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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 153273 matches for " Maria Cristina da;Oliveira Filho "
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Primeiro registro de Kroeberia fuliginosa Lindner, 1930 (Diptera:Ropalomeridae) para o Estado do Pará, Brasil
Carvalho Filho, Fernando da Silva;Esposito, Maria Cristina;Santos, Rita de Cássia Oliveira dos;
Biota Neotropica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000300041
Abstract: kroeberia fuliginosa lindner, 1930, was collected in the pará state, brazil, for the first time, extending the geographical distribution of this species.
A Ditadura Varguista no Brasil (1937-1945) e o Primer Franquismo na Espanha (1939-1945): poder e contra-poder das enfermeiras La Dictadura Varguista en Brasil (1937-1945) y el Primer Franquismo en Espa a (1939-1945): poder y contra poder de las enfermeras The Vargas Dictatorship in Brazil (1937-1945) and the Primer Franquismo in Spain (1939-1945): power and counter-power of nurses
Tania Cristina Franco Santos,Maria da Luz Barbosa Gomes,Alexandre Barbosa de Oliveira,Antonio José de Almeida Filho
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-71672012000200022
Abstract: Estudo histórico-social cujos objetivos foram os de descrever as principais características das ditaduras de Vargas e Franco e analisar as implica es destas para a institucionaliza o da enfermagem no Brasil e na Espanha. As fontes utilizadas foram documentos escritos localizados em arquivos brasileiros e espanhóis e a literatura relativa ao tema. A análise dos dados, apoiada por conceitos da Teoria do Mundo Social de Pierre Bourdieu, evidenciou que, no Brasil e na Espanha, no que se referia à divis o social do trabalho, o ponto de encontro entre Igreja e Estado consistia na reclus o da mulher no espa o privado. Conclui-se que as qualidades femininas foram capitalizadas pelas enfermeiras para legitimarem sua atua o no espa o público, ainda que para reproduzir neste espa o, consentido pelo Estado e pela Igreja, ocupa es adequadas à feminilidade. Estudio histórico y social que tuvo como objetivos describir las principales características de las dictaduras de Vargas y de Franco, y analizar sus implicaciones para la institucionalización de la enfermería en Brasil y en Espa a. Fueran usadas como fuentes documentos escritos localizados en archivos históricos brasile os y espa oles, además de la literatura relativa al tema. El análisis de los datos, apoyada por los conceptos de la Teoría del Mundo Social de Pierre Bourdieu, evidenció que, en Brasil y en Espa a, en el que se refería a la división social del trabajo, el punto de encuentro entre Iglesia y Estado consistía en la reclusión de la mujer en el espacio privado. Concluye-se que las cualidades femeninas fueron capitalizadas por las enfermeras para legitimaren su actuación en el espacio público, aún que para reproducir en ese espacio, consentido por el Estado y por la Iglesia, ocupaciones adecuadas a la feminidad. This is a historical and social study, which aimed to describe the main characteristics of the Vargas and Franco dictatorships, and to analyze the implications of these to the institutionalization of nursing in Brazil and Spain. As fonts, it was used written documents located in the historical Brazilian and Spanish archives, in addition to the literature on the subject. Data analysis, supported by concepts of Pierre Bourdieu's World Social Theory, showed that, in Brazil and Spain, in referring to the social division of labor, the meeting point between Church and the State was the seclusion of women in private space. It is concluded that the feminine qualities were capitalized by the nurses to legitimize their actions in public space, even to reproduce in that space, consented to by the State
Estudo sobre a utiliza??o da lama vermelha para a remo??o de corantes em efluentes têxteis
Silva Filho, Ernesto Batista da;Alves, Maria Cristina Moreira;Motta, Maurício da;Oliveira, Eveline Haiana da Costa;Brander Junior, Walter;
Química Nova , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422008000500008
Abstract: red mud is the principal residue of the alumina (al2o3) industry. generated during the bayer process, it is characterized by strong alkalinity and ion exchange. iron oxides are the principal component (30 to 60%). annually millions of tons of red mud are generated in the world. red mud disposal is responsible for a large part of the cost of alumina production. on the other hand, textile industry wastewaters containing dyes have a great impact on the environment and on human health. in this paper the possibility of applying red mud for the removal of dyes was investigated by two processes: adsorption and degradation by the fenton reagent.
