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O paradoxo da liberdade e da autonomia nas a??es do enfermeiro
Przenyczka, Ramone Aparecida;Lenardt, Maria Helena;Mazza, Ver?nica de Azevedo;Lacerda, Maria Ribeiro;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000200022
Abstract: different factors affect nurses' work relations with consequences on their professional freedom/autonomy. this can be understood in different ways, according to philosophical works and also lead to competing conclusions. considering some of these concepts, this essay was carried out aiming to reflect on nurses' professional freedom/autonomy focusing on some philosophical currents regarding freedom. from the considerations, it can be inferred that nursing freedom/autonomy, protected by nursing professionals' code of ethics, is correlated to an objective possibility where the professional has action power within an array of faculties (or possibilities) and facing the diversities in his/her work relations still needs to overcome hindrances to achieve his/her ideal of freedom.
O paradoxo da liberdade e da autonomia nas a es do enfermeiro
Ramone Aparecida Przenyczka,Maria Helena Lenardt,Ver?nica de Azevedo Mazza,Maria Ribeiro Lacerda
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: Existen diversos factores que afectan las relaciones de trabajo del enfermero con consecuencias para su libertad/autonomía profesional. Esta puede ser entendida de diversas maneras, de acuerdo con las obras de filosofía, y conducen a conclusiones, también, dispares. Para considerar algunos de estos conceptos, se llevó a cabo este ensayo con el fin de reflexionar sobre la libertad y la autonomía profesional del enfermero dentro de algunas corrientes filosóficas sobre la libertad. De las afirmaciones hechas, parece que la libertad/autonomía del enfermero, protegida por el Código de ética de los Profesionales de Enfermería, corresponde a una posibilidad objetiva cuando el profesional tiene el poder de actuar en un conjunto de facultades (o posibilidades) y que, de frente a la diversidad en sus relaciones de trabajo, aún tiene que superar ciertos obstáculos para lograr su ideal de libertad.
O modelo bioecológico: desvendando contribui es para a práxis da enfermagem diante da violência doméstica El modelo bioecológico: contribuciones a la divulgación de la praxis de enfermería relacionados con la violencia doméstica Bioecological model: unveiling contributions to the nursing practice within domestic violence
Janete Maria da Silva Batista,Tatiane Herreira Trigueiro,Maria Helena Lenardt,Ver?nica de Azevedo Mazza
Escola Anna Nery , 2013,
Abstract: Trata-se de um artigo de reflex o que teve o objetivo de discutir sobre os elementos do Modelo Bioecológico do Desenvolvimento Humano de Bronfenbrenner com a expectativa de encontrar contribui es para o conhecimento de enfermagem e sua práxis na interface com a violência doméstica. Compreender a complexidade do ser humano na perspectiva bioecológica possibilita o desenvolvimento de uma práxis transformadora no contexto da atua o da enfermeira diante da demanda de cuidados à pessoa que vivencia este tipo de violência. Considera-se que esta teoria sobre o desenvolvimento humano traz em sua estrutura elementos constituintes das inter-rela es da pessoa e o ambiente ao seu entorno, como fatores determinantes na forma o do indivíduo. Assim, ao se apropriar deste modelo, a enfermagem amplia o seu olhar sobre a multidimensionalidade humana, o que pode refletir no cuidado perante as situa es de violência doméstica. Este es un artículo de reflexión que tuvo el propósito de discutir los elementos del modelo Bioecológico de Desarrollo Humano Bronfenbrenner, esperando encontrar las contribuciones al conocimiento y práctica de enfermería en su interface con la violencia doméstica. Comprender la complejidad de los seres humanos en la perspectiva bioecológica permite el desarrollo de una praxis transformadora en el marco de las acciones del enfermo frente a la demanda de atención a la persona que experimenta este tipo de violencia. Se considera que esta teoría sobre el desarrollo humano trae en su estructura elementos de relaciones interpersonales y el ambiente con su entorno, tales como factores determinantes en la formación del individuo. Así, la enfermería al apropiarse de este modelo amplía su mirada en el ser humano multidimensional, que puede reflexionar sobre su práctica frente a las situaciones de violencia doméstica. It is a reflection paper which objectified to discuss the elements of Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Model on Human Development expecting to contribute for nursing knowledge and its praxis on domestic violence interface. Grasping human beings' complexity in the bioecological perspective enables the development of a transforming praxis in the context of nursing performance facing caring demand to a person who experienced this kind of abuse. It is considered that this theory on human development entails in its structure constitutive elements of people's interrelationships and their surrounding environment as the determining factors to shape individuals. Thus, by taking this model, nursing broadens its look on human multidimensionality which may
