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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111162 matches for " Maria Cardeira da; "
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As mulheres, os outros e as mulheres dos outros: feminismo, academia e Isl?o
Silva, Maria Cardeira da;
Cadernos Pagu , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332008000100011
Abstract: nowadays, the veil of the muslim women - either real or metaphoric - make part of clearly and sounding political rhetorics at different levels. it is my intention to remind that gendered relationships between anthropology, islam and international and national politics have largely supplied the production of this speech-making, concurring, thus, for its political thickness. this is why these relations must always stay under scrutiny regardless of the scale of our ethnographies, reminding us that the first step to 'unveil' muslim women is to allow political immunity to anthropological inquiry.
Hospedaria Vasque: Cultura, ra?a, género e expediente num oásis da Mauritania
Silva,Maria Cardeira da;
Etnográfica , 2006,
Abstract: ouadane, a small oasis in the mauritanian adrar, has recently entered the touristic patrimonialization routes, partly due to a residual portugueseproject of cultural cooperation. through an ethnography centered in the new landscape, but essentially in zeida (a young and successful hostel manager), will lead us into seeing how the impulse of wonder, the desire of knowledge, and the thrust for salvation/protection - attracting tourists, development agents and anthropologists - are transformed into resources and locally incorporated through class, race and gender stratifications. this incorporation arouses new social configurations that, through their apparent unexpectedness, recycle ouadane?s attractive force. in parallel, zeida?s case shows us how islam can offer alternative legitimations for individual behaviors, within rigid and paralyzing social codifications, unready for quick social change.
Social movements in islamic contexts: anthropological approaches
Silva,Maria Cardeira da;
Etnográfica , 2006,
Abstract: i will present, very briefly, some of the main approaches within social sciences, and particularly anthropology, which have contributed to elucidate social movements in islamic contexts. this is specifically intended to provide a general overview, in order to more easily situate the following presentations. this also aims to better integrate those readers less familiarized with the anthropological jargon and current debates on these subjects. i will give particular importance to ethnographic research and its relevant role in preventing or refraining essentialist conclusions and considerations on matters of such political relevance. i will also highlight the authors who have used their ethnographies in order to try to solve the current dilemma between political and analytical approaches, a dilemma that is a frequent source for misunderstandings on these topics.
O sentido dos árabes no nosso sentido: Dos estudos sobre árabes e sobre mu?ulmanos em Portugal
Silva,Maria Cardeira da;
Análise Social , 2005,
Abstract: without seeking to conduct an exhaustive analysis of the field of studies on arabs and muslims in portugal - which only now are being undertaken -, this article seeks to monitor the political uses which have moulded that field over time. traditionally associated with ethno-genetic concerns and archaeology, studies on arabs and islam today continue to inspire the persistent and widely disseminated myth of multicultural/luso-tropicalist tolerance (in an islamophile version of orientalism) - for example by way of that which is here described as the ?mértola effect? - atavistically celebrated in the ethno-genealogy of the portuguese.
The Moralization of Tourism. Sun, Sand and… Saving the World
Maria Cardeira da Silva
Etnográfica , 2007,
Abstract:
Hospedaria Vasque: Cultura, ra a, género e expediente num oásis da Mauritania Hospedaria Vasque: Culture, race, gender and diligence in a mauritanian oasis
Maria Cardeira da Silva
Etnográfica , 2006,
Abstract: Ouadane, um pequeno oásis do Adrar mauritano, entrou recentemente na rotas da patrimonializa o e do turismo, para o que também terá contribuído uma singela ac o de coopera o com Portugal. Uma etnografia centrada nos novos detalhes da paisagem mas, sobretudo, em Zeida, a jovem proprietária de um albergue de sucesso, permite acompanhar o modo como o impulso do espanto, o desejo de conhecimento e a ansia de salva o/protec o que atraem para ali turistas, cooperantes e antropólogos s o transformados em recursos e apropriados localmente, de forma estratificada pela classe, ra a e género. Essa apropria o objectificada justifica novas configura es sociais que, por serem aparentemente surpreendentes, reciclam a for a atractiva de Ouadane. O caso de Zeida permite, paralelamente, esclarecer o modo como o Isl o pode oferecer alternativas de legitima o de comportamentos individuais, face a códigos sociais rígidos e paralisantes pouco preparados para a mudan a rápida. Ouadane, a small oasis in the Mauritanian Adrar, has recently entered the touristic patrimonialization routes, partly due to a residual Portugueseproject of cultural cooperation. Through an ethnography centered in the new landscape, but essentially in Zeida (a young and successful hostel manager), will lead us into seeing how the impulse of wonder, the desire of knowledge, and the thrust for salvation/protection - attracting tourists, development agents and anthropologists - are transformed into resources and locally incorporated through class, race and gender stratifications. This incorporation arouses new social configurations that, through their apparent unexpectedness, recycle Ouadane’s attractive force. In parallel, Zeida’s case shows us how Islam can offer alternative legitimations for individual behaviors, within rigid and paralyzing social codifications, unready for quick social change.
