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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 308454 matches for " Maria Eneide Leit?o de Almeida "
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Perfil epidemiológico da cárie dentária, doen?a periodontal, uso e necessidade de prótese em idosos residentes em uma institui??o na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará
Gai?o, Luciene Ribeiro;Almeida, Maria Eneide Leito de;Heukelbach, Jorg;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2005000300013
Abstract: in brazil, the elderly population has been growing continuously, leading to a higher demand for long-term institutions for the elderly. in spite of that, studies on the oral health of institutionalized elderly in northeast brazil are virtually non-existent. the objective of the present study was to analyze the dental and periodontal conditions and the use and need for prostheses in the institutionalized elderly in a northeastern brazilian city. a cross-sectional study was conducted with 160 individuals (95.2% of the target population), 65 years old or older, living in a nursing home in the city of fortaleza/ce - brazil, consisting of the analysis of patient records and oral examination. their mean age was 76.6 years. the dmft index of the institutionalized elderly was high: 29.73. lost teeth represented the highest proportion (28.42); 109 (68.1%) elderly did not have any healthy teeth. of the 160 elderly, 93 (58.1%) were total edentates and 56 (35.0%) had teeth with exposed roots. of the exposed roots, 16% were decayed or filled. of the 67 dentate elderly, 54 (80.6%) required dental extraction. of the total 573 teeth present, 256 (44.6%) required some kind of treatment, and 194 (75.8%) of them dental extraction. of the study population, 112 (70%) did not use any upper prosthesis, and 130 (81.3%) did not use any lower prosthesis. the need of an upper prosthesis was detected in 135 elderly (84.4%), and 142 (88.7%) elderly needed a lower prosthesis. of 117 sextants present in 160 elderly, the majority (838%) had dental calculus. these data show that most of the elderly had poor oral health. interventional measures focused on these populations, such as health education and preventive treatment, are, therefore, necessary.
Agreement between parents and adolescents on dental fluorosis: a population-based study
Maria Eneide Leito de Almeida,Ana Karine Macedo Teixeira,Carlos Henrique Alencar,Saul Martins Paiva
Brazilian Oral Research , 2013,
Abstract: This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and compared the reports from adolescents aged 12 to 18 years with those of their parents regarding the perceptions and concerns arising from this disease. The study was conducted in the cities of Vi osa and Sobral and the District of Rafael Arruda (Sobral), Ceará. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2010 to March 2011, with 891 students examined and 780 parents or guardians interviewed. Dental fluorosis was measured using the Dean's Index, and the Child's and Parent's Questionnaire about Teeth Appearance was used to assess the reports from parents and adolescents. A chi-squared test for trends was used to compare the opinions of parents and adolescents about fluorosis, and the agreement was measured using the weighted kappa. For the dichotomous variables, we used the unweighted kappa coefficient. The prevalence of fluorosis was 29.7%, but in the District of Rafael Arruda, evidence of very mild and mild fluorosis was found in 32.5% of the subjects, and moderate and severe fluorosis was found in 28.7%. There was poor agreement between the data reported by the adolescents and their parents or guardians regarding areas of concern and their perceived satisfaction with the appearance and color of their teeth. The prevalence of dental fluorosis was high in one of the communities studied, but the clinical diagnosis of this condition should not necessarily equate with concern and dissatisfaction with aesthetic appearances among teenagers and their parents.
Oral Health and Self-Perception in the Elderly  [PDF]
Walda Viana Brígido de Moura, Iris do Ceu Clara Costa, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade, Tainara L?rena dos Santos Ferreira, Andréa Silvia Walter de Aguiar, Gabriela Eugênio de Sousa Furtado, Maria Eneide Leito de Almeida
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621343
Abstract: Background: Investigating self-perception of oral health among the elderly may contribute towards changing public health and assistance policies in the area. Methods: The present study assessed the oral health status (tooth decay, need for treatment, periodontal status, use of and need for dental prosthesis, soft tissue alterations and self-perception of oral health) of 102 elderly people from two community groups in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Results: Mean age was 69.9 years and 82.4% were female. Mean DMFT was 30.17 with a predominant missing component; 63.7% were edentulous. Regarding prosthesis, 29.4% and 67.6% of elderly patients did not use upper and lower dentures respectively, while 66.7% and 78.4% required some type of upper and lower prosthesis respectively. Among valid sextants, 44.3% presented dental calculus and 34.3% presented loss of attachment from 6 to 8 mm. Soft tissue alterations were found in 58.8%. Despite of precarious clinical conditions and dental treatment needs, good oral health perception was found (49%), as well as satisfaction with the appearance of teeth and gums (60.8%). Conclusion: Subjects displayed unsatisfactory oral health conditions, accumulated over time and resulting from the lack of policies favoring this age group. There is a need for oral rehabilitation that enables the recovery of function and esthetics among the elderly, restoring their self-esteem and improving social interaction.
