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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 74325 matches for " Maria Lucia; "
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International Fragmentation of Production and Trade Volatility: An Analysis for the European Countries  [PDF]
Anna Maria Falzoni, Lucia Tajoli
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.63032
Abstract: In the last years, world exports have displayed very strong fluctuations, much higher than GDP fluctuations. Some recent works tried to understand the causes of these fluctuations, and in particular if these strong swings in world trade flows are related to the growing weight of intermediates in trade and to the phenomenon of international fragmentation of production (IFP) or international outsourcing. This is the issue addressed in this paper. We analyze the influence of international fragmentation of production and trade in intermediate goods on the fluctuations of trade flows for the EU countries. After assessing the relevance of international trade in intermediate goods at the sector level using indices computed from the input-output tables of the EU countries, we test whether a significant relation exists between the extent of international fragmentation of production measured by this proxy and the volatility of trade flows, and the possible implications of these results.
Portuguese Women: Entrepreneurs in Sao Paulo City  [PDF]
Maria Elisa de Almeida Mariz, Lucia Maria Machado Bógus
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24034
Abstract: This paper presents the trajectory of Portuguese female immigrants who came to the city of Sao Paulo in the last two decades of 20th century and records their surviving strategies, initially looking for work and subsequently as entrepreneurs in their own business: restaurants, travel agency, fado singer, and others. Its primary aim is to identify, from their narratives, the entrepreneurship level of these women and the capital stock equity of their ownership, use, and from which they could be able to develop over four decades living in this huge metropolis. In this context, it is also sought the way social networks supporting their arrival were accessed during their period adapting to the city and on performing their business ventures. The analytical and interpretative path from the face to face interviews with these Portuguese immigrants allows us to conclude that social capital is an extremely relevant resource to entrepreneurship.
Gênero, medicina e filantropia: Maria Rennotte e as mulheres na constru??o da na??o
Mott, Maria Lucia;
Cadernos Pagu , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332005000100004
Abstract: the article analyses the trajectory of maria rennotte, a belgian who in 1878 moved to brazil working as a governess, and afterwards as a teacher and doctor. with her writings and social practice, maria rennotte fought for women's rights in search for better education, access to different types of work, a healthier body and political citizenship. she asserted women's participation in assistance entities, founding a red cross branch in s?o paulo. her trajectory enables us to state that although women were not politically considered in terms of their civil rights, had limited educational opportunities and few chances of wage-earning jobs, basically being identified as mothers and wives, they found in philanthropic associations a breach to enlarge their participation in the public sphere. acting in national life, women changed the services offered to the people, the law, the educational and health institutions and the development of scientific knowledge.
Adaptando e inovando: o Laboratório de Ensaios de Materiais da Escola Politécnica e a tecnologia do concreto em S?o Paulo
Gitahy, Maria Lucia Caira;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702001000600006
Abstract: in the twenties, s?o paulo experienced a boom in the processes of industrial diversification and integration, with a resulting increase in the productive activities in the capital city. that context offered new challenges to the civil construction industry and to the corresponding technological research being developed by the center for materials resistance at the polytechnic school (gabinete de resistência dos materiais -escola politécnica). in order to respond more effectively to the business demand for testings and technical support, the gabinete/center was thoroughly restructured, gaining more autonomy and modifying its priorities. thus recast as the renowned laboratório de ensaios de materiais (lem), it developed systematic technological research from 1926 to 1934, when it underwent another change which gave rise to the instituto de pesquisas tecnológicas (ipt)/institute of technological research.
S?o Paulo, centro e periferia: a retórica ambiental e os limites da política urbana
Martins, Maria Lucia Refinetti;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142011000100005
Abstract: the text, referring to the metropolitan region of s?o paulo, puts a focus on the urban environmental issue, in whish the environment consists not only of natural processes and dynamics, but also includes the relations between them and the social processes and dynamics. two extreme situations highlight the matter: i) the outlying settlements on the fringes along the water supply areas and environmentally sensitive areas; ii) the decrease of population at the central and consolidated areas, which have a potential to increase density. from this point, the urban projects made for the central area of s?o paulo, the core of the metropolitan area are discussed. it turns evident then that the inclusion of the environmental dimension in the urban issue, in a sense that is not just rhetoric, brings to light the intrinsic limitations of urban policies.