Social movements in islamic contexts: anthropological approaches Movimentos sociais em contextos islamicos: abordagens antropológicas
Maria Cardeira da Silva
Etnográfica , 2006,
Abstract: I will present, very briefly, some of the main approaches within social sciences, and particularly anthropology, which have contributed to elucidate social movements in Islamic contexts. This is specifically intended to provide a general overview, in order to more easily situate the following presentations. This also aims to better integrate those readers less familiarized with the anthropological jargon and current debates on these subjects. I will give particular importance to ethnographic research and its relevant role in preventing or refraining essentialist conclusions and considerations on matters of such political relevance. I will also highlight the authors who have used their ethnographies in order to try to solve the current dilemma between political and analytical approaches, a dilemma that is a frequent source for misunderstandings on these topics. Apresentarei aqui, de forma sumária, algumas das principais abordagens no seio das ciências sociais, e em particular da antropologia, que contribuíram para o conhecimento dos movimentos sociais em contextos islamicos. Este texto tem como principal objectivo fornecer uma vis o geral que permita situar os restantes textos deste dossiê com facilidade; igualmente, pretende familiarizar os leitores menos especializados com os debates contemporaneos sobre esta temática e o jarg o antropológico. Atribuirei uma importancia particular à quest o da pesquisa etnográfica e à relevancia do seu papel na preven o ou combate a conclus es essencialistas e considera es sobre estes assuntos, revestidos de uma urgência política. Também darei especial importancia aos autores que fizeram uso da etnografia para tentar resolver o dilema contemporaneo entre abordagem política e analítica que t o frequentemente armadilha a pesquisa sobre estes temas.
Distinct patterns of notochord mineralization in zebrafish coincide with the localization of Osteocalcin isoform 1 during early vertebral centra formation
Bensimon-Brito Anabela,Cardeira Jo?o,Cancela Maria,Huysseune Ann
BMC Developmental Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-213x-12-28
Abstract: Background In chondrichthyans, basal osteichthyans and tetrapods, vertebral bodies have cartilaginous anlagen that subsequently mineralize (chondrichthyans) or ossify (osteichthyans). Chondrocytes that form the vertebral centra derive from somites. In teleost fish, vertebral centrum formation starts in the absence of cartilage, through direct mineralization of the notochord sheath. In a second step, the notochord is surrounded by somite-derived intramembranous bone. In several small teleost species, including zebrafish (Danio rerio), even haemal and neural arches form directly as intramembranous bone and only modified caudalmost arches remain cartilaginous. This study compares initial patterns of mineralization in different regions of the vertebral column in zebrafish. We ask if the absence or presence of cartilaginous arches influences the pattern of notochord sheath mineralization. Results To reveal which cells are involved in mineralization of the notochord sheath we identify proliferating cells, we trace mineralization on the histological level and we analyze cell ultrastructure by TEM. Moreover, we localize proteins and genes that are typically expressed by skeletogenic cells such as Collagen type II, Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Osteocalcin (Oc). Mineralization of abdominal and caudal vertebrae starts with a complete ring within the notochord sheath and prior to the formation of the bony arches. In contrast, notochord mineralization of caudal fin centra starts with a broad ventral mineral deposition, associated with the bases of the modified cartilaginous arches. Similar, arch-related, patterns of mineralization occur in teleosts that maintain cartilaginous arches throughout the spine. Throughout the entire vertebral column, we were able to co-localize ALP-positive signal with chordacentrum mineralization sites, as well as Collagen II and Oc protein accumulation in the mineralizing notochord sheath. In the caudal fin region, ALP and Oc signals were clearly produced both by the notochord epithelium and cells outside the notochord, the cartilaginous arches. Based on immunostaining, real time PCR and oc2:gfp transgenic fish, we identify Oc in the mineralizing notochord sheath as osteocalcin isoform 1 (Oc1). Conclusions If notochord mineralization occurs prior to arch formation, mineralization of the notochord sheath is ring-shaped. If notochord mineralization occurs after cartilaginous arch formation, mineralization of the notochord sheath starts at the insertion point of the arches, with a basiventral origin. The presence of ALP and Oc1,
Aprendizagens significativas na forma??o inicial de professores: um estudo no espa?o dos Cursos de Licenciatura
Cunha, Maria Isabel da;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832001000200007
Abstract: this paper describes reflections on research results and discusses concerns regarding the theme of teacher education. it focuses particularly on those relations that determine innovation, namely, the elements or factors that bring about rupture and that therefore eliminate mere reproduction within the undergraduate courses (licenciatura) that, in brazil, train teachers in universities. the article is based on the assumption that it is necessary to understand the relations that make innovation possible, so that criticism of the reproductive character of teaching may be transformed into a contagious search for improvement. relying on the ideas set forth by boaventura santos, it takes as its reference the conception of knowledge within contemporary paradigmatic transition. the study involved the undergraduate courses designed to train teachers (licenciatura) at a public university in the south of brazil and, based on student choices, tried to analyze the significant experiences they pointed out, in their configurations. to this end, it also had the participation of the professors who were the key players in the processes that took place.
Dimens?o psicossocial da atividade física na velhice
Santana, Maria da Silva;
Fractal : Revista de Psicologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-02922011000200008
Abstract: aim to identify the social representations of physical activity in the context of programs for the elderly in natal (rn), brazil. a study cross-sectional quantitative and qualitative. a non-probability sample and for convenience was formed by seventy individuals. in data collection we used a questionnaire with demographic data, free association of words and open question. the core of the representation was composed of happiness / health / dance and gymnastics, revealing different understandings and also showing that accumulated knowledge of physical activity plays a central role in the lives of older people, gradually acquiring the representation of "life with better health and quality in old age". the composition of the core when considering mental elaborations, emotions, practices and explanations arising from daily life that are introduced into the constitution of social representation in focus, can influence the choices and strategies to promote improvement in health standards and quality of life of elderly.
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