Poor Dental Status and Oral Hygiene Practices in Institutionalized Older People in Northeast Brazil
Luciene Ribeiro Gai o,Maria Eneide Leit o de Almeida,José Gomes Bezerra Filho,Peter Leggat,Jorg Heukelbach
International Journal of Dentistry , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/846081
Abstract: In this study we describe the dental status and oral hygiene practices in institutionalized older people and identify factors associated with poor dental status. A cross-sectional study was performed in a nursing home in Fortaleza, the capital of Ceará State (northeast Brazil). The number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) was assessed in the residents of the nursing home (=167; mean age = 76.6 years). The mean DMFT value was 29.7; the mean number of missing teeth was 28.4. Ninety-three (58.1%) were edentulous. Almost 90% practiced oral hygiene, but only about half used a toothbrush. Only 8% had visited a dentist in the preceding three months. Most of the variables regarding oral hygiene habits (such as the use of toothbrush, frequency of oral hygiene per day, regular tooth brushing after meals) did not show any significant association with the DMFT. In multivariate regression analysis, age, general literacy level, and practice of oral hygiene were independently associated with the DMFT (2=0.13). Institutionalized older people in northeast Brazil have poor dental status, and oral hygiene practices are insufficient. Dental health education is needed focusing on the special needs of this neglected and socioeconomically deprived population to improve their quality of life.
Education of the dentist in Brazil: the contribution of studies to professional practice
Filomena Maria da Costa Pinheiro,Silvia Maria Nóbrega-Therrien,Maria Eneide Leito de Almeida,Maria Irismar de Almeida
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2009,
Abstract: To comment and discuss academic production in Brazil with regard to the education of dentists in the period between 1992 and 2005. Thestudy was conducted through online data base searches, bibliographic surveys in renowned national periodicals and master’s dissertations.Data was collected from July to December 2005, and 13 studies on the subject were selected. It was shown that the majority of the studiesare concentrated in the Southern and Southeastern regions of Brazil. A change was noted in the education of dentists, which pointed out theneed for curricular alterations and teaching directed towards social needs, as well as the integration of teaching and service. From 1992 to 2005, there was a trend towards a predominantly technicist and curative education, transforming it into Dentistry directed largely towards the needs of the population, therefore assuming a more social nature with emphasis on health promotion. This social natureof Dentistry is perfectly suited to the Brazilian reality and it meets the demands of the Law of National Educational Guidelines and Bases/96 and the National Curricular Guidelines, as well as integrating dentists into the reality of the Family Health Program.
Análise dos fatores de risco ou de prote??o para fluorose dentária em crian?as de 6 a 8 anos em Fortaleza, Brasil
Teixeira,Ana Karine Macedo; Menezes,Léa Maria Bezerra de; Dias,Aldo Angelim; Alencar,Carlos Henrique Morais de; Almeida,Maria Eneide Leito de;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892010001200003
Abstract: objective: to investigate protection or risk factors for dental fluorosis in permanent teeth of 6 to 8 year-old children in a neighborhood of fortaleza, brazil. methods: this case-control study included 57 controls and 67 children with fluorosis affecting superior and inferior incisors teeth as determined by the dean classification criteria. presence of fluorosis was considered as the dependent variable. data concerning independent variables were obtained through interviews with the parents. fisher's exact test was used to determine associations between fluorosis and the independent variables. odds ratios (or) were calculated to investigate associations and likelihood of fluorosis in the case group, with 95% significance level. results: fluorosis was significantly associated with type of housing (owned, rented or squatted), but not with the source of drinking water or use of fluoridated toothpaste and fluoride supplements. univariate analysis showed that the risk of fluorosis was higher in children who began drinking powdered milk mixed with water before 2 years of age (or = 4.53; ic95%: 1.07-26.74) and in those who did not breastfeed (or = 6.66; ic95%: 1.61-38.62). in the multivariate analysis, only breastfeeding was associated with fluorosis (4.54; ic95%: 1.21-16.66). conclusions: breastfeeding was a protection factor against fluorosis. more specific categorization criteria must be established to investigate relationships between fluorosis and socioeconomic class
Desnutri??o energético-protéica e cárie dentária na primeira infancia
Costa, Dijane Pereira;Mota, Ana Catarina de Miranda;Bruno, Glaucenira de Barros;Almeida, Maria Eneide Leito de;Fonteles, Cristiane Sá Roriz;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000100013
Abstract: this study aimed to investigate the relationship between protein-energy malnutrition and early childhood caries. for this communication, a review of the literature was performed, based on documental analysis of bibliographic searches, surveys of scientific journals and books. early childhood caries was found to be highly prevalent in low income communities, where malnutrition is a common factor of great relevance. studies have shown that malnourished children have a tendency to develop structural enamel defects, which predisposes towards a higher risk of experiencing dental caries. therefore, protein-energy malnutrition during tooth development (odontogenesis) is associated with increased caries susceptibility, delayed eruption and structural enamel defects (enamel hypoplasia). in conclusion, the studies suggest that protein-energy malnutrition during odontogenesis leads to delayed eruption and structural enamel defects (hypoplasia), in addition to possibly affecting the salivary glands, increasing the risk for dental caries. studies investigating associations between malnutrition and caries in early childhood are of great relevance to expand the knowledge on this illness and the development of health-promoting and preventive activities for this public health problem, with a vast repercussion in the fields of nutrition and dentistry.