Anemia em alunos de escolas públicas no Recife: um estudo de tendências temporais
Lemos,Maria da Concei??o Chaves de; Leite,Ida Cristina Ferreira; Oliveira,Juliana Souza; Miglioli,Teresa Cristina; Santos,Marcela Carvalho dos; Batista Filho,Malaquias;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011001100004
Abstract: the scope of this study was to evaluate trends in the temporal evolution of anemia in students ranging from the ages of 7 to 11 in várzea district (recife-pe) based on three reports concluded in 1982, 2001 and 2005. an evaluation was achieved in ten public schools in the first study and nine in the last two (one was shut down), in a sample of 305 students (1982), 684 students (2001) and 756 students (2005). hemoglobin was determined in blood samples taken by venopunction, having two criteria to describe anemia: cut points < 12 g/dl and < 11.5 g/dl. by the first criteria, the prevalence of anemia increased from 8.8% in 1982 to 18.9% in 2001, decreasing to 13.4% in 2005. in the last evaluation, the problem of anemia practically disappeared starting from the age of 9. the evolution of anemia revealed two very different trends: marked elevation in the first phase (1982 to 2001) and a rapid decrease in the second stage (2001 to 2005).
Biopolímero produzido a partir da cana-de-á?ucar para cicatriza??o cutanea
Coelho, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Cardoso;Carrazoni, Patrícia Gallindo;Monteiro, Vanda Lúcia da Cunha;Melo, Francisco de Assis Dutra;Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido;Tenório Filho, Fernando;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502002000700003
Abstract: an extracelular polysaccharide was produced through microbiology, using the zsp bacteria isolated in the industrial microbiological laboratory of the sugar cane experimental station at carpina/ufrpe, pernambuco, brazil, presenting exceptional process capacity. the principal monosaccharides present in the 1soluble fraction were glucose (87.6%), xylose (8.6%), mannose (0.8%), ribose (1.7%), galactose (0.1%), arabinose (0.4%) and the glucuronic acid (0.8%). due to the high rate of injuries that occur with domestic animals and the search for simple, economical alternatives that would be capable of giving ideal conditions for the healing process, extensive testing was done with the biopolymer produced by sugar cane in animals that had cutaneous wounds, so as to evaluate the reepitelization process. it was observed from the testing results that there was better skin granulation, better infection control, and less healing time, which allowed the conclusion that the biopolymer contributed favorabably in the healing process, and could be used in cutaneous injuries.
Altered expression of the caffeine synthase gene in a naturally caffeine-free mutant of Coffea arabica
Maluf, Mirian Perez;Silva, Carla Cristina da;Oliveira, Michelle de Paula Abreu de;Tavares, Aline Gomes;Silvarolla, Maria Bernadete;Guerreiro Filho, Oliveiro;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572009005000090
Abstract: in this work, we studied the biosynthesis of caffeine by examining the expression of genes involved in this biosynthetic pathway in coffee fruits containing normal or low levels of this substance. the amplification of gene-specific transcripts during fruit development revealed that low-caffeine fruits had a lower expression of the theobromine synthase and caffeine synthase genes and also contained an extra transcript of the caffeine synthase gene. this extra transcript contained only part of exon 1 and all of exon 3. the sequence of the mutant caffeine synthase gene revealed the substitution of isoleucine for valine in the enzyme active site that probably interfered with enzymatic activity. these findings indicate that the absence of caffeine in these mutants probably resulted from a combination of transcriptional regulation and the presence of mutations in the caffeine synthase amino acid sequence.
Rituales patrióticos y religiosos: contribución a la identidad de las enfermeras brasile?a y espa?ola (1937-1945)
Santos, Tania Cristina Franco;Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa de;Gomes, Maria da Luz Barbosa;Peres, Maria Angélica de Almeida;Almeida Filho, Antonio José de;Abr?o, Fátima Maria da Silva;
Escola Anna Nery , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452013000100015
Abstract: object: implications of patriotic and religious rituals to the consecration of identity of nurses, in the context of spanish and brazilian dictatorships. objectives: to describe the implications of the dictatorship of francisco franco and getulio vargas in gender relations; analyze the effectiveness of symbolic religious and patriotic rituals to the social recognition of nurses. methodology: the historical sources, made of written documents, have been localized into spanish and brazilian archives. the findings were organized, sorted and analyzed according to the historical method and with the support of theoretical studies of pierre bourdieu. results: the need for nurses, in brazil and in spain, allowed the public exercise of women's activities, especially in situations of wars and disasters, thus contributing to the visibility of a model nurse backed patriotic and religious aspects.
