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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 259314 matches for " Maria Amélia B. da;Carmo "
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Composi??o química do sedimento e de folhas das espécies do manguezal do estuário do Rio S?o Mateus, Espírito Santo, Brasil
Bernini, Elaine;Silva, Maria Amélia B. da;Carmo, Tania Mara S. do;Cuzzuol, Geraldo Rogério F.;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84042006000400018
Abstract: we analyzed nutrient concentrations in leaves and sediments, and element accumulation capacity in foliar tissues of avicennia germinans (l.) stearn., avicennia schaueriana staft & leechm., laguncularia racemosa (l.) gaertn. f. and rhizophora mangle l. in four sites along the s?o mateus river estuary mangrove, espírito santo state, se-brazil. in sediment, elements decrease following the sequence: mg > ca > fe > k > mn > p > zn > cu and showed inter and intraespecific variation. avicennia leaves showed the greatest n, k and mg concentrations and lowest ca concentrations. rhizophora mangle presented the greatest mn concentration, and laguncularia racemosa the greatest fe level. sediment nutrient concentrations reflected the influence of granulometry in this compartment. nutrient accumulation in leaves varied according to species and study site but it was not correlated with sediment concentrations. results confirmed the mangrove role as a biogeochemistry barrier blocking heavy metal up to tropical coastal areas. however, it is necessary periodic sampling so that it can be possible a better understanding of the nutrient dynamic.
Prática do aleitamento materno em comunidades rurais do semi-árido baiano
Assis,Ana Marlúcia O.; Prado,Matildes da S.; Freitas,Maria do Carmo S.; Silva,Rita de C. R.; Ramos,Lilian B.; Machado,Amélia D.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101994000500012
Abstract: a research project in the establishment and duration of total and exclusive breast-feeding in rural communities of cansa??o, ba, brazil, is presented. it included 226 children, from zero to two years old, of families of peasants living on small-holdings in one of the driest and poorest regions of the brazilian northeast. the data were collected through questionnaires answered by mothers or any adult responsible for the child during 1988 and 1989. it relates to all children from these families who were two years of age at the time of the study. the survival time was the statistical method used to calculate the median duration of breast-feeding; 91.6% of the 226 children started to be breast-fed. this finding shows that the establishment of the breast-feeding was high. the median duration of total breast-feeding was of 90.28 days and exclusive breastfeeding presented a median duration of 0.1 day. through the establishment of breast-feeding can be considered high, the median duration of total breast-feeding is extremely short and that of exclusive breast-feeding insignificant.
Características estruturais de bosques de mangue do estuário do rio S?o Mateus, ES, Brasil
Silva, Maria Amélia Bonfante da;Bernini, Elaine;Carmo, Tania Mara Sim?es do;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062005000300006
Abstract: the structure of the mangrove forests at s?o mateus river estuary was analyzed using the plot method. mangrove species at the estuary are avicennia germinans (l.) stearn., avicennia schaueriana stapft & leechm., laguncularia racemosa (l.) gaertn., and rhizophora mangle l. structural analyzes were performed in four sites. in all stands, the dbh varied from 8.12 to 29.6 cm, average height from 5.4 to 12.0 m, the basal area from 7.21 to 31.1 m2.ha-1, and the density from 450 a 1,450 ind.ha-1. sites under larger influence of the tides, presented smaller structural development and dominance of r. mangle. l. racemosa and a. germinans were dominant in sites with fresh water predominance. the results obtained demonstrated that mangrove which was studied presented a good structural development in relation to other mangroves located in the espírito santo state.