Micronuclei formation in liver fibrosis samples from patients infected by hepatitis C virus
Almeida, Terezinha M.B. de;Leito, Regina Maria C.;Carrilho, Flair J.;Sonohara, Shigueko;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572010005000061
Abstract: genetic research on fibrosis outset and its progression in chronic hepatitis (ch) by hepatitis c virus (hcv) are limited. the lack of cytogenetic data led us to investigate the presence of micronuclei (mni), as a sign of genomic damage. hepatocytes of hepatic parenchyma from 62 cases diagnosed with ch associated with hcv and displaying different degrees of fibrosis (f1-f4) were analyzed. these data were compared to 15 cases without fibrosis (f0). twelve healthy liver parenchyma samples were included as control. all samples were obtained from paraffin-embedded archival material. micronucleated hepatocytes (mn-heps) were analyzed through feulgen/fastgreen staining. results showed that the rates of mn-heps in the f4 group were statistically significant (p < 0.05) and higher than those in the control group. like results were also obtained on comparing f4 with f0, f1, f2 and f3 cases. conversely, differences were not significant (p > 0.05) on comparing f0, f1, f2, f3, one against the other, as well as individual versus control. although chromosomal losses in ch were detected, it was shown that liver parenchyma with fibrosis in the initial stages (f1-f3) cannot be considered cytogenetically abnormal.
Diel and seasonal changes in the macrozooplankton community of a tropical estuary in Northeastern Brazil
Silva Tamara de Almeida e,Neumann-Leito Sigrid,Schwamborn Ralf,Gusm?o Lúcia Maria de Oliveira
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2003,
Abstract: Studies were carried out to assess the macrozooplankton small-scale temporal and spatial variability at three stations in three hours intervals, during 24 hours in July 1996 (rainy season) and December 1996 (dry season). A plankton net 300μm mesh size was hauled at surface during three minutes. Water samples for salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen and pH were taken simultaneously with the zooplankton samples. Sixty-five macrozooplankton taxa were registered. Copepoda constituted the most common taxon and comprised 58% of the total zooplankton counts. Brachyuran zoeae, cirripedian larvae, Larvacea (Oikopleura dioica Fol, 1872), and Gastropoda veligers were abundant at some tidal cycles, mainly during the night. Species diversity average was 2.0 bits.ind-1. The mean density ranged from 23 ind.m-3 to 5,201 ind.m-3. The rainy season presented greater numerical abundance. A regular temporal zooplankton cycle was not observed. Instead, there was a large stochastic variation between samples.
Growth of premature children with very low weight coming from the neonatal unit- descriptive study
Márcia Maria Coelho Oliveira,Paulo César de Almeida,Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leito Cardoso
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2009,
Abstract: One aimed to investigate the growth of premature children with very low weight coming from neonatal unit, through anthropometrical measures (weight, height, and cephalic perimeter) and verify associations between these one and the hospitalization period. Longitudinal, descriptive study, conducted in a maternity hospital and in the child’s home, in Fortaleza, from December/2004 to April/2005. A questionnaire was applied with 33 children, and monthly, the measures were got, which were evaluated according the percentiles of the child`s card, suggested by the Ministry of Health. The data weren’t statistically significant for weight and height percentile but was observed significance to the cephalic perimeter. These measures associated with the hospitalization time showed influences on weight, height, and cephalic perimeter percentiles. One concludes these children overcome the difficulties of hospitalization and present a deficit of growth in the first year of life. It is pertinent the systematic assessment of children’s growth to detection of possible health alterations.
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