Um desafio para a saúde pública brasileira: o controle do dengue
Penna, Maria Lucia F.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100034
Abstract: this article presents a critical analysis of the traditional strategy used to control aedes aegypti using "health surveillance patrols", with periodic visits to all urban buildings. the strategy is not viable and/or is administratively unfeasible at present, since it has been proposed since the 1980s but has not been implemented. brazilian health reform prioritized the expansion of coverage for basic health services, and not measures to control specific diseases. a. aegypti, which was reintroduced and began the reoccupation of its old habitat in 1976, is currently in a process of re-infesting the country until reaching equilibrium. this public health problem relates to the urban environment and is thus a problem that affects everyone, both the population and government, and not merely the health sector. the article highlights the need for joint action in sanitation and the environment. the population's role should also be reshaped as effective and permanent, separating the rights and duties of government and the population, i.e., making a clear distinction between the public and private domains. the danger of resurgence of yellow fever should be considered when establishing a new, feasible strategy for dealing with the dengue problem.
Uma abordagem ecológica da tuberculose
Penna, Maria Lucia Fernandes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1988000400002
Abstract: the study of infections disease epidemiology is usually based on transmission. applying concepts of regulation of parasite population size to tuberculosis, it is shown that the resistence to infection is the underlying mechanism that produces the trend in the tuberculosis situation. the resistence to infection is the result of genetic feed-back and also of the socioeconomic situation. the genetic feed-back disapears as the tuberculosis mortality rate falls. control programmes based on the reduction of the transmission are not likely to reduce the tuberculosis problem, for it is not a transmission limited infection.
Linguagem e cogni??o: a referencialidade como um construto mental
Lobato, Lucia Maria Pinheiro;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502007000300003
Abstract: this paper is developed within the scope of the debate between internalist and externalist views of reference, and argues in favor of the internalist view, translated in terms of the relation refer. by carrying out a contrastive analysis of data from brazilian portuguese and european portuguese, it aims to demonstrate the existence of formal features which, under given circumstances, denote entities. it is proposed that the faculty of language deals with the concept of entity only as the result of formal features, and that formal features are responsible for the interpretation of an entity with respect to a given world.
As três categorias peircianas e os três registros lacanianos
Braga, Maria Lucia Santaella;
Psicologia USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65641999000200006
Abstract: the first part of this paper proposes a general comparison between peirce?s three universal phenomenological categories of firstness, secondness, and thirdness on one hand and lacan?s three registers, also called the conceptual categories of human reality, the categories of the imaginary, the real, and the symbolic on the other hand. the second part develops the comparative analysis between peirce and lacan even further, showing that the logic of the third category, which is the logic of the sign, can function as a guiding map towards the understanding of the complex interactions that the three registers, the imaginary, the real, and the simbolic, have with each other.
A epistemologia genética e a intera??o social de crian?as
Moro, Maria Lucia Faria;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722000000200009
Abstract: the paper presents a case study about the relationship between children?s social interactions and children?s cognitive constructions of addition/subtraction according to propositions of the genetic epistemology. results come from a microgenetic qualitative analysis of the complete sequence of videotaped events concerning the interrelationship among: a) cognitive strategies expressed by three boys when solving together learning tasks about addition/subtraction; b) those strategies with adult?s interventions. subjects were three boys (aged 7,4; 8,6; and 9,1) who attended the first grade of a public elementary school. results partially support the proposed hypotheses of a complex cyclical model of interrelationship among partners? productions and with adult?s interventions. piaget?s equilibration model explains the complexity of the discussed social interactions, in their necessary, but not sufficient relationship, with the individual cognitive constructions.
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