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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 74080 matches for " Maria Alice Ornellas; "
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Representa??o da doen?a mental pela família do paciente
Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832003000100006
Abstract: in the paradigm of patient care that the recent brazilian psychiatric reform preconizes, the social reintegration of the patients suffering from mental illnesses is sought through open services (centers or nuclei of psychosocial support, known as caps or naps) in which an interaction with the patient's family is established, in order to foster a communication process that enables the mental health professional to understand the context of the patient's life history and, based on it, to develop educational efforts involving this group. this facilitates the patient's reintegration into the web of social relations that stigmatized him/her or from which he/she was excluded. this study investigates the social representations of the families of psychiatric patients as regards mental illness, relying on interviews and observation as data-collection tools, and was guided by the principles of qualitative research. through concrete experiences, the people investigated developed ideas that point to relationship difficulties with the bearer of mental illness. as a result, aggression, depreciation and abandonment arise within the family, all of which give rise to a need for support from healthcare services. the results attained may be useful as input to expansion projects of the mental healthcare network.
Psychosocial rehabilitation in mental health care: strategies under construction
Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692007000400021
Abstract: this study aims to identify the representations about psychosocial rehabilitation by mental health professionals working in open services, and also the difficulties they have met in the process of turning the care effective for the population. the study uses a qualitative methodology, collecting data by means of semistructured interviews with 15 subjects. the professionals identify the rehabilitation process as complex, meeting several obstacles and requiring their dedication and a flexible attitude to achieve the expected results.
O trabalho do profissional de nível médio de enfermagem nos novos dispositivos de aten??o em saúde mental
Zerbetto, Sonia Regina;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692005000100018
Abstract: the study consists of a bibliographic survey covering mid-level nursing professionals in alternative mental health services, with the objective to reflecting on their work, considering the psychosocial model and its care intervention actions, based on the theoretical reference framework of the so-called "light technologies". it was observed that there is a transition process from the traditional to the psychosocial model, from a technical model to the model of satisfying user needs and the importance of reviewing these professionals' training process, pointing out a new attitude of the nurse-teacher, who should aim for critical-reflective teaching that is aimed at the ideals of the psychiatric reform.
Concep??es dos agentes comunitários de saúde sobre suas práticas assistenciais
Baralhas, Marilisa;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000100003
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the representations developed by community health agents (cha) about their care practices. we used the qualitative research methodology, taking semistructured interviews for collecting data; for data interpretation, we adopted the thematic analysis. twelve cha of the community agents program (pacs) from a hinterland town in s?o paulo state. the material obtained presented two themes: the bond as working tool and practice based on health promotion and disease prevention. the reports show the importance of the bond in daily practice, emphasizing the humanitarian principles that underlie the actions of solidarity, highlight the feeling of gratification when the work performed is recognized by families and reveal that the interviewed ones have trouble in discerning the scope of its limits. although these professionals have a good technical support for the fulfillment of their actions, they also show the need for professional instrumentation. we conclude that the guidelines and standards set for the pacs function as guidelines for the health care process, but do not respond to more subjective issues found in the care of individual-family-community. moreover, the cha seem to be vulnerable to fluctuations in the municipal, state and federal administration, have inconsistent ideology in playing their own role and cannot reverse the health care model guided by disease and individual medical intervention.
Transtorno mental: dificuldades enfrentadas pela família
Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;Pereira Jr., Alfredo;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342003000400011
Abstract: using a qualitative methodology (open interviews, story-drawing and thematic analysis), we identify and analyze 4 categories (temporal mismatching, guilt, conflict and loss) found in the discourse of mothers (and one sister) of psychiatric patients receiving treatment at the center for psycho-social care (naps) in ribeir?o preto, sp, brazil, and also evaluate the importance of such categories with a view to understanding the dynamical relationships among mental health services, patients and their families.
Percep??es de transtorno mental de usuários da Estratégia Saúde da Família
Camara, Mariana Cristina;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000400017
Abstract: this research aimed to identify perceptions of mental disease by subjects who receive mental health assistance from the family health strategy. the method is qualitative, with 12 subjects answering semi-structured interviews. using the thematic analysis model, we found perceptions about the topics: history of life, suffering and family conflicts. mental disease was related to experiences of poverty, lack of affect and relationships, which increase vulnerability and reveal the scope of risk factors for mental ilness. in the reports, the possibility of suicide was often mentioned. we call attention to the importance of hearing and taking into consideration concepts elaborated by the subjects who are receiving mental health care, indicating the necessity of organizational directions to account for a diversity of situations.
