - queda de 1 m + compress o de 9 N+ sem PEBD. Os tratamentos foram frigoarmazenados a 10 ± 1 oC e 94 ± 2% de U.R. As análises da produ o de CO2/etileno, atividade enzimática, pectina total/solúvel, firmeza de polpa, acidez titulável (AT), sólidos solúveis (SS), a úcares redutores e ácido ascórbico foram realizadas a cada 10 dias de refrigera o mais um dia fora da camara frigorífica (22 ± 1 oC e 75 ± 3% de U.R.), durante 30 dias. As goiabas acondicionadas em sacolas de PEBD, n o submetidos às injúrias mecanicas, apresentaram os melhores padr es de qualidade. Os frutos submetidos apenas a um tipo de injúria, quando embalados, apresentavam qualidade satisfatória em compara o aos frutos sem embalagem e n o submetidos às injúrias. Na aplica o dos dois tipos de injúria,simultaneamente, o uso da embalagem n o foi suficiente para reduzir a velocidade metabólica desses frutos, tornando-os inaptos à comercializa o. = In the postharvest management, the fruits can be exposed to injuries that depreciated the quality and the shelf life.Thus, it was evaluated the modified atmosphere effects on guavas var. Paluma subjected to different mechanical damages. Once harvested, the fruits were selected, sanitized and submitted to the treatments T1 (control) - without injuries or packaging in bags of low density polyethylene (LDPE); T2 - without injuries + LDPE bags; T3 - damage by fall of 1 m + LDPE bags; T4 - damage by compression of 9 N + LDPE bags; T5 - damage by fall of 1 m + damage by compression of 9 N + LDPE bags and T6 - damage by fall of 1 m + damage by compression of 9 N without LDPE bags. The treatments were kept in cold storage at 10 ±1 oC and 94 ± 2% de R.H. The analysis of CO2/ethylene production, enzymatic activity, total and soluble pectins, pulp firmness,titratable acidity (TA), soluble solids (SS), reducing sugars and ascorbic acid were performed every 10 days of refrigeration, and an additional day outside cold storage (22 ± 1oC and 75 ± 3% R.H.) for 30 days. Guavas packed in LDPE bags, not subject to
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