The kinds of knowledge involved in nursing home care: integrative review of the scientific production
Luciane Favero,Tatiana Braga de Camargo,Maria Helena Lenardt,Ver?nica de Azevedo Mazza
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2009,
Abstract: It is an integrative review on Brazilian Nursing scientific production which objectifies to recognize the different kinds of knowledge involved in nursing home care productions. The research study took up January/1998 to March/2008 and resulted in the analysis of 41 productions (34 articles, a PhD thesis, a post-graduation monograph, one graduation paper and four publications in Congress annals), distributed in the following database: MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and BDENF. The results evidenced that scientific knowledge was present in 100% of the studies followed by political (63.4%), ethical (56.1%), artistic (19.5%), philosophical and common sense (9.7% each), religious (7.3%), esthetical and mythical knowing (2.4% each). It can be concluded that the professionals in the researched studies use such knowing to deliver nursing home care, however there is a need to broaden studies on the theme in order to bring together scientific knowledge and the other kinds of knowing aforementioned, aiming to render clients and their families authentic, effective and through home care.
O modelo bioecológico: desvendando contribui??es para a práxis da enfermagem diante da violência doméstica
Batista, Janete Maria da Silva;Trigueiro, Tatiane Herreira;Lenardt, Maria Helena;Mazza, Ver?nica de Azevedo;Labronici, Liliana Maria;
Escola Anna Nery , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452013000100024
Abstract: it is a reflection paper which objectified to discuss the elements of bronfenbrenner's bioecological model on human development expecting to contribute for nursing knowledge and its praxis on domestic violence interface. grasping human beings' complexity in the bioecological perspective enables the development of a transforming praxis in the context of nursing performance facing caring demand to a person who experienced this kind of abuse. it is considered that this theory on human development entails in its structure constitutive elements of people's interrelationships and their surrounding environment as the determining factors to shape individuals. thus, by taking this model, nursing broadens its look on human multidimensionality which may be reflected in its praxis and care towards situations of domestic violence.
L’AGGETTIVO E L’AVVERBIO IN ITALIANO E IN CINESE: ANALISI CONTRASTIVA E PROPOSTE GLOTTODIDATTICHE
Maria Chiara Mazza
Italiano LinguaDue , 2012, DOI: 10.6092/2037-3597/1915
Abstract: Il presente lavoro fornisce un’analisi contrastiva tra italiano e cinese in merito alle categorie grammaticali dell’aggettivo e dell’avverbio, al fine di individuare, da un lato, gli ostacoli che un apprendente sinofono può incontrare nello studio della lingua italiana, ed elaborare, dall’altro, strategie che rendano più efficace l’intervento didattico. La prima parte del contributo illustra sinteticamente la morfosintassi della lingua cinese, che si caratterizza per un maggior rigore e un maggior grado di prevedibilità rispetto alla frase italiana. La seconda parte è dedicata rispettivamente all’aggettivo e all’avverbio; del primo si analizzano la funzione predicativa e attributiva; del secondo i criteri con cui le due lingue classificano questa parte del discorso nonché la sua posizione nella frase, unica e fissa nel caso del cinese, flessibile nel caso dell’italiano. Il filo conduttore che guida il presente lavoro è la convinzione che nell’insegnamento della grammatica a sinofoni siano necessarie spiegazioni esplicite, anche di quei tratti che solitamente sono impliciti nel sillabo. Adjectives and adverbs in Italian and Chinese: contrastive analysis and glottodidactic reflections This article provides a contrastive analysis between Italian and Chinese adjectives and adverbs, in order to identify, on the one hand, the obstacles that Chinese speakers face when learning Italian, and, on the other hand, which strategies are the most appropriate for effective teaching. It initially takes into account the Chinese morphosyntax, which is more rigorous and predictable than it is in Italian. The second part is devoted to adjectives and adverbs. We analyze the attributive and the predicative function of adjectives, and the criteria by which the two languages classify adverbs and their position in sentences, unique and fixed in Chinese, but more flexible in Italian. The main thread of the article highlights the necessity for explicit grammar teaching, including those aspects which are usually implicit in textbooks.
