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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 393451 matches for " Maria Inês Vieira "
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Efeitos da amplifica??o sonora sobre as modalidades comunicativas utilizadas pelos pais
Couto, Maria Inês Vieira;Lichtig, Ida;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000100009
Abstract: background: auditory rehabilitation in deaf children users of sign language. aim: to verify the effects of sound amplification on parent's communicative modalities when interacting with their deaf children. method: participants were twelve deaf children, aged 50 to 80 months and their hearing parents. children had severe or profound hearing loss in their better ear and were fitted with hearing aids in both ears. children communicated preferably through sign language. the cause-effect relation between the children's auditory skills profile (insertion gain, functional gain and the meaningful auditory integration scale - mais) and the communicative modalities (auditive-oral, visuo-spacial, bimodal) used by parents was analyzed. communicative modalities were compared in two different experimental situations during a structured interaction between parents and children, i.e. when children were not fitted with their hearing aids (situation 1) and when children were fitted with them (situation 2). data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. results: the profile of the deaf children's auditory skills demonstrated to be lower than 53% (unsatisfactory). parents used predominately the bimodal modality to gain children's attention, to transmit and to end tasks. a slight positive effect of sound amplification on the communicative modalities was observed, once parents presented more turn-takings during communication when using the auditory-oral modality in situation 2. conclusion: hearing parents tend to use more turn-takings during communication in the auditory-oral modality to gain children's attention, to transmit and to end tasks, since they observe an improvement in the auditory skills of their children.
Profile Performance of Working Memory in Children of Elementary Schools  [PDF]
Rita de Cássia Coutinho Vieira Fornasari, Taís de Lima Ferreira, Sylvia Maria Ciasca
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.410A008

Objective: To compare the performance of working memory in children of 5 years and 1 month to 6 years and 11 months of public and private Elementary Schools. Methods: 34 subjects were evaluated for both genders composing the GI and GIII public education aged 5 - 6 years; GII and GIV private education aged 5 - 6 years, with an average age of 6 years and 11 months. All subjects were submitted to the Working Memory Assessment Protocol. Results: There were statistically significant differences between the public school and private school in tests of verbal span of serial repetition in direct order with words like phonology and semantics and different words with different semantics and phonology. Between groups, a statistically significant difference occurred between GIII and GIV in verbal span, free recall for polysyllabic words with different semantics and complex phonology; between GI and GII, GIII and GII, GIII and GIV, the verbal span of words with phonology and different semantics, and between GIII and GIV in verbal span of words with the same phonology and semantics. The variables in these groups are age and type of school. Conclusion: With advancing age and grades, the developments of working memory and best performance of working memory were for public school children aged 6 years.

Slavery to Addiction as Meaning of Dropout in Eating Disorders: Psychological Aspects among Women That Have Interrupted Treatment at a Specialized Service in Brazil  [PDF]
Flávia Machado Seidinger-Leibovitz, Celso Garcia Junior, Carla Maria Vieira, Luís Fernando Tófoli, Egberto Ribeiro Turato
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.66078
Abstract: This study investigated the narratives of women who dropped out of treatment from a specialized outpatient unit for eating disorders (ED). Psychodynamics aspects involved were discussed regarding the issue of adherence and dropout, since it was found to be directly affected by addictive aspects. A qualitative approach was used to identify interpretative matrices that led to a broad understanding of the clinical phenomena observed. Our aim was to identify contributions to the clinical management of barriers to treatment regarding the challenge of adherence to addiction and eating disorders treatments. The sample consisted of eight in-depth interviews fully recorded and transcribed. The emergent categories indicated elements from the experience of the disorders in psychological meanings assigned to dropout by patients. Findings are discussed under a theoretical framework focused on anorexia and bulimia as addictions. The discussion aims to make a contribution to the ED treatment approach and also understand them in their addictive dimension in order to enhance compliance and retention in treatment. The psychodynamic elements from addictive experiences described by patients may contribute to supporting the discussion about eating disorders as “addictive behaviors” beyond the “addiction model of eating disorders” as a physiological model of “addictive” or “toxic” food dependence. Eating disorders experienced as addiction were found affecting the response to treatment.