Prevalência de Streptococcus suis tipo 2 por meio da técnica de rea??o em cadeia da polimerase em suínos abatidos no Estado do Mato Grosso
Faria, Ana Carolina Silva de;Silva, Maria Cristina da;Oliveira Filho, Jo?o Xavier;Oliveira, Ju?ara Tinasi de;Paula, Daphine Ariadne Jesus de;Chitarra, Cristiane Silva;Nakazato, Luciano;Dutra, Valéria;
Ciência Rural , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782009005000238
Abstract: streptococcus suis is a pathogen that affects the industrial production of swine worldwide. it is extremely important, because it is associated with pigs and humans diseases. the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of streptococcus suis type 2 in 201 samples of tonsils from clinically healthy animals by the pcr technique. the samples positive for s. suis type 2 were tested for the gene encoding extracellular factors (ef). the results showed that the prevalence (23.38%) was higher than other recent survey in the state, demonstrating that the pcr is a more sensitive method in relation to the bacterial isolation. there was a low occurrence of ef* gene in samples (1.49%) showing great importance to local swine population, because negative strains are potentially less virulent that positive strains.
Anemia, hipovitaminose A e inseguran?a alimentar em crian?as de municípios de Baixo índice de Desenvolvimento Humano do Nordeste do Brasil
Oliveira, Juliana Souza;Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral de;Osório, M?nica Maria;Sequeira, Leopoldina Augusta de Sousa;Costa, Emília Chagas;Gon?alves, Fabiana Cristina Lima da Silva Pastich;Batista Filho, Malaquias;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000400010
Abstract: the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and vitamin a deficiency and to analyze the association of food insecurity with hemoglobin levels and serum retinol in children under 5 years of age. this was a cross-sectional study with 501 families from gameleira and 458 families from s?o jo?o do tigre. food insecurity was assessed according to the brazilian food insecurity scale. hemoglobin and serum retinol levels were classified according to the who. socioeconomic and environmental conditions and biological indicators of children were analyzed as hemoglobin and serum retinol determinants. the prevalence of anemia and vitamin a was higher in gameleira compared to s?o jo?o do tigre. moderate and severe food insecurity of families was 75% in gameleira and 64% in s?o jo?o do tigre. maternal education, per capita family income, not having a color tv, untreated water supply, type of flooring (dirt), and child age (< 2 years) in gameleira were associated with hemoglobin levels in the linear regression analysis. in s?o jo?o do tigre the association with hemoglobin levels was only for (no) motorcycle and child age. variables per capita family income and sex in gameleira and no mobile phone and lack of sanitation in s?o jo?o do tigre were statistically associated with serum retinol levels. the nutritional status of these populations is similar in terms of food insecurity but may present great differences in terms of the prevalence of specific nutritional deficits and their determinants.
Upregulation of Innate Antiviral Restricting Factor Expression in the Cord Blood and Decidual Tissue of HIV-Infected Mothers
Nátalli Zanete Pereira, Elaine Cristina Cardoso, Luanda Mara da Silva Oliveira, Josenilson Feitosa de Lima, Anna Cláudia Calvielli Castelo Branco, Rosa Maria de Souza Aveiro Ruocco, Marcelo Zugaib, Jo?o Bosco de Oliveira Filho, Alberto José da Silva Duarte, Maria Notomi Sato
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084917
Abstract: Programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV have reduced the transmission rate of perinatal HIV infection and have thereby increased the number of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants. Natural immunity to HIV-1 infection in both mothers and newborns needs to be further explored. In this study, we compared the expression of antiviral restricting factors in HIV-infected pregnant mothers treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy (n=23) and in cord blood (CB) (n=16), placental tissues (n=10-13) and colostrum (n=5-6) samples and compared them to expression in samples from uninfected (UN) pregnant mothers (n=21). Mononuclear cells (MNCs) were prepared from maternal and CB samples following deliveries by cesarean section. Maternal (decidua) and fetal (chorionic villus) placental tissues were obtained, and colostrum was collected 24 h after delivery. The mRNA and protein expression levels of antiviral factors were then evaluated. We observed a significant increase in the mRNA expression levels of antiviral factors in MNCs from HIV-infected mothers and CB, including the apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme 3G (A3G), A3F, tripartite motif family-5α (TRIM-5α), TRIM-22, myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA), stimulator of interferon (IFN) genes (STING) and IFN-β, compared with the levels detected in uninfected (UN) mother-CB pairs. Moreover, A3G transcript and protein levels and α-defensin transcript levels were decreased in the decidua of HIV-infected mothers. Decreased TRIM-5α protein levels in the villi and increased STING mRNA expression in both placental tissues were also observed in HIV-infected mothers compared with uninfected (UN) mothers. Additionally, colostrum cells from infected mothers showed increased tetherin and IFN-β mRNA levels and CXCL9 protein levels. The data presented here indicate that antiviral restricting factor expression can be induced in utero in HIV-infected mothers. Future studies are warranted to determine whether this upregulation of antiviral factors during the perinatal period has a protective effect against HIV-1 infection.
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