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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 250226 matches for " Maria Helena de Melo;Silva "
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Sign Language Interpreters: Perception Analysis about Working with Deaf Students in a Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology in the Northern Region of Brazil  [PDF]
Cesar Gomes de Freitas, Cristina Maria Delou, Gildete da Silva Amorim, Edilene de Melo Teixeira, Helena Carla Castro
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.84050
Abstract: The interpreters of Sign Language have an essential role in the education of deaf students in all countries including Brazil. They mediate the whole teaching and learning process as they are responsible for the communication between teachers and students. Due to their important role, their performance has direct implications in the student’s academic success as well as in the process of their inclusion in the society, which begins at early age at school. In the present study we investigated the perception of Brazilian interpreters that work in a Federal Institute of education, science and technology in the northern region of Brazil. Thus we analyzed their opinion about different aspects involving their work with students with hearing disabilities in this institution. On that purpose we employed a quali-quantitative approach by using a questionnaire with structured and non-structured questions. According to the interpreters’ point of view, some actions still have to be done to achieve the effective inclusion of students with hearing impairment in the educational institution evaluated. On that matter the work of interpreters should be more recognized as important for the teaching and learning process of deaf students leading to the improvement of their work conditions for attending them. These professionals also reported the importance of teachers learning sign language for improving the psychological aspects of these students and their perception of the institution acceptance.
Associa o entre flebite e retirada de cateteres intravenosos periféricos
Nelissa de Paula Magerote,Maria Helena de Melo Lima,Juliana Bastoni Silva,Marisa Dibbern Lopes Correia
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011,
Abstract: Se trata de un estudio prospectivo para determinar la incidencia de flebitis en pacientes con catéter intravenoso periférico e identificar posibles asociaciones de esta complicación con las variables relacionadas con el catéter intravenoso periférico. Se evaluaron setenta y seis pacientes adultos hospitalizados en el sector de enfermería de un hospital universitario, mediante un formulario que contiene las variables relacionadas con los pacientes, el catéter intravenoso periférico y la terapia farmacológica. La flebitis fue evaluada de acuerdo a la clasificación propuesta por la Infusion Nurses Society. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. La incidencia de flebitis fue del 25,8%, de los cuales, el 40% presentó síntomas clínicos de dolor, con eritema y/o edema. Entre los pacientes con flebitis, el 60% desarrolló un episodio de complicación, y el tiempo medio de permanencia del catéter intravenoso periférico con flebitis fue 3,10 días. Se observó una relación de la flebitis con la retirada de catéter intravenoso periférico por eventos adversos (p<0,001). Se necesitan acciones educativas y capacitación del personal de enfermería para el manejo de la terapia intravenosa, especialmente en lo que respecta a la detección temprana de flebitis.
Associa??o entre flebite e retirada de cateteres intravenosos periféricos
Magerote, Nelissa de Paula;Lima, Maria Helena de Melo;Silva, Juliana Bastoni;Correia, Marisa Dibbern Lopes;Secoli, Silvia Regina;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072011000300009
Abstract: the objective of this prospective study is to verify the incidence of phlebitis among patients with peripheral intravenous catheters and to identify possible relations between this complication and catheter-related variables. seventy-six adult patients hospitalized in a brazilian university hospital were evaluated, using charts with patient-related variables, peripheral intravenous catheters, and pharmacological therapy. phlebitis was evaluated based on infusion nurses society proposed classification. inferential and descriptive statistics have been used. we observed 25.8% incidence of phlebitis, from which 40% presented pain occurrences, with erythema and edema. among patients with phlebitis, 60% developed a complication episode, and the average period of permanence of peripheral intravenous catheters with phlebitis was 3.10 days. we observed phlebitis associations to adverse occurrences during the removal of peripheral intravenous catheters (p<0.001). educational actions and professional training for nursing personnel are necessary for dealing with intravenous therapy, mainly on what is related to early detection of phlebitis.