Bró, caxixe e ouricuri estratégias de sobrevivência no semi-árido baiano
Assis, Ana Marlúcia Oliveira;Freitas, Maria do Carmo Soares de;Oliveira, Tereza Cristina;Prado, Matildes da Silva;Sampaio, Liliam Ramos;Machado, Amélia Dreyer;Queiroz, Denise Amorim;
Revista de Nutri??o , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52731999000200005
Abstract: this study was developed within the context of the project cansan??o - procan- developed by the federal university of bahia, brazil. the study analyzed information concerning cultural patterns which surround the eating habits of the social groups which live in the semi-arid region of bahia. it is an ethnographic study carried out over the period of 1987 to 1990. the subject of the investigation was the cultural aspect of eating habits of female rural workers, observing the strategies of eating survival as concrete actions to ensure the reproduction of the family unit. the fear of imminent illness and death proves to be fundamental references as ways of conceiving life and of defining food habits, supported by their own understanding of their worlds. the food habits in cansan??o reveal a relationship between the body survival and the reproduction of the family unit, permeated by the daily life in a drought-stricken region. the main activity, the work in the fields, subordinated to precarious living conditions, allows the production and reproduction of ways of interpreting life and, in particular, defines various concepts and classifications about the need to provide sustenance to the body. in some areas of cansan??o food is considered linked to its commercial value; however, the phenomenon of drought still remains the determining factor in the food culture of the population and in its concrete actions to solve the lack of food within the family group.
Importancia e vantagem da citometria de fluxo frente aos testes de triagem no diagnóstico da hemoglobinúria paroxística noturna
Modesto, Thaís M.;Neves, Maria Amélia B.;Brito, Ana Elita de;Araújo, Rosane C. P.;Santos, Neyliane F. G.;Valgueiro, Maria do Carmo;Machado, Cíntia G. F.;
Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-84842006000400011
Abstract: paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (pnh) is an acquired clonal disease of the hematopoietic stem cell caused by a somatic mutation in the pig-a gene, resulting in the inability of erythrocytes, granulocytes and platelets to protect themselves against complement system mediated lysis. thus, pnh screening tests (ham's test and cd55 e cd59 proteins investigation through gel column agglutination) were evaluated using flow cytometry, a test useful to detect and measure the pnh clone. initially, 63 patients evaluated using the ham's test between january 2003 and december 2004 from the hemope foundation were selected. from these, 15 cases were positive for pnh. the inclusion criterion for cytometry evaluation was a positive ham's test. thus, four patients were included in the study group. furthermore, two cases with clinical symptoms of the disease but with negative results for pnh were included in this group. negative results were explained by the gel test being performed after blood transfusion, giving a suspicion of false negative results. these six cases were submitted to flow cytometry with all cases proving to be positive for the disease as the pnh clone was confirmed, to different degrees, in both erythrocytes and granulocytes. the flow cytometry results proved the limitation of screening tests as well as showing the importance of cytometry in the identification of the intense variations of clone guaranteeing precise diagnosis in previously transfused patients.
A baixa estatura leve está associada a índices mais elevados de gordura corporal: estudo de uma popula??o de baixa renda
Clemente, Ana Paula Grotti;Santos, Carla Danusa da Luz;Martins, Vinicius J. B.;Benedito-Silva, Ana Amélia;Albuquerque, Maria Paula;Sawaya, Ana Lydia;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572011000200009
Abstract: objective: to determine the impact of transferring a pediatric population to mechanical ventilator dependency units (mvdus) or to home mechanical ventilation (hmv) on bed availability in the pediatric intensive care unit (icu). methods: this is a longitudinal, retrospective study of hospitalized children who required prolonged mechanical ventilation at the mvdu located at the hospital auxiliar de suzano, a secondary public hospital in s?o paulo, brazil. we calculated the number of days patients spent at mvdu and on hmv, and analyzed their survival rates with kaplan-meier estimator. results: forty-one patients were admitted to the mvdu in 7.3 years. median length of stay in this unit was 239 days (interquartile range = 102-479). of these patients, 22 came from the icu, where their transfer made available 8,643 bed-days (a mean of 14 new patients per month). hmv of eight patients made 4,022 bed-days available in the hospital in 4 years (a mean of 12 new patients per month in the icu). survival rates of patients at home were not significantly different from those observed in hospitalized patients. conclusion: a hospital unit for mechanical ventilator-dependent patients and hmv can improve bed availability in icus. survival rates of patients who receive hmv are not significantly different from those of patients who remain hospitalized.
