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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 72265 matches for " Maria Emilia Cosenza;Andraus "
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Interictal brain SPECT in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2000,
Non-epileptiform EEG abnormalities: an overview
Andraus, Maria Emilia Cosenza;Alves-Leon, Soniza Vieira;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2011000600020
Abstract: more than 80 years after its introduction by hans berger, the electroencephalogram (eeg) remains as an important supplementary examination in the investigation of neurological disorders and gives valuable and accurate information about cerebral function. abnormal eeg findings may include ictal patterns, interictal epileptiform activity and non-epileptiform abnormalities. the aim of this study is to make an overview on the main non-epileptiform eeg abnormalities, emphasizing the pathologic findings and the importance of their recognition, excluding periodic patterns and eeg physiologic changes. scientific articles were selected from medline and pubmed database. the presence of non-epileptiform eeg abnormalities provide evidence of brain dysfunction that are not specific to a particular etiology and may be related to a number of disorders affecting the brain. although these abnormalities are not specific, they can direct attention to the diagnostic possibilities and guide the best treatment choice.
Periodic EEG patterns: importance of their recognition and clinical significance
Andraus, Maria Emilia Cosenza;Andraus, Cesar Fantezia;Alves-Leon, Soniza Vieira;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2012000200014
Abstract: periodic electroencephalographic (eeg) patterns consist of discharges usually epileptiform in appearance, which occur at regular intervals, in critical patients. they are commonly classified as periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (pleds), bilateral independent pleds or bipleds, generalized epileptiform discharges (gpeds) and triphasic waves. stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic or ictal discharges (sirpids) are peculiar eeg patterns, which may be present as periodic discharges. the aim of this study is to make a review of the periodic eeg patterns, emphasizing the importance of their recognition and clinical significance. the clinical significance of the periodic eeg patterns is uncertain, it is related to a variety of etiologies, and many authors suggest that these patterns are unequivocally epileptogenic in some cases. their recognition and classification are important to establish an accurate correlation between clinical, neurological, laboratorial and neuroimaging data with the eeg results.
SPECT cerebral interictal em pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal de difícil controle
Andraus Maria Emilia Cosenza,Cosenza Carlos Alberto Nunes,Fonseca Léa Mirian Barbosa da,Andraus Cesar Fantezia
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002,
Abstract: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a utilidade do SPECT cerebral interictal na localiza o do foco epileptogênico em 23 pacientes do Ambulatório de Epilepsias do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), com epilepsia do lobo temporal (ELT) de difícil controle e tomografia computadorizada (TC) do cranio normal, estudando a correla o entre SPECT interictal, eletrencefalograma (EEG) e, em 11 casos, ressonancia magnética (RM) do cranio, e comparar os resultados com os de outras seis séries da literatura. Doze (52,2%) pacientes apresentaram SPECT anormal. Entre esses, cinco (41,6% dos SPECTs anormais) apresentaram altera o unilateral ao SPECT do mesmo lado do EEG (hipoperfus o em 4 e hiperperfus o em 1), três (25% dos SPECTs anormais) apresentaram hipoperfus o bilateral ao SPECT e altera es também bilaterais ao EEG e 4 (33,3% dos SPECTs anormais) apresentaram hipoperfus o unilateral ao SPECT e EEG bilateral. A análise estatística fundamentou-se na lógica fuzzy. Os índices de correla o entre SPECT X EEG, SPECT X RM e SPECT X EEG X RM foram altamente significativos, com níveis de significancia de 0,01, p < 0,0005 e intervalo de 99% de confian a em todas as correla es. Os estudos de correla o entre as séries estudadas apresentaram resultados semelhantes entre si.
SPECT cerebral interictal em pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal de difícil controle
Andraus, Maria Emilia Cosenza;Cosenza, Carlos Alberto Nunes;Fonseca, Léa Mirian Barbosa da;Andraus, Cesar Fantezia;D'Andrea, Isabela;Alves-Leon, Soniza Vieira;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2002000500019
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of interictal brain spect in localizing the epileptogenic focus in a population of patients of epilepsy clinic of hospital universitário clementino fraga filho (hucff/ufrj), with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (tle) and normal computed tomography (ct) scans, studying the correlation between spect, electroencephalogram (eeg) and, in 11 cases, brain magnectic resonance imaging (mri), and to compare the results to the other six literatura series. twelve (52.2%) patients presented abnormal spect. among these, five (41.6% of abnormal spects) presented unilateral spect changes at the same side of eeg (hypoperfusion in four and hyperperfusion in one), three (25% of abnormal spects) presented bilateral hypoperfusion and bilateral eeg changes too, and four (33.3%) presented unilateral hypoperfusion and bilateral eeg changes. the statistical analysis was based on fuzzy logic. the correlation index among spect x eeg, spect x mri and spect x eeg x mri were highly significant, with signifcance levels at 0.01, p < 0.0005 and trust interval at 99% in all correlations. the correlation studies between the series presented similar results.
