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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 75930 matches for " Maria Fernanda;Corin "
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An anthropologic study on strategies for addressing health problems among the elderly in Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil
Uch?a, Elizabeth;Firmo, Josélia O. A.;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;Corin, Ellen;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001500007
Abstract: this paper explores the contribution of anthropological perspectives for clarifying the mechanisms through which socioeconomic circumstances influence the strategies developed by elderly for addressing their health problems in a small brazilian city. interviews with 20 key-informants explored the community's broad perception of the health situation of the elderly. life histories collected from 30 elderly women examined their own perception of their health status and their health strategies. narratives converge in emphasising the important role played by financial factors in accessing health services and medication. life histories also describe some damaging strategies resorted to by the elderly to deal with their lack of resources. elderly women emphasize the crucial support they receive from their family and/or neighbours to overcome health problems. thus, the issue of poverty is not only a matter of socioeconomic circumstances, but also the poverty of broader social networks.
Urmuz, précurseur de l’Avant-garde roumaine
Corin Braga
Synergies Roumanie , 2007,
Abstract: Urmuz est considéré par les historiens contemporains de la littérature comme le précurseur de l’Avant-garde roumaine. Dans l’article, l’auteur essaye de faire une psychocritique de la littérature d’Urmuz, de cerner les mécanismes psychanalytiques qui pourraient expliquer la paralogique de ses récits.
Norman Manea et les univers concentrationnaires
Corin Braga
Synergies Roumanie , 2010,
Abstract: Norman Manea est un écrivain roumain, prosateur et romancier, naturalisé aux Etats-Unis. Ses livres, traduits dans plus de vingt langues, s’apparentent par leur vision et leur thématique à ceux de Herta Müller, écrivain allemand d’origine roumaine, lauréate du prix Nobel en 2009, reflétant la persécution de l’individu sous un régime totalitaire. Juif roumain, Norman Manea a subi deux univers concentrationnaires qui se sont succédé en Roumanie au XXe siècle, le fascisme, pendant la deuxième guerre mondiale, et le communisme, instauré après l’invasion soviétique. Cette étude analyse le mode de transfiguration esthétique des traumas biographiques présentés dans quelques-uns des romans les plus connus de Norman Manea, Octombrie, ora opt (1981), Plicul negru (1986), Despre clovni (1997).
Archetipo versus anarchetipo
Corin Braga
LEA : Lingue e Letterature d'Oriente e d'Occidente , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper, I try to coin a new concept: the anarchetype. The anarchetype is, from a formal point of view, a dissolute or exploded archetype. Generally speaking, archetypal literary works have a structure, a logos, a homogenous pattern which gives them a global meaning. This pattern could be inherited from the cultural tradition (O’Neill revisiting the Electra legend, James Joyce rewriting the Odyssey, etc.), or generated by the genre during its evolution (the Bildungsroman, etc.). Symmetrically, anarchetypal works or bodies of texts appear as anarchical and chaotic. They do not accept a central organizing meaning, they evolve on different contradictory levels. Using a cosmological metaphor, I would compare the archetype with a solar system, in which the planets harmoniously move around the central sun, while an anarchetype is similar to a galactic cloud of dust before its accretion in a solar system or resulting from the explosion of a supernova. The complementary terms archetype/anarchetype partially recall Deleuze’s opposition between “root” and “rhizomes”.
”Imagination”, ”imaginaire”, ”imaginal” Three concepts for defining creative fantasy
Corin Braga
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2007,
Abstract: This paper comparatively presents three notions related to the concept of creative fantasy. These three terms (”imagination”, ”imaginaire”, ”imaginal”) have been developed by the French school of research on the imagination (“recherches sur l’imaginaire”), which is little known in the Anglo-Saxon academic field. As such, the terms don’t even have convenient translations and linguistic equivalents. Briefly, imagination is fantasy conceived as a combinatory faculty of the psyche. French rationalistic “philosophes” saw it as a misleading and rather weakly creative ability. ”L’imaginaire” is the resourceful and inventive aspect of fantasy, as conceived by the Romantics and then theorized by psychoanalysis and contemporary French philosophers. ”L’imaginal”, or ”mundus imaginalis” is a concept defined by Henry Corbin in order to designate fantasies as self-sustained, ontological beings.