Conhecendo a capta??o de informa??es de m?es sobre cuidados com o bebê na estratégia Saúde da Família
Melo, Juliana Mendes de;Brand?o, Eloiza Helena da Silva;Dutra, Suzana Maria Velloso;Iwazawa, Alexandre Takeshi;Albuquerque, Rosemeire Sartori;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072007000200010
Abstract: this is a descriptive, exploratory, transversal study. its objective is to characterize pregnant women who were accompanied in a basic unit of family health in order to identify information acquired by the same subjects during their multi-professional pre-natal accompaniment in relation to the care given to their babies and to know of the sources of the information acquired. the sample consisted of 15 pregnant women. the data was collected through a structured questionnaire. the results showed that the majority of the pregnant women were aged 25-35 years, married, experiencing their first pregnancy, literate, catholic, and non-workers; while 66,7% reported not to have participated in orientation groups for pregnant women; 40,0% reported to have information on child-development and signals of childbirth, with 53.3% reporting to have never had information on care for the baby?s mouth. the majority of the information was received directly from doctors and nurses. the data shows that educational actions must be intensified for awareness and changes in mothers? behavior.
Conhecendo a capta o de informa es de m es sobre cuidados com o bebê na estratégia saúde da família
Juliana Mendes de Melo,Eloiza Helena da Silva Brand?o,Suzana Maria Velloso Dutra,Alexandre Takeshi Iwazawa
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2007,
Abstract: El presente artículo es un estudio descriptivo-exploratorio de tipo transversal, cuyo objetivo es caracterizar las mujeres embarazadas en una Unidad Básica de Salud de la Familia, identificando las informaciones adquiridas por las mismas durante el acompa amiento multiprofesional del prenatal, en relación a los cuidados con el bebé, y también para conocer cuál es la fuente de estas informaciones. La muestra fue constituida por 15 embarazadas. Para la recolección de los datos fue utilizado un cuestionario estructurado. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron identificar que la mayoría de las embarazadas tiene entre 25 a 35 a os de edad, son casadas, primerizas, alfabetizadas, católicas y no trabajan. Del total, 66.7% declararon no haber participado de grupos de orientaciones para las embarazadas; 40,0% dicen tener informaciones sobre el desarrollo del bebé y se ales del parto; sin embargo, 53,3% de ellas, dicen que nunca obtuvieron informaciones sobre los cuidados con la boca del bebé. De las informaciones obtenidas por ellas, la mayoría fue a través de los doctores y las enfermeras. Estos datos demuestran que las acciones educativas deben ser intensificadas para la concienciación y cambio de comportamiento de las madres.
Co-infec??o por HIV/HCV em hospital universitário de Recife, Brasil
Carvalho,Flávia Helena Pontes de; Coêlho,Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte; Vilella,Tatiana de Aguiar Santos; Silva,Jéfferson Luis Almeida; Melo,Heloísa Ramos de Lacerda;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009000100017
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis c virus (hcv) infection and risks factors associated with coinfection in hiv-positive individuals. methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 343 hiv patients attended at a university hospital in recife, northeastern brazil, from march to december 2003. a standardized questionnaire about risk factors was administered. serum samples were analyzed for anti-hcv antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa), hcv-rna using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rt-pcr), and genotyping using the abi 377 (pe biosystems?). univariate and multivariate analyses and multiple logistic regression were performed. results: hcv prevalence was 4.1% (14/343) using elisa and 3.2% (11/343) using rt-pcr. the most common genotypes were 1b (45%), 3 (33%) and 1a (22%). co-infection was higher among those aged 30 to 39 years, and predominantly in males (64.3 %). in the multiple logistic regression, the variable blood transfusion was the single remaining risk factor for hcv (or=4.28; 95% ci 1.44;12.73). conclusions: the prevalence of hiv/hcv coinfection was low. blood transfusion was a risk factor and hcv genotype 1b was the most frequently found.
Eficácia da laserterapia nas disfun??es têmporo-mandibulares: estudo controle
Santos, Thiago de Santana;Piva, Marta Rabello;Ribeiro, Maria Helena;Antunes, Antonio Azoubel;Melo, Auremir Rocha;Silva, Emanuel Dias de Oliveira e;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942010000300004
Abstract: temporomandibular dysfunction is characterized by the presence of painful joint/muscular symptoms muscle in the face. the main justification for the use of lasers in laser therapy dysfunction is its analgesic effect, which was observed in most studies in the literature. aim: we evaluated the effectiveness of laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders. methods: 50 volunteers with temporomandibular disorders were divided into two groups (control and experimental) had amplitudes of movements of mouth opening, right and left laterality recorded before and after laser application. was also recorded, the score the individual gave to pain by visual analog scale and, through physical examination, the pain points. we used the asgaal laser with a 40mw power, with 80j/cm2 for 16 seconds at four selected points for just one session with reassessment after a week. study design: clinical. results: it was noted that laser therapy increased the mean amplitude of mandibular movements (p = 0.0317) and decreased significantly (43.6%) the pain intensity measured by the visual analog scale. conclusions: the laser decreases the painful symptoms of the patient after application through its analgesic and/or a placebo effect.