Prevalência de anticorpos contra o vírus da hepatite A em crian?as e adolescentes expostos e/ou infectados pelo HIV
Gouvêa,da F. T. B.;Moraes-Pinto, Maria Isabel de;Machado, Daisy M.;Carmo, Fabiana B. do;Beltrao, Suênia C. V.;Cunegundes, Kelly S.;Pessoa, Silvana D.;Weckx, Lily Yin;Succi, Regina Célia M.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572005000400006
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis a virus antibodies in hiv-exposed and/or hiv-infected children and adolescents. methods: between september 1996 and august 2002, 352 patients (200 exposed, but not hiv-infected and 152 hiv exposed and infected) were included in this study. these children and adolescents (age ranged between 1 and 14 years) were all followed up at the pediatric aids clinic of the federal university of s?o paulo (unifesp) and had anti-hav antibodies determined by a commercially available elisa method (tests for total anti-hav antibodies and specific igm antibodies) (dia sorin and radim). statistical analyses were done with chi-squared and t test. results: the prevalence of hepatitis a virus antibodies in hiv-infected and hiv-exposed, but uninfected patients was 34% and 19.7%, respectively. we noticed that in the age range between 2 years and 10 years, the group of hiv-infected children presented a higher prevalence of hepatitis a virus antibodies (35.5%) than the group of uninfected children (16.7%) (p = 0.005). in the hiv infected group, children from b and c categories had a prevalence of hepatitis a virus antibodies (40.5%) higher than n and a categories (24.1%) (p = 0.042). mean age did not differ when children from b and c categories were compared with n and a categories (5.18 and 5.66 years, respectively) (p = 0.617). conclusions: the prevalence of hepatitis a virus antibodies in hiv exposed and/or infected children and adolescents between 1 and 14 years old was 26%. considering the possibility of hiv infection aggravation when associated with hepatitis a virus infection, we suggest that hepatitis a virus inactivated vaccine should be administered to these patients.
Maria Amélia Teixeira da Silva
Biblionline , 2011,
Abstract: The research takes a bibliographical and exploratory and consisted of a broad theoretical framework about the issues of Information Architecture and Information Architecture for the Web, listing the definitions, methodologies and assumptions as measured by several researchers. Aims to clarify concepts and terms about what becomes of Information Architecture for Web, aiming to disseminate information within this theme, since it has been hard enough on entering various areas of knowledge, whether in Information Science, Communication, Library Design, and human-computer interaction and others.
Quimica farmacêutica
Maria Amélia Barata da Silveira
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-93322002000300018
Controle integrado do vetor da filariose com participa??o comunitária, em uma área urbana do Recife, Brasil
Regis,da;Furtado, André Freire;Oliveira, Cláudia M. Fontes de;Bezerra, Cleidilene Barbosa;Silva, Leny Rodrigues F. da;Araújo, Jandira;Maciel, Amélia;Silva-Filha, Maria Helena;Silva, Sinara B.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1996000400005
Abstract: a pilot study for the control of bancroftian filariasis transmission was developed in two areas of recife, brazil, where microfilaraemic prevalence was 10% in 1991. mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine (dec) using low and spaced doses was employed in both areas. in one such instance, dec therapy was associated with vector control using physical measures and periodic treatment of culex breeding sites with the entomopathogen bacillus sphaericus. the vector population density, reaching 60 - 120 culex/room /night before the intervention, was drastically reduced to 4 - 16 culex/room/night, and maintained at this level for more than two years. actions to engage the local school community in the vector control process were implemented, and as a consequence several classroom and extracurricular activities were put into practice, culminating with the effective participation of a team of students called the "vector vigilantes", in the application of control measures against the vector. the enthusiastic involvement of schoolteachers and students pointed to schools as a place amenable to programs such as this.
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