Psychoanalytical Geography
Corin Braga
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2008,
Abstract: The constructing principles of ancient cartography were for most of the time non-mimetic and non-empirical, so that the maps build on their basis had a most fantastic shape. We could safely call this kind of non-realistic geography – symbolic geography. In this paper, I focus on the psychological projections that shaped the form of pre-modern maps. The main epistemological instrument for such an approach is offered by Freudian psychoanalysis and Jungian analytical psychology. In ”psychoanalytical geography”, Freudian schemes of interpretation (the oral, anal and genital stages of evolution) are put to work for explaining the complex mechanisms of identification and transference at work in ancient cartography.
Carlos Castaneda: The Uses and Abuses of Ethnomethodology and Emic Studies
Corin Braga
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2011,
Abstract: Carlos Castaneda’s books and his New Age shamanistic religion raise, beyond the controversy regarding the counterfeit character of his ethnographic narrative and charlatanism, several methodological problems. Educated within the emerging paradigm of emic studies and ethnomethodoly of the 1960s, Castaneda used it in order to set a very clever methodological trap: Can an ethnologist and historian of religions discard a religious movement on account that its initiator is a charlatan or, at best, an enlightened or self-deluded individual? In order to tackle this dilemma, in this article I successively rally several methods and hermeneutics: reader-response theory, phenomenological anthropology, ethnomethodology and emic studies, psychoanalysis, fictional worlds theory, and “make believe / make belief” theatrical theory.
Family and School: Challenges for the Creation of a New Way of Looking at Work with Early Childhood in the Education Network of the City of Rio de Janeiro  [PDF]
Maria Fernanda Rezende Nunes, Rosane Monteiro Gomes
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.512155
Abstract:

There is much to be explored about the relationship of families with school regarding the use of educational institutions for children up to six and the effective co-responsibilities in the whole development of the child. Analyzing aspects of this which permeate public institutions for Early Childhood Education was the focus of this research, which discusses types of access, the expectations of families and actors involved with public institutions in the network of schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and the educational and social function of this stage of learning. The article focuses on the inclusion of children in the educational institution, based on on-site observation in two public institutions that use differentiated policies for child care: the first, under the aegis of the Full Early Childhood Program (“PIC”) targeting children up to three; the second being developed in the Child Development Center (“EDI”) conceived as a new model for early childhood education, bringing together in the same space children up to six. In addition to observing these two policies for working with children, school administrators and families were interviewed. It transpires that, in some situations, the school adopts attitudes that reinforce social and cultural differences; in others, the school is working towards maximizing its ability to produce new ways of giving quality care to the population.

Geografias do Mundo Imaginado
Alegria,Maria Fernanda;
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2010,
Abstract: the idea that geography is more about the construction of images of the world than about a given ?objective reality? inspired this study of the mental representations of several countries. among the multiple possible representations of 12 countries (portugal, france, norway, egypt, mauritania, mozambique, united states, mexico, brazil, china, pakistan and saudi arabia), we began by charting their location in a world map as indicated by over 300 respondents with at least high school attendance. then, the compilation of a vast number of mental images (three per country and respondent) led to the definition of six general categories that bring together mental images of a similar kind: nature, culture and history, tourism and gastronomy, economy and society, specific places and no answer/wrong answers. in each category, we have highlighted the dominant (most frequent) idea. location, the relative frequency of the no answer/wrong answers category and the dominant images for each country all proved significant when it comes to dividing the countries into groups, and serve as indicators of the richness and variety of the mental representations. the study provided answers to some of the original research questions, but leaves many others unanswered.
A Fran?a Antártica, o corso, a conquista e a "pe?onha luterana"
Bicalho, Maria Fernanda B.;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742008000100004
Abstract: toward the end of 1555, some french ships under the command of nicolas durand de villegagnon arrived in guanabara bay. there had been many french vessels navigating in those areas, trading with the native indians, shipping away heavy loads of brazilwood trees. villegagnon’s expedition and the creation of the french antarctic, though having much more complex and lasting aims, will be analysed here based on the portuguese-french dispute for wealth, for trade and for domination of the high seas. in other words, this article intends to argue, from the experience of the french antarctic, the recurrent threats represented by the french corsair in the south atlantic. an approach toward the corsair’s dynamism permits us to comprehend the greater movement within the european dispute for the seas and territorial colonies. the feeling of fear it provoked at that time, influenced the contexture of modern colonialism, making it possible to interpret the seals and the significant printed matter in rio de janeiro in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
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