Aspergillosis in immunocompromised children acute myeloid leukemia and bone marrow aplasia.: Report of two cases
Aquino, Maria Zilda de;Brasaciner, Alberto;Cristófani, Lilian Maria;Maluf, Paulo Taufic;Odone Filho, Vicente;Marques, Heloisa Helena de Souza;Heins-Vaccari, Elisabeth Maria;Lacaz, Carlos da Silva;Melo, Natalina Takahashi de;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46651994000500012
Abstract: two cases of aspergillosis in immunocompromised children are reported. both were caused by aspergillns flavus. early diagnosis and treatment led to the remission of the process. one patient had acute myeloid leukemia; the fungus was isolated from the blood. the other patient with bone marrow aplasia, presented an invasive aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses with dissemination of fungal infection; the diagnosis was obtained by histology and culture of biopsied tissue from a palatal ulceration.
Distribui??o de Polimorfismos de Base única (SNPs) no gene de TNF-alfa (-238/-308) entre pacientes com TB e outras pneumopatias: marcadores genéticos de susceptibilidade a ocorrência de TB?
Oliveira, Martha Maria de;Silva, Jocilea C. S. da;Costa, Joseane F.;Amim, Lúcia Helena;Loredo, Carla C. S.;Melo, Hedi;Queiroz, Luiz F.;Mello, Fernanda C. Q.;Lapa e Silva, José Roberto;Kritski, Afranio Lineu;Santos, Adalberto Rezende;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132004000400012
Abstract: background: host genetic factors may play a role in the susceptibility to active tuberculosis (tb), and several polymorphisms in different cytokine coding genes have been described and associated with diseases to date. objectives: to investigate whether polymorphisms within the promoter region of the tnf-a (-238/-308) coding genes are associated to the occurrence of active tb. methods: snps within the tnf-a gene were analyzed by pcr-rflp among two groups of individuals: patients with tb (n = 234, and patients non tb (n = 113). results: in this study, the presence of the -238a allele was associated with susceptibility to tb disease occurrence and severity (p = 0,00002; or = 0,15; ic = 0,06-0,36. on the contrary, the -308a allele was associated with protection to the occurrence of another pulmonary diseases. conclusions: these results suggest the importance of genetics studies on tb occurrence. further studies are needed pursuing a better understanding of the human pathogenesis of m. tb.
PARTIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PROTEASES FROM STREPTOMYCES CLAVULIGERUS USING AN INEXPENSIVE MEDIUM
Moreira, Keila Aparecida;Cavalcanti, Maria Taciana Holanda;Duarte, Helena Sim?es;Tambourgi, Elias Basile;Melo, Eduardo Henrique Magalh?es de;Silva, Valdinete Lins;Porto, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo;Lima Filho, José Luiz de;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822001000300010
Abstract: the partial characterization of extracellular proteases from streptomyces clavuligerus nrrl 3585 and 644 mutant was investigated. the enzyme production was carried out in batch fermentation using soy bean filtrate as nitrogen source. maximum activity was obtained after 96h of fermentation with an initial ph of 7.0. the enzyme was partially purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation. enzymes from the two strains retained 37% of their initial activities at ph 8.0 after 2 h incubation at 25oc. enzyme half-life at ph 8.0 and 60oc was 40.30 and 53.32 min, respectively for both strains (partially purified extract). the optimum ph was obtained at ph 7.0-8.0 and 8.4 for enzymes produced for 3585 and 644 strains (crude extract), respectively, and 8.4 and 8.0 for enzymes from the partially purified extract 3585 and 644 strains, respectively. the optimum temperature for the crude extract was 21oc for both strains. however, for the partially preparation the optimum temperature was 50oc and 40°c for s. clavuligerus nrrl 3585 and 644 strains respectively.
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