Constru??o e reconstru??o de um sistema hipermídia sobre anticorpos monoclonais com base na estrutura cognitiva do especialista de conteúdo
Struchiner, Miriam;Ricciardi, Regina Maria Vieira;Gianella, Taís Rabetti;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132006000300001
Abstract: we report the development of the monoclonal antibodies hypermedia system, aimed at biosciences undergraduate students. the method used for defining the hypermedia structure and the interface was based on the content specialist structural knowledge. the system first version presented a graphic interface based on a "graphic organizer" to support students navigation and comprehention. forty two biology students used the hypermedia as part of the imunology course activities. although the hypermedia system was positively evaluated by the students., 11 students reported difficulties in finding information in the hypertext structure. based on results, the system structure and interface were redesigned. the second version was based on "concept map" (novak & gowin, 1994). this version was evaluated by another group of 24 biology students, presenting positive findings about their orientation and navigation. the results show that among different multidimentional structures, concept maps are effective for specialist content representation and to support student navigation.
Concep??es e práticas sócio-educativas promotoras de autonomia no ensino fundamental
S?nego, Roselaine Vieira;Zamberlan, Maria Aparecida Trevisan;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722007000200015
Abstract: the research investigated the relations between practices partner and the development of autonomy, evaluating dynamic of interpersonal agreement, by selman. the colecta data instruments were the naturalistic study and a half questionnaire structuralized, composed of 7 categories, for application to teachers, and 4 categories, for pupils applied in the field on a private and a public schools. the data, pointing in the school a: to a more homogeneous relation between the your practice and educative procedures partner with the perceptions and levels of interpersonal agreement of the pupils; one high importance for the education of moral values, but its justifications had tends the unilateralism; bigger balance enter the shared strategies of negotiation and experiences in interpersonal dynamic in the school a; a bigger sense of cooperation enter the children of school b; in both the schools the superior levels of perspective adoption had evidenced minor frequency of coercive and heteronomic uprisings. the data show it's necessary interventions of the teachers, guided for the autonomic development of children in basic education.
Concep??es de uma equipe multidisciplinar sobre fuga de pacientes
Vieira, Sílvio Ant?nio;Dall'Agnol, Clarice Maria;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000100012
Abstract: a qualitative study that aimed at learning the way an emergency care multidisciplinary team at a public university hospital conceives and deals with the problem of patients who run away from hospital was carried out. data were collected using the focus groups technique, whose sample was constituted by ten individuals, approached by non-directive group dynamics. three thematic classes resulted from content analysis: a certain ambivalence; emergency, a place of (lack of) control; fears and insecurities. the study indicates the chaotic situation encountered by emergency services and, in this context, when patients run away, the health care team is imminently subject to a triple judgment: social, legal and institutional.
Perfil pragmático de crian?as surdas em diferentes fases lingüísticas
Lichtig, Ida;Couto, Maria Inês Vieira;Leme, Vanessa Nogueira;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342008000300009
Abstract: purpose: the aim of this study was to ascertain and to assess the interference of deaf children's linguistic level in their communicative abilities. methods:thirty deaf children participated in this study, 15 in the pre-linguistic phase and 15 in the linguistic phase, independent of the communicative modality used - either oral or sign language. their age ranged from 41 to 59 months. thirty videotape recordings of the deaf children's communicative abilities assessment during their interaction with the examiner were analyzed. the communicative abilities pragmatic profile was used in order to identify the communicative abilities and their frequency of occurrence. results: both groups basically presented the same communicative abilities; however, the linguistic group presented higher frequency of occurrence, especially in the abilities regarding communicative intentions and responses for communication. conclusions:there is a direct relationship between linguistic complexity (independent of any kind of modality) and the deaf child's communicative profile, that is, the linguistic level child presents higher frequency of occurrence of more complex and elaborated communicative abilities.