Some Observations on Indian Federalism in Comparative Perspective  [PDF]
Mauro Mazza
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2015.61004
Abstract: The article analyses the form of state of the federal Indian Union, which is rather atypical in the “landscape” of comparative constitutional law. The trend towards centralization of functions and powers, both at federal and state levels, probably constitutes some sort of quasi-federalism, or semi-federalism, or even unionist federalism. Indian pragmatic federalism, which we can mainly characterize as a variant of ethnic federalism, may well lead, in terms of the classification of the forms of state, to consider Indian federalism as unitary federalism, or as the realization of a sui generis unionist state.
The Prospects of Independence for Greenland, between Energy Resources and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (with Some Comparative Remarks on Nunavut, Canada)  [PDF]
Mauro Mazza
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2015.64028
Abstract: In a comparative view of the Arctic, Greenland is the only autonomous territory that has the possibility of legally reaching the status of full independence. The funding of the increasing autonomy and, ultimately, of the independence of Greenland is acquired largely from the revenues of mining operations and, more generally, from the exploitation of natural energy sources. However, one must consider the special conditions of the indigenous Inuit, torn between the desire to participate in the development of the Arctic regions, with the related socio-economic benefits, and the willingness not to abandon the traditional lifestyles that are the basis of their indigenous culture.
Blindness and Fungi Kingdom: a New Approach for Teaching a Biological Theme for Students with Special Visual Needs  [PDF]
Renata de Souza, Cristina M. C. Delou, Myriam B. V. C?rtes, Isabelle Mazza-Guimar?es, Sidio Machado, Carlos R. Rodrigues, Helena C. Castro
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.35100
Abstract: Teaching students that have visual disabilities differ from others as they need other senses to unveil our extremely visual world. Therefore it is necessary to use specific didactical resources for properly teaching these students. In this work we described a tactical didactical material to teach the Fungi Kingdom topic, an important biological theme that involves diseases and biotechnological contents. The material was constructed with parchment paper and others simple materials that can be produced at school or even home. Its main advantage is the simple preparation and low cost, which allows the construction by anyone about any theme. To identify the effectiveness of this didactical material, we performed an evaluation with blind students, which confirmed its potentiality for using on teaching not only this complex topic but other regarding mycology or other biological themes.
Social Merchandising: Human Trafficking in Brazilian Soap Opera  [PDF]
Denise Avancini Alves, Maria Helena Weber
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2015.34010
Abstract: Human trafficking is one of today’s largest shadow economies. This theme was included in plot of Salve Jorge, a soap opera in Brazil (broadcasted by Globo Network between October 2012 and May 2013). This article analyzes the social merchandising, an approach given to international human trafficking in entertainment venues of television, especially, from the telenovela Salve Jorge. The strategy of inclusion of social issues in the plots is recognized as social merchandising. So, it is in this privileged media space that the story of a social problem is also constituted. The study focuses on the discussion of the power of the telenovela to dramatize issues of public interest, having main broadcasting and audience of Salve Jorge. One seeks to question the maintenance and the impact of the subject of human trafficking as a dialogue between fiction and reality portrayed by Brazilian television. The show, Salve Jorge, is based on the real-life story of a Brazilian woman who was led to Israel and forced into prostitution. Therefore, human trafficking emerges as the central theme of this study over the main plot of Salve Jorge.
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