Clinical and electroencephalographic characteristics of benign occipital epilepsy of childhood in two tertiary Brazilian hospitals
Alves-Leon, Soniza Vieira;Nunes, Renata Gomes;Andraus, Maria Emilia Cosenza;Biagini Junior, José Carlos;Hemb, Marta;Genofre, Maria Alice;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2011000500014
Abstract: this study intended to investigate the clinical and electroencephalographic benign occipital epilepsy of childhood (boec) characteristics in a population sample of patients from two tertiary brazilian hospitals. we analyzed retrospectively 4912 electroencephalograms (eegs) records, and the included patients were submitted to a new clinical and eeg evaluation. were included 12 (0.92%) patients; 4 (33.3%) with criteria for early boec; 6 (50%) for late form and 2 (16.7%) with superimposed early and late onset forms. after new investigation, 2 (16.7%) had normal eeg; 4 (33.3%) had paroxysms over the occipital region; 3 (25%) over the temporal posterior regions and 3 (25%) over the posterior regions. sharp waves were the predominant change, occurring in 8 (66.6%); spike and slow wave complexes in 1 (8.3%) and sharp and slow wave complexes in 1 (8.3%). vomiting, headache and visual hallucinations were the most common ictal manifestations, presented in 100% of patients with superimposed forms. vomiting were absent in the late form and headache was present in all forms of boec.
Video-electroencephalography prolonged monitoring in the diagnosis of medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy: appliance of fuzzy hierarchy COPPE/Cosenza Model
Andraus Maria Emilia Consenza
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2004,
O significado de vivenciar a morte de uma crian a enquanto acadêmico de Enfermagem
Dione Alves Mendes,Lourdes Maria Silva Andraus
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2005,
Abstract: Trata-se do relato de uma experiência de aprendizagem enquanto acadêmico do quarto ano do Curso de Gradua o em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Goiás, nas aulas práticas da Disciplina Enfermagem Materno Infanto-Juvenil, no qual pretende-se compartilhar o significado de cuidar de uma crian a de nove anos de idade, de sexo feminino, portadora de insuficiência renal cr nica, que em oito dias evoluiu para óbito. Vivenciar esse processo n o foi uma tarefa fácil, pois me proporcionou sentimentos intensos de alegria e terror. Essa experiência contribuiu para nosso crescimento pessoal e profissional, por esse motivo compartilhamos.
Leitura de imagens e cultura visual: desenredando conceitos para a prática educativa
Sardelich, Maria Emilia;
Educar em Revista , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602006000100013
Abstract: almost everything from the little we know relating to manufactured knowledge comes to us by means of information and communication. this in turn also build images of the world. images for pleasure, entertainment, trade, telling us what to wear, to eat, to think, how to look. in our contemporary society there is a debate about the need of a visual education that expresses itself in different denominations such as image reading and critical understanding of the visual culture. frequent changes in expressions and concepts cause more difficulties in understanding these propositions in the national curriculum, the definition of the teachers responsible for this knowledge and the theoretical reference of it. this article intends to unravel the concepts that establish these different propositions, pointing out their similarities and differences. it contrasts theoretical references of the anthropology, art, education, history, sociology and suggests lines work in environments of learning with the intention of thinking our continued formation as teachers.
Forma??o inicial e permanente do professor de arte na educa??o básica
Sardelich, Maria Emilia;
Cadernos de Pesquisa , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742001000300006
Abstract: this article presents the results of a research realized with art teachers who works with basic education in the city of feira de santana (ba). the research collected data about the initial and permanent formation of the bahia's teachers, work conditions and art's conceptions with a set of questions requiring specific answers and open-ended as well, during the period between march and december of 1998. they evidenced those teachers' not specific formation, the faulty aspects of the initial formation, the precarious career conditions and work, besides ambiguous conceptions on the art teaching. the researches discussed the permanent formation of those teachers, as cultural action, so that is possible the development of a work that democratizes the access to the art without restriction to any space or private human group.
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