Fernanda Sá Vieira,Rodrigo Zomkovski Ozorio,Rosa Maria Farias Asmus
Revista Brasileira de Ecoturismo , 2011,
Abstract: O turismo de observa o de aves é uma atividade do ecoturismo que vem se expandindo nas últimas décadas. Ambos possuem o potencial de fomentar a conserva o do meio ambiente e de contribuir para a gera o de renda à popula o local. A Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá (RDSM) possui 1.1240.00 de hectares e está localizada na confluência dos rios Solim es e Japurá, Amazonas, Brasil. é uma das maiores Unidades de Conserva o de florestas alagáveis do mundo e a única que protege o ecossistema de várzea amaz nica. O Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá, co-gestor da RDSM, desenvolve programas de manejo de recursos naturais para promover o uso sustentado dos recursos visando à conserva o da biodiversidade e a melhoria da qualidade de vida da popula o autóctone. Dentre os programas de manejo desenvolvidos está o Turismo de Base Comunitária que atua na Pousada Uacari. A RDSM possui 360 espécies de aves catalogadas e a cada ano apresenta um crescimento para o público de birdwatchers. Diante desta demanda, surgiu o interesse em pesquisar o potencial para a implanta o de um roteiro específico para este segmento, sendo este o principal objetivo desta pesquisa. Este estudo é realizado através de três etapas, sendo composta pelo levantamento bibliográfico abordando o turismo de observa o de aves, o histórico do birdwatching, as primeiras viagens para observa o de aves, os indutores para a observa o e o Brasil como mercado promissor. A segunda etapa diagnosticou a atividade de birdwatching na Pousada Uacari, através de visitas de campo à Reserva Mamirauá, entrevistas e análise de informa es contidas em bancos de dados da Pousada, pontuando os seguintes itens: avalia o da oferta e nível de qualifica o dos guias, qualidade da infra-estrutura oferecida, análise do perfil do birdwatcher X turista da Pousada Uacari, potencialidade das espécies e análise da demanda. Através dos diagnósticos e análises realizadas, identificaram-se as lacunas e as oportunidades existentes no produto atual ofertado, bem como as exigências do segmento de birdwatchers de acordo com o perfil específico deste público estudado, completando assim a terceira etapa do trabalho. Concluiu-se que a RDS Mamirauá possui potencial para o fortalecimento da atividade de observa o de aves, constatada pela capacidade instalada da iniciativa (infra-estrutura de visita o, opera o turística, qualifica o profissional da equipe, envolvimento comunitário) e também pela abundancia de aves existentes na Reserva. A implementa o do roteiro específico para birdwatchers contribuirá
Um Sistema de Informa o Gerencial para Softhouse
S?nia Maria da Silva Gomes,Samuel Vieira da Silva
Contabilidade Vista & Revista , 2007,
Abstract: Atualmente, as companhias dependem cada vez mais dos servi os de software eprocuram empresas confiáveis e que forne am servi os com qualidade. Por seu lado, as empresasdesenvolvedoras de software têm dificuldades em mensurar seus gastos com desenvolvimentode software, que extrapola a dimens o do esfor o humana-hora. Dentro destecenário, o presente artigo apresenta um sistema de contabilidade por atividades (SCPA) paraa gest o de empresas de servi os em desenvolvimento de software. O modelo apresentadopartiu da realidade de empresas catarinenses de desenvolvimento de software, que fizeramparte dessa pesquisa, tanto como fornecedoras de informa es como avaliadoras do modeloapresentado. O modelo de SCPA apresentado traz três dimens es: subsistema decisório,subsistema operacional e subsistema ciclo contábil, os quais combinados fornecer o informa esque garantam as empresas de desenvolvimento de software o controle gerencialsobre seus custos de desenvolvimento.
Physicians and Conflicts of Interest  [PDF]
Deborah Pimentel, Maria-Jésia Vieira, Jo?o Pedro Declerc F. S. Neves, Manoel Juvenal da Costa-Neto, Laís Costa Souza Oliveira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516128

In medical practice, the most commonly observed conflicts of interest are the ones existing in the relations between professionals and industries linked to health or between the former and health services. These relations are no longer a partnership in search of the best to be offered to patients and tend to take up a commercial role, in a seduction game where, each one, in their own manner, seeks benefits. The purpose of this study is to analyze the existence of these conflicts of interest, in an exploratory and qualitative study, with physician focal groups. The results were grouped in two categories: benefits received by physicians and the justifications provided by them for the establishment of these partnerships. The most common benefits are: percentages over orthoses and prosthetics received by the industry; discounts and credits on rent or condominium fees for exam indications and procedures; rewards offered by the pharmaceutical industry for the indication of their products. Physicians have pointed out as main determinants for ethical missteps that involve conflicts of interest, the character and family formation as well as the lack of denunciations. The fact that efficient and widespread laws for resolution of conflicts of interest do not exist makes it necessary to recognize their existence with mechanisms of management and transparency, perhaps as the only way to avoid negative interference in physician behavior.

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