Cuidado em saúde mental: a escuta de pacientes egressos de um Hospital Dia Cuidado en salud mental: escuchando a pacientes egresos de un Hospital Día Mental health care: listening to patients discharged from a Day Hospital
Maria Solange de Castro Ferreira,Maria Alice Ornellas Pereira
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-71672012000200018
Abstract: Estudo de abordagem qualitativa, tendo por objetivos compreender como os pacientes egressos de um Hospital Dia de Saúde Mental veem o servi o, conhecer se este contribuiu para mudan as em suas vidas e se estas pessoas têm continuidade ao tratamento. Utilizamos entrevistas semiestruturadas e busca documental, com nove pacientes, que concluíram tratamento no servi o, em 2008. Adotamos a Análise Temática na ordena o dos dados obtidos, analisados segundo referencial da Reabilita o Psicossocial. Ressalta-se a importancia do olhar subjetivo para os diversos aspectos da existência humana, solicitando dos servi os e dos profissionais o estabelecimento de uma rela o de cuidado que possibilite a reconstru o de trajetórias interrompidas pelo acometimento do transtorno, por meio de a es que considerem a integralidade e a intersetorialidade. Este es un estudio de enfoque cualitativo que tiene por objetivos comprender cómo los pacientes egresos de un hospital de día de salud mental ven al servicio, descubrir si este ha cambiado sus vidas y si estas personas dan continuidad al tratamiento. Usamos entrevistas semiestructuradas y búsqueda documental con nueve pacientes que concluyeron el tratamiento en el servicio en 2008. Adoptamos el Análisis Temático en la ordenación de los datos obtenidos, analizados según el referencial de la rehabilitación psicosocial. Se resalta la importancia de la mirada subjetiva para los diversos aspectos de la existencia humana, solicitando de los servicios y de los profesionales el establecimiento de una relación de cuidado que posibilite la reconstrucción de trayectorias interrumpidas por el acometimiento del trastorno por medio de acciones que consideren la integralidad y la intersectorialidad. This is a qualitative study aiming at understanding how patients discharged from a Mental Health Day Hospital view the service, at learning whether such service contributed to changes in their lives and at whether those individuals continued treatment. Semi-structured interviews and documental research were used for nine patients who had completed treatment at the service in 2008. Thematic analysis was adopted for organization of the data obtained, which were analyzed according to the Psychosocial Rehabilitation framework. It emphasizes the importance of looking for the various subjective aspects of human existence, requiring from services and professionals the establishment of a caring relationship that enables the reconstruction of trajectories interrupted by the onset of the disease, through actions that consider the integrality and interse
Percep??o de pacientes psiquiátricos sobre suas famílias: um espelho de dois lados
Parente, Adriana da Cunha Menezes;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672004000100009
Abstract: this study identifies how psychiatric patients perceive their families. we performed qualitative research, using open interview and life story narrative techniques. the data was analyzed using thematic analysis methodology, from which we identified two basic categories: affection and disaffection. feelings related to disaffection were more frequent, allowing us to infer that the subjects suffer from difficulties in family relationships. on the other hand, the meaning of the family and the expectations held are variable and specific to each person. the study suggests the need for forms of assistance that take into account the subjective domain, by considering the perception and expectations of the patient regarding his/her family, and then planning an adequate therapeutic strategy.
Empresa social e economia solidária: perspectivas no campo da inser??o laboral de portadores de transtorno mental
Lussi, Isabela Aparecida de Oliveira;Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000200030
Abstract: the psychiatric reform process requires the implementation of public policies that guarantee the work inclusion of individuals with mental disorders. to do this, work must be understood as a promoter of autonomy, emancipation and citizenship. the objective of this study is to reflect on the theoretical concepts related to social insertion through work, with the purpose of exploring the inclusion of individuals with mental disorders in the work market. the concepts social company and solidary economy where selected as fundamental for the study. in the social company, the subject is considered to be a social being, focusing on the development process towards emancipation. in solidary economy, the objective is to develop an economy that is more just, equal and solidary. further discussions on these concepts should be developed to support the implementation of projects for social inclusion through work.
Saúde mental no Programa de Saúde da Família: conceitos dos agentes comunitários sobre o transtorno mental
Pereira, Maria Alice Ornellas;Barbieri, Liliane;Paula, Virginia Praciano de;Franco, Melissa dos Santos Paschoalato;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342007000400005
Abstract: this study identified social representations of mental illness by community agents in a family health program unit. the authors chose the qualitative approach and used the case study methodology. data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews, with the use of projective and thematic analysis techniques. the results show social representations based on the traditional psychiatric paradigm, which considers the mentally ill as a passive person, without the necessary conditions to become the protagonist of his/her own history. this prejudice is typical of the traditional view. therefore, the authors suggest that a substantial effort should be made to provide a better professional formation to community agents in the family health program. such an effort would propitiate improvements on practices and the construction of new knowledge in the context of community